Publications from Sciences Po, CEE

Articles in peer review

Davesne, Alban et Guigner, Sébastien, La Communauté européenne de la santé (1952-1954) : une redécouverte intergouvernementaliste du projet fonctionnaliste de ‘pool blanc’. Politique européenne. December 2013, n° 41, p. 40-63. ISSN 16236297.

Abstract: If the recent empirical developments show that health has become a European problem, academics still consider it is a field where, on principle, governments seek to retain their sovereignty: the state opposition to the integration of health is postulated. Exhuming a historical project of integration of health and analyzing it through the lenses of intergovernementalism – more sophisticated than it looks – this article reminds that, on the contrary, government’s preferences are contextualized and therefore not immutable, in this field as in others.

Garcia, Nuria, The paradox of contemporary linguistic nationalism: the case of Luxembourg. Nations and Nationalism. December 2013, vol 20, n° 1, p. 113-132.

Abstract: Through a case study of the mobilisation around the Luxembourgish language in the 1970s and 1980s, this article investigates the paradox of contemporary linguistic nationalism, resulting from a hiatus between the continued influence of the classic nation-state model and the new constraints linked to a changed socio-historical context. Based on an analysis of actors’ discourses, parliamentary debates and legislative documents, the investigation retraces the social, political and economic dynamics as well as the cognitive mechanisms leading to a change in the social perception of the Luxembourgish language. It shows how the contemporary context implies specific constraints and difficulties for mechanisms of the invention of tradition, but that at the same time the traditional nation-state model, where one nation equates with one state and one language continues to function as a reference. Through the Luxembourgish case it raised the more general question of the relation between linguistic nationalism, modernity and change in a contemporary context.

Le Galès, Patrick, SASE Annual Meeting 2013, University of Milan, Italy. States in Europe: uncaging societies and the limits to the infrastructural power. Socio-economic Review. December 2013, vol 12, n° 1, p. 131-152.

Mayer, Nonna, Les effets politiques de la crise : le vote des personnes pauvres et précaires en 2012. Informations sociales. December 2013, n° 180, p. 52-59.

Morel, Nathalie, A social investment strategy for the knowledge-based economy? Scuola democratica. December 2013, n° 3.

Stephenson, Paul, Solidarity as Political Strategy: Post-Crisis Reform Following the French Heatwave. Public Management Review. December 2013, vol 15, n° 3, p. 402-415.

Tiberj, Vincent, Les temps changent : renouvellement générationnel et évolutions politiques en France. Revue française de sociologie. December 2013, vol 54, n° 4, p. 741-778. (The times are a-changing : generational renewal and political transformations in France)

Abstract: The impact of generational renewal on political and civic life is often neglected in public and scientific debates. The reasons for this disinterest concern the pervasiveness and contributions of research on primary socialization and life-cycle effects as well as a tendency of research to adopt a Mannheimian perspective on political generations. In fact, cohort analysis of the left or right positioning of French people on the political spectrum since the 1970s brings to light major changes. Generational renewal is not politically neutral: it prevents the right while bringing about an increase in the proportion of « non-aligned ». What may be seen through generational renewal is the deep transformation of the notions of left and right in France, due to the emergence of cultural issues but also a redefinition of attitudes toward politics generally and voting in particular.

Faucher, Florence, New forms of political participation. Changing demands or changing opportunities to participate in political parties? Comparative European Politics. January 2014, p. 1-25.

Abstract: In the past 30 years, party membership has dropped significantly across Europe, whereas other forms of political participation have developed. It first shows how political parties have sought to be more attractive by lowering the cost of membership and creating new selective incentives (such as the right to vote in internal ballots), leading to a convergence of party rules across European parties. To understand the logic behind such reforms, one needs to take into account the broader political context. The focus was made on the United Kingdom to show how competition between and within parties provided the justification for changes that mostly aligned them with organisational myths. The third part argues that such changes in opportunities to participate in political parties contribute to explain why membership has continued to fall. This article draws on extensive qualitative research (including the author’s) conducted in and on political parties in the United Kingdom and France to provide a new account of membership recruitment crisis that contrasts with the traditional emphasis on supply/demand.