Public authorities and intellectuals are more to blame than the general public as they have failed to take the threats seriously, including those deriving from de-education and social disruption.
On the European side, the focus on the economic dimension of the European Union’s integration project has created a form of oblivion of the deeper value basis that is intertwined with the geopolitical dimension.
The key task at hand is to identify the main challenges – namely purposeful external meddling and domestic polarization and populism – that threaten the solidity of our highly diverse democracies, and to formulate a comprehensive action plan.
This task at the domestic level should be complemented by actions at EU and international levels. However, the EU’s internal divisions will complicate the task unless a common awareness of the main threats is established.