TEPSA Newsletter November 2014 Edition

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Editorial

"European Parliament and National Parliaments: partners or competitors?", by Prof. Jaap de Zwaan, TEPSA Secretary General

It is clear that the primary responsibility with respect to the representation of citizens’ interests in the EU decision making process lies with the European Parliament. Indeed, the EP is directly elected, acts as co-legislator in the legislative process of the EU and possesses full-fledged budgetary powers. On the contrary, national parliaments are first and for all responsible to control the activities of their national ministers in the Council.

During recent years, however, the role of national parliaments in EU policy making has been strengthened. Notably the Lisbon Treaty has given a strong impetus in this respect. In Article 12 TEU, the different contributions of national parliaments to EU policy making are listed. Furthermore the First Protocol annexed to the Lisbon Treaty deals with information to be provided to national parliaments regarding recent policy developments, as well as with COSAC, the forum for interparliamentary cooperation within the Union. The Second Protocol describes the role of national parliaments in the process of application of the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality (the so-called ‘yellow’ and ‘red’ card procedure).

In this way the EP and national parliaments have their own, but strictly separate, responsibilities with regard to the further development of the integration process.

Now, both parliamentary branches would be wise to realize that, as directly elected instances, they both do represent the interests of the same citizens. These are common interests which they have to serve, each from their own perspective. In this process both levels, the national and the European one, should try to develop a, as much as possible, coherent approach.

The legitimacy of the EU decision making process for example would be well served if both parliamentary branches start to cooperate in a more structural and intensive way compared to what is happening today. So national parliaments could invite committees of the EP to come over to their member states in order to discuss -in the national parliament concerned- day to day business in the policy field in question. National parliaments also could organize periodically public hearings or debates in their member states about topical issues for which they invite, apart from relevant stakeholders and the media, individual members of the EP. Similar initiatives could be taken with regard to political groups of the EP respectively individual members of those groups.

Similar initiatives of course can be taken by the European Parliament with regard to their national counterparts. However, in view of the fact that the EP is the natural and fully competent participant in the EU decision making process, initiatives should originate in the first instance from national parliaments.

Equally national parliaments should position themselves -in contacts with their constituencies and electorate- much more than happens today as part of an international layer of government, in this case, the European Union. Because, indeed, national parliaments are on a daily basis engaged with legislation and other policy issues having a European background. What is urgently needed here is more ‘outreach’ to the ordinary citizen.

One of the major -and structural- problems the European Union is confronted with these days, concerns the ‘distance’ between the citizen and the European Union as well as the transparency and legitimacy of the EU decision making process. By cooperating more closely, the European Parliament and national parliaments should be able to bridge that gap, at least partially.

Photo source: presstv.ir

 

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TEPSA Provocative Column:

"The new Juncker Commission needs to unearth its political and institutional potential to make coherence work", by Simon Stroß

As a primary goal of the Lisbon Treaty, promoting coherence in EU policies has been high on the Union’s agenda in recent years. In particular the coherence of the EU’s external policies was to increase through the creation of the new post of the High Representative/Vice-President of the Commission (HR/VP) and the European External Action Service (EEAS). While some progress has been made (for instance by issuing more comprehensive regional initiatives such as the Sahel strategy), substantial areas of EU policies are still conducted in an incoherent manner, leading to ineffectiveness and inefficiency of EU action. The new Juncker Commission will be the crucial EU institution for promoting coherence in the coming years and does now have the opportunity to provide much needed fresh momentum. This chance should be used to overcome the two main obstacles to coherent policy-making at EU level: A) the lack of political will and B) the inadequate use of institutional coherence procedures.

The Commission must play the key role in promoting coherence of EU external action for three reasons. First, its agenda-setting and policy formulation competences in a wide range of external policies such as development and trade can have a significant impact. Secondly, the European Parliament does already have a rather good track record of promoting coherence. Its members and sectoral committees have shown readiness to become involved in other policy areas using the opinion procedure and informal consultations. In contrast, the member states acting within the Council think that coherence should first be dealt with in the Commission and secondly in the national capitals and permanent representations. Consequently, coherence procedures that do in theory exist are never applied on the Council’s working party level and there will not be the political will to do so in the near future. Thirdly, empirical research[1] shows the so far patchy picture of coherence procedures in Commission policy-making. This offers a potential that the Commission could tap without having to invest excessive financial and personnel resources.

