TEPSA Newsletter December 2013

Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year from the TEPSA Team!


Good Night and Good Luck

by Jean-Paul Jacqué

It is time for me to say goodbye to everyone and good luck to Jaap de Zwaan, who will replace me at the position of TEPSA Secretary General from January 2014 onwards. I am convinced he will take up this duty with his usual talent, also thanks to the support which has always been valuable to me, from Mirte van den Berge and Laura Ventura, under the wise leadership of Wolfgang Wessels. These years will remain in my memory as bound with TEPSA’s activities, accentuated by bi-annual Pre-Presidency Conferences, experiencing a true development in collaboration with all Members of our association. Involving researchers from all member states and candidate countries in joint scientific activities on European issues is an exciting challenge as it aims at reconciling different visions of EU priorities in a common perspective. Although as for many others, the financial crisis and the Eurozone have been at the heart of our concerns, institutional issues and external relations remained at the heart of our attention.

With the new Europe for Citizens programme, the European elections and appointments that will follow as well as the discussions on the future of Europe, TEPSA’s activities will still contribute to deepen the common reflection. I will closely monitor these developments, but let me thank you all for your contribution to our common work and convey you the best wishes for Christmas and the New Year.

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Introducing a TEPSA Member Institute


The Institute of International Affairs at the University of Iceland

The Institute of International Affairs (IIA) at the University of Iceland is a research, instruction and service institute. The Centre for Small State Studies (CSSS) and the Centre for Arctic Policy Studies (CAPS) are run under the auspices of the Institute.

The Institute of International Affairs was established in 1990 but was expanded and re-structured with the creation of the Centre for Small State Studies in 2001. The Centre for Arctic Policy Studies was launched in March 2013. The Institute and the Centres are supervised by a joint Steering Board. All three are housed within the University of Iceland's School of Social Sciences but with close links to the School of Humanities. In 2013 the Centre for Small State Studies became a Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence, the first of its kind in Iceland. Pia Hansson is the Director of the Institute of International Affairs and Centre for Small State Studies. Jón Gunnar Ólafsson and Tómas Joensen are Project Managers at the IIA and CSSS. Kristinn Schram is the Director of the Centre for Arctic Policy Studies. Margrét Cela is a Project Manager at CAPS.

The Institute of International Affairs at the University of Iceland - A forum for a constructive dialogue

The role of the Institute of International Affairs (IIA) is to provide education, promote research, and carry out service projects in the field of international relations. It aspires to serve both academic and professional needs and stimulate general discussion on subjects relating to international affairs. To this end, the Institute plans and carries out research on various subjects and hosts conferences, seminars, and lectures concerning international affairs. It offers various services to both the private and public sector, conducting surveys, writing reports, and carrying out research on a range of topics. It publishes books and papers on international relations and Icelandic foreign affairs. International cooperation and interdisciplinary discussions are important factors in the work of the IIA. Over one hundred scholars with various types of expertise participate in the work of the IIA, CAPS and the CSSS, and the institutes have ties to a number of foreign research bodies. The IIA is a forum for dialogue between the academic community, the private sector, and public service in the area of international relations.

Centre for Small State Studies  - Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence

The Centre for Small State Studies (CSSS) aims to encourage research and education on the subject of small states. It has established itself as one of the leading research centres in the world focusing on this theme. CSSS has received several grants from the European Union, the Nordic Council, and the Nordic-Baltic Council. It has also received support from both private and public enterprises in Iceland. In 2013 the CSSS was awarded a prestigious Centre of Excellence grant from the EU and will thus become a Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence, the first of its kind in Iceland. Since 2003, the CSSS has run an annual summer school on Small States and European Integration. The course runs for two weeks and is open to both Icelandic and international students. The Summer School is a joint project of several universities in Europe and is sponsored by the EU’s Erasmus program. The Centre runs two reviewed publications series offering occasional papers as well as working papers, available in print and online.  The Centre has also published books on various related topics. The CSSS organizes seminars and lectures in Iceland and at international conferences.

Centre for Arctic Policy Studies - An emerging Arctic research centre

The Centre for Arctic Policy Studies (CAPS) is a forum for interdisciplinary collaboration in the field of Arctic research with an emphasis on the role and policies of states and institutions, non-state and corporate actors, and broader aspects of governance, culture and society in the Arctic and High North. CAPS was launched in March 2013 at the high-level international seminar in Reykjavík: The Trans Arctic Agenda: Challenges of Development, Security, Cooperation. CAPS organizes conferences, seminars and lectures on Arctic issues as well as supporting learning in this important field of study. The Centre also publishes books and runs two publication series, offering occasional papers as well as working papers, available in hard copy and online. CAPS aims to increase collaboration between the private and public sectors and the academic community. Through its knowledge production the Centre seeks to inform societal, cultural and environmental development as well as transnational communication in the High North. Among projects managed by CAPS is a new joint West Nordic masters programme. It aims to provide specific knowledge of the High North combined with abilities to manage and link present day issues and past developments with the major themes of debate on societal challenges.


The IIA has published numerous books and papers on international relations and Icelandic foreign affairs. Among them are books on the subject of the viability for Iceland of entering the EU, international politics at the beginning of the 21st Century and the departure of the US forces from Iceland.

The Centre for Small State Studies runs two reviewed publication series: occasional papers reflecting completed research and working papers that give a shorter account of research that may still be in progress. Recent publications from CSSS include:

  • Defence & Security for the Small: Perspectives from the Baltic States
  • Sovereign Liechtenstein: The Soft Power Projection of a Very Small State
  • The Management of Economic Interdependence of a Small State: Assessing the effectiveness of Lithuania’s European Policy since joining the EU

The Centre for Arctic Policy Studies also runs two reviewed publication series: occasional papers and working papers. Recent publications from CAPS include:

  • Understanding the Arctic Council: A 'Sub-Regional' Perspective
  • The Case for Arctic Governance: The Arctic Puzzle
  • The Trans Arctic Agenda: Challenges of Development, Security, Cooperation – Summary Report
  • Claiming the North: Re-territorializing the “Westnordic Arctic” - Summary Report

For further information please visit the websites: www.iia.hi.is and www.caps.hi.is

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News from TEPSA Secretariat


Farewell to Jean Paul Jacqué and welcome to Jaap de Zwaan

by Wolfgang Wessels, Chairperson of the TEPSA Board

Jean Paul Jacqué has been with us for the past four years, serving to TEPSA as a devoted Secretary General. Being simultaneously the Honorary Director General and Special Councellor in the Council means that he is an outstanding specialist of EU law, but it is not all what we can say about him. Jean Paul is also a wonderful Professor, respected by his students all over the world, from Chile to Poland. Last but not least, he is a great friend of mine and the whole TEPSA network, and we can only be glad for having the opportunity to work with Jean Paul for the last years. As we cannot imagine TEPSA without him, we unanimously decided to grant Jean Paul a title of Honorary Board Member, hoping that he will be still honouring us with his knowledge, experience and a good word.

It is also my great pleasure to welcome a new Secretary General of TEPSA, who having been elected a Board Member by TEPSA General Assembly in October 2013 will take up his duties on 1 January 2014: Prof. Dr. Jaap de Zwaan. In years 2005-2011 Jaap was a Director of the TEPSA Member Institute: Netherlands Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael’, and is currently associated with the Erasmus University Rotterdam and The Hague University for Applied Sciences. Besides Jaap’s involvement in the TEPSA Board since January 2010, he is also a member of numerous institutions, including the Governing Board of the European Studies Institute in Moscow. Jaap’s great area of both research expertise and practical experience leaves us convinced that he is the most right person to lead TEPSA for the following years. My dear friend, good luck!

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Congratulations to prof. Jean-Paul Jacqué for receiving a title of doctorat honoris causa

Professor Jean-Paul Jacqué, Secretary General of TEPSA, received a title of doctorat honoris causa from the Sv. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia in Bulgaria.

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THESEUS Awards for Outstanding and Promising Research on European Integration 2013

Professor András Inotai and Dr Francisco Seoane Pérez received the THESEUS Awards for Outstanding and Promising Research on European Integration, respectively.

The THESEUS Award for Outstanding Research on European Integration distinguishes people with an outstanding academic record in the field of European integration whose work contributed substantially to the progress of the state of the art. Additionally, the THESEUS Award for Promising Research on European Integration acknowledges an excellent piece of work of a junior researcher in the field of European integration.

Professor Inotai is a research professor and research director of the Institute for World Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. His research focuses on global and European economic issues, enlargement of the EU and, most recently, on the European crisis management. In particular, the jury praised Professor Inotai’s capacity to link deep economic analyses with reflected political advice. His work, his outstanding expertise and his crucial academic and political contributions have extensively been acknowledged.

Dr Francisco Seoane Pérez is an assistant professor at the Faculty of Journalism of the University of Castilla-La Mancha in Cuenca, Spain. He received the THESEUS award for his PhD thesis, in which he challenges the concept of explaining the Europeans‘ seeming rejection of further European integration and the lower participation levels in European Parliament elections by the existence of a “communication cap”.

The THESEUS Award Ceremony took place in the Austrian Institute for International Affairs in Vienna on 17th October 2013.

Further information at www.theseus-europe.net

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16th Japan-EU conference, 25 November 2013, Brussels

On Monday the 25th of November the 16th edition of the Japan-EU conference took place in Brussels, jointly organised by TEPSA, KU Leuven, Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Waseda University, International Christian University Japan (ICU) and by the EU-Japan Centre for Industrial Cooperation.

The theme of this year's conference was "Japan and the EU – Living together in a Multipolar World". It addressed and defined on-going challenges for Japan and the European Union.

Coming a week after the EU-Japan Summit meeting, the main morning sessions of this year's Japan-EU Conference were devoted to recent developments in EU-Japan relations. The Japanese Ambassador to the EU and the Chief Operating Officer of the European External Action Service debated EU-Japan political relations. Representatives of the European Commission's DG TRADE and the Japanese Mission to the EU outlined the latest developments in EU-Japan economic relations - with reference to the on-going FTA/EPA negotiations. The afternoon sessions addressed civil protection and humanitarian issues, with speeches from senior policy-makers, researchers and others. Over 2½ years on from the Great East Japan Earthquake, the session on civil protection and disaster relief allowed an exchange of views as to how the EU and Japan address these issues at home as well as Japan–EU cooperation in multilateral efforts. The final session addressed human security, humanitarian & development assistance and considered disaster reduction - an important part of Japan's development assistance policy - and 'human security'. Although the EU and Japan are the world's second and third largest donors of official humanitarian assistance, a better coordination in the EU-Japan framework is needed.

