TEPSA Newsletter February 2013 Edition

Editorial: Brexit?

by Jean-Paul Jacqué

The announcement of the British Prime Minister's speech has revived speculation about a possible withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. The TV channel Arte has even broadcasted a fictional documentary on the subject. After the speech, reactions were more cautious notably because the matter has been postponed until after the next elections. The agreement was reached at least that the British people should decide themselves about their future.

Mr. Cameron’s speech does not just aims at influencing internal affairs in order to maintain unity within the Conservative Party. The chosen approach raises a number of questions. The main claim of the Prime Minister is to shift a number of competences conferred over time to the European Union, back to the national level. Yet is it actually possible to benefit from the internal market without simultaneously participating in a number policies linked to the common market? One could remember that the environmental policy, for example, had its first developments in the context of the internal market before becoming an autonomous policy with the Single European Act. In the same vein, do horizontal clauses of the TFEU make environmental and social policies components of all Union policies? In addition, the participation in the internal market is closely linked to the solidarity principle present in the cohesion policy. This is demonstrated by Switzerland and the members of the European Economic Area (EEA) which contribute to this policy financially. Moreover, even if the other members of the European Union would agree to open negotiations following the British request, it would not be an easy task to reach an agreement on what is inherent or not to the internal market.

Another issue is the status of the United Kingdom in this new arrangement. It seems unlikely that the UK would accept a status equivalent to that of the EEA and Switzerland. This scenario would imply that the UK implements Community law without participating entirely in the decision-making. The solution may rely on the multiplication of opt-outs while at the same time there might be the risk that other member states ask for derogations as well. But what would the United Kingdom’s political authority look like seen as marginalized in a system where its participation would be limited? Would one try to play down the importance of this case still today? If the UK would make use of its power to block further integration that has been greatly expanded by the revision of the European Union Act following the last elections, the only solution would be to resort to the increased use of enhanced cooperation to serve as basis for the construction of a two-speed Union.

This is a brief illustration of the issues that should be addressed. One could not expect a political answer as long as governments are not put up against the wall. It is not in their interest to show their position as long as the British requests haven’t been formally presented. But it is the duty of academics to draw the different options and I think that on this point the members of TEPSA could contribute significantly to the scientific research in the coming times. A first start has made by the report "Britain and the European Union: views of members of the TEPSA network", the synthesis of a survey of perceptions of British EU membership compiled by Graham Avery with Brendan Donnelly, Dáithí O'Ceallaigh and Mirte van den Berge.

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Introducing a TEPSA Member Institute: Portuguese Institute of International Relations, New University of Lisbon (IPRI-UNL), Portugal

On 22 December 2012 the General Assembly of TEPSA has unanimously voted in favour of the inclusion of a new TEPSA member: Portuguese Institute of International Relations, New University of Lisbon (IPRI-UNL).

Instituto Português de Relações Internacionais | UNL

The Portuguese Institute of International Relations of the New University of Lisbon is an academic research institute founded in 2003 by the New University of Lisbon, the Luso-American Foundation for Development (FLAD) and the Orient Foundation (Fundação Oriente), with the support of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation (FCG). It is home to various researchers specialising in political science, international relations, contemporary history, comparative politics, diplomacy and economics. It has been recognised as a Public Utility Institution since 1 October 2010 (Diário da República 203, 2nd Series, Part C, of 19 October 2010) for services rendered to the community in the field of culture, through the promotion of academic research in international relations within a multidisciplinary framework.During its first years of activity, the IPRI-UNL concentrated its academic work exclusively on international relations, developing a line of research in that field.

Seven years after its foundation, the IPRI-UNL is institutionally consolidated and has proved its credentials with the results of its academic production. On the other hand, given the eminently multi-disciplinary nature of the field, our academic work has demonstrated the theoretical need for and relevance of a broadening of the academic areas covered by the Institute to include political science.

To that end, the IPRI-UNL has decided not only to broaden the academic areas it covers including 3 research groups - International Relations, Political Science and Prospective Studies:

• International Relations Research Group includes four consolidated areas: (i) the history of international relations, (ii) security studies, (iii) regional area studies and (iv) Portuguese foreign policy;

• Political Science Research Group focus on three well-established domains: (i) elites, parties and political behaviour, (ii) representation, the state and civil society and (iii) institutions, governance and public policies

• Prospective Studies Research Group is based in two main domains: (i) explorative prospective and (ii) strategic prospective.

Within the framework of developing its academic activities, the IPRI-UNL has traced three basic goals: first, to promote academic research in the fields of political science and international relations from an inter-disciplinary perspective and in accordance with international benchmarking standards; second, to support the training of doctoral and post-doctoral researchers in political science and international relations, and to integrate them into international networks; third, to develop not just theoretical work, but also applied research that can respond to the needs of the community and the market, as determined by the internationalisation of Portuguese society.

With this in mind, five strategic priorities were laid out:

1. The development of lines of academic research: through research projects organised into two Research Groups - one working on political science and the other on international relations;

2. The training of researchers: the IPRI-UNL operates as a host and support institution for researchers who are undertaking their doctorate or post-doctoral studies in the fields covered by the Institute;

3. The establishment of a reference and documentation centre:the creation of a regularly updated specialised information and documentation centre, integrated into Portuguese and international cooperation networks, to serve the research needs of the IPRI-UNL as well as the general public;

4. The development of an editorial line: the publication of the results of the Institute's research projects and other academic activities at different levels and using different forms of dissemination - including books, the Relações Internacionais (R:I) Journal, a Newsletter, Working Papers, Occasional Papers and the Institute's website;

5. The promotion of scholarly debate in political science and international relations: through the organisation of courses, workshops, colloquia and conferences on the areas covered by the Institute and other topical issues of interest and relevance to the community.

Click here for more information on IPRI-UNL.

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News from TEPSA Secretariat

'TEPSA Baby' on Board!

With great joy we congratulate dr. Katrin Böttger, member of the TEPSA Board, who has just become mother of little Teresa!

