Past events at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) – Spring 2016

Norwegian Institure for Intl Affairs
The Horn of Africa: Its strategic importance for Europe, the Gulf States and beyond
19 April 2016, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs

In this seminar, Alexander Rondos addressed the challenges facing the region and the Horn’s strategic importance Europe, the Gulf states and other actors. A key question is: how these challenges can be converted into a joint effort that will allow for the integration of the Horn of Africa into a platform of security and economic cooperation?

The diversity of geography, history, population, politics, and culture has made the Horn of Africa prone to conflict within its societies and between its countries. And it is those differences that have allowed outsiders to play proxy politics with the region.

The core of this region, comprising the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, South Sudan, and Somalia—with Kenya and Uganda very closely associated—has attracted once again in its history the attention of greater powers.

Several issues are affecting the Horn of Africa today: Terrorism, realignment of loyalties because of confrontation with the Muslim world, the security of trade through the Red Sea and the global migration crisis, to mention some. In geopolitical terms, the Horn is the fragile neighborhood of Europe’s very fractured southern neighborhood.

Welcome by Jon Harald Sande Lie, Senior Research Fellow, NUPI
Introduction of Alexander Rondos by Jens-Petter Kjemperud, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Presentation by Alexander Rondos
Comments, NUPI
Q & A
Chair: Jon Harald Sande Lie, Senior Research Fellow, NUPI

More information can be found here.

Morocco, challenges in the region and its cooperation with the EU
21 April 2016, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs

In this seminar, Mohammed Tawfik Mouline, gave a presentation on Morocco’s major achievements at the political, economic and social levels.

This seminar is part of NUPI’s seminar series “Norway meets Europe”

More information can be found here.

Nordic Security under Pressure
10 May 2016, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs


The third and last seminar in the seminar series on NATO focused on Nordic security.

How is Sweden and Finland’s relationship to NATO evolving, in terms of partnership and cooperation as well as public opinion regarding future membership? What would the implications be for security in the North, in particular consequences for Norway, if Sweden and/or Finland were to join the Alliance?

The seminar series was organised in cooperation with the Norwegian Ministry of Defence and NATO Public Diplomacy Division.

More information can be found here.

Past events at the Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael’ – Spring 2016

Brexit debate: to stay or to go, is that the question?

15 April 15 2016, Huis van Europa, The Hague

The Netherlands Society for International Affairs (NGIZ) and the European Movement in the Netherlands (EBN) recently organised the high-level paneldiscussion on the UK EU Referendum.

In the wake of the recent migration crisis, the economic and financial turbulance and the violence increasing in and around Europe, the pressures on European cohesion are rapidly mounting. In a hyperconnected world, many people feel uncertainty about Europe’s future. The UK EU referendum – scheduled for June 23 this year – echoes all these concerns and more.

One thing is certain: the choice of UK citizens will affect us all.

We have therefore asked three international expert observers to enlighten us on facts and fiction in the current UK referendum debates, and the price we would pay if the UK were to leave the EU.

  • Prof. Iain Begg (London School of Economics) on the financial and economic consequences of any Brexit;
  • John McLellan (Director Scottish Newspaper Society, former editor of The Scotsman and member of the presscircle) on the current media coverage of the UK referendum and
  • Isabella Schwarz (European Cultural Foundation) on the wider cultural implications of the UK leaving the EU.

More information can be found here.

Winning coalitions for energy security and green growth in Kenya

19 April 2016, Nairobi, Kenya

This expert meeting aimed to bring together decision-makers and key stakeholders from Government of Kenya, private sector and civil society in order to explore from multiple perspectives the potential reach and implementation of green growth plans in Kenya.

Green growth is increasingly gaining traction as a way to reconcile lasting and broad-based economic growth with climate change mitigation and the goal of sustainable development. As a crucial means to achieve green growth, the energy sector is a central concern. Kenya is a party to the UNFCCC process and is committed to tackling climate change as viewed from its various policies and programmes. Kenya also submitted its INDC to the UNFCCC in July 2015 and sets out an emission reduction target of 30% by