“Beyond Militias and Tribes: The Facilitation of Migration in Libya”, Gabriella Sanchez (RSCAS-EUI, Italy)

This working paper outlines the dynamics of the practice known to states as migrant smuggling in Libya in the aftermath of the Ghaddafi regime. The case study argues that across Africa, the labelling of mobility facilitation strategies as migrant smuggling and their criminalisation responds to EU-dictated migration enforcement and control measures.

Read more here.