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"Britain and the EU: views of members of the TEPSA network"

The benefits and costs of Britain's EU membership are heavily debated across Britain. Britain's Foreign Secretary launched a review of EU competences in July 2012 and in January 2013 Prime Minister Cameron delivered a speech about his plans for a referendum on British membership of the European Union by the end of 2017. In the debate on Britain's EU membership the points of view of Britain’s partners need to be heard. In official forums such as the EU institutions, where government representatives are bound by the conventions of diplomacy, it is difficult to discuss the matter frankly; but in the TEPSA network of European policy research institutes ideas and opinions can be exchanged more freely. Members of the TEPSA network were therefore invited to respond to a series of questions concerning: their perception of Britain’s role in the EU; the consequences of Britain’s possible departure from the EU; their advice to the British people concerning relations with the EU.

The report "Britain and the European Union, views of members of the TEPSA network" summarises the ideas and opinions contributed by 13 researchers together with a view from Dublin and a view from London. This report was compiled by Graham Avery(Oxford) with Brendan Donnelly(London), Dáithí O'Ceallaigh(Dublin) and Mirte van den Berge(Brussels), with grateful thanks for contributions from Gianni Bonvicini(Rome), Roderick Pace(Valletta), Jaap de Zwaan (The Hague),Bernardo Pires de Lima & Tiago Moreira de Sá (Lisbon),Gunilla Herolf (Stockholm),Antonis Papagiannidis (Athens),Juha Jokela (Helsinki),Jean-Marie Majerus (Luxembourg),Krisztina Vida (Budapest),Costas Melakopides (Nicosia),Višnja Samardžija (Zagreb),Otmar Höll (Vienna) andRamūnas Vilpišauskas (Vilnius).

Read the publication: Britain and the EU - views of members of the TEPSA network.

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European Parliament workshop's proceedings on the Role of the European External Action Service in Consular Protection and Services for EU Citizens, January 2013

by Anita Sęk

The workshop concerning the role of the EEAS in Consular Protection and Services for EU Citizens was organised at the European Parliament in Brussels on 9 January 2013. The workshop was chaired by Elmar BROK, Chair of the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the following speakers took part: Pierre VIMONT, Executive Secretary General of the European External Action Service (EEAS); Charles HAY, Director Consular Services at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, United Kingdom; Aurora DÍAZ-RATO, Ambassador, Special Adviser at the State Secretariat for EU Affairs, Spain; and Kristi RAIK, Researcher, Finnish Institute for International Affairs (FIIA). Additional remarks were presented by Chiara ADAMO, Head of Unit Union Citizenship and Free Movement, DG Justice, European Commission; and Edit BAUER, Rapporteur from Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs Committee.

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EP study and hearing on 'the Development of a European Defence Technological and Industrial Base'

In December 2012 TEPSA signed a contract with the European Parliament on a delivery of the study amd hearing 'the Development of a European Defence Technological and Industrial Base' (EDTIB). Christian Moelling (SWP Berlin), Valerio Briani and Allessandro Marrone (Instituto Affari Internazionali, Rome), and Tomas Valasek (the Central European Policy Institute in Bratislava) are working on the study and will take part in the hearing and workshop at the European Parlaiment in April-May 2013. 

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EuroMeSCo Policy Brief “Walking a Thin Line: The Role of Think Tanks in Arab Transitions and Foreign Support”

EuroMeSCo Policy Brief no. 51 “Walking a Thin Line: The Role of Think Tanks in Arab Transitions and Foreign Support” by Pol Morillas has just been published. To read the Brief go to EuroMeSCo portal.

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NEW date of Lithuanian Pre-Presidency Conference in Vilnius!

The TEPSA Lithuanian Pre-Presidency Conference, organised by the Institute of International Relations and Political Science of Vilnius University (IIRPS VU), will take place on 4-5 July 2013 in Vilnius.

For more information click here.

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Call for Paper Proposals, Theseus Doctoral Workshop 2013, May 2013 Paris

Theseus is a European network of thinkers, actors and ideas whose aim is to foster an open and constructive dialogue between academia and politics about the future challenges of Europe. Emerging from a Franco-German initiative, Theseus is striving to enhance the mutual understanding of societies in Europe. Theseus is a joint activity of Sciences Po Paris, the Jean Monnet Chair of the University of Cologne, the Trans European Policy Studies Association (Brussels) and the Fritz Thyssen Foundation (Cologne). For further information about the project and its activities please visit www.theseus-europe.net,

This Theseus doctoral seminar will allow doctoral students to exchange ideas and discuss their research with their peers and senior academic colleagues. More information available here.

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THESEUS 2013 Summer School

The THESEUS Summer School will take place in Brussels between 16 and 21 June 2013. More information will be available soon.

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2013: the final year of the EXACT project!

The EXACT fellows will meet on 18-19 April in Edinburg for the Intervision Workshop.

The Final Conference will take place in Brussels on 10-12 July 2013.

Read the newest 5th Newsletter of the programme!

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News from TEPSA Member Institutes

Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS) celebrates 10-year jubilee!

In 2003, DIIS was established by an Act of the Danish Parliament for the purpose of strengthening research, analysis and information activities in Denmark in the area of international affairs. On the 17th of January 2013, we marked our ten years anniversary in the company of the former Foreign Ministers of the 1990s and 2000s and the current ministers responsible for international affairs, namely the Defence Minister, Nick Hækkerup, the Minister for European affairs, Nicolai Wammen, and the Minister for Development, Christian Friis Bach. Our researchers also gave a kaleidoscopic view of international studies through passing decades and discussed themes and trends, as research at the institute undergoes a substantial reorganization.

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TEPSA Member institutes among the TOP Think Tanks!

We are proud to announce that according to the surveys conducted by the University of Pennsylvania, TEPSA Member institutes are among the best worldwide think tanks! Congratulations!!!