The past years have seen a Barroso Commission all too often shying away from political conflict among the College of Commissioners. Open discussions on contentious issues which should lie at the heart of the coherence ambition were substituted by a ‘don’t step on each other’s toes’ approach. In addition, clear political guidance from the President and the will to commit the Commissioners to overarching policy goals were lacking. At the same time coherence precepts of the EU treaties such as the demand for Policy Coherence for Development were already available to be promoted in the Commission’s work. The new Commission should now ensure that those agreed cross-cutting political goals are fully supported by its political actors. Policy coherence needs active ‘interference’ also by the Commission President into the work of his College. Controversial meetings at level of the Commissioners and their cabinets and the active engagement of Commissioners into the work of each other are crucial. The new hierarchy of the Juncker Commission with a new level of strong vice-presidents coordinating the work in thematic clusters can be a much needed step in the right direction. In the area of EU external action, the old RELEX group of Commissioners responsible in the field rarely met at all and the former HR/VP Ashton did not show particular interest in becoming involved in the work of her colleagues in the College. The new HR/VP Mogherini has now the opportunity to actively use her role in the Commission by conducting relevant and productive meetings of the External Action Commissioners and better utilising the good working relations between Commission services and the EEAS.

But promoting policy coherence does not stop at the political level. The Commission administration in the Directorate-Generals (DGs) must use their potential to better apply existing procedures for improving policy coherence. The new First Vice-President Timmermans can play a significant role in this regard. Some coherence procedures such as stakeholder consultations already work well in promoting coherence and should be kept and their scope expanded. The application of other procedures should be thoroughly revised. The potentially strong inters-service consultation procedure by which all DGs check the work of the DG in charge of a policy proposal is often a mere ‘tick the box exercise’. Reasons for this are again a lack of will to get engaged into the work of others combined with a lack of knowledge on specific policy items. Encouraging more liaising posts in the DGs with the expertise and explicit task to give substantial input into the sometimes very technical policy formulation of other DGs would remedy this short-coming. Also impact assessments as another potentially strong coherence procedure can be put to better effect by making their underlying coherence guidelines more binding and diversifying the membership of the impact assessment boards.

Combining political will and revised bureaucratic procedures, the incoming Juncker Commission can use the opportunity to provide better support for promoting policy coherence. The EP hearings and the public statement of President-elect Juncker suggest a promising and welcome change towards a more political Commission which can provide new momentum to reach agreed coherence goals.

[1] Stroß, Simon (2014) One goal, many paths. The promotion of Policy Coherence for Development in EU policy formulation. Berlin: Epubli.

Picture source: debatingeurope.eu

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iee

Introducing a TEPSA Member Institute

Institut d'Etudes Européennes (IEE) at Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB)

We enjoy a privileged location in Brussels. Capital of the European Union, Brussels is an exciting, international and open city. It is also the headquarters of the main European institutions with which we have established close contacts. This allows us to involve European policy makers in our courses and other activities.

We welcome professors, visiting professors and researchers from over 15 countries, and we have around 80% of foreign students, representing thirty different nationalities. This provides our students with an opportunity to be confronted with diverse identities, languages and cultures, which is an undeniable enrichment.

We offer a wide and comprehensive range of courses:

• A two years long master in European studies, specializations in Politics and European History and Cultures.

• Two complementary masters in European law and in Interdisciplinary Analysis of European Integration. Both are one year specialization formation.

• A PhD program in European Studies.

•  A one year long Executive Master in European Studies in English on an evening classes schedule.

