Paola Bruni, The Regulation of Executive Pay in the Public and Semi-Public Sector across the European Union, March 2017
The regulation of top income, especially, the remuneration of senior civil servants, public officials and top-level executives in the semi-public sector has resurfaced as a topic of political and public debates across the European Union since the economic crisis in 2008. In order to control the remuneration of high-level public officials and make them more transparent, different measures have been introduced. This study – articulated in two different parts – aims at investigating, from a theoretical and practical point of view, the regulation of executive pay across the European Union. The underlying overall objective is to develop comparative insights, define possible best practices and focus on themes and systems’ elements that should become subject to further research in order to account for an effective policy model.
This study has been conducted upon the request of the Dutch Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations by the European Institute of Public Administration of Maastricht.
Link: free download
Wolfgang Koeth, Can the Investment Court System (ICS) save TTIP and CETA?, September 2016
The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) currently under negotiation between the EU and the US continues to divide public opinion on both sides of the Atlantic. As the public became aware of the multiple dimensions of this proposed agreement, one feature proved to be particularly explosive: the inclusion of a mechanism known as Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) that would give foreign investors the right to legally challenge actions of sovereign states if these actions were seen as violating the rights of the investors. Sensitive to the public mood, and regardless of the fact that this feature has been a standard item in international trade agreements for several decades, both the European Commission and the European Parliament backed away from supporting the inclusion of ISDS. In late 2015, the Commission proposed a new approach to investment protection based on an international investment court system (ICS), which would address the shortcomings of the existing system and assuage the fears of the public. However, this new proposal has not convinced those who are to profit most from it. Nor has it changed hostile public opinion in a number of EU countries.
Link: free download