Extracts from the 2012 Global GoTo Think Tank Report:

Top 100 Think Tanks Worldwide (non-US)

17. Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael’, The Netherlands 26. The Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS)

Top 150 Think Tanks Worldwide (US and non-US)

92. The Institue of International Affairs (IAI), Italy 142. The Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA)

Top 75 Think Tanks in Western Europe

16. 'Clingendael’ 20. DIIS 30. IAI 37. The Institute of International and European Affairs (IIEA), Ireland 42. Real Instituto Elcano de Estudios Internacionales y Estratégicos, Spain

Top 60 Think Tanks in Central and Eastern Europe

41. The Institute of International Relations, Czech Republic

Top 70 International and Security Affairs Think Tanks

19. 'Clingendael' 32. IAI 40. Elcano 66. IIR 70. The Institute of International Affairs (SIIA-UI), Sweden

Top 80 International Development Think Tanks

15. DIIS

Top 50 International Economic Policy Think Tanks

43. The Institute of World Economics of RCERS Hungarian Academy of Sciences

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Dr. Emmanuel Karagiannis joined the Board of the Cyprus Institute of Mediterranean, European and International Studies (KIMEDE)

Dr. Emmanuel Karagiannis, Assistant Professor at the University of Macedonia, has just joined the Board of the Cyprus Institute of Mediterranean, European and International Studies (KIMEDE). Dr Karagiannis is an expert on post-Soviet politics, political Islam, and energy geopolitics.

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Latvian Institute of International Affairs joined the European Global Strategy process!

Latvian Institute of International Affairs (LIIA) has become an associate institute of the European Global Strategy process (http://www.europeanglobalstrategy.eu/). The process is intended to foster discussions and offer visions on the future direction of EU’s external relations, using such methods as a series of workshops and conferences, and an ongoing online debate. The process is led by a think tank from each of the initiating countries – namely, Sweden, Spain, Poland and Italy – and unites high-level associated partners from all around Europe. LIIA will contribute to the debate with the opinions of its fellows and associate fellows.

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News from the European Institute in Lodz

The European Institute in Lodz has currently undertaken to develop a programme of co-operation with countries covered by Eastern Partnership and Russia. The European Commission Project (DG REGIO): EU-European Neighbourhood – Russia: Cross-border Co-operation in the Framework of Regional Policy, has just entered its implementation phase.

On February 2, 2013 the European Institute hosted a high-level delegation of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The delegation, headed by Elkhan Suleymanov, MP, Chairman of the Azerbaijani Delegation to the Euronest PA, included – among others - two Ministers (for Education and for Energy and Industry), 8 members of Azerbaijani Parliament and 3 Rectors of Universities. The programme embraced: mutual partners’ presentations, round table debate on future axes of co-operation and the official signature of Memorandum of Understanding, providing for areas and forms of further joint actions. The visit took place upon invitation of Jacek Saryusz-Wolski, MEP, Vice-President of Euronest Parliamentary Assembly and President of the European Institute’s Council.

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FIIA granted significant fundings for research

1. Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation has granted significant funding for FIIA's US-related research for 2013–2016. With a sum of 1.2 million euros FIIA will strengthen its research on US global role and its expertise on US domestic and foreign policy which is already exceptional in Finland.

FIIA will launch a professor-level exchange programme with the distinguished Johns Hopkins University's Center for Transatlantic Relations (CTR). Besides conducting research on transatlantic relations and US role in global politics and economy, FIIA and CTR will organize seminars, conferences and an annual summer school for young scholars in Helsinki or Washington DC.

With the support of Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation, FIIA will have improved resources to produce high-level topical US-related research for the academic community, political decision-makers and public debate.

Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation was established in 2002 to support high-level international research, arts and culture.

2. The Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation has granted 530000 euros for a research project focusing on EU's future direction after the economic crisis. The study will evaluate EU's development trends and their implications for the EU and Finland. The research project seeks to support political decision-making as well as public debate.

The project is carried out by the Research Institute of the Finnish Economy (ETLA) and the Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) and researchers from both organisations will take part in the project. The study will be finished by the summer of 2014. The project is led by Research Director Markku Kotilainen (ETLA) and Director Teija Tiilikainen (FIIA).

3. The Finnish Scientific Advisory Board for Defense (MATINE) and National Emergency Supply Agency (NESA) have granted research funding for two interrelated research projects by the Finnish Institute of International Affairs. These research projects will be carried out between 1 January 2013 and 31 January 2014 in collaboration with the School of Management (International Relations), University of Tampere.

The MATINE funded research project will analyse the international strategic shift from territorial geopolitics towards the geopolitics of the global commons – sea, sky, space and cyber domain -- and the implications of this transformation for Finland. A special emphasis of the project is on the global marine environment as an essential feature of the Finnish security policy.

The NESA funded research project will analyse the aspects and possibilities of national security of supply in a world that is increasingly global, inter-connected but also at the same time fragmented, as well as the implications that the increased and multifaceted interdependency brings about for national security of supply.

The aim of the research projects is to increase Finnish politico-strategic understanding of the changing trends in global security landscape, to analyse the transformation of Finnish maritime environment, and to reflect on the challenges of national security of supply.

The projects are led by Dr. Mika Aaltola, Director of the Global Security Research Programme at FIIA.

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Launch of the IIEA Environment Nexus website

On 15 January 2013, the IIEA launched a new website, The Environment Nexus: your digital ecosystem, at www.iiea.com/environmentnexus.

Understanding the interconnections between water, energy and food is the essence ofnexus thinking– a vital tool for policy-makers. The IIEAEnvironment Nexusis an online hub for EU environment policy. Under three themes – water; agriculture and food security; and energy and climate – the IIEA and expert contributors analyse the most important environmental issues facing the EU.

Nexus content includes videos, infographics, analytical policy reports, FAQs and blogs. New content will be continuously added over the coming months. Already, the site features:

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Master's course "Interuniversity Master of Diplomacy and International Relations 2013-2014", Malta

The Embassy of Spain in Malta would like to bring to the attention of any interested potential candidates, the public call for applications for Spanish and foreign students to the Master's course "Interuniversity Master of Diplomacy and International Relations 2013-2014".

