News from the Centre d’études européennes of Sciences Po

“Lobbying and framing in foreign policy. EU and member states’ foreign policies towards Israel and Palestine” (LOBFRAM), Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellowships (IF-EF)

CEE Scientific in charge: Benedetta VOLTOLINI

LOBFRAM aims to advance our understanding of lobbying and framing in foreign policy in the European Union’s (EU) system of multi-level governance. While lobbying in the EU has received a lot of attention in recent years, lobbying in foreign policy remains a largely under-researched topic. Therefore, this project will explore the activities of non-state actors (NSAs), such as business groups, NGOs and solidarity movements, in EU foreign policy, investigating the networks that are established at different levels (EU and member states) and framing processes. The main contribution of LOBFRAM will be to investigate networks as transmitters of ideas. In turn, this will help us to analyze how frames are created, get codified and become collective frames influencing foreign policy at both the EU and member state levels, as well as what mechanisms of mutual interaction exist between EU and national foreign policy positions. LOBFRAM will be based on an interdisciplinary approach building on international relations, EU studies, sociology and organizational studies and will rely on a mixed-methods approach. It will focus on the case study of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which is one of the most important policy issues on the EU and member states’ agenda, also in light of the strong commercial links with Israel, the crucial role as donors for the Palestinians and historical legacies. The project will zoom-in on three big member states, namely the United Kingdom, Germany and France, and identify similarities and differences among these member states as well as between them and the EU level when it comes to lobbying and framing activities. The findings of this project will be published in a monograph and two journal articles and widely publicized to a non-specialised audience via outreach activities (e.g. a dedicated website, one policy brief and activities for students).

“Congestion Reduction in Europe: Advancing Transport Efficiency”, CREATE, H2020

CEE Scientific in charge: Charlotte HALPERN

17 Partners – Coordinator: Peter JONES (UCL)

CREATE addresses the task Tackling Urban Road Congestion, taking a long-term view of how this can be achieved, especially in cities experiencing rapid growth in car ownership and use. It deals with most of the issues set out in the recent Urban Mobility Package.

Objectives:

  • Rigorously and systematically develop practical definitions of urban road congestion and of network performance, and identify factors influencing conditions in different cities.
  • Work with Western European (WE) cities that have succeeded in decoupling traffic growth from economic growth, to analyse quantitatively the objective factors which have contributed to this, and the qualitative factors which have enabled a policy evolution from ‘supporting traffic growth’ to ‘encouraging sustainable mobility’.
  • Develop concrete guidance and provide capacity building for cities in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), and the EuroMed region, enabling them to move rapidly to develop a feasible, effective and deliverable Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP).
  • Anticipating future pressures on city transport systems (congestion and overcrowding), to investigate how new transport technologies might increase transport efficiency, and how non-transport technologies and changes in business and social practices could reduce pressures on transport systems.

Two new researchers joined the Centre d’études européennes of Sciences Po in September 2015:

Philippe Bezes

pic IPhilippe Bezes is a specialist on the reform of the French public bureaucracy, on which subject he is considered a leading international expert. As well as a producing a number of books – single authored, co-authored and co-edited – he has published a significant body of articles and book chapters on this theme. His publications show an impressive range and historical reach. His work is strongly empirically, but always theoretically and conceptually reflective. Thus he has framed his enquiries into administrative change in terms of ideas and knowledge, instruments, institutions, and public policy

To know more: http://cee.sciences-po.fr/en/le-centre/research-team/1139-philippe-bezes.html

Marco Cremaschi

pic IIHis research insists on a comparative approach to large urban projects in cities from different countries. Of late, he has been working on a few major projects dealing with the changing spatial organization of European cities and their consequent impacts on urban policies: the spreading of immigrants in small Italian municipalities (2013-16, Ministry of Research); the competition between regions and metropolitan bodies in Italy and France (École Française de Rome); the implication for policies of the symbolic representation of the crisis and the crisis of representation (RECRIRE, funded in 2015 by Horizon 2020); the expectations for an Eu Urban Agenda

To know more: http://cee.sciences-po.fr/en/le-centre/research-team/1138-marco-cremaschi-.html