This annual event provided a unique opportunity to debate both the latest research as well as current policy trends. It brought together academics, experts and policymakers from various parts of the world and proved to be a highly valuable forum to formulate ideas and specific suggestions to fortify the Japan-EU relationship.

For the main conference webpage go to: http://www.eu-japan.eu/16th-japan-eu-conference. For the latest agenda go to: http://www.eu-japan.eu/sites/eu-japan.eu/files/16thJapanEUConference.pdf

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TEPSA Conference: "Future models of European integration", 28-29 November, The Hague

On Thursday 28 and Friday 29 November 2013 the Research Group European Integration of the The Hague University of Applied Sciences in cooperation with the Trans European Policy Studies Association (TEPSA) organized a conference entitled: Future models of European integration.

The Conference discussed models of differentiated integration. The idea being that without such models, the European Union may probably not survive in the future. Indeed, the group of existing member states is not a homogeneous group. Between the partners there exist substantive differences as to economic and/or social development. Thus one may hardly expect that all member states will be able to cooperate in the future in a uniform manner and simultaneously in all policy domains.

The first file opened for discussion concerned Economic Governance. Indeed, economic and monetary policy has from the outset been an area where not all Member States participate in a similar manner. The recent ESM (European Stability Mechanism) Treaty as well as the Fiscal Compact Treaty have only confirmed this fact. In a second part the potential of enhanced cooperation was discussed. So far this general treaty principle has been applied in three cases. However, in the future more use will respectively should be made of this principle, eventually by creating more flexibility as to the modalities of application of enhanced cooperation. Thereafter in three parallel sessions specific case studies were discussed. A first topic concerned the possibilities to introduce varieties of differentiated cooperation in Common Foreign and Security Policy, after the example of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice where for example three member states have been granted full-fledged derogations. Then attention was given to the possibility to involve neighbouring countries and applicant countries in crucial domains of EU cooperation according to the model of gradualness. Moreover tensions related to independentism within individual member states were analysed: what would it mean for EU membership when a given member state would fall apart? Finally and in the light of the findings reached during the discussions over de other topics, the best approach(es) to be followed by the European Union as a whole were discussed. Here you can consult the Programme.

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TEPSA Background Paper "Kremlin's ‘reactionary strategy’ towards its ‘near abroad’. The Russian Perspective on the EU’s Eastern Partnership" by Anita Sęk

The Eastern Partnership was not the first EU programme seen in Moscow as an “intrusive process”. It was the 2004 European Neighbourhood Policy that “has been challenging the Russian concept of ‘sovereign democracy’”, as stated by Vladimir Chizhov, the former deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and current Russian Permanent Representative to the European Union. EU’s entry into Russia’s single and exclusive zone of influence – the ‘near abroad’ (ближнее зарубежье)  - has since been perceived as a battle of interests and a struggle for domination between Brussels and Moscow, which has been embodied in the recent pressure by Moscow on EaP countries, on the eve of the Eastern Partnership Summit in Vilnius scheduled for 28-29 November 2013.

With this paper Anita Sęk, TEPSA's Marie Curie Early Stage Researcher, analyses the reasons behind the realist ‘zero-sum game’ and the ‘red-line’ approach to the ‘common neighbourhood’ of the EU and Russia, explaining Moscow’s perceptions and interests. The hypothesis is that the Russian attitude is based on a historical need of “secured spaces”, along with horror vacui  and “honour-based behaviour”. The author believes that it is time not only for the EU/member states’ elites to face reasons for Russian Realpolitik and its consequences, but also to recognize the difference of Russian politics and discover options towards pragmatic cooperation on realistic projects in the 'shared neighbourhood'.

Here you can read the TEPSA Background Paper December 2013.

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News from TEPSA Member Institutes


A new face at IAI

IAI is pleased to announce that Robert Springborg joined the Institute as senior visiting fellow.

Prof. Springborg will work mainly in the institute's Middle East & Mediterranean research area, focusing on European-Middle Eastern relations and the “responsibility to rebuild” of MENA states. He is also a member of the Editorial Board of IAI’s The International Spectator.

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News from the Institute of International Affairs at the University of Iceland

Centre for Arctic Policy Studies – Autumn highlights

The Centre for Arctic Policy Studies (CAPS), which is run under the auspices of the IIA, has been very active following the launch of the Centre in March of 2013. Autumn highlights include:

West Nordic Studies: Governance and Sustainable Management

CAPS has managed the development of a new international and interdisciplinary masters programme, to begin in the fall 2014. It will provide students with a unique opportunity to take part in shaping the emerging West Nordic region. Margrét Cela, project manager at CAPS, has been project manager and Kristinn Schram, director of CAPS, has represented the University of Iceland on the Academic Board. Partner Institutes are the University of the Faroe Islands, University of Greenland, University of Akureyri, University of Iceland and the University of Nordland.
Further information: www.westnordicstudies.net

You can download this and some additional information from the IIA here: News from IIA

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News from FIIA

A new three-year research programme period will begin in January 2014. While the programme structure will remain intact, stronger emphasis will be placed on the Nordic countries, the Arctic region, cyber issues and Russian internal dynamics.

Programme period 2014-2016

Research at FIIA will be organised into three research programmes dur­ing the next programme period.

The European Union Research Programme will conduct research on key developments in the EU and the Union’s external relations, political system and economy. In addition, the potential for Nordic cooperation and the similarities and differences of the policies of the Nordic countries will be studied as part of the EU’s external relations.

The EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia Research Programme will cover regional dynamics in the post-Soviet space including rela­tions with the EU. The main focus, however, will be on Russian foreign and security policy and her inter­national position. In addition, the internal political development and the distinctive traits of its political system will be scrutinised as factors influencing Russian foreign policy.

The Global Security Research Programme will conduct research on changing trends in global security policy with implications to the secu­rity environment of the European Union and Finland. Issues relating to great power relations and prospects for global governance, global envi­ronmental security and the various dimensions of European security policy, including cyber issues, will form a central component of the pro­gramme. The politics of the Arctic region will constitute a shared theme for all three research programmes.

Staff news

Programme Director of the Global Security Research Programme Mika Aaltola spent the autumn as a Visiting Researcher at Johns Hopkins University as a part of the exchange programme related to FIIA’s Center for US Politics and Power. He has now returned and resumed his tasks at FIIA.

Elina Sinkkonen and Katja Creutz will join the Global Security pro­gramme in January. Sinkkonen’s research focuses on China and Creutz’s on international law and human rights.

Niklas Helwig will join the European Union research programme in January. His research focuses on the EU’s External Action Service.

In February, Fullbright scholar Matthew Hoddie from Towson University, US, will join FIIA. He studies democracy in post-civil war states.

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Call for Papers - Conference on “The European Neighbourhood Policy in a Comparative Perspective: Key Challenges and Major Lessons”, 20-21 March 2014, College of Europe, Bruges

The Department of EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies at the College of Europe in Bruges, Belgium, invites scholars to submit proposals for papers to be presented at a conference to be held on 20-21 March 2014. The conference benefits from the financial support of the European Commission and aims to analyse and compare the legal, institutional, political, security, economic and financial challenges that the EU’s various policy frameworks with neighbouring countries are confronted with in order to identify lessons for the European Neighbourhood Policy. Although the EU’s co-operation with its neighbours has taken different forms and shapes, there are many common or similar challenges worth exploring based on a comparative, sectoral and horizontal approach.

Deadline: 8 January 2014. More information: www.coleurope.eu/ENPComparativePerspective

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Call for submissions: Occasional Papers and Policy Briefs Series, Jean Monnet Chair “An Evolving EU Engaging a Changing Mediterranean Region”,
Institute for European Studies, Malta

The Jean Monnet Chair on “An Evolving EU Engaging a Changing Mediterranean Region” welcomes submission to its Occasional Papers and Policy Briefs Series. Information on the topics relevant to the Jean Monnet Chair and on the editorial rules are available on the project website (http://www.um.edu.mt/europeanstudies/jmceu-med). For further information please contact Massimo Costa at massimo.costa@um.edu.mt.

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Upcoming Events at TEPSA Member Institutes


Conference: Beyond North/South and East/West: Understanding Global Inequalities and Diversity, IIR Prague, 14 January 2014

On 14 January 2014 the IIR will host an international conference "Beyond North/South and East/West: Understanding Global Inequalities and Diversity". Among the speakers will be Czech researchers as well as Asian, African or Latin American academic experts. The conference will be held in Czernin Palace at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic.
This conference is co-financed by the European Social Fund and the state budget of the Czech Republic within the project entitled The Cooperation Network for Research of the Non-European Areas (RESAREAS).

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Conference “Is subsidiarity relevant for better EU governance?”, 23 January 2014, The Hague

On Thursday 23 January 2014 Clingendael will host a closed seminar on subsidiarity and its relevance for better EU governance. In the context of this possible squeeze between the push for deeper integration and rising public resentment about the way ‘Brussels’ runs affairs, this seminar will deal with the question whether subsidiarity can offer a way forward that reconciles needs for better EU governance and concerns about legitimacy. Subsidiarity has been raised at different levels of government. This seminar hopes to take stock of the state of the subsidiarity debate and see what opportunities it holds in store for the next years. Speakers at the seminar include Frans Timmermans, the Dutch minister of foreign affairs, Uwe Corsepius, Secretary General of the Council, Marianne Klingbeil, Deputy Secretary General at the Commission, Sylvie Goular, MEP for Mouvement Démocrate/ALDE, and several high level policy officials from the member states.

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Jean Monnet Module on Agenda-Setting in the European Union, February-May 2014, The Institute for European Studies, Malta

The Institute for European Studies invites application to attend the second edition of the Jean Monnet Module on Agenda-Setting in the European Union. The Jean Monnet Module is an EU-funded project coordinated by Dr Marcello Carammia, taught collectively by the academic staff of the Institute for European Studies and a number of guest speakers. The Module, made of 14 lectures, focuses on key theoretical and empirical aspects of EU agenda-setting processes. Its specific objectives are to provide participants with innovative tools to understand the factors driving the rise and fall of issues in the EU political agenda, and to increase their knowledge of key EU policies.  The guest scholars contributing to the next edition will be Dr Enrico Borghetto (Nova University Lisbon), Prof Laura Chaques (University of Barcelona), Professor Christoffer Green-Pedersen (Aarhus University), Dr Francesco Marchi (Sciences-Po Paris), and Prof Catherine Moury (Nova University Lisbon).