Application forms for this course can be downloaded from this site. Applications must be submitted to the Embassy of Spain in Malta (Whitehall Mansions, Ta’ Xbiex Seafront, Ta’ Xbiex (XBX 1026), by not later than 31st January 2013. Candidates must fulfil different requirements according to whether they are members of the diplomatic service of Malta or not. Non diplomat candidates must sit an entrance examination before 20th April 2013 at the Embassy of Spain, for which all the applicants will be called. Additional general requirements are: an Honours Degree by a recognised University or equivalent and a minimum of 7 out of 10 in the academic record; a high level of Spanish, which can be demonstrated by presenting a certificate of DELE intermediate (Diploma of Spanish as a Foreign Language). The list of candidates accepted for the Master's will be published before 31st May 2013.

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Upcoming Events at TEPSA Member Institutes

EGS Seminar “European Challenges in a global world”, 25-26 February 2013, Elcano Royal Institute, Madrid

Within the framework of the European Global Strategy project, Elcano Royal Institute will organize an international Seminar named “European Union: What kind of Global Actor? The meeting will take place in Madrdi between 25 and 26 February 2013. More information available here. By invitation only. 

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Past and future events at the Sciences Po, Centre d’études européennes, February 2013

22.01.2013 12.30 h - 14.30 h L’ethnographie du politique et des politiques, une perspective pragmatique

19.02.2013 12.30 h - 14.30 h War Deaths: Are Incumbents Punished for Costly Policies?

19.03.2013 12.30 h - 14.30 h A political history of the future

16.04.2013 12.30 h - 14.30 h Les régions, les inégalités et les politiques publiques. Contribution à une sociologie comparée de l

14.05.2013 12.30 h - 14.30 h Analyse des politiques de santé publique

18.06.2013 12.30 h - 14.30 h SGCEE

Launch of the “European Parliament -Sciences Po Dialogue”

In partnership with the European Parliament, the Sciences Po's Centre d'études européennes (CEE) is launching a series of debates between researchers and politicians that will examine the critical challenges Europe faces at the federal and national levels.

At a time when the European Union is experiencing a backlash such debates – and the contribution that research conducted at Sciences Po can make to public policy – are much needed.

What are the fundamental changes facing European societies? How can European public policy be made more effective? How can European institutions evolve to become more democratic? How can policymakers tackle the challenges of globalization while maintaining a high level of social protection? These are the types of questions the discussions will address.

The first debate, held on 9 January 2013 at the European Parliament, focused on Union. The speakers included: Renaud Dehousse, Professor at Sciences Po and Director of the CEE; Bruno Palier, CNRS Research Professor at the CEE; Jerzy Buzek, Member of the European Parliament and former President of the European Parliament; Luigi Berlinguer, Member of the European Parliament and former Italian Minister of Education; Udo Bullmann, Member of the European Parliament and Deputy Chairman of the SPD delegation. More information available here

AFSP’s project : PopAct - Opinion Publique et Action Publique

Organization : Céline Belot (Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Grenoble, PACTE), Laurie Boussaguet (Sciences Po, CEE / Université de Rouen) and Charlotte Halpern (Sciences Po, CEE). Information on the project (in French) available here.

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National Implications of the Sovereign Debt Crisis, conference on 28 February 2013 at the College of Europe in Bruges

Conference on "National Implications of the Sovereign Debt Crisis", 28 February 2013, Department of European Political and Administrative Studies, College of Europe (Bruges). To register, please contact Hilde Baeke (hilde.baeke@coleurope.eu).

The sovereign debt crisis has resulted in the overhaul of European economic governance: a recent report by European Council President Herman Van Rompuy called for “a genuine economic and monetary union”, indicating the incomplete nature of the governance structure that had initially been in place at the time of the launch of EMU. Though the European dimension has attracted much attention, what of the national dimension? For debtor and creditor countries, the sovereign debt crisis has sparked national debates:  on the austerity policies (in debtor countries) and the democratic legitimacy of fiscal transfers across borders (in creditor countries) and notions of solidarity (both). This workshop examines these national debates in order to better understand the limit and possibilities facing the EU as it struggles to complete EMU. A keynote address will be delivered by Pablo Zalba Bidegain, Vice-Chair of the European Parliament’s Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee. One panel will cover the debtor countries and the politics of austerity and reform, with speakers including George Pagoulatos (Athens University of Economics and Business, College of Europe), David Howarth (University of Luxembourg), Sebastian Royo (University of Suffolk, USA), and Lucia Quaglia (University of York). Another panel will deal with creditor countries, non euro area countries, and the politics of redistribution, featuring Joachim Schild (Trier University), Peter Wierts (Dutch Central Bank), Gabriel Glockler (ECB), and Jim Buller (University of York).

 Please see http://www.coleurope.eu/events/conference-national-implications-sovereign-debt-crisis for more details.

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The Neighbours of the EU’s Neighbours: Legal, Political, Security and Socio-Economic Challenges beyond the ENP, College of Europe, Bruges

On 21-22 March 2013, the Department of EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies at the College of Europe in Bruges is organising an international conference to discuss specific policy challenges in the European Union’s broader neighbourhood (Sahel, Horn of Africa, Middle East, Central Asia).

The conference will focus on technical and sectoral issues such as political and legal challenges; security and military challenges; socio-economic challenges as well as concrete measures to connect the neighbours of the EU’s neighbours. It follows up on a conference held in November 2012 which examined the geopolitical and diplomatic dimensions beyond the ENP. This first conference had concluded that the EU might want to consider drafting a Strategy on the Neighbours of the EU’s Neighbours which would focus on building bridges across the different (sub-)regions by drawing on and further developing the interfaces between them.

