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TEPSA Newsletter April 2015 Edition

Editorial

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"The tragedies in the Mediterranean and the European Neighbourhood Policy", by Prof. Jaap de Zwaan, TEPSA Secretary General

The human tragedies taking place in the Mediterranean shock the world. Recently new forms of barbarism, where immigrants were kept imprisoned in non-seaworthy boats and drowned after capsizing, came to light. Immediate reactions and actions are expected, more particularly from the European Union.

EU Ministers of Foreign and Home Affairs have adopted a ten-point plan in their meeting of 20 April. This plan has been confirmed at a special meeting of the European Council on Thursday 23 April. One of the agreed measures relates to cooperation with third countries, in particular Libya, where many people trying to flee to Europe often start their travel.

When referring to cooperation with third countries, the question arises whether explicit mention should not be made more generally, of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). Indeed, ENP covers all states surrounding the Mediterranean (and Eastern Europe). In this case, however, the reference obviously is to the ENP countries of the Mediterranean: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Israel and Palestine.

The EU has for a long time - itself being preoccupied by the economic crisis - somewhat neglected its relations with the Mediterranean countries concerned, several of them being former colonies of Member States. For a long time we have underestimated the relevance of good relations with that neighbourhood for our own stability and security.

Now, measures to cope with the influx of immigrants coming from Africa (and Asia) could be integrated in a comprehensive and integral policy regarding these Mediterranean ENP countries. Here we may think - in the first place - of rescue operations and measures to combat international crime (human trafficking, corruption, fraud, blackmail and the like), but also of measures how to prevent people to leave their homes, region and country (by rendering assistance in the process of reconstruction after conflict, other forms of development aid, making of investments and the like). Neighbourhood countries may also help by creating ‘safe havens’ on their own territory, where immigrants can submit their applications for asylum or, in the case in question, a residence permit, meanwhile profiting from protection provided by the host country.

Of course we must realize that nearly all Mediterranean countries involved suffer from the consequences of the Arab Spring, now better to be referred to as an Arab Winter. Indeed, many of those countries are politically unstable and find themselves in a vehement process of transformation. However, after a long period of neglect they anyhow require more attention from our side that has happened in the past.

So, there are enough reasons to integrate a discussion and, more importantly, concrete actions on - how to cope with the tragedies in the Mediterranean and the underlying problems in the countries of origin - in the broader context of the EU Neighbourhood Policy. In that framework all sorts of relevant measures may be discussed and adopted in a comprehensive manner: on the one hand assistance for a better system of governance/democracy and trade arrangements/privileges for the ENP countries concerned, on the other hand common actions to combat human trafficking and other forms of international crime.

An adequate implementation of all intentions mentioned will not only provide useful contributions to solve the tragedies at stake, they will also serve our own interests: safety and security in Europe. Furthermore such a more active approach can revitalize a policy domain - ENP - which was only modestly developed during the last couple of years. Last but not least, it will position the European Union as a credible global player in that other part of the world, our neighbourhood.

It is up to the Commission to take first steps in this area. There is no time to lose.

Jaap W. de Zwaan

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Introducing a TEPSA Member institute

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Introducing Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Européennes Robert Schuman (CERE)

The Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Européennes Robert Schuman (CERE) is an independent public research institution which has been conducting scholarly research in the area of international relations and European integration history since 1990. The seat of the CERE is the birthplace of Robert Schuman, the founding father of the European Coal and Steal Community (ECSC). The Luxembourg Prime Minister himself, with the support of national researchers, initiated the creation of the CERE as an independent research institution. Since 2013 the institute has closely been connected with the Ministry of Higher Education and Research. The CERE tries to form a link between the academic and the public world and the realm of international political practice.

First of all, the CERE tries:

• to promote knowledge of European integration history and politics

• to facilitate the publication of research results in the field of European integration history and European politics

• to implement cooperation with different European political research institutes on an international level

• to organize colloquia, workshops and training sessions for researchers, students and journalists with experts from politics, justice, economy, administration and the academia

• to advise the government on any question related to international relations and European integration.

The main activities of the CERE Robert Schuman are the following ones: The CERE organizes lectures, seminars and conferences related to international affairs. It cooperates with government institutions to provide up-to-date independent analysis on global political matters. It organizes scholarly events such as national and international conferences, seminars, roundtable discussions and presentations. It cooperates with many governmental and non-governmental organizations from the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and abroad.

The CERE library has been integrated into the National public library system BibNet. The services of the CERE library, a specialized library, provide public library and information services.