The full programme will be online on early January 2014.

Information about the Module, including the programme of the first edition, is available at http://www.um.edu.mt/europeanstudies/aseu. For further information please contact marcello.carammia@um.edu.mt.

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Second Annual Conference of the Jean Monnet Chair “An Evolving EU Engaging a Changing Mediterranean Region”, 5 May 2014, The Institute for European Studies, Malta

On May 5, 2014 the Institute for European Studies will organize the under the general theme “An Evolving EU Engaging a Changing Mediterranean Region”. Proposals for papers are accepted by the Institute by 15 January 2014. They are to be sent to Mr Massimo Costa to massimo.costa@um.edu.mt. TEPSA members are invited to the event. Only invited speakers whose papers are selected for the event will have their expenses met by the Institute (economy air fare and two nights). Details of the project can be found on the Institute web-page. Papers published so far and others which will be published in the near future can be accessed through the web-page.

The research dimension of the project focuses on the changes which are taking place in the EU focusing mainly on the financial crisis, situation in southern Europe, the state of enlargement and all other aspects of the evolving EU project and the situation in the Mediterranean region particularly after the so called “Arab Spring”. With respect to the latter, the project looks at “state building”, particularly constitution writing, in the southern Mediterranean shore countries as well as regional cross-cutting issues such as energy security, climate change and migration. EU Mediterranean policies are also of interest.

The programme of the conference will be posted on the Jean Monnet web-site by end of January 2014. The Institute will provide limited advice on travel arrangements to those interested up to 5 March 2014.

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Public lecture on European political elites by Prof. Luca Verzichelli (University of Siena), 12-18 May 2014, The Institute for European Studies, Malta

On May 12-18, 2014, Prof Luca Verzichelli will visit the Institute for European Studies. Luca Verzichelli is professor of political science at the University of Siena, Italy, where he has been the Dean of the Faculty of Political Sciences between 2009-2012. He is a member of the Executive Committee of the European Consortium for Political Research, and has been the Chief Editor of the Italian Political Science Review (2010-2013). His research interests cover the comparative empirical analysis of political elites, budgetary politics in Italy and the USA, and European Parliaments. During his visit, Prof Verzichelli will hold seminars at the MA programme in European Politics, Economics and Law, and will deliver a public lecture on political elites in Europe.

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Past Events at TEPSA Member Institutes

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Past autumn 2013 events at Instituto Affari Internazionali, Rome

Round-table on "Towards the recovery? Risks and opportunities of the international economic cycle", 20 December, 2013, Rome

This meeting - organised by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) in cooperation with the Centre for Studies on Federalism ( CSF) of Turin - is part of a series of conferences, which aims to contribute to the debate on the impact of the economic crisis and the new instruments of economic governance. The panel discussion was opened by Prof. Pier Carlo Padoan, Deputy Secretary General and Chief Economist of the OECD, who presented its findings on the evolution of the crisis and the prospects for recovery. You can download the conference programme here.

Launch conference on “ Beyond Austerity and Growth: Emerging and Established Voices for a Share Prosperity Project in Europe “, Berlin, 7-8 November 2013

This was a political, unconventional seminar in the framework of the project “Escaping the austerity trap:  A common prosperity project”. The project engaged in dialogue with emerging and re-emerging political actors and social movements in three southern member states (Greece, Spain and Italy). The aim was to discuss and converge on a paradigmatic shift from the austerity trap to a common prosperity project. The seminar – as well the project – was organised in cooperation with Cidob, DGAP, Eliamep and Stiftung Mercator.

National debate on a common foreign and defence policy of the EU, Turin, 9 November 2013

The event was organised by the European Commission Representation in Italy in cooperation with the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) and other partners. It represented the second stage of the participatory project POLITICALLY.EU - " learn to act“ which aimed to create a public space for debate on European policies. After the introductory speeches by the Director of the European Commission Representation in Italy Lucio Battistotti and President of the Centre for Studies on Federalism Roberto Palea , preceded by institutional greetings from the Mayor of Torino Piero Fassino, there were reports from the European Commission Vice President Antonio Tajani, the Defense Minister Mario Mauro and Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Marta Dassù. A deliberative workshop, chaired by Ferdinando Nelli Feroci, IAI President, followed. It discussed three themes: the establishment of a European defence industrial policy as a driving force for growth, new priorities in the European foreign and security policy, the role of the European Parliament and of the national Parliaments after Lisbon in the definition of the EU foreign policy. The event was reserved to several representatives from institutions and businesses.

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Past conferences at the IIEA, Dublin

Cybersecurity Conference, 15 November 2013, The Institute of International and European Affairs (IIEA), Dublin

On 15 November 2013, the IIEA held a major Cybersecurity Conference in Dublin. The conference brought together a high-profile line-up of policymakers and experts from the White House, NATO, GCHQ and beyond to discuss emerging cyber threats and their implications for governments, businesses and citizens. The conference explored these themes across three high-level panel discussions, which focused on the implications of cybercrime for global business; protecting the individual and the small business online; and global responses to emerging threats. Speakers included Michael Daniel, Special Assistant to President Obama and U.S. Cybersecurity Coordinator; Ambassador Sorin Ducaru, Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges, NATO; Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar, Cybersecurity Policy Advisor, European External Action Service (EEAS); and Olivier Burgersdijk, Head of Strategy and Outreach, European Cybercrime Centre (EC3).
Videos of keynote addresses from the conference can be viewed here.

Conference on ‘The Future of Banking in Europe’, 2 December 2013, The Institute of International and European Affairs, Dublin, in association with McCann FitzGerald Solicitors and supported by KPMG

On 2 December the IIEA, in association with McCann FitzGerald, hosted a major conference in the Convention Centre Dublin, entitled ‘The Future of Banking in Europe’. Featuring six sessions and 15 high-level speakers drawn from the banking sector, European Institutions and five
European central banks, the conference focused on the European Commission's proposals for a Banking Union and their implications for the European banking sector. Participants in the conference included Vítor Constâncio, Vice President of the European Central Bank; Michael Noonan, Irish Minister for Finance; Patrick Honohan, Governor of the Central Bank of Ireland; John Bruton, Chairman of the International Financial Services Centre Ireland; Alan Dukes, Former Irish Finance Minister; Paul Gallagher, Former Attorney General of Ireland; and Robert Priester, Deputy CEO of the European Banking Federation. Videos and audio of the speakers can be found at the conference website.

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Roberta Metsola, MEP, speaks to 'Politics of the EU' to students, 22 November 2013, The Institute for European Studies, Malta

Dr Roberta Metsola, MEP, addressed students as part of the Institute for European Studies’ EST2140 'Politics of the EU' course organised by Dr Mark Harwood. The course provides an in-depth analysis of the actors involved in EU politics and how they interact in running the Union. As part of the course, a guest speaker is invited annually to provide insight into the political dynamics surrounding their job so as to provide practical examples for the students of how the Union may operate in practice as opposed to theory.

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Past events at Royal Institute Elcano

On 18 November 2013 Royal Institute Elcano together with Club Español de la Energía, World Energy Council, KPMG and Repsol organized a conference “Energy and global governance”. More information.

1st Elcano Forum on Global Terrorism: "Global Terrorism and the Western Mediterranean” was held between 19 and 19 November 2013. Organizers: Elcano Royal Institute, with the participation of: US Embassy in Spain, Casa Árabe and Fundación Ortega-Marañón. The 1st Elcano Forum on Global Terrorism was centred on the challenges posed by international terrorism of a Jihadist nature for the countries of Southern Europe and North Africa located around the Western Mediterranean. More information.

IX Iberoamerican business meeting was organized by the Consejo Empresarial de América Latina (CEAL), with the support of the Government of Panama and the Secretaría General Iberoamericana (SEGIB) between 16 and 18 October 2013. More information.

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Conference on “The European Neighbourhood Policy in a Comparative Perspective: Mapping the EU’s Wider Neighbourhood Relations”, 14-15 November 2013, College of Europe, Bruges

On 14-15 November 2013, the Department of EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies at the College of Europe, Bruges campus, held an international conference to map the European Union’s wider neighbourhood relations. The conference, which benefited from the financial support of the European Commission, aimed at a comparative assessment of the different co-operation schemes that the EU maintains with third countries in order to put the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) into context and discuss lessons to be drawn. The speakers, who responded to a call for papers, focused on the European Economic Area as a potential model for the ENP, bilateral approaches (Switzerland, Turkey, Russia), the enlargement and association processes, the EU’s Northern Dimension and other multilateral neighbourhood relations.

Please see: www.coleurope.eu/ENPComparativePerspective for more information.

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Public discussion on "Why Democracies are less likely to Fight Each Other? The Kantian Peace and Democratic Peace Theory”, Prof. Luigi Carant, 12 November 2013, The Institute for European Studies, Malta

Prof Luigi Caranti, Associate Professor of Political Philosophy at Università di Catania was the main speaker at a public discussion held at the European Documentation Centre (EDC), within the Institute for European Studies, on "Why Democracies are less likely to Fight Each Other? The Kantian Peace and Democratic Peace Theory". Prof. Caranti also delivered a lecture within Dr Marcello Carammia's (Lecturer at the Institute for European Studies) course on Comparative Federalism.

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Discussion “50 Years of Association between Turkey and EU: Time for Membership?”, 24 October 2013, Vilnius University

IIRPS VU and Yeditepe University (Turkey) organised a roundtable discussion “50 Years of Association between Turkey and the EU: Time for Membership?”, held at IIRPS VU on 24 October (Thursday), 2013.

The discussion centred on the relations between Turkey and the EU, as well as on the possibilities of Turkey membership. Moderator: prof. Ramūnas Vilpišauskas. Discussants: prof. Gediminas Vitkus (IIRPS VU), prof. Vilenas Vadapalas (Court of First Instance of the European Communities), representatives of Yeditepe University.

For the programme of the discussion please see here.

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First Annual Conference of the Jean Monnet Chair “An Evolving EU Engaging a Changing Mediterranean Region”, 15 October 2013, The Institute for European Studies, Malta

The Jean Monnet Chair Annual Conference was held at Dar l-Ewropa, Valletta. A number of scholars participated in the conference, which was chaired by Prof. Roderick Pace, Director of the Institute for European Studies and Jean Monnet Chair. The speakers at the Conference were Prof. Ali Tekin from Yasar University, Turkey; Dr Nasser Algheitta from Azzaytuna University, Libya; Dr Francesco Biagi from the University of Bologna, Italy; Dr Stefania Panebianco from the University of Catania, Italy; and, from the University of Malta, Dr Michael Frendo, Dr Simone Borg, Mr Ranier Fsadni, and Prof. Roderick Pace. The Chair’s working-themes were introduced by their respective co-ordinators from the Institute for European Studies, namely Prof. Pace, Dr Susanna Thede, Dr Marcello Carammia, Mr Stefano Moncada, Mr Jean Micallef-Grimaud and Dr Mark Harwood.