 For further information, please visit the conference website:www.coleurope.eu/neighbours

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IEP at the ECPR General Conference in Bordeaux, 4th - 7th September 2013

Katrin Böttger (IEP Berlin) and Annette Knaut (University of Koblenz-Landau) organize a panel dealing with „The European Citizens Initiative (ECI): Strengthening European Democracy?“ at the ECPR General Conference in Bordeaux from 4th to 7th September 2013. The panel will take place in the section „Organised for Influence: Organised Interests in National, European and International Arenas“ and will discuss methodological and theoretical challenges of the ECI as a new instrument of participative democracy on EU level as a type of agenda initiative. Info here.

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Past Events at TEPSA Member Institutes

Feedback from the conference "Governing the metropolis: Powers and Territories. New Directions for Research", 28-30 November 2012, Paris

Feedback on the International Conference Governing the metropolis: Powers and Territories. New Directions for Research, 28-30 November 2012, City of Paris. Watch the video.

Read the article in Métropolitiques, 19 February 2013 "Quels pouvoirs pour les territoires métropolitains ?", Frédéric Gilli, Christian Lefèvre, Nathalie Roseau, Tommaso Vitale.

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Oiip recent events, February 2013

A series of public and closed events taking place in the framework of the International Crisis Group Annual Retreat held in Vienna December 11 - 14, 2012.

13/12/2012: The Future of the MENA Region, International Crisis Group Workshops: - Europe seen from the MENA Region - The Emergence of Religious Identities - The Future of the State Venue:  Landesverteidigungsakademie, Stiftgasse 2A, 1070 Vienna

12/12/2012: The New Middle East, International Crisis Group - Panel Discussion Discussants: Robert MALLEY, ICG MENA Program Director-Israel-Palestine Joost HILTERMANN, ICG MENA Deputy Program Director-Iraq & the Gulf Peter HARLING, ICG Syria-Lebanon-Egypt Project Director-Syria Chair: Cengiz GÜNAY, oiip Venue: Raiffeisensaal, Raiffeisen Zentralbank (RZB), Am Stadtpark 9, 1030 Vienna

In cooperation with: International Crisis Group, Austrian Directorate for Security Policy / Federal Ministry for Defence and Sport, Federal Ministry for European and International Affairs, Renner Institut, Herbert C. Kelman Institut

14/12/2012: Israel - Palestine: Is a Two-State Solution Still Viable? Follow-Up Panel Discussion Discussants: Herbert C. KELMAN, Harvard University Ofer ZALZBERG, ICG Senior Analyst, Jerusalem Sami ABU ROZA, Y-Motions International, Ramallah John BUNZL, Senior Fellow oiip Chair: Gurdrun KRAMER, Herbert C. Kelman Institute Venue: Faculty for Interdisciplinary Studies of Austrian Universities (IFF) Schottenfeldgasse 29, 1070 Vienna

06/12/2012: Weltpolitik im 21. Jahrhundert Summary (in German) available here.

15/11/2012: Blickpunkt Türkei - Auslandskorrespondenten im Gespräch Summary (in German) available here.

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Events at the Institute of World Economics, RCERS Hungarian Academy of Sciences, February 2013

Public workshops

Last year, the Institute of World Economics launched a public workshop series to be held every second Thursday of the month. In 2013 the first workshop was dedicated to the Past and the future of the welfare state and of social market economy. The discussion was introduced byIstván Kőrösi PhD senior researcher at IWE. The topic attracted a great number of experts, professors and representatives of the media. The speaker started out with a theoretical introduction and went on by displaying and analyzing the main welfare state and social market economy models in Europe after World War II.

The next public workshop was held on 14 February and the topic was Functional advancement and the coordination of parent companies – experiences of subsidiaries in the field of Hungarian manufacturing industry. The theme was introduced by Andrea Szalavetz PhD senior researcher at IWE.

Europe Club

The Foundation for European Studies – which is a foundation close to IWE – invites speakers once a month to discuss current EU issues. The topic in December was the Hungarian agriculture in the EU framework (Tamás Éder, president of the Meat Processing Industry, József Gráf and György Raskó, former minister former state secretary at the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, followed by a lecture on 15 January evaluating the year of 2012 and the challenges of 2013 for the EU (Gordon Bajnai, former PM).

Strengthening international relations

In December 2012,Research ProfessorAndrás Inotai visited the Chamber of Commerce in Vietnam and delivered a lecture at the Institute of European Studies of the ChineseAcademy of Social Sciences – with the aim of strengthening future bilateral relations with both institutions.

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IEP's workshop: Europe’s value, 16 January 2013

On 16 January 2012 the Federal Foreign Office in cooperation with the IEP hosted a workshop dealing with the topic: “Europe’s value“. A number of well-known academics with a professional background in law, economics and politics from the IEP network discussed questions dealing with the value of the Europe Union from an interdisciplinary perspective. Reason for the workshop was given by the dwindling confidence of the European citizens in Europe. Europe’s value was, thereby, not only considered from an economic perspective, but equally discussed foreign policy views, the space of freedom, security and justice, as well as enlargement policies and the question concerning the costs of a Non-Europe. The results of the workshop are available as articles in a magazin integration 2/2012.

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1st meeting of the German-Portuguese Forum, 24-25 January 2013, Institute for European Politics (IEP) Berlin and Portuguese Institute of International Relations, New University of Lisbon (IPRI-UNL) Lisbon

On 24 and 25 January 2013, the first annual meeting of the German-Portuguese Forum was held at the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation in Lisbon. Among the highlights of the forum, which was attended by around 300 participants, were the speeches by the German and the Portuguese Foreign Ministers. The program was completed by thematic panels and speeches by policy makers and experts from both countries.

The German-Portuguese Forum is a civil society initiative, which is coordinated and carried out by the Instituto Português de Relações Internacionais (IPRI-UNL), a new member of TEPSA since December 2012, the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation in Lisbon, and the Institute for European Politics (IEP) in Berlin. Serving as a platform for exchange and discussion, the bilateral forum is open to all groups in society and aims to become an important institution of social dialogue between Portugal and Germany, which promotes the exchange of ideas and experiences between representatives and experts from politics, economy, culture, science and civil society. Objectivity and a cross-party political balance are considered as fundamental principles of the forum. This first annual conference was especially concerned about discussing and identifying common solutions and answers to the current crisis and dealing with the prospects for the German- Portuguese partnership in its European context. All in all, the Forum was perceived a success and as an important contribution to a better understanding and a more dynamic communication in the bilateral relations of the two countries. The Forum will be continued next year by the second annual meeting in Berlin.

