“Need to have or nice to have? Nordic cooperation, NATO and the EU in Norwegian foreign, security and defence policy”, Nina Græger (NUPI, Norway)

Nordic-ness and Nordic values clearly are embedded in Norway’s conception of its foreign policy role. Nordic cooperation is also important for seeking information about EU policies for non-EU country Norway. While supporting and participating in Nordic Defence Cooperation, Norway’s NATO-membership has trumped its relations with the Nordic countries as well as with the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy. A stronger policy of self-interest facilitated by its petroleum economy has also moved Norway further away from traditional Nordic peacekeeping and towards status seeking vis-à-vis key European allies. To what extent may recent global and regional political and strategic developments forge a Nordic «turn» in Norwegian foreign and security policy? What has Nordic cooperation to offer in terms of security and international status for Norway? The Norwegian case suggests that in the field of security and defence, Nordic cooperation is «nice to have» and more important than earlier but not necessary.

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