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Past Events at IWE, Institute of World Economics, Budapest

Europe Club, 15 October 2013, Budapest
During the October club meeting the Annual report of the Hungarian-European Business Council on the Hungarian Economy in 2012 (entitled "Confidence and Credibility") was presented by Mr. János Takács, former president of HEBC.

THESEUS Conference, 17 October 2013 – THESEUS price award to András Inotai

“Thursday workshops” regular monthly workshop at IWE, 7 November 2013
Sándor Meisel presented the topic of Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership negotiations which was followed by a lively debate (in Hungarian).

Annual academic meeting in the framework of the “Festive Month of Hungarian Science”: Hungary’s choices in the European Research Area. 7 November 2013, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest (in Hungarian)
Organised by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences the potentials of Hungarian science within Europe in the near future. One of the speakers was András Inotai.

40th anniversary event of “Europaeische Rundschau”, 8 November 2013, Vienna
András Inotai provided a critical analysis of the European integration process in a panel discussion with Paul Lendvai, Klaus-Dieter Frankenberger, Adam Krzeminski and Daniel Vernet.

Europe Club, 19 November 2013, Budapest
During the November club meeting a lecture was given by Ms. Maria Joao Rodrigues under the title “Europe 2020 and the crisis: which are the choices?”

Jubilee Conference on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the Institute of World Economics, 20 November 2013, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest “Challenges of the world economy – global and national perspectives
During this half-day event among the speakers (or rather contributors to the panel discussions) were members of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Mihály Simai, Tamás Szentes, Béla Kádár, Ádám Török, or doctors of the HAS Judit Kiss and András Inotai – all current or former researchers of IWE (the language of the event was Hungarian).

Romanian-Hungarian Bilateral Roundtable Conference, 22-23 November 2013
Co-organised by the Romanian National Institute of Economic Research and the Institute of World Economics (CERSHAS) the two-day event was dedicated to such topics as the Transatlantic partnership, public finances in the eurozone and in the Central and Eastern European region, or energy issues. Participants from IWE were: Sándor Meisel, Ágnes Orosz and Csaba Weiner.

Conference on “MFF 2014-2020: less money, less Europe? Prospects, interests, explanations”, 25 November 2013, IWE, Budapest
Organised by senior research fellow Miklós Somai, this half-day international event was dedicated to exploring the views of the speakers (representing different institutions or member states) on the new MFF and to discussing the future of common EU policies financed by the 2014-2020 financial framework. (A short summary in English is available from 10/12/2013 at this site: http://www.vki.hu/events.html)

Japan and EU: Living together in a multipolar world, 16th Japan-EU conference, 25 November 2013, Brussels
Andás Inotai introduced and moderated the panel on “Economic relations with reference to the Free Trade Agreement/Economic Partnership Agreement negotiations”.

“Thursday workshops” regular monthly workshop at IWE, 5 December 2013
András Székely-Doby introduced the topic of “Institutional reforms, urbanisation and income gaps in China” (in Hungarian).

Hungary and the European Union, 11 December, 2013, ifo-Institute, Dresden
At this event András Inotai presented his personal thoughts on one decade of institutional relations between the EU and Hungary.

Europe Club, 17 December 2013, Budapest
At the December club meeting a lecture was be given by Mr. Gábor Iklódy, former assistant secretary general of NATO, on “Cyberspace and Europe at a crossroads”.

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LIIA Autumn 2013 Events and Activities

Latvian Institute of International Affairs in cooperation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia organized an international conference “The future prospects of Latvia within the EU’s development: discussions on federalism and its meaning in society”. During the conference LIIA fellows Martins Daugulis and Ieva Bloma presented a research results on meanings of federalism in Latvia’s society – the first qualitative research on people’s perceptions of federalism, EU development and interests of Latvia. The research was carried out by the Latvian Institute of International Affairs and supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia. It will be available at LIIA home page shortly. Information about the event can be found here.

The Latvian Institute of International Affairs has recently published a book "Northern Distribution Network: Redefining Partnerships within NATO and Beyond", which has been produced by an international team of 10 authors from Azerbaijan (Zaur Shiriyev), India (Gulshan Sachdeva), Germany/NATO Defence College (Heidi Reisinger), Latvia (Andris Sprūds, Māris Andžāns, Diāna Potjomkina), Russia (Andrei Kazantsev), the USA (S.Frederick Starr) and Uzbekistan (Guli I.Yuldasheva and Farkhod Tolipov). On November 22, a public discussion took place in Riga, bringing into the spotlight the importance of the Northern Distribution Network  (NDN) for NATO, its place in Eurasian trade and transport corridors as well as its prospective further commercialization. You can find a summary of the event, as well as video recording and other materials at the link here.

LIIA organized a series of events on Eastern Partnership:

1. "From the Vilnius summit to the Riga summit: priorities, goals, achievements of the Eastern Partnership" (in cooperation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia);

2. "Towards sustainable European-Belarusian interaction in economics, energy and environment: limitations and opportunities" (in cooperation with the Embassy of the Republic of Poland in Riga);

3. "Georgia and Eastern Partnership: after the presidential elections, before the Vilnius Summit" (in cooperation with the Embassy of Georgia to the Republic of Latvia).

The LIIA has joined the European Policy Institutes Network (EPIN). EPIN spans 26 countries both within and outside the EU, uniting think tanks and policy institutes with the goal to debate on the Future of Europe. You can find more information about this network here: http://www.epin.org/new/

The LIIA gratefully acknowledges the financial support of NATO, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung and Latvian Railway. For further information on the events please follow the news on www.liia.lv or refer to liia@liia.lv.

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Past events at the Institute of International Affairs, University of Iceland

On top of its research, publication, and educational developement CAPS has hosted and participated in a number of events this autumn ranging from round table discussions to record breaking conferences. Here are some of the highlights:

Climate Change in Northern Territories. NRF Conference in Akureyri on 2 August 2013 with participation from CAPS,.

Subarctic strategies. Roundtable discussion at the Latvian Institute of International Affairs, 5 September 2013. Presentation on Iceland’s Arctic Strategy by Kristinn Schram, director of CAPS.

The shaping of Arctic societies and regions. A talk given by Kristinn Schram and Katla Kjartansdóttir, EDDA researcher at RANNÍS, on an IIA hosted research project, 26 September 2013.

Arctic Research. Full day presention by CAPS at the RANNÍS Science Fair, 27 September 2013.

Greenland, Iceland and the Arctic, Seminar hosted by CAPSon 3 October 2013. Welcome remarks by H.E. Mette Kjuel Nielsen, Ambassador of the Kingdom of Denmark to Iceland. Presentation by Dr. Damien Degeorges, Founder of the Arctic Policy and Economic Forum. Discussion moderated by Kristinn Schram.

Re-territorializing the “Westnordic Arctic”: Perspectives of Crypto-colonialism and Mobility (conference), 4 October 2013. Keynote speaker: Michael Herzfeld, Professor, Harvard University. A number of domestic and foreign academics also participated in the conference.

CAPS and Icelandic Arctic Strategy. Presentation on 7 October 2013 to the EU Ambassadors in Iceland. Speakers: Kristinn Schram and Alyson Bailes.

Politics and Sovereignty in the Arctic. A session at the Arctic Energy Summit on 9 October 2013. Chaired by Kristinn Schram. Speakers: Michael John Laiho, Mikå Mered, Mia Bennet.

Extractive Industries, the Environment and Climate Change. A session at the Arctic Circle on 12 October 2013. Among speakers: Margrét Cela.

Full day presentation of Arctic research in the University of Iceland, 13 October 2013; by Margrét Cela and Kristinn Schram.

Emerging trends in the West Nordic Arctic. A session organized by CAPS for the Arctic Circle 2013, Reykjavík. on 14 October 2013. Chaired by Margrét Cela. Speakers: Kristinn Schram; Guðni Th. Jóhannesson, Assistant Professor of History, University of Iceland; Sigríður Huld Blöndal, International Relations, University of Iceland; Lára Jóhannsdóttir, Postdoctoral Researcher, School of Business, University of Iceland; Egill Þór Níelsson, Researcher, Polar Research Institute of China (PRIC) and Þórður Þórarinsson, Secretary-General, West Nordic Council Secretariat.

Topic: Arctic Challenges in the West Nordic Region. At the Þjóðarspegill Conference, 25 October 2013. Speakers: Margrét Cela, Kristinn Schram, Katla Kjartansdóttir, Sumarliði Ísleifsson, and others.

Natural resources and societies in the Arctic. A roundtable discussion hosted by CAPS, 31 October 2013, with Jean-Dominique Wahiche from the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle; Luc Fuhrman, from the French Embassy; Jörundar Svavarson and Gísli Pálsson from the University of Iceland and Ásdís Jónsdóttir  from the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture. Moderated by Kristinn Schram.

West Nordic Studies. CAPS participated at the Day of the High North on 15 November 2013. CAPS presented a poster about a service project being carried out by the centre. The project is coordinating the work of five universities building a joint master programme called West Nordic Studies, Governance and Sustainable Management. The partner universities are University of Iceland, University of Akureyri, University of Greenland, University of the Faroe Islands and University of Nordland.

CAPS participated in a seminar on Chinese - Arctic Affairs hosted by the Reykjavík Academy and the The Northern Lights Confucius Institute on 16 November 2013. Margrét Cela talked about some of the developments in the High North and China's interests in the region.

Foreign Policy and the Arctic. CAPS participated in an international conference in Copenhagen between 25 and 26 November 2013. The conference was about foreign policy issues. Kristinn Schram explained Iceland’s policy towards the Arctic. The IIA Director, Pia Hansson, also spoke about Icelandic peacekeeping and defence cooperation.

Open events from the IIA in November

Gender in Nordic Climate Policy: Does Equal Representation Make a Difference?13 November 2013. Speaker:Dr. Gunnhildur Lily Magnúsdóttir, Assistant Professor in International Politics and European Studies at the University of Malmö.

From Afghanistan to Syria and Beyond: A Post-Interventionist Era? 20 November 2013. Speaker: Andrew Cottey, Senior Lecturer and Head of Department in the Department of Government, University College Cork, Ireland.