• Several summer schools, such as the Summer School on EU Criminal Law, or the Summer School on European Union Law and Immigration and Asylum Policy

We intend to attract the best students, through a rigorous selection process. We aim, within the tradition of Freedom of  Inquiry that characterizes the ULB, to provide them with the best academic education that incorporates both the imperatives of an autonomous intellectual and critical on European integration as their legitimate goals of professionalization. Our aim is to train citizens, practitioners and policy makers to pay attention to the numerous aspects of the European affairs. We privilege a bilingual French-English teaching, which is an added value to our degrees.  As part of their studies, students are also offered the possibility of an internship.

We set ourselves as a place of high-level debate on the European Union and its future. Our students benefit from the opportunity to participate in an open public dialogue with various players in the European Integration.

Teaching and research are closely linked in our institute, which is recognized as a centre of advanced research that combines disciplinary excellence in its four research sections (European law, European economy, history and cultures of Europe, European politics) with interdisciplinarity, which is its trademark. We participate actively in many disciplinary and interdisciplinary research networks, both national and international. Our students have therefore the opportunity to meet leading academic scholars.

Finally, as the brilliant careers of many of our alumni illustrate, our education programs are leading to a wide range of rewarding careers: European institutions, national and regional administrations, the private sector, lobbies, interest groups, think tanks, international organizations.

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tepsa

News from TEPSA Secretariat

“Towards deep and genuine EMU: Next steps ahead” FIIA-TEPSA Lunch Talks in Brussels, 2 December 2014

On December 2, TEPSA, in collaboration with the Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA), organizes the FIIA-TEPSA Lunch Talks entitled 'Towards Deep and Genuine EMU: Next Steps Ahead'. This FIIA-TEPSA event focuses on the political and institutional aspects of the reforms of the EMU and …

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TEPSA Pre-Presidency Conference in Riga, 4-5 December 2014

On 4-5 December 2014, LIIA organizes the conference “Moving the Union Forward: Involvement, Growth, Sustainability” in cooperation with the Trans European Policy Studies Association (TEPSA) and the THESEUS Project, with generous support of the Fritz Thyssen Stiftung and the European Commission Representation in Latvia. This has been recognized as an official event …

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New intern at the TEPSA Secretariat

Andreea Stinga joined TEPSA as intern at TEPSA in early October, her main tasks consisting of contribution to the organisation of events, communication with external and internal stakeholders, assistance in the production of online and/or print publications, reports, and newsletters, as well as in website management and general administration. She holds a Master’s degree in European …

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cife

News from TEPSA Member Institutes

Centre International de Formation Européenne (CIFE)

A joint youth encounter initiative:“Facing Antagonismus in Europe: Chances for a common approach? Perspectives from France, Moldova and Germany”

At the occasion of their joint visit to Chisinau on 23 April 2014, the French and German Foreign Ministers Laurent Fabius and Frank-Walter Steinmeier had stressed the importance of multilateral youth exchanges and meetings to …

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Institute of International Relations, Czech Republic

Presentation of policy papers on “What Should the New European Commission Do about the Western Balkans?”, Institute of International Relations, Prague

The Institute of International Relations organized a presentation of policy papers by Tomáš Dopita and Anes Makul with a subsequent discussion on "What Should the New European Commission Do About the Western Balkans?". The Czech Republic has been one of …

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THESEUS

News from the Jean Monnet Chair, University of Cologne, Germany

THESEUS PhD Workshop,16 and 17 October 2014, Paris

At the THESEUS PhD Workshop 2014, nine selected postgraduate students of different universities discussed their research works with professors Renaud Dehousse, Centre d’études européennes at Sciences Po, and Wolfgang Wessels, Jean Monnet Chair at the University of Cologne, as well as with …

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Upcoming events at TEPSA Member Institutes

Institute of International Affairs, University of Iceland

China’s Emerging Arctic Strategies: Economics and Institutions By Marc Lanteigne One of the most prominent features of Chinese foreign policy since the turn of the century has been a growing emphasis on ‘cross-regional’ diplomacy. The Arctic region has become a highly visible test-case of Beijing’s international relations extending beyond the Asia-Pacific, but China’s goals in the Arctic have become a …

