Latest publications from The Romanian Centre for European Policies (CRPE)

lkReports

1. Ciprian Ciucu and Roxana Albisteanu, When the Show is over? Romania’s Options regarding the Schengen Space, CRPE Policy Brief no.38, September 2015

The pretexts for which Romania was denied joining the Schengen Area have been diverse but at the moment the real reason – the migratory pressure on Greece – has surfaced.

The crisis caused by the wave of immigrants who crossed the Western Balkans in the last three months, having their destination the rich countries of the European Union, will directly affect the decision of the Member States, as well as the decision of Romania and Bulgaria to join the Schengen.

In the report we are presenting today, the day before the Supreme Council of National Defense for which President Johannis has announced Schengen and Migration as agenda topics, we explore the options that Romania has concerning the Schengen goal as well as the ways in which it can follow or postpone this objective.

The report in Romanian can be accessed here:

http://www.crpe.ro/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/La-spartul-targului-Optiunile-Romaniei-vizavi-de-Spatiul-Schengen11.pdf

2. Victor Giosan, Fiscal Loosening and the Greek Trap: Romania’s Chances for Economic Growth, Policy Memo CRPE no. 65, August 2015

 The Romanian Centre for European Policies (CRPE) is launching the report titled “How can we avoid the Greek trap in the next 10 years? Reflections on Romania’s fiscal policies in a European context“.

In the context of the lowering of the VAT and other fiscal loosening policies, CRPE considering whether these options, in the light of the objective of substantial and sustainable economic growth in Romania, are desirable and concludes that the recent changes are rather detrimental than beneficial to this goal.

Considering Romania’s situation today and the recent history, the author believes that further fiscal stimulus policies in a new period of growth are risky. The commitments that Romania has undertaken to the European Union (the famous MTO’s) are designed precisely to prevent previous mistakes and the abandonment of these commitments could harm economic growth.

The report concludes that cyclically-discretionary policies, which bring benefits in the very short term and especially benefits to elections, must give primacy to structural change policies (to do things differently, to change institutions, the way they function, to change the organizational culture, to professionalize and stabilize in the medium and long term the grounding and implementation of public policies) and clearly to clearly be subordinated to the latter.

The report in Romanian can be accessed here:

http://www.crpe.ro/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/CRPE-Policy-Memo-Relaxarea-fiscala-si-capcana-greceasca-V-Giosan.pdf

3. Cristian Ghinea and Katrin Böttger , EaP PLUS – A New Association Package for Moldova, Georgia and Ukraine‏, June 2015

The Riga Summit was not a failure because no real and achievable result could address the very different positions of the six countries. Riga should be the last summit to try to accommodate all of them in the same format. An EU + 3 + 1 +1 + 1 format is much more plausible with an Eastern Partnership Plus Association Package.  This EaP Plus format should focus on the implementation of the Association Agreements and open various EU wide Programmes to the three associated countries. In other words, EaP Plus, dedicated to the countries that signed Associated Agreements, should be a dedicated framework in which EU invest in reforming and changing these countries.

The governments of these three countries should take the lack of membership perspective as an “on hold” option (neither “Yes” nor “No”) and not making an obsession out of it. The following 10 years in the EU – Eastern Associated countries (EaP Plus) relation will be dominated by the implementation of the Association Agreements, comprehensive legal documents which bind both EU and the Associated countries into a reforming process which in fact prepare them for accession (similar with the pattern of the Central-Eastern Europe in early 90`s and Western Balkans later).
The report in English can be accessed here:

http://iep-berlin.de/en/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2015/06/IEP_PolicyBriefNo3_B%C3%B6ttger_Ghinea.pdf

4. Cristian Ghinea, “Romania and the EU-US trade negotiations – preparing a country position”, CRPE Policy Brief no. 37, June 2015

The Romanian Centre for European Policies (CRPE) is presenting the first calculations regarding the impact of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) on Romanian economy, thus contributing to one of the most current debates at the European level and linking them with Romania’s realities.

The CRPE Policy Memo no. 63, titled “The economic impact of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership in Romania”, written by Lucian Cernat and Csilla Lakatos, explains why the foreseen macroeconomic effects of TTIP in Romania are positive. If TTIP would be fully implemented in 2027, it could raise Romania’s GDP by approximately 0.25% annually.

In a second study, titled “Romania and the EU-US trade negotiations – preparing a country position”, Cristian Ghinea, the director of the Romanian Centre for European Policies, connects the most important TTIP topics to the realities from the national economy. Apart from the economic impact, we can also point to the strategic role of TTIP. The US is currently holding trade talks with the Pacific area and Europe needs TTIP in order to be in the game when the new global trade rules are created.

The first report in Romanian can be accessed here: http://www.crpe.ro/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/CRPE-Policy-Memo-63-Final.pdf

The second report in English can be accessed here: http://www.crpe.ro/en/romania-eu-us-trade-negotiations-preparing-country-position/