The CERE develops educational activities and training activities for students, teachers and journalists. A special training programme is devoted to journalists from Turkey and the Balkan region. In cooperation with other European and national institutions the CERE is active in the dissemination of knowledge on European integration.

The history department of the CERE focuses its research efforts on the historical development of the European steel policy. Furthermore, it biennially publishes the Journal of European Integration History, together with the Groupe de Liaison des Historiens auprès de la Commission Européenne.

The European policy department concentrates its research on Luxembourg’s role in the European integration process. It cooperates with various research institutions in the field of International Relations, European Studies and Security Studies. Its mission is to contribute to the European and international relations research. Thus, it is involved in various projects with networks like Notre Europe Jacques Delors, Building Bridges of the IFRI or TEPSA. The CERE has also contributed regularly to various TEPSA projects such as EuroWatch.

The CERE is organizing the next TEPSA presidency conference, which is to be held in Luxembourg on 4th and 5th June 2015.

The main topics on the agenda of the pre-presidency conference will be:

• The Energy Union - European Development Year

• Grexit - Brixit? Can Greece and the United Kingdom leave the European institutions?

• TTIP (EU – USA) – CETA (EU – Canada) negotiations

• The institutional debate, one year after the EP election

• The Juncker Plan: a possible re-launch of the European economy?

• European Neighbourhood policy in trouble? EU – Russia relations and the Ukraine conflict

• Immigration – Integration, a new opportunity for the EU?

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Tribute on the honour of John Pinder by Andrew Duff

John Pinder : Like a Pilgrim

John Pinder OBE was that rare thing: an intellectual leader in politics. A résumé of his career speaks for itself: after maths and economics at Cambridge – at King’s College, that of Alan Turing and Maynard Keynes – he joined up to the Royal Artillery in 1943 and evermore kept that style of a military officer, smart, upright, patriotic and moustachioed. Like a lot of his generation, the experience of war against fascism settled his trajectory. His first civilian job was as press officer to Federal Union (1950-52), at that stage an influential political force not only among those who were smartly engaged in constructing post-War Europe but also with those hard-pressed in managing the gradual but decisive closure of the British Empire.[1] John’s father was a professional soldier, for a time commanding the army in the North West Frontier (Waziristan), and his family had business interests in Indian trams and railways: making India run on time gave his son a lasting affection for travel, foreign languages and punctuality.

From 1952, Pinder joined the Economist Intelligence Unit where with others he continued to develop the hard and fast case for British membership of the European Communities. From 1964 to 1985 he was Director of the leading social science think-tank in London, Political and Economic Planning (PEP) – subsequently renamed the Policy Studies Institute (PSI). The list of publications he authored or oversaw, and the quality of those he employed is impressive by any standards. A Pinder network grew of scholars, journalists, civil servants and politicians (of all parties) who were committed in the best sense to the goals of social justice, economic growth, democratic deepening and internationalism.

The Pinder network, of course, did not stop at Dover. He drew especially close to the Movimento Federalista Europeo (MFE). With Jacques Vandamme he co-founded the Trans-European Policy Studies Association (TEPSA) in 1974, and kept up a busy schedule of teaching as Professor at the College of Europe in Bruges for thirty years (where so many of Europe’s political class sat at his feet). He served as President of the Union of European Federalists (UEF), which he loved, from 1984-90 (the Thatcher years); and he was always as active as could be in the service of the European Movement both in the UK and internationally. Few invitations to speak or write were declined, and engagements accepted were fulfilled conscientiously.

From 1985 to 2008, John Pinder was the Chairman of the Federal Trust for Education and Research, founded by William Beveridge in 1945. Although always shy and self-effacing, John was also soldierly bold. He would never hesitate in calling on friends in high places – such as Roy Jenkins, Edward Heath, Altiero Spinelli and even Valéry Giscard d’Estaing – especially when he deemed them (all too often) to be lacking in zeal or consistency for the European cause. His own high standards led him to expect much of others.

John Pinder was a brilliant editor of others’ works, as well as a kindly but critical mentor of those younger whom he recruited to work alongside him. His lengthy bibliography very well illustrates the rich breadth of his intellect and politics: economist, politologue, environmentalist, historian, teacher, benefactor. And we are truly fortunate that after his death on 7 March at the age of 90 his writing and example are still with us – liberal, continuing and humane.