Åland, a demilitarized zone in a new age of security, 27 November 2013.  A talk by the Head of the Åland government, Camilla Gunell. With comments by Alyson JK Bailes, Adjunct Professor, University of Iceland. Introduced by Irma Ertman, Ambassador of Finland at Reykjavik.

Discussing the Arctic and Icelandic Peacekeeping Missions

In late November 2013 Mrs. Pia Hansson, Director of the Institute, and Mr. Kristinn Schram, Director of the Centre for Arctic Policy Studies, participated in a seminar at the Danish Institute for International Studies titled Nordic Foreign and Security Policy. In her talk Mrs. Hansson discussed Iceland´s participation in peacekeeping missions, with an emphasis on the Icelandic public´s negative views towards participation in operations that require the bearing of arms. She concluded that the discourse in Iceland had more to do with the country´s image as a small peaceful island than its possible contribution to conflict resolution and peace building. In his talk, Mr. Schram discussed Iceland´s policy towards the Arctic and how Iceland has made use of formal multilateral cooperation and in leveraging the Arctic Council and Nordic frameworks to its advantage.

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Fall 2013 events at the Institute of International Relations, Prague

The Challenges of Qualitative Comparative Analysis

On 9 December the IIR hosted a seminar with Professor Carsten Q. Schneider from the Central European University, Hungary on "The Challenges of Qualitative Comparative Analysis". The seminar was divided into two parts: “The Challenges of Qualitative Comparative Analysis” and “Doing Qualitative Comparative Analysis”.  The seminar was part of the project entitled The Cooperation Network for Research of the Non-European Areas (RESAREAS). More information available here.

Gender in Development and Post-Conflict Peace-Building

On 5 December the IIR hosted a public lecture entitled Gender in Development and Post-Conflict Peace-Building. The keynote speaker of this conference was Claudia von Braunmühl, an Honorary Professor of International Relations at Freie Universität Berlin. The lecture addressed gender in development and post-conflict peace-building because while each of these policy areas has its own characteristic features, overarching gender stereotypes and patriarchal attitudes operate in both of them. More information available here.

International Symposium “Czech Foreign Policy”

The V. International Symposium "Czech Foreign Policy", with a specific focus on "Democracy and Democratization", 12 -13 November 2013, the Institute of International Relations (IIR), Prague and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic.
This year the Symposium focused on the support for democracy in Czech foreign policy. After the domestic views were presented and some newly elected Czech politicians voiced their opinions, foreign experts spoke about how our support for democracy is viewed by those living in other countries. Apart from many well-known Czech participants such as Karel Schwarzenberg (Member of the Parliament, TOP 09, former Minister of Foreign Affairs) the conference welcomed the following speakers, among others: Adrian Basora, the Director of the Project on Democratic Transitions at the Foreign Policy Research Institute in Philadelphia and a former US ambassador to Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic, and Charles Gati, a Professor from Johns Hopkins University who presented his new publication "Zbig: The Strategy and Statecraft of Zbigniew Brzezinski" at the conference. More information available here.

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Past Events at IEP, Berlin

Lunch Talk on “On the path to a stronger Europe of growth and stability - Position and Perspectives of the Federal Government”, 2 July 2013, Institut für Europäische Politik (IEP), Berlin. The lecture from Dr. Nikolaus Meyer-Landrut took place a few days after the European Council meeting in June 2013, and was held partly in light of the upcoming meeting of the EU labor and social ministers as well as the heads of state and government, which dealt with the fight against youth unemployment in Europe. Furthermore he discussed the idea of a treaty revision in order to develop economic policy at European level and to stabilize the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU). The future of the EMU lies in reinforced economic policy coordination among the member states.

Lunch Talk on “The Role of the European Investment Bank in the European Economic and Financial Crisis”, 5 September 2013, Institut für Europäische Politik (IEP), Berlin. Dr. Werner Hoyer, president of the European Investment Bank (EIB) discussed the role of the EIB in regards to expansion and activity in Europe. Hoyer emphasized the importance of cooperation between the EU-institutions in times of the financial crisis. He further stressed the special role of the EIB in the process of solving the crisis, being the bank of the 28 member states of the EU.

Lunch Talk on “Genuine economic and monetary union and its significance for the UK in Europe”, 7 November 2013, Institut für Europäische Politik (IEP), Berlin. Iain Begg, Professorial Research Fellow at the European Institute at London School of Economics and Political Science, and Lord Flight, Member of the House of Lords EU Sub-Committee on Economic and Financial Affairs, talked about the UK´s role in the European Union and its positions towards Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and deeper integration.

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EEAS Audit in the Eastern Neighbourhood: To What Extent Have the New Treaty Provisions Delivered?
by Anita Sęk

Documenti IAI 1310, 26 November 2013,  Here you can consult the paper

This paper aims to analyse if and to what extent provisions of the Lisbon Treaty introducing a special relationship with neighbouring countries and Common Foreign and Security Policy-related references, have delivered in strengthening EU's presence among its Eastern neighbours. The paper will also examine EU's capacities in decision- and policy-making towards them. The study, built on the author's interviews and correspondence with officials from EU institutions and literature research, shows that what characterizes the European External Action Service (EEAS) and in consequence EU's international actorness in the Eastern Neighbourhood are: (i) scarcity of staff in headquarter in Brussels, (ii) scarcity of staff in EU delegations, (iii) underrepresentation of "new Member States", (iv) lack of esprit du corps. All of these produce various "turf battles" of intra- and inter- institutional nature on the EU-level, which lead to an extension of the decision-making process, and in consequence undermine the possible impact on the Eastern neighbours. Nevertheless, the overall coherence of EU's external activity is improving. Challenges however remain, particularly the lack of outcomes envisaged by the EU, undermining the Union's influential transformative role as a norms entrepreneur.

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LIIA Publications and Opinions

The Latvian Institute of International Affairs in cooperation with its partners published the following publications:

From the Vilnius Summit to the Riga Summit: Challenges and Opportunities of the Eastern Partnership  is a discussion paper by Irina Kuzņecova, Diāna Potjomkina and Mārtiņš Vargulis providing a general analysis of each of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) partner countries, their respective relations with the EU and the direction and depth of the “Europeanization” process. Paper illustrates current and long term challenges for the EU that could slow down the development of the EaP initiative as a whole.

Latvian Visa Free Border Zones With Russia And Belarus: What Are They And Why – the working paper by Andrei Yeliseyeu (analyst at the Belarusian Institute for Strategic Studies). Analysis looks into the specifics of the Latvian local border traffic (LBT) regimes with Belarus and Russia, presents characteristics of the border areas under the Latvian LBTs and gives a graphic representation of the respective Latvian regions.


LIIA Fellow Raimonds Rublovskis in several analysis has continued to contribute to the discussions on global and Latvian security developments and challenges:

The Future of Conventional Arms Control in Europe – the state of conventional arms control framework and its decisive role in European security;

Smart Power in the Global Security Environment of the 21st Century - the role of ‘smart power’ within current global security environment;

Approaches to Conflict Resolution in the OSCE Area - current and new approaches to conflict resolution in the OSCE area.

Deputy Director of LIIA Kārlis Bukovskis in his analysis examines possible scenarios of Latvia's post-euro foreign policy challenges and is “Picturing Latvia on the Global Marketing Map” while providing an option for the next foreign policy goal for Latvia;

LIIA Fellow Mārtiņš Vargulis analyses the ‘geopolitical battle’ of great powers over the Arctic region  and potential gains and challenges for Latvia in the big game played in high North.

Associate Fellow Anna Beitāne recently has provided analysis on various topics:

The Disappointment of the Rapprochement: Why Obama’s ‘Reset’ with Russia Went Wrong? - possible reasons behind the unsuccessful attempts to reset US-Russian relations and escalation of tensions between two countries in the context of Syrian crisis;

Russia’s ‘Milk’ War with Lithuania - correlation between Russian trade wars and geopolitics in the case of recent conflict;

Navalny’s ‘I have a dream’ Moment in Moscow’s Mayoral Election - the results of recent Moscow’s mayoral elections and its aftermath for both the Kremlin and Navalny;

LIIA Fellow Diāna Potjomkina examines two recent reports on Belarus prepared by the European Parliament and by the USAID, asking – what do we really know about Belarus, and how?

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"EU Diplomacy Papers" from the College of Europe

Carl Baudenbacher, The Judicial Dimension of the European Neighbourhood Policy, "EU Diplomacy Paper", 8/2013, Bruges, College of Europe.

Domhnall O’Sullivan, Road to Proscription: The EU and Hezbollah since the Arab Spring, "EU Diplomacy Paper", 7/2013, Bruges, College of Europe.

Mirko Woitzik, Pure Business, Law Enforcement or Sheer Politics? The EU’s WTO Complaints against Chinese Export Restrictions on Raw Materials, "EU Diplomacy Paper", 6/2013, Bruges, College of Europe.

The EU Diplomacy Papers can be found here: www.coleurope.eu/EUDP

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Publications from IWE, Institute of World Economics, Budapest

Zsuzsánna Biedermann – Ágnes Orosz, Financial regulation differences in the EU and the US. IWE Working Paper No. 205, October 2013, 28 p. http://www.vki.hu/news/news_621.html

András Inotai, Management of the costs of crisis management: key challenges to future economic policies. In: Post-crisis economic development of the EU and Bulgaria, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Economic Research Institute, Gorekspres, Sofia, 2013, pp. 10-22.

András Inotai, Prognosis for the EU's development and transformation (also in Ukrainian). In: Oleksij Kolomiec (ed.), Ocinka ta perspektivi transformacii ES: Sterategichni prioriteti dlja Centralno-Shidnoi Evropi ta Ukraine. Centr evropeijskih ta transatlantichnich studiu, Slovak Agency for International Development Cooperation, Kiev, 2013, pp. 56-58. and 59-61.

András Inotai, Hungary and the European Union (also in Ukrainian). In: see above, pp. 58-59 and 61-62.