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Institute of International Affairs (SIIA-UI), Sweden

Seminar, “The Dynamics Of Defence Cooperation”, 17 November 2014, Swedish Institute of International Affairs (UI)

The Swedish Institute of International Affairs (UI) will be the host of a discussion that brings together international perspectives on the possibilities and limits of Swedish defence cooperation. Based on the premise that peace and security can only be …

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Institute of International and European Affairs (IIEA), Ireland

On 2 December the IIEA and KPMG Ireland will host a major international conference in Dublin on the theme of corporate taxation. The conference, which is supported by McCann FitzGerald, will focus on the OECD’s BEPS …

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Czech-republic

Institute of International Relations, Czech Republic

6th International Symposium “Czech Foreign Policy”, 19-20 November 2014, IIR, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic

It is already sixth year in which the Institute of International Relations is organizing this phenomenally successful symposium on Czech Foreign Policy, which is traditionally held at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic. …

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cife

Centre International de Formation Européenne (CIFE)

29th CIFE Lunchtime Debate Brussels, Wednesday 19 November 2014

The EU's Ukrainian question - a geopolitical challenge to values, capacity and strategy Guest speaker: Pat COX, Former President of the European Parliament, former member of EP Observer mission to Ukraine with President Aleksander Kwasniewski (PL), Board member Yalta European Strategy, Ukraine. 30th CIFE Lunchtime …

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vilnus instite

Institute of International Relations and Political Science, Vilnius University

IIRPS and NUPI will implement joint research project Research team from the IIRPS and Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) will implement the project "Energy security in the Baltic Sea Region: regional coordination and management of interdependencies" funded by the EEA and Norwegian Financial Mechanisms 2009–2014 program. Three researchers from IIRPS …

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Institute of World Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences

Conference on Chinese investment and financial engagement in Visegrad countries, 27 November 2014, Institute of World Economics (IWE) and Central European University (CEU), Budapest

On 27 November IWE and the Central European University (CEU) will host a conference in Budapest, entitled Chinese investment and financial engagement in Visegrad …

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Latvian Institute of International Affairs International

Discussion on “Energy (In)Security: Ways Forward for the Europe and the Baltic States", 13 November 2014, the Latvian Institute of International Affairs (LIIA), Riga

On November 13 at 15:00, the Latvian Institute of International Affairs in cooperation with the Centre for Geopolitical Studies (Lithuania) organizes a public discussion “Ways Forward for the Baltic / …

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Sciences Po, Centre d’études européennes

Seminar Cities are back in town “Presentation of the collective book: Governing Cities in Africa, Politics and Policies (Simon Bekker & Laurent Fourchard, eds, HSRC Press, 2013)

By Sophie Didier & Laurent Fourchard, 12 November 2014, Sciences Po, Paris.

Studies of government and politics in Africa are dominated by a focus on the national and …

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Past events at TEPSA Member Institutes 

Institute of International Affairs (IIA), University of Iceland

Seminar on the case of Catalonia

The Centre for Small State Studies (CSSS), which is run under the auspices of the Institute of International Affairs, hosted an open seminar titled “New Emerging Small States in Europe? The Case of Catalonia” on October 20. The seminar was hosted in cooperation with the Public Diplomacy Council of Catalonia (DIPLOCAT), which is a …

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iee

Past events IEE-ULB

Conference – "Imbalances & Inequalities in the EU: Challenges to the Europe 2020 Strategy" by EU Commissioner Laszlo Andor for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion – 10 October 2014   On October 10th, 2014, the Institute for European Studies of the Université libre de Bruxelles had the pleasure to welcome Commissioner Laszlo Andor to benefit from his in …

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Latvian Institute of International Affairs

Public debate on “(Not so) Soft Power? How Russia and the EU Influence the Neighborhood”, 10 October 2014, the Latvian Institute of International Affairs (LIIA), Riga

The concept of "soft power" has been widely used and abused, often without a clear conceptual definition. This public discussion on 10 October 2014 took place in the framework …

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Institute of World Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences

General assembly of the Institute for the Danube Region and Central Europe, 6 October 2014, Klosterneuburg/Vienna.