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Publications of the Austrian Institute for International Affairs (oiip), February 2013

oiip Books

Heinz Gärtner, Der amerikanische Präsident und die neue Welt, 11/2012, ISBN 9783643504531.

Cengiz Günay, Geschichte der Türkei: Von den Anfängen der Moderne bis heute, 11/2012, ISBN 9783825233013

Heinz Gärtner, Hakan Akbulut, Alexander Klimburg, Philipp Mirtl, Jan Pospisil, Cengiz Günay, John Bunzl, Vedran Dzihic, Babett Rampke , ADD ON. 2012, 12/2012, ISBN 978-370890985112

Alexander Klimburg (ed.), National Cyber Security Framework Manual, 07/2012, What, exactly, is "national cyber security"? The rise of cyberspace as a field of human endeavour is probably nothing less than one of the most significant developments in world history. Cyberspace already directly impacts every facet of human existence including economic, social, cultural and political developments. The “National Cyber Security Framework Manual” provides detailed background information and in-depth theoretical frameworks to help the reader understand the different facets of national cyber security, according to different levels of public policy information. The four levels of government – political, strategic, operational and tactical/technical – each have their own perspectives on national cyber security, and each is addressed in individual sections within the Manual. Additionally, the Manual gives examples of relevant institutions in national cyber security, from top-level policy coordination bodies down to cyber crisis management structures and similar institutions.

oiip Policy Papers

Policy Paper 7/12 by Vedran Dzihic, Ein Plädoyer für die EU-Erweiterung: Warum es zum europäischen Erweiterungsprojekt am Westbalkan keine Alternative gibt, December 2012.

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Publications from the TOTAL Chair of EU Foreign Policy, College of Europe

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Newest Publications from Royal Insitute Elcano, February 2013

Elcano's Analysis

Fernando Reinares y Carola García-Calvo, El norte de Mali como foco de amenaza terrorista para España: ¿nuestro patio trasero o simplemente nuestro patio?,Analysis of the Elcano Royal Institute, 22 January 2013

William Chislett, Turkey’s Economy Slows Down: Will this Affect Spain’s Burgeoning Trade and Investment?.Analysis of the Elcano Royal Institute, 16 January 2013

Iliana Olivié y Aitor Pérez, Development Community vs. Financial Industry: Clash of Civilisations or Strategic Partnership? Analysis of the Elcano Royal Institute, 16 January 2013

Martín Ortega Carcelén, Hacia una Estrategia Global Europea en 2013.Analysis of the Elcano Royal Institute, 31 December 2012

Charles Powell The pain in Spain: political, social and foreign policy implications of the European economic crisis.Analysis of the Elcano Royal Institute, 31 December 2012

Ignacio Molina y Alicia Sorroza, El impacto del Servicio Europeo de Acción Exterior en la diplomacia española.Analysis of the Elcano Royal Institute, 21 December 2012

Elcano's Comments

Pablo Bustelo,Nadando contracorriente: “Abenomics” en Japón,Expert CommentElcano Royal Institute, 16 January, 2013

Gonzalo Escribano,Argelia y España, potencial de alto nivel, Expert CommentElcano Royal Institute, 14 January, 2013

Félix Arteaga, España, Mali y la operación Serval de Francia: ¿qué hacer y qué no? ¿Solos o en compañía de otros?.Expert CommentElcano Royal Institute, 14 January, 2013

Carmen González Enríquez, El futuro de la población española.Expert CommentElcano Royal Institute, 10 January, 2013

Federico Steinberg,  El FMI admite el error y la duda,Expert CommentElcano Royal Institute, 8 January, 2013

Elcano's BLOG http://www.blog.rielcano.org/

Federico Steinberg, Vuelve la guerra de divisas, 24 January 2013.

Joaquín Roy, La integración y cooperación eurolatinoamericana,  14 January 2013.

Alicia Sorroza, Opportunities for Spanish Diplomacy in Times of Crisis, 16 January 2013

William Chislett, Inside Spain. The government’s borrowing costs eased, reducing the likelihood that Spain will need a sovereign bail-out by the European Union. Bank of Spain tightens supervision. Stock market revives. Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy orders investigation into Popular Party’s accounts. Catalan UDC admits illegal financing with EU funds.

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FIIA Publications: Reports, Working Papers, Briefing Papers and Comments, February 2013

FIIA Reports 35-36

Katri Pynnöniemi (ed.): Russian critical infrastructures: Vulnerabilities and policies

The Russian policy on critical infrastructure protection was outlined in the early 2000s and has been consolidated in recent years as a part of the national security strategy. It is built upon the civil defence system of the Soviet era, a system that has been modernized under the auspices of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia.

The Russian policies on critical infrastructure protection (CIP) are evolving against a background composed of an uneasy combination of factors: the degeneration of infrastructures critical for the country’s economic and social development, and the de-legitimization of political institutions responsible for protecting ‘population’ and ‘territory’. The recent major catastrophes in Russia, the forest fires in 2010 in particular, have become examples of political events that offer a point of reference for the current regime’s failure to uphold its promises of ‘order and stability’.

Global climate change and the extraction of natural resources in the Arctic region are regarded as both a challenge and an opportunity for Russia. In Russian and European discussions, the Northern Sea Route is usually viewed in terms of opportunity, as it will form one of the major corridors of the global commercial flows. The extraction of oil and gas reserves in the Arctic is a long-term project that has intensified in recent years, although the pace of development has slowed down of late. However, it is generally acknowledged that the ‘opening of the new northern frontier’ is anything but simple. Climate change, and the possible melting of the Russian permafrost resulting from it, poses a real challenge that adds an entirely new dimension to the notion of ‘critical infrastructures’.

