“Nationalism by Choice: How the Presidents of Turkey and Russia Take Advantage of National Feelings to Stay in Power”, Michael Thumann (IPC, Turkey)

2019 Mercator-IPC Senior Fellow Michael Thumann’s policy brief “Nationalism by Choice: How the Presidents of Turkey and Russia Take Advantage of National Feelings to Stay in Power” was published.

Nationalism, a concept of the 19th century, is offered on the global marketplace of ideas as a solution for the 21st century. Nationalist movements and xenophobic sentiments are on the rise in many countries in Europe and around the world. The COVID-19 pandemic has further reinforced the essential features of a nationalist agenda. This policy brief analyzes the agendas of President Vladimir Putin of Russia and President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of Turkey and their particular nationalist approaches, which can be referred to as a pattern called nationalism by choice.

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