Panel discussion on “Crisis management required?” (Krisenmanagement gefragt?) with the participation of among others Dr. Erhard Busek and Prof. András Inotai

International symposium, 9-10 October 2014, National …

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Swedish Institute of International Affairs (SIIA-UI)

Seminar, “The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) - Challenges and Opportunities Ahead”, 13 October 2014

The Swedish Institute of International Affairs (UI), in collaboration with the US Embassy in Stockholm, organized a seminar on the US-EU trade and investment partnership, (TTIP). Discussion covered such timely questions as what are public attitudes towards free …

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elcano debate

Real Instituto Elcano de Estudios Internacionales y Estratégicos (ELCANO)

On october 1, 2014 a debate on the implications and challenges in Spain caused by the jihadist mobilization to Syria and Irak, was organized by the Elcano Royal Institute in collaboration with the Casa Árabe. Read more here.  

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Institut für Europäische Politik (IEP), Germany IEP

Lunch Debate with Dr. Peter Ptassek: “Perspectives of the Economic and Monetary Union”

The IEP Lunch Debate on the topic “Perspectives of the Economic and Monetary Union” with Dr. Peter Ptassek, Deputy Director of the European Department of the Federal Foreign Office, took place on the 16th of September 2014 at the Representation …

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Institute of International and European Affairs (IIEA), Ireland

Seminar on “Europe’s new fiscal rules: are they working, can they work?” on 3 November 2014 at the Institute of International and European Affairs (IIEA), Dublin.

The seminar consisted of three panels, each discussing a different aspect of Europe’s new fiscal rules. The Eurozone has been in crisis for half a decade. One cause of …

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Czech-republic

Institute of International Relations, Czech Republic 

A public lecture in cooperation with Forum 2000: “The Internal Balance of Power in Current Russia and the Opposition´s Chances to Reach Out to the Society”, 14 October 2014, IIR, Forum 2000

Forum 2000 in cooperation with the Institute of International Relations presented a public lecture with the title “The Internal Balance of Power …

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Past events at the Jean Monnet Chair, University of Cologne

Steering Group Meeting “PEGASUS”, 6/7 November 2014, German Turkish University, Istanbul. The PEGASUS project hosted a steering group meeting in Istanbul to further discuss and finalize the work on a joint integrated European Ph.D. programme. Prof. Dr. Christine Neuhold gave a guest lecture on 7 November: “Elections to the European Parliament 2014. …

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Publications from TEPSA Member Institutes

IIA, Iceland

New publication from the Centre for Arctic Policy Studies and Centre for Small State Studies (Institute of International Affairs at the University of Iceland)

Alyson JK Bailes and Caroline Sandö, Nordic Cooperation and Civil Security: The ‘Haga’ Process  

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Publications from the Jean Monnet Chair, University of Cologne

Auel, Katrin and Oliver Höing (2014): Parliaments in the Euro Crisis: Can the Losers of Integration Still Fight Back?, in: Journal of Common Market Studies. doi: 10.1111/jcms.12186

Wessels, Wolfgang (2014): Quo Vadis, Europe? Short term perspectives after 2014 – some educated guesses, in: European Commission (Ed.): The political implications of European economic integration – towards a political Union. Proceedings of …

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Publications from IEE-ULB

Francesca Galli and Anne Weyembergh, Do Labels Still Matter?, Collection Etudes Européennes, Editions de l’Université de Bruxelles, 01/2014,

Editors Ramona Coman, Thomas Kostera, Luca Tomini, Europeanization and European Integration – From Incremental to Structural Change, Palgrave MacMillan, 09/2014.

