After a long and costly peace process in Colombia, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army (FARC-EP) and the government of Juan Manuel Santos reached a peace agreement in November 2016. But ending the armed conflict with the guerrillas does not mean peace has been achieved, as other groups continue to operate in the country’s interior. Nevertheless, the peace agreement provides a new model for peace negotiations and the construction of the postconflict period. Not only because of its focus on victims’ rights and its model of transitional justice, but because differentiated perspectives were included in the process, especially in ethnic, gender and territorial terms. All these aspects are analysed in the papers that make up issue 121 of Revista CIDOB d’Afers Internacionals, which aims to shed light on the challenges and achievements of this process and peace agreement and to ask if they can serve as a model.