Rosa Balfour & Kristi Raik: Equipping the European Union for the 21st century: National diplomacies, the European External Action Service and the making of EU foreign policy

European foreign policy is at a complicated crossroads. The European model is challenged by changing patterns of global power and interdependence, and the economic crisis is producing a backlash on the integration project. National foreign services are under the dual pressure of the economic crisis and an overall decline in the importance of traditional diplomacy, while the implementation of the Lisbon Treaty and the creation of the European External Action Service (EEAS) are supposed to stimulate an internal logic towards more EU integration and burden-sharing in foreign policy.

This report asks how to equipe European foreign policy for the 21st century. What kind of diplomatic system will be at the service of European foreign policy, forging together EU and national elements? How are the EEAS and national diplomacies going to find amodus vivendiand a new division of labour?

The authors argue that the EEAS needs to be at the centre of an emerging EU system of diplomacy, shaping it and not just being shaped by others, and creating a new sense of unity. At the same time, it is essential for the legitimacy and effectiveness of European diplomacy that the EEAS interacts smoothly with national foreign services.

FIIA Working Papers

Timo Behr & Aaretti Siitonen: Building bridges or digging trenches? Civil society engagement after the Arab Spring

When seeking to engage and assist Arab civil society, western donors are faced with several broad challenges in the new regional context. First and foremost, they will have to avoid doing anything that could deepen the growing divisions among different segments of Arab civil society.

Second, donors ought to encourage an effective and balanced relationship between state institutions and civil society. While before the revolutions many Arab countries suffered from a strong and autocratic state, today state weakness has become an equally great challenge.

Third, donors will have to find a way to engage with the new actors, organizations and social movements that have been at the forefront of the Arab Spring uprisings. To engage with some of these actors will be challenging given their non-hierarchical organizational structures, virtual membership, unclear legal position, and sometimes undefined goals.

Finally, donors will have to tread carefully in the highly sensitive new operating environment in the Arab transition countries. In order to regain trust with state institutions and civil society actors, donor engagement needs to build on national development strategies and local needs assessments.

Foreign donors, of course, can only do so much in order to support the development of a liberal and pluralistic civil society in the Arab world. Far more important than effective and well-designed development projects is the ability of different segments of Arab civil society to reconcile their differences and to endorse diversity. In order to support this process, donors will have to exercise patience and will have to avoid actions that contribute to further social polarization. To this end, sending the right political message will often be just as important as well-designed projects.

Bart Gaens: Political change in Myanmar: Filtering the murky waters of “disciplined democracy”

The recent transformation in Myanmar has brushed up the country’s international status and image, and Western and Asian countries alike are eager to reap the benefits of the ongoing changes, but the economy and financial sectors are in dire need of reform.

In order to increase the awareness for further reforms, Western input is vital. Given the fact that the EU has always been a strong economic player in Myanmar and in East Asia in general, it is in a position to offer important incentives for further change by increasing development aid, rewarding gradual political reform, and investing in joint ventures while taking into account social responsibilities.

The greatest challenge likely lies in Myanmar’s continuing ethnic tensions. Here the EU can offer expertise on conflict mediation and capacity-building, acting as a "middle power” or regional stabilizer.

In spite of these remaining challenges, the ongoing gradual reforms are more than a cosmetic contrivance for Western consumption, and are likely to continue. Current key actors in the ruling USDP party have been groomed for a future role as civilian leaders in the "discipline-flourishing democracy”, and are reform-minded. The national elections in 2015 will reveal to what extent the ruling elite is genuinely dedicated to further democratization.

True democracy in the Western sense will require substantial changes in the constitution. This, however, is impossible without the support of the military and will therefore likely be a lengthy process.

FIIA Briefing Papers 120-121

Hanna Ojanen: EU etsii uskottavuutta: Kannattaako EU:n turvallisuusstrategiaa uudistaa?

Charly Salonius-Pasternak: Carving out his place in history: What challenges will Barack Obama tackle in his second term?

As he begins his second term, President Barack Obama’s place in history is assured. A successful second term would set him on the path to becoming one of the most highly regarded presidents in US history.

Domestic politics will continue to be Obama’s focus during his second term. He will oversee the implementation of his signature first-term accomplishments, and seek additional policy changes in how the US approaches immigration and climate change.

President Obama’s second-term foreign policy team will continue the Pivot to Asia, while refining the emerging Obama Doctrine. The use of drones, Special Forces and cyber weapons will continue, as lower-cost tools to directly address threats to US national security.

Europe must take far more responsibility for its defence and regional security, for its relationship with neighbours in the east and the south, and the EU should strive to achieve a Transatlantic Free Trade Area, while President Obama remains in office.

FIIA Comments

Vadim Kononenko: The EU and Russia cease to be a priority for each other: The squabble over WTO membership reveals the defunct state of the strategic partnership

The EU-Russia strategic partnership has had its ups and downs but is currently facing a very different challenge. Despite many arguments, Brussels and Moscow never doubted the overall significance of their relationship. However, at the present time, they are evidently less interested in treating each other as priority partners.

Sean Roberts: The Russian adoption ban fits the Putin agenda: The logic of the Dima Yakovlev law is inevitable but short-sighted

By banning US citizens from adopting Russian orphans, the Putin administration is attempting to deflect attention away from corruption issues and utilise anti-American sentiment to discredit opponents. But these latest efforts at manipulating public opinion may have unintended consequences.

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IIEA's paper "Untying the Knot? Ireland, the UK and the EU", February 2013

Dáithí O’Ceallaigh and James Kilcourse, Untying the Knot? Ireland, the UK and the EU, Institute of International and European Affairs (IIEA), Dublin, February 2013 

Ireland must stay close to both the UK and Europe. This is the crux of the challenge facing Ireland as the UK attempts to renegotiate its position in the European Union. The relationship between Ireland and the UK has never been better, but David Cameron’s January 2013 speech on Europe heralds a long period of uncertainty for Ireland and the EU. The uncertainty surrounding the UK’s place in Europe is further intensified by the Scottish vote on independence in 2014, which could see an independent Scotland applying to join the EU, and the rest of the UK on its way to the exit. Given that it stands to be one of the biggest losers from a UK withdrawal, it is crucial that Ireland adopts a far-sighted and well-balanced strategy for dealing with the possible implications.