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Rozenberg, Olivier & Viktorovitch, Clément, (eds.), Le Parlement et les citoyens

 

Publications from the Centre of European Studies (Sciences Po)

Publications Special Issue

Rozenberg, Olivier & Viktorovitch, Clément, (eds.), Le Parlement et les citoyens, Cahiers du CEVIPOF, October 2014, n° 58, 120p

Articles 

Aguilera, Thomas, Les villes face aux Roms des bidonvilles. Retour sur deux expériences militantes, Métropolitiques, October 2014

Balme, Richard, Mobilising for environmental justice in China, Asia Pacific Journal of Public Administration, September 2014, vol 36, n° …

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Publications from the Institute for World Economics (IWE)

Annamária Artner, Anatomy of the Euro-crisis. In: Jensen, Jody – Miszlivetz, Ferenc: Reframing Europe’s Future: Challenges and Failures of the European Construction. Abingdon, New York, Routledge, 2014. (Routledge Advances in European Politics), ISBN: 978-1-138-77988-4, pp. 139-151.

Annamária Artner, Economic success without well-being? – The case of Hungary. Centre for Economic and Regional Studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences – …

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Recent publications from IIR

Rudolf Fürst, Filip Tesař, China’s Comeback in Former Eastern Europe: No Longer Comrades, Not Yet Strategic Partners, the Institute of International Relations, 24 June 2014 New publication edited by sinologist Rudolf Fürst and his colleague Filip Tesař focuses on the relations among China and the states of so called “B-grade group” of the 16 post-communist states inside the EU. Their …

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Publications from IIEA

Pat McArdle and Andrew Gilmore, Banking Union: Progress and Prospects, The Institute of International and European Affairs, 24 October 2014

As the ECB prepares for the launch of the first pan-European bank supervisor, this IIEA publication analyses the Banking Union: Europe’s response to the last banking crisis and a bulwark against future ones. In this report, Pat McArdle, Chair of the …

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Latest publications from Institut für Europäische Politik (IEP)

Issue 3/2014 of ‘integration’ published

The latest issue of integration contains a comprehensive and balanced overview of the 2014 European Parliament election results, particularly stressing the role of the leading European candidates. It is supplemented by an article on the new Party statute adopted in May 2014, which is intended to pave the way for European Parties to become ‘real …

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elcano blog

Publications from ELCANO

William Chislett, Spanish banks pass UE stress with flying colours. Expert Comment 62/2014 - 27/10/2014. Spanish banks sailed through the latest EU-wide health check, signalling they do not need any more capital. Miguel Otero Iglesias. Too euro for China: too big to fail and too hard to rescue. ARI 45/2014 – 13/10/2014. The aim of this paper is to understand China´s …

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Recent publications from CIFE

Jean-Claude Vérez,Sortir de la zone euro et revenir au franc ou l'assurance d'un échec annoncé !, CIFE Policy Paper no. 2

Matthias Waechter,Is France still a pivotal power in the EU?, CIFE Policy Paper no. 3

Matthias Jopp and Katrin Böttger,The Ukraine Crisis - Lessons for the EU, CIFE Policy Paper no. 4

Matthias Waechter, Euroscepticism and European Parliament elections, …

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Latest publications from the Swedish Institute of International Affairs (UI)

Arjen Boin, Magnus Ekengren, Mark Rhinard (2014), Transboundary Crisis Governance’ in Handbook of Security and Governance, by James Sperling (ed.) Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, October 2014, http://www.elgaronline.com/view/9781781953167.00027.xml

Mark Rhinard, Juncker’s Commission Vice Presidents: good intentions, bad idea, The Swedish Institute of International Affairs, 12 September 2014, http://www.euractiv.com/sections/eu-priorities-2020/junckers-commission-vice-presidents-are-well-intentioned-bad-idea-308629 Mark Rhinard, Aras Lindh, Juncker’s balancing act, did he get it right?, The …

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News from outside the TEPSA Network

The Käte Hamburger Kolleg / Centre for Global Cooperation Research invites applications for fellowships roughly beginning in October 2015

Fellows will join the Centre for a period of six to twelve months. Fellowships include a working space in fully equipped offices and a competitive stipend commensurate with the applicant's level of professional experience. Fellows are expected to contribute to the Centre's overall line of research and embrace its inter- and multidisciplinary environment. Regular attendance at the Centre is thus …

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