Zsuzsa Ludvig, The EU and its Eastern Partners: Conditionality and Expected Benefits. How does the Russia Factor Matter? Documenti IAI 1309, 25 November 2013, 18 p. http://www.iai.it/content.asp?langid=2&contentid=1015

Tamás Novák (ed.), Euro Zone Crisis, Member States’ Interests, Economic Dilemmas. Proceedings of the 9th Hungarian-Romanian bilateral workshop, Budapest, 2013, 106 p. http://www.vki.hu/news/news_618.html

Krisztina Vida, EU governance trends – dilemmas and recommendations for the Visegrad countries. IWE Working Paper No. 209, September 2013, 17 p. http://www.vki.hu/news/news_620.html

Csaba Weiner, Book Review: Ludvig, Zsuzsa (ed.) Eurasian Challenges: Partnerships with Russia and Other Issues of the Post-Soviet Area. East European Studies, No. 4, Budapest: Institute of World Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 2013, 163 p. Baltic Journal of European Studies, Vol. 3, Issue 2, October 2013 http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/bjes.2013.3.issue-2/bjes-2013-0017/bjes-2013-0017.xml?format=INT

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Publications from the Institute of International Affairs, University of Iceland

Publications and research

1) A Study on Iceland´s EU Accession Process
In November 2013 the Confederation of Trade Unions in Iceland, the Icelandic Federation of Trade, the Confederation of Icelandic Employers and the Icelandic Chamber of Commerce entrusted the Institute with the editing and supervision of a study on Iceland´s EU accession process. The goal of the study is to evaluate the accession process and distinguish matters of opinion as well as the possibilities at hand. The EU´s development since the accession process began will also be analysed, with a special emphasis on cooperation on currency affairs. Finally the EEA agreement will be studied, with an emphasis on the possibilities it provides as well as its limitations.

2) New publications on Arctic Governance: The Case for Arctic Governance and Understanding the Arctic Council: a 'Sub-Regional' Perspective
CAPS has published a new Occasional paper by Helga Haftendorn that offers a comprehensive introduction to features of Arctic governance including the framework for potential new commercial activity. CAPS has also published an Occasional paper by Alyson Bailes called Understanding the Arctic Council: a 'Sub-Regional' Perspective. Both papers can be accessed on the CAPS website (www.caps.hi.is).

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Autumn 2013 publications from Clingendael

Arnout Mijs and Sophie van Eck, The Financial Transaction Tax: Forerunner of European Integration and Fragmentation, the Clingendael Institute, 26 November 2013. Eleven EU member states are pushing ahead with the Financial Transaction Tax via the enhanced cooperation procedure. Only three years ago it was deemed as a mission impossible, but now it seems as the FTT will actually be introduced in the coming year(s). It will have extensive consequences , for member state economies, but also for European integration and EU unity in the long run.

Mai’a Davis Cross and Jan Melissen (eds.), European Public Diplomacy, Soft Power at Work, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. The EU devotes too little attention to outreach with citizens in other parts of the world. The contributors to this Palgrave-Macmillan book edited by Mai’a Davis Cross and Jan Melissen believe that communicating Europe outside the EU will become increasingly important to Europeans and to business interests. European Public Diplomacy shows how the European region encompasses multiple levels of public diplomacy: subnational, national, transnational and supranational. This new book enhances our understanding through a multifaceted exploration of the European case. In doing so, it fills an important gap in the international relations literature on the mechanisms behind soft power.

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Publications from IAI

Six new reports on the EU institutions and policies from the Istituto Affari Internazionali  – IAI, October-November 2013:

Towards a more united and effective Europe: a framework for analysis, by N.Tocci and G.Faleg (Imagining Europe No.1) 28 October 2013, 21 p.

This paper sets out the conceptual framework of the research project "Imagining Europe". As the unprecedented financial crisis and ensuing economic recession push Europe to the brink, a critical question arises as to what are the foreseeable trajectories affecting EU governance and policy in decades ahead. The crisis has already accelerated policy and institutional evolution in key areas, but the integration project remains torn apart by centrifugal forces. The challenge at hand is that of delineating (a) what kind of model of governance the EU could head towards, and (b) which of these models is fitter for the purpose of a more united, effective, governable and legitimate EU.

Strategy and its role in the future of European defence integration, by M.Muniz (IAI Working Papers 1330) 29 October 2013, 13 p.

Paper prepared for the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), October 2013. Research supported by the COST Action "Common denominators for a European vision on CSDP and peace missions".
EU member states have proven incapable of clarity in their strategic planning, with their key strategic documents almost inevitably abstract and ambiguous. This is extremely unfortunate because without a clear catalogue of interests and an understanding of their location around the world it is impossible to determine a country's appropriate force structure, let alone conduct a coherent and effective foreign and defence policy. This lack of rigor in strategic planning is hurting European defence integration, as states are unable to have transparent and constructive debates about the interests they share. It would be wise to incorporate into the strategic planning process a model that allows for the capturing and quantifying of states' interests. Such a process might lead to the realization that EU member states share more strategic interests than is at first apparent.

The Janus-faced new European Neighbourhood Policy: normative (hard) power vs. the pragmatic (soft) approach, by F.Casolari (Documenti IAI 1308) 19 November 2013, 15 p.
Revised version of a paper presented at the Lisboan seminar on "The European Neighbourhood Policy and the Lisbon Treaty: What has changed?", Rome, 22 March 2013.

The implementation of the European Neighbourhood Policy has drawn strong criticism. Commentators have highlighted its inefficiency and the weak institutional and legal frameworks that have so far characterized this domain. An especially vexed issue is the legal nature of the ENP instruments so far developed by EU actors. This article explores the impact the Lisbon Treaty has had on the definition of ENP tools. I observe that, although some clear features of the new primary-law framework suggest the need for "formalized" ENP tools, the ENP, and in particular its southern dimension, continues to be implemented for the most part by means of soft-law instruments. Despite an undeniable evolution of nonbinding ENP tools, a similar trend could jeopardize the development of the ENP as a whole. I argue that a broader recourse to multilateral or bilateral agreements could make the ENP more effective while strengthening its democratic accountability: a new ENP model based on treaty cooperation would exclude neither flexibility nor a complementary or parallel recourse to soft-law instruments, and would at the same time make the actors involved more accountable, all the while enabling stronger cooperation, at the EU level, between the EU’s institutions and its Member States.

The EU and its Eastern partners: conditionality and expected benefits - how does the Russia factor matter?, by Z.Ludvig (Documenti IAI 1309) 25 November 2013, 18 p.
Revised version of a paper presented at the Lisboan seminar on "The European Neighbourhood Policy and the Lisbon Treaty: What has changed?", Rome, 22 March 2013.

Slow progress within the EU Eastern Partnership (EaP) program and disappointment of all affected partners can be explained by both problems arising on the EU and the Eastern partners' side. Problems on EU side include some major deficiencies like the lack of incentive of EU membership or the slow progress in the visa-free movement of people, the a second major issue for most EaPs. All in all the "carrot" offered by the EU is a small one compared to the appetite of the targeted countries. Eastern partners can also be blamed since most of them delay in "doing their homework" to transform their political, juridical or economic systems. The paper argues that in some cases this "delay" is greatly influenced by a third factor, namely the forced choice on foreign policy orientation for which Eastern partners seem to be either not ready or not dedicated enough. The next EU-EaP summit (Vilnius, 28-29 November 2013) might become a milestone in this respect. The core of the problem roots in the EU "offer" of deep and comprehensive free trade agreements (DCFTAs) that institutionally exclude the possibility of the Eastern partner's parallel economic integration towards East. The first-ever EU EaP Association Agreement including a DCFTA is expected to be signed in this summit with Ukraine.

Eastern Partnership Roadmap 2012-2013 and the European Enlargement Strategy: main challenges to the conditionality and differentiated integration principles, by A.Nicolescu (Documenti IAI 1311) 26 November 2013, 12 p.
Revised version of a paper presented at the Lisboan seminar on "The European Neighbourhood Policy and the Lisbon Treaty: What has changed?", Rome, 22 March 2013.

This paper aims to look at the challenges faced by the EU in rendering the Eastern Partnership Roadmap 2012-2013 and the European Enlargement Strategy, both adopted last year, into efficient instruments to ensure deeper Europeanisation of its neighbourhood, as the continent is faced with numerous challenges, both internal and external. The two documents put the rule of law principle at the top of their assessment of individual country performance, underlining the need to ensure the irreversibility of democratic practices. Moreover, the indicators and values followed are very similar, in many cases even identical. This points out to a common vision as regards the consolidation of European integration on one hand and of the enlargement policy on the other hand. Similarly as in the case of the Western Balkans, the EU needs to give those Eastern Partnership countries with clear European aspirations and which have so far achieved major democratic progress concrete perspectives for integration. The challenges faced by countries in the Eastern neighbourhood towards continued Europeanisation are multiple, both internal and external. It is high time for the EU to better structure its strategy towards these countries, by adjusting its approach on visa liberalisation and mobility, on a merit-based principle.

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Publications from the Institute for European Studies, Malta

Prof. Roderick Pace

Roderick Pace with Stelios Stavridis and Paqui Santonja, “The Role of Parliamentary Bodies, Sub-State Regions and Cities in the Democratization of the Southern Mediterranean Rim” in Stefania Panebianco and Rosa Rossi “Winds of Democratic Change in the Mediterranean?” Rubbettino, Italy, 2012.

Roderick Pace with Stelios Stavridis, “Os Limites da diplomacia parlamentar e a resolução de conflitos internacionais: O caso da Assembleia Parlamentar Euro-Mediterrânica e a sua successor a Assembleia Parlamentar da União para o Mediterrâneo 2004-2011”, Oercursos e Ideias, Revista Cienrifica do ISCTE, Portugal, Nos 3 and 4, serie on line, 2011-12, pp. 85-98.

Roderick Pace, “Growing Secularisation in a Catholic Society: The Divorce Referendum of 28 May 2011 in Malta”, South European Society and Politics, Vol. 17, No. 4, December 2012, pp. 573–589.

Roderick Pace (assisted by Ivan-Carl Saliba), Malta Chapter in the report “Democratic Control in the Member States of the European Council and the Euro zone summits”, Directorate General for Internal Policies, Policy Department C: Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs: EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT IP/C/AFCO/IC/2012-012 / PE XXX.YYY EN, 2012.

Roderick Pace, "Migration in the Central Mediterranean", Jean Monnet Occasional Paper, No. 2, Institute for European Studies (Malta).

Roderick Pace, “Malta” in Biehl, Giegerich and Jonas (eds.) “Strategic Cultures in Europe: Security and Defence Policies across the Continent”, Springer, Germany, 2013, pp 243-253.

Stelios Stavridis, Roderick Pace and Natalia Ajenjo, “The Origins, Structures and Functions of the Euro-Mediterranean and Euro-Latin American Inter-parliamentary Assemblies” in Oliver Costa, Clarissa Dri and Stelios Stavridis (eds.), “Parliamentary Dimensions of Regionalization and Globalization: The role of Inter-Parliamentary Institutions”, Palgrave, 2013, pp. 211 – 230.