This paper outlines Ireland’s relationship with the UK and the EU in the context of the UK’s changing attitude to Europe. It presents a range of options and assesses how best Ireland can fashion its long-term strategic interests under a number of scenarios. It is based on the deliberations of the IIEA UK Group, a working group which has been active since the foundation of the IIEA in 1991. The process that has given rise to the current paper began in March 2012. Since then, members of the Group have met with a number of British and European politicians, journalists, officials and academics, both in London and in Dublin.

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IMO Ocassional Papers, February 2013

Bartlett, Will: Socio-economic developments in the Enlargement Countries and the need for evidence based policy making,IMO Ocassional Papers 2/2012, December 2012.

The Second IMO Occassional Paper in 2012 examines impacts of the global economic crisis on the policy making process among the Western Balkan countries. Author Will Bartlett argues that there is a substantial knowledge gap regarding the application and sustainability of policy options, which can only be filled through the well-designed research studies based on research questions that are relevant for the policy makers. In this context, the evidence-based policy making (EBPM) techniques have a valuable role to play in improving the policy process. This paper outlines both ex-ante and ex-post techniques of the EBPM, pointing out specific nature of the policy process in transition countries and the difficulties of formulating rational policy during periods of rapid structural change.

Policy paper is available at here.

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Sciences Po Paris CEE Publications and press reviews, February 2013

All the new publications of the CEE team are available here

 Duchesne, Sophie, Frazer, Elizabeth, Haegel, Florence, Van Ingelgom, Virginie (dir.), Citizens' Reactions to European Integration Compared. Overlooking Europe, Palgrave Macmillan, January 2013,

What do citizens say about Europe? Before the crisis of 2008 citizens in Britain, France and Francophone Belgium were 'overlooking' Europe by ignoring it in favour of globalisation, economic flows, and crises of political corruption. Innovative focus group methods allow analysis of the nature of their reactions and positions, and demonstrate how euroscepticism is a red herring. Instead they articulate indifference to and ambivalence about Europe contrasting with activists who engage in conflict about European issues. The analysis shows national and social differences. French projection contrasts with British exteriorisation and Belgian incorporation. The social gap is not a matter of deficits: workers have real arguments about issues close to home while managers show more concern about European politics.This book is part of the qualitative turn in European studies and both complements and challenges established knowledge on European attitudes.

Reguer-Petit, Manon, Les belles-mères et la politique, L'Harmattan, December 2012

Auel, Katrin, Rozenberg, Olivier, Thomas, Anja, Lost in Transaction? Parliamentary. Reserves in EU bargains, OPAL Online Paper Series, October 2012

Parliamentary scrutiny reserves have become a popular parliamentary instrument for the scrutiny of EU documents over the last two decades. While the exact provisions for them vary between the member states and according to their parliaments’ overall scrutiny system, parliamentary reserves generally mean that government representatives do not, or cannot, officially agree to a proposal in the Council (or COREPER or the working groups) while the parliamentary scrutiny process is ongoing. Yet despite the proliferation of reserve provisions, we actually know very little about them. The paper will therefore provide an overview over the specific features of scrutiny reserves in different member states. In addition, it investigates whether scrutiny reserves actually are an effective instrument to safeguard parliamentary influence in EU affairs by looking at how they are being dealt with at different levels of the Council negotiations. 


Press/Medias: All press review available here.

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IWE 2012/2013 newest publications and a book launch

Book launch

On 13 December 2012, a 3-volume book was launched at IWE. The publication is in Hungarian, the title in English would be: Changing world economy – strategies, experiences and outlooks. The edition is freely downloadable at the IWE website (under the title “Változó világgazdaság I, II, III”)


Tamás Szigetvári, Turkey is back. Turkish interests on the Western Balkans, EU Frontier Study No. 9, CEU CENS, 2012

Péter Farkas,The Crisis and the Lessening of Economic Security.Financial Imbalances and the Mainline Model of Capitalism. In: Attila Fábián (ed.): A peaceful World is possible. Sopron, University of WestHungary Press, 2012. pp.184-201.


 In 2012, the Institute of World Economics launched its blog where posts in English can also be read: http://vilaggazdasagi.blog.hu/tags/eng.

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IEP's magazin "Forschungsjournal Soziale Bewegungen" on the European Citizens Initiative

The next issue 4/2012 of the Forschungsjournal Soziale Bewegungen has published a thematic focus on the European Citizens Initiative. The editors Vera Faust, Jochen Roose, Annette Knaut, Katrin Böttger and Julian Plottka discuss the potentials and limits of this new instrument as well as its challenge to become an occupational therapy for the people. See the abstracts here.

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Public Consultations held by the European Commission

Consultation on the paper of the services of DG Competition containing draft guidelines on regional State aid for 2014-2020

The objective of the consultation is to gather stakeholders' opinions on the draft guidelines, which sets out how the Commission will apply the Article 107 (3) (a) and c) of the TFEU to consider compatible with the internal market any aid granted to promote the development of areas that are lagging behind.  Deadline for contribution: 11 March 2013. More information here.

Unconventional fossil fuels (e.g. shale gas) in Europe

Exploration  and production of natural gas and oil within Europe has in the past been mainly  focused on conventional resources. Whilst oopportunities for this type of  domestic extraction are becoming increasingly limited, technological progress  is opening up new possibilities to extract unconventional fossil fuels such as  shale gas, tight gas, coal bed methane, tight oil or shale oil, from geological formations which were previously too complex or too expensive to extract. Deadline for contribution: 23 March 2013. More information here.

More calls for consultations here.

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