He was a very good writer, tackling complex subjects with scruple and without condescension.[2] Here he is on the Treaty of Maastricht:-

‘The question at issue is whether the powers [of the European Union] are to be exercised in common by an intergovernmental system, which is both inefficient and undemocratic, or by an effective system which respects the principles of democratic government, with the rule of law based on fundamental rights and with properly representative government under which representatives of the people – together with, in federal systems, the representatives of the states – enact the laws and control the executive. This system is based on British, more than on any other, political philosophy. It is very sad that British governments should oppose its application to the European Union where interdependence renders a new level of government necessary.’

Pinder strongly promoted the EU’s enlargement to the east as well as its democratic reinforcement. He was one of the first to advocate the holding of a European constitutional convention.

‘Such a procedure is a novelty for the British. Our constitution has developed in a different way. But the exercise of political power in common with our neighbours to deal with the problems of mutual interdependence has reached a point where a constitution will be needed to ensure that it is properly controlled; and the need will become more acute as the number and diversity of member states increases. The European constitution cannot evolve over the centuries as the British one did. Nor should it be allowed to develop much further by the methods employed to negotiate the Maastricht Treaty. The Treaty is a positive achievement. But it is confusing and obscure and it has not carried the people with it. Europeans need an effective Union with a democratic structure, which must be established in a way that can secure the consent of the citizens. … Only thus can Europeans provide for the security, prosperity and environment that they should have in the intensely interdependent Europe of the twenty-first century.’[3]

In Who’s Who, John recorded his interests as ‘music, walking, foreign languages and literature’. His holidays with Pauline walking in France and Italy never ceased to rejuvenate him. We can picture him thoughtfully trudging on, in high spirits like a pilgrim, with stubborn perseverance towards a destination becoming ever clearer and nearer.

Andrew Duff

Director of the Federal Trust, 1993-99

Member of the European Parliament, 1999-2014

President of the Union of European Federalists, 2008-13

[1] See John Pinder & Richard Mayne, Federal Union: The Pioneers, 1990.

[2] See for example John Pinder, The European Union: A Very Short Introduction, 2001.

[3] Andrew Duff, John Pinder & Roy Pryce (Eds), Maastricht and Beyond: Building the European Union, 1994, pp. 283 & 285.

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News from TEPSA Secretariat

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TEPSA Pre-Presidency Conference in Luxembourg, 4-5 June 2015

Luxembourg will hold the Presidency of the Council of the European Union in the second half of 2015. In this context, the Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches Européennes Robert Schuman, the Luxembourg TEPSA member, will organize the next TEPSA Pre-Presidency Conference to be held in Luxembourg city onThursday 4th and Friday 5th June 2015. Please find the draft programme here.  

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New Intern at TEPSA

Nicolas Boblin is part of TEPSA team since April 2015. He contributes to the organisation of conferences and meetings, provides assistance in editing reports, newsletters and publications, supports in the preparation of tender applications for EU institutions and other funds and is regularly in contact with the European Institutions. Holding a Master’s …

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News from TEPSA Projects

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THESEUS Summer School 2015 in Brussels, 22-26 June 2015

The THESEUS Summer School 2015 on “Justice, Security and Liberty: Conflicting Goals?” will take place on the 22-26 June 2015, at the Fondation Universitaire, in Brussels. It aims to promote interdisciplinary and international networks among a new generation of Europeans, each year the THESEUS Summer School looks for 25 excellent young professionals and researchers to discuss European challenges with high-level experts and decision makers. THESEUS is a well-established …

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PADEMIA Annual Conference in Brussels, 2-3 July 2015

PADEMIA – Erasmus Academic Network on Parliamentary Democracy in Europe will hold its Second Annual Conference in Brussels on 2-3 July 2015. The motivation of PADEMIA is to establish a Europe-wide and sustainable network of 56 academics from 31 countries to promote research and teaching in reaction to growing European demands to study parliamentary democracy in Europe. PADEMIA seeks to enhance …

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News from TEPSA Member Institutes

News from the Centre International de Formation Européenne (CIFE)

CIFE invites interested candidates to apply for its Master programme in EU studies and international relations starting in October 2015. The concept of this international, multilingual programme is an itinerant one: Participants change study location and live in three different cities over the academic year. Candidates can apply for …

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News from the College of Europe (Bruges)

The College of Europe in Bruges would hereby like to invite paper proposals for an international conference on “Theorizing the European Neighbourhood Policy” which will take place on 17-18 September 2015. The conference, which is supported by the European Commission, aims to contribute to …

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News from the Finnish Institute of International Affairs