Roderick Pace and Michael Briguglio, "Malta", in The Palgrave Handbook of Social Democracy in the European Union, edited By Jean-Michel de Waele, Fabien Escalona and Mathieu Vieira, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, ISBN: 978-1-137-29379-4, ISBN10: 1-137-29379-9.

Marcello Carammia

Marcello Carammia, Arco Timmermans, Sebastiaan Princen, Petya Alexandrova, “Analyzing the Policy Agenda of the European Council”. in Perspectives on Europe, 42: 2 (2013): 41-46

Petya Alexandrova, Marcello Carammia, Sebastian Princen, and Arco Timmermans. 2014. ”Measuring the European Council Agenda: Introducing a New Approach and Dataset”. European Union Politics, 15(1), forthcoming.

Petya Alexandrova, Marcello Carammia, and Arco Timmermans. 2014. "EU High Politics. The Policy Agenda of the European Council, 1975–2011". In The European Council and European Governance. The commanding Heights of the EU, eds. François Foret and Yann-Sven Rittelmeyer. New York: Routledge, 53–72.

Enrico Borghetto, Marcello Carammia and Francesco Zucchini (forthcoming 2014) "The impact of government party policy priorities on Italian law-making from the First to the Second Republic (1987-2006)". In Christoffer Green-Pedersen and Stefaan Walgrave (eds) Agenda Setting, Policies, and Political Systems. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

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Occasional Papers and Policy Briefs Series of the Jean Monnet Chair, Institute for European Studies, Malta

Baldur Thorhallsson, Iceland's contested European Policy: The Footprint of the Past - A Small and Insular Society, Jean Monnet Occasional Papers, no. 1, 2013

Roderick Pace, Migration in the Central Mediterranean, Jean Monnet Occasional Papers, no. 2, 2013

Magnús Árni Magnússon, Taking its place in Europe – Iceland's long road to its EU application, Jean Monnet Occasional Papers, no. 3, 2013

Patricia Mallia, The Challenges of Irregular Maritime Migration, Jean Monnet Occasional Papers, no. 4, 2013

Susanna Thede, What’s the use of a transatlantic free trade area?, Jean Monnet Policy Briefs, no.5, 2013

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Newest publications from Real Instituto Elcano

Iliana Olivié and Manuel Gracia, Elcano Global Presence Index 2012, 19/12/2013. The Elcano Global Presence Index displays the current situation and evolution, since 1990, of the global presence of 60 countries and of the European Union in the world order. Furthermore, since 2005, an additional calculation has been performed for the member States of the Union –the Elcano European Presence Index–, which limits the presence exclusively to the intra-European sphere.

Fernando Reinares and Carola García-Calvo, Jihadists from Spain in Syria: facts and figures, Expert Comment 78/2013 – 12/12/2013. How many identified individuals, resident in Spain, have travelled to join the Jihadist organisations active in the ongoing Syrian civil war?  Up to the present, the exact number is 17. Of these, 11 are Spanish citizens and the remaining six Moroccan nationals living in Spain. Who are these jihadists? Where were they recruited? What was their route to Syria?

Miguel Otero-Iglesias, The Geopolitics of the TTIP seen from Beijing, Expert Comment 78/2013 – 11/12/2013. Chinese officials have the suspicion that both the currently negotiated Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement and the TTIP project pushed forward by the Obama Administration have economic but also geopolitical objectives.

William Chislett, Spain’s exports: the economy’s salvation. ARI 47/2013 – 4/12/2013. Spain’s striking export success has enabled the economy to emerge from recession and helped to turn around the current-account balance. Structural adjustment is shifting the engine of the economy from domestic sources of growth into an export-led model.

William Chislett, Turkey and the European Union: mixed signals, ARI 45/2013 – 27/11/2013. Turkey’s EU accession process is back on track, with the opening this month of the first chapter, or policy area, in more than three years, but the Islamist-rooted government continues to send out mixed signals over the country’s direction.

Abraham F. Lowenthal, The US in the early 21st century: decline or renewal? ARI 43/2013 – 20/11/2013. The core challenge for the US in the first quarter of the 21st century is the capacity of its political system to fashion and implement public policies to respond effectively to today’s and tomorrow’s concerns.

José Miguel Roncero and Enrique San Martín, Nabucco’s coup de grâce, Expert Comment 71/2013 – 12/11/2013. On 28 June 2013 the Shah Deniz Consortium (SDC) took a historic decision that put an end to a decade-long pipeline race to bring Central Asian gas to Europe. The big loser was Nabucco, a project that the European Commission once considered ’strategic’ for the opening of the Southern Gas Corridor.

Federico Steinberg, Whose Central Bank? Expert Comment 68/2013 – 29/10/2013. Recently, a further subject for debate has appeared concerning the ECB’s policies which, although less newsworthy than its position on the purchase of public debt in troubled economies, may be even more important for the euro’s future: what to do in view of the fall in the inflation rate.

Ronja Kempin and Barbara Lippert, Merkel III in EU and foreign affairs – it’s the spirit stupid! Expert Comment 67/2013 – 28/10/2013. Once more, Europe has an eye on Berlin: Chancellor Merkel’s victory in the general elections held on 22 September 2013 also confirms her as a leader in the EU scenario. After a month of exploratory talks it seems clear by now that the Social Democratic Party (SPD) will emerge as the junior partner in the new Merkel government.

Gonzalo Escribano, The short-sightedness of the EU’s long term energy infrastructure vision, Expert Comment 65/2013 – 23/10/2013. On 14 October the European Commission made public its selection of the first set of Projects of Common Interest (PCIs) regarding Europe’s energy infrastructure. The most remarkable aspect in the Communication is how short-sighted the European Commission’s long-term energy vision for Europe looks.

William Chislett, EU urges reopening of stalled membership talks with Turkey, despite failures, Expert Comment 63/2013 – 18/10/2013. The European Commission would like the talks on Turkey’s full EU membership, frozen for the past three years, to be renewed and greater attention paid to incorporating the issue of fundamental rights into negotiations with the country.

Iliana Olivié and Aitor Pérez (with the participation of Rafael Domínguez), The cost of non-Europe in development policy. Case study: Morocco. 16/10/2013. This research paper explores the coordination initiatives and results —the costs and benefits of coordination— in a specific EU development partner country through a case study on Morocco. It is part of several studies on aid coordination commissioned by the European Parliament in early 2013.

Elcano blog

Mario Esteban, EU-China: strategic partnership in the making, Elcano blog, 19 December 2013.

Iliana Olivié and Manuel Gracia, #IEPG. Measuring the global presence of countries (9): Spain, Elcano blog, 18 December 2013.

Iliana Olivié and Manuel Gracia, #IEPG. Measuring the global presence of countries (8): Japan, Elcano blog, 13 December 2013.

Miguel Otero-Iglesias, Yes Moravcsik, we need to be more positive on Europe; and on the Euro too, Elcano blog, 3 December 2013.

Iliana Olivié and Manuel Gracia, #IEPG. Measuring the global presence of countries (7): China, Elcano blog, 13 December 2013.

Salvador Llaudes,Is the multipolar world an opportunity for Russia?, Elcano blog, 8 November 2013.

Daniel Amoedo, Moldova at the gates of the EU, Elcano blog, 7 November 2013.

Iliana Olivié and Manuel Gracia, #IEPG. Measuring the global presence of countries (5) The Netherlands, Elcano blog, 17 October 2013.

Daniel Amoedo, Japan: facing challenges, Elcano blog, 16 October 2013.

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Newest publications from FIIA

FIIA Briefing Papers

Diarmuid Torney, European Climate Diplomacy: Building capacity for external action

Climate change policy-making has traditionally been the remit of environment ministries, but foreign ministries can play a valuable role in climate diplomacy by signalling high-level political commitment, contributing a better understanding of the interests and domestic drivers of climate policy in partner countries, and adding a more significant strategic dimension to climate diplomacy. The creation of the European External Action Service (EEAS) in 2010 provided the European Union with an opportunity to build a European diplomacy that could place greater emphasis on climate change and other contemporary global issues. In its current form, however, the EEAS has limited capacity for climate diplomacy, and the external capacity of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Climate Action is similarly constrained. The current division of responsibilities between the EEAS and the Commission is a delicate compromise that is unlikely to be reopened in the short term, and both institutions face tight budgetary constraints. Against this backdrop, EU climate diplomacy could be strengthened by mainstreaming climate change within the work of the EEAS, and strengthening cohesion between the EEAS and the Commission. This could be aided by greater strategic guidance for climate diplomacy from the Foreign Affairs Council and the European Council.

Johanna Jacobsson & Marikki Stocchetti, The WTO Under Pressure: Tackling the deadlock in multilateral trade

Multilateral trade liberalisation is in crisis. The WTO’s ambitiously named Doha Development Round has been ongoing for more than a decade. Only a few limited issues remain on the negotiation agenda. While the round is being increasingly declared dead even by WTO members themselves, the same countries are concluding deeper trade agreements than ever before. Such progress, however, takes place at the bilateral and regional level. Another major development is the appearance of deep regulatory issues on the trade agenda. The shift from customs tariffs to countries’ internal policies requires a certain like-mindedness from negotiation partners and poses challenges for national decision-making policies. Developing countries have gained less from multilateral trade liberalisation than what they had hoped for. The shift towards more fragmented trade regimes makes them even more prone to remain bystanders in global trade. At the WTO’s next ministerial conference in Bali, progress on agriculture, trade facilitation and the treatment of the poorest countries would give a much-needed signal that the WTO can still benefit all of its members.

Samu Kurri, Updating The EMU: Differentiated economic integration in the European Union

The financial and economic crisis has reinforced the two-layer economic integration structure in the EU. Many of the new rules and structures created during the crisis have focused on a solution to the euro crisis and are thus euro area-specific.  There is little evidence, however, that the situation would have dramatically changed compared to the Maastricht EMU. All of the changes are still in line with the basic idea that all EU countries will join the euro when they are ready to do so.  One of the key questions in the near future is likely to centre on the contours of the euro area-specific decision-making, its relationship to the EU as a whole, and its institutions and procedures. Even if the Eurogroup remains ‘formally informal’, it has managed to transform itself into a de facto institution within the EU, and its role and weight is likely to increase rather than decrease.

Touko Piiparinen, UN Statebuilding at a Turning Point: What’s new about the intervention brigade and peacekeeping drones?

