Dario Quadri Ilkhani and Eckart Woertz, Remunicipalisation of Local Energy Provision: The Role of Cities and Bottom-up Initiatives, May 2019
Across the globe, cities are attempting to reverse the negative consequences that originated from the waves of privatisation and liberalisation that struck most countries in the closing years of the 20th century. Although these measures have brought about greater consumer choice and efficiency in sectors such as telecommunications and aviation, in others like transport, water and energy, market control by a few companies has led to increasing costs, decreasing infrastructure investments and deteriorating quality of services. Communities are now engaging in a paradigm shift through a process called remunicipalisation or recommunalisation, whereby services that were previously supplied by the private sector gradually shift away to publicly administered municipal entities either at the national or local level.
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