Director Tiilikainen has been appointed to an eminent panel. FIIA’s Center for US Politics and Power will organise its 2nd Summer Session in September. Meanwhile, FIIA has taken on projects on German foreign policy and Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. Teija Tiilikainen appointed to an OSCE panel on European security. Director Teija Tiilikainen takes part in the OSCE Panel of Eminent Persons on …

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News from the Institute of International Relations, Prague

We are looking for a Senior Research Fellow in International Law by 30 April 2015. More specifically, the IIR is seeking to appoint one full-time or two part-time research fellow(s). The position would be held within the IIR Centre for International Law, which the Institute intends to establish. The principal duty …

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News from the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI)

IAI has joined the European Security Forum, a new EU security and defence initiative focused on strategic security challenges and foreign policy issues likely to affect the EU in the years ahead (http://www.security-round-table.eu/esrt/focus/event/2015/ESF-2014.php). IAI and partners have launched a new "GTE Question of the Month" feature as part of the Global Turkey in Europe publication series on Turkey's evolving relationship …

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News from the Institute for Development and International Relations (IRMO) Zagreb

A debate on the future of the European Union was organised in Zagreb IRMO and the Initiative New Pact for Europe, under the auspices of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts (HAZU) on the 8 April 2015. Along representatives of the Academy and IRMO, the event was attended by Croatian Members of the European Parliament, Members of Croatian …

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Upcoming events at TEPSA Member Institutes

Upcoming events at the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), April-May 2015

On the 29th of April 2015, in Rome, the IAI will organized the France-Italy Strategic Forum, a conference on "the projection to the South of Europe (from Maghreb to Sub Saharan Africa)" (http://www.iai.it/en/node/3969 (the conference); http://www.iai.it/en/ricerche/france-italy-strategic-forum (the Forum)). On the 4th of May 2015, in Rome, the IAI will organized the International conference “EU and its neighbours: charting the way forward”, …

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Conference on “The EU and China: Reform and Governance”, College of Europe (Bruges), 4-5 May 2015

On 4-5 May 2015 the EU-China Research Centre and the InBev-Baillet Latour Chair of European Union-China Relations at the College of Europe will organise a conference on “The EU and China: Reform and Governance”. The conference will be hosted by the European Economic and Social Committee (4 May 2015) and the European Parliament (5 May 2015) in Brussels. …

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Public Lecture on "A Secure Europe in a Better World", at the Institute of International Relations, Prague, 6 May 2015

A public lecture with a subsequent discussion on the topic "A Secure Europe in a Better World?" will take place on the 6th of May 2015 at the Institute of International Relations in Prague. The Centre for European Security of the Institute of International Relations cordially invites you to a public discussion on the future of security in Europe with J. Peter Burgess, Research Professor, Peace Research Institute Oslo …

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Conference on "An Evolving EU Engaging a Changing Mediterranean Region" at the Institute for European Studies of the University of Malta, 12 May 2015

On the 12th of May, the Institute for European Studies of the University of Malta will organize the third Jean Monnet chair conference called "An evolving EU engaging a changing Mediterranean region". This conference is supported by EU Life Long Programme and will take place Dar l-Ewropa in Valetta from 8.30 to 17.15 (including standing lunch and coffee breaks). To …

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Symposium called "A European common good" organised by the "Centre International de Formation Européenne" (CIFE), 21-22 May 2015

In the framework of its research department activities, CIFE is organising a symposium in Brussels, on the 21st and 22nd of May, on the question of a "European Common Good". Asking this question has become topic since the financial, economic, "sovereign" debt crisis and ensuing disputes over the purpose of European "togetherness" arose. The symposium will contribute to clarify how …

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20th Annual Conference on “Security architecture in the CEE: present threats and prospects for cooperation”, Central European Political Science Association, Vilnus, 25-26 September 2015

On 25-26 September 2015, the Central European Political Science Association in cooperation with the Institute of International Relations and Political Science (IIRPS) and the Lithuanian Political Science Association will host a major conference in Vilnius, entitled Security architecture in the CEE: present threats and prospects for cooperation. The conference will be organized with the aim to mark the remarkable transition of …

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Past events at TEPSA Member Institutes

Past events at the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), January-April 2015

On the 14th of April 2015, in Rome, the IAI organized the second event jointly organised by IAI and Luiss on "Which role for the EU in international relations? Understanding the post-Lisbon foreign policy at times of change" (http://www.iai.it/sites/default/files/iai-luiss_150414.pdf (programme)). On the 9th of April 2015, in Rome, Mr. Bekim Çollaku, Minister of European Integration of the Republic of Kosovo …