Last March the UN Security Council authorised the so-called Intervention Brigade to undertake ‘targeted offensive operations’ against illegal armed groups operating in the Eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The Brigade, which undertook its first operations in August, differs from traditional UN peacekeeping in terms of its robust mandate and mobility. The UN has simultaneously adopted a new technology, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), in the DRC, which represents the first-ever use of UAVs as a part of UN peacekeeping. UAVs will be deployed in the DRC at the end of November, and start operating in early December. The Intervention Brigade and UAVs have been hailed as a turning point in UN peacekeeping. However, they should not be perceived as completely new or standalone instruments of UN conflict management. They could instead be best understood as a continuum and extension of the long-held statebuilding doctrine applied by the UN. These new instruments enable the UN to perform one of its key functions of statebuilding and protection of civilians, namely controlling and policing the whole territory of a state where an intervention has been undertaken more effectively than before. The lessons learned from the UN peace operation in the DRC indicate that the UN statebuilding doctrine remains self-contradictory on account of the tendency of UN statebuilding missions to spill over into wars and the mismatch between the ambitious goals set for statebuilding and the chronic lack of resources. The Intervention Brigade and UAVs can potentially help the UN to resolve that mismatch by enhancing the UN’s statebuilding and protection capacities. However, they cannot resolve the other major disadvantage of statebuilding, namely collateral damage inflicted in statebuilding wars, and may even aggravate that problem.

Tuomas Iso-Markku, European Defence Under Scrutiny: What can be expected from the European Council?

The decision to place security and defence policy on the agenda of the December European Council and the intensive pre-summit preparations have given renewed impetus to this policy area and raised the level of expectations ahead of the meeting.  While there is now widespread agreement among the member states on the main challenges facing the EU in the area of security and defence, conflicting political and economic interests still exist and continue to hamper the Union’s efforts.  The December summit is unlikely to engage in a major strategic debate, but it will discuss steps to improve the implementation of the Union’s security and defence policy, to enhance cooperation in the area of capabilities, and to support the European defence industry.  A major novelty is the European Commission’s stronger involvement, which remains controversial, however. The most crucial task for the EU heads of state and government is to translate the momentum created by the pre-summit process into a lasting commitment on the part of all actors involved, by putting forward binding timelines, specific targets and concrete follow-up projects.

Sean Roberts, Putin’s reactive reforms: Unfavourable conditions are forcing the Kremlin to change the rules of the game

Following Vladimir Putin’s presidential election victory in March 2012, the Russian political system has undergone significant change. The latest changes affect the way regional elections are conducted. However, a number of puzzles remain, not least the intentions of the Putin administration. Alongside liberalising reforms, such as the return of direct elections for regional governors and the easing of party registration requirements, we see new restrictions that close the political field. Nonetheless, the events of the past 20 months do reveal a distinct change in the reform process, as the Putin administration reluctantly adjusts to unfavourable political and economic conditions. In Putin’s first two presidential terms, 2000-2008, reform was ‘progressive’, aimed at extending the Kremlin’s power and authority. The latest changes, in contrast, are ‘reactive’ and involve an inevitable loss of control over political processes. One immediate implication is that political processes will become less predictable, as the Kremlin tries to reorganise its system of governance. But, in the longer-term there is a danger that the use of political reform as a substitute for democratic change will undermine the legitimacy of the entire political system.

Marikki Stocchetti, The Post-2015 Agenda and the EU: Faltering in the Global Development Partnership?

The era of the Millennium Development Goals and the Millennium Declaration expires in September 2015. As the largest donor of international development aid and trader with the developing countries, the EU has a key interest in the future outcome. It has also made binding commitments to support developing countries’own efforts to fulfil the present goals, as well as to act as a global partner. In the ongoing consultation process, the UN is pushing ahead with an enabling, universal development paradigm with an enhanced development partnership that goes well beyond traditional development assistance. Whereas the EU and the UN share common ground on human rights, governance and security issues, their preliminary proposals differ significantly on the question of a global partnership. The European Commission has tabled a proposal for the Union that is still based on a very conventional donor-recipient approach, which the UN seeks to reject. The European Commission proposal is problematic because it fails to present a comprehensive analysis of the current Millennium Development Goal on a global partnership, especially regarding trade and debt issues. Instead, it focuses on developing countries’domestic policies. The EU still has time to correct this as the process unfolds. Should it fail to do so, it is highly unlikely that other donors will take up the UN proposal and push it through in the inter-governmental negotiations.

Finnish Foreign Policy Paper

Teemu Palosaari, Neither neutral nor non-aligned: The Europeanization of Finland’s foreign and security policy

Since joining the European Union in 1995, Finland has both adapted to the EU and its common foreign, security and defence policies as well as tried to influence these policies. In other words, the Finnish foreign and security policy has been Europeanized. Participation in the EU’s foreign, security and defence policies has played a significant role in a number of transformations in the Finnish policy. These include changes in the national position on the use of military force abroad, in the interpretation of non-alignment, and the division of power among the primary national foreign policy decision-makers. In terms of trying to influence the European policies, Finland has invoked its non-alignment. The goal has been to influence the direction of EU defence policy so that Finland would not compromise its status as militarily non-aligned country. The participation in the EU’s foreign, security and defence policies has also come to represent a means of self-identification. Finland’s identity as a small state has been replaced by a small member state identity. Due to this change, a common view has emerged according to which Finland is no longer a "lonesome log” or "a single piece of driftwood shooting alone the rapids of world politics”. Rather, Finland is viewed as tied into a raft of logs – a European raft – and floating more steadily and peacefully, as the mass of the common raft cushions and softens the blows and collisions of world politics.

FIIA Comments

Teemu Sinkkonen, Georgia’s leaderless nexus: The secrecy surrounding Prime Minister Ivanishvili’s ­resignation threatens the stability of the country

Prime Minister Bidzina Ivanishvili is stealing the show before the upcoming presidential elections with his announcement to quit politics. His private plans will increase the instability of the country and may have dramatic consequences for both the domestic and foreign policies of Georgia.

Kristi Raik, Lithuania’s presidency gamble: The activeness of Vilnius is pushing the EU’s Eastern Partnership forward

The role of the rotating Council presidency in the EU’s external affairs has diminished considerably. Yet the most visible priority for the Lithuanian presidency is the EU’s Eastern Partnership. Working through the EU institutions, Lithuania is aiming to shape Europe’s geopolitical map for decades to come.

Charly Salonius-Pasternak, Will Sweden become a net consumer of security – or will Svea wake up and seek to assume its traditional role as a stabilizing power in the Baltic Sea?

Sweden is viewed as contributing positively to environmental, societal and trade cooperation in the Baltic region, and the destabilizing nature of its security and defence policies is often ignored. In order to play a positive role in regional security, Sweden must ensure that its defence policy and military posture are aligned.

Arkady Moshes, The EU’s defeat in Vilnius: Can the Eastern Partnership be salvaged?

Instead of geopolitics, the EU should concentrate on incremental reform promotion among its willing partners and properly calibrate the "more for more” principle.

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News from outside the TEPSA network


“Pushing the Turbo Button: What Next for the Polish-Romanian Strategic Partnership“, publication from PISM and European Institute of Romania

The Policy Paper “Pushing the Turbo Button: What Next for the Polish–Romanian Strategic Partnership?” was elaborated and published in partnership with the Polish Institute of International Affairs, being signed by Łukasz Kulesa, Agnes Nicolescu, Stanislav Secrieru and Anita Sobják.

With the global economic downturn and its implications for the broader political and security architecture of the EU, the Polish–Romanian Strategic Partnership signed in 2009 is now ripe to take the positive relationship to a new level and to be further fleshed out. To this end, political coordination needs to be upgraded for promoting common interests, such as economic stability and solidarity within the Union, continued support to agriculture and cohesion policy as an important priority for EU funding, increasing the energy security of the region, engaging the neighbourhood, particularly Moldova and Ukraine, and maintaining the relevance of CSDP and of article 5 of the Washington Treaty high on the European agenda. The management of instability and protracted conflicts in their neighbourhood are also among their shared concerns. Translating these common priorities into concrete actions should aim at pushing the “turbo button” of the partnership, and help both countries achieve their goals.

The paper is a result of the cooperation between the Polish Institute of International Affairs and the European Institute of Romania and was written as a follow-up to the conference “Romanian-Polish Strategic Partnership: Sharing Mutual Visions” organized in Bucharest on 11 September 2013.

The paper can be downloaded here.

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News from the European Commission

RP Luxo

Open call: Horizon 2020 - Political challenges for Europe

The open call for Horizon 2020 topic "Political challenges for Europe" has just been published by the European Commission. The deadline for submitting the proposal under the topic is 3 June 2014 17:00 Brussels local time.

The research to address this challenge should in particular focus on the following key dimensions (proposals do not need to cover all dimensions and may include additional aspects which are relevant to the specific challenge):

1)             The future of European integration - 'More Europe – less Europe?'

2)             Challenges to democratic practices and parties in Europe in the context of the crisis

3)             Political leadership in times of economic, political and social crisis

The Commission considers that proposals requesting a contribution from the EU of between EUR 1.5 and 2.5 million would allow this specific challenge to be addressed appropriately. Nonetheless, this does not preclude submission and selection of proposals requesting other amounts.

The details of the open call are available here.

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RP Luxo

Take part in a survey on a European House for Civil Society

Across the European Union (EU), only just over one third of the more than 30,000 respondents feel that they are well informed about their rights as EU citizens, according to a recent poll. Trust in the European Union has gradually been decreasing over the past few years, although overall it still exceeds citizens’ trust in their national governments. Overall, citizens feel disconnected from the EU institutions and feel that they have little say in EU decision-making processes. On the other hand, however, citizens appear to expect a lot from the EU, for example with regard to effective actions to deal with the effects of the economic crisis. In this context, the EU has been looking at ways to improve the engagement of the public in EU affairs and to increase their participation in EU public policymaking. Civil society organisations play an essential role in these efforts, providing the interface between citizens and the EU institutions.

To further understand the needs of citizens and civil society and to take stock of existing initiatives to improve their active involvement in EU affairs, Directorate General for Communication of the European Commission has commissioned ICF GHK, together with Technopolis, to undertake a study on the establishment of a “European House for Civil Society”. This study first examines whether there is a need for such European House, in the sense of what gaps it would fill and how it would complement other existing initiatives and organisations. It will then asses the feasibility of the project and ultimately examine how the EU could support it. The survey is available here: http://www.ghkint.com/surveys/civilsociety/ (for individual citizens) and http://www.ghkint.com/surveys/civilsocietyorganisations (if you are answering on behalf of a civil society organisation).

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