“Poland: The Missing Link in European Defence”, Karolina Muti (IAI, Italy)

As EU member states step-up efforts to strengthen defence cooperation and integration, Poland’s role and contribution remain an enigma. Traditionally sceptical of EU military and deterrence capabilities, Warsaw has long considered the US as the only military ally capable of protecting the country from a potential Russia attack. Poland has consequently preferred to strengthen links with Washington and NATO, rather than increasing defence cooperation with its EU neighbours and allies.

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