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Lecture on “Russian Foreign Policy, Ukraine's Europeanization and the EU's Eastern Partnership Program: Lost In Translation?”, College of Europe (Natolin), 15 April 2015

On 15 April 2015, the Natolin (Warsaw) campus of the College of Europe hosted the second ENP Chair Guest Lecture of 2015, which deals with the current war in Ukraine in light of EU and Russian foreign policy …

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Past events at the Elcano Royal Institute, February-March 2015

On the 23rd of March 2015, a seminar on “Illicit financial flows” was organised by the Center for Global Development (CGD) and the Elcano Royal Institute, the seminar has discussed the draft of a new CGD paper entitled: "Illicit financial flows: Policy responses in Europe and implications for developing countries" written by Iliana Olivié and Aitor Pérez, analysts at the Elcano …

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Past events at the Institute of International Relations, Prague, February 2015

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic in cooperation with the Centre for European Security of the Institute of International Relations organized a lecture with a subsequent discussion with H.E. Ahmet Üzümcü, the Director-General of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. The topic of the lecture was “What made the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons successful?”. The lecture dealt with the work of the OPCW in Syria, but it also touched upon …

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Publications from TEPSA Member Institutes

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Publications from the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), January-March 2015

Five new reports on European Union by the Istituto Affari Internazionali

Maria Giulia Amadio Viceré, Beyond the Intergovernmental-Supranational Divide in EU Foreign Policy: Insights from Kosovo, (IAI Working Papers 15|01) January 2015, 21 p.

Because of the intergovernmental nature of EU foreign policy, the role of the European Commission in EU external action is often considered …

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Publications from the Elcano Royal Institute, February-April 2015

Mario Esteban and Miguel Otero-Iglesias. What are the prospects for the new Chinese-led Silk Road and Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank? ARI 23/2015 - 17/4/2015.

The new Silk Road is the most ambitious international initiative yet to be launched by the Chinese President, Xi Jinping. This policy has many strands, one of the most prominent being the creation of the Asian …

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Publications at the Centre International de Formation Européenne (CIFE)

Latest Publications at CIFE Policy Papers

Ryszard Piaseck, « Formal and Informal Institutions and Economic Development - comparative research », Policy Paper N. 14 bit.ly/PaperPiasecki

George N. Tzogopoulos, « The New Phase of the Greek Drama » by , Policy Paper n. 13 bit.ly/NewPhaseGreekDrama

Hartmut Marhold, « The Juncker-Plan - a New Paradigm? », Policy Paper n. 13 http://bit.ly/Marhold_JunckerPlan

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Publications from the College of Europe (Natolin), 2015-2016

Dimitris Bouris, The Vicious Cycle of Building and Destroying: the 2014 War on Gaza, Mediterranean Politics, Vol. 20, Issue 1, 2015.

Dimitris Bouris, Peace should be enforced before negotiated: It's time for a paradigm shift in EU policies towards the Israel-Palestine conflict, Middle East Monitor, Wednesday, 01 April 2015.  https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/articles/guest-writers/17820-peace-should-be-enforced-before-negotiated

Tobias Schumacher, Cristian Nitoiu, Russia’s Foreign Policy towards …

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Publications from the Finnish Institute of International Affairs, 2015

Timo Behr and Teija Tiilikainen (eds.), Northern Europe and the Making of the EU’s Mediterranean and Middle East Policies, Ashgate 2015.

Rosa Balfour, Caterina Carta, Kristi Raik (eds.), The European External Action Service and National Foreign Ministries: Convergence or Divergence, Ashgate 2015.  

Juha Käpylä and Harri Mikkola, On Arctic Exceptionalism: Critical reflections in the light of the Arctic Sunrise case

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Publications from the Institute for European Studies, University of Malta

The Institute is pleased to announce the publication of two new papers in the 'A Decade of EU Membership' series exploring the first ten years of Malta's membership of the EU:

Dr Mario Thomas, The Europeanisation of Maltese Interest Groups: A Comparative Study After the First Decade of EU Membership

Dr Philip von Brockdorff and Gaetano Buttigieg, Sectoral Impact: An Insight into How the Maltese Dairy Sector Adapted to EU Membership.

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Public Consultation, by the European Commission

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"Towards a new European Neighbourhood Policy"

"Towards a new European Neighbourhood Policy" Article 8 of the Treaty on European Union states that 'the Union shall develop a special relationship with neighbouring countries, aiming to establish an area of prosperity and good neighbourliness, founded on the values of the Union and characterized by close and peaceful relations based on cooperation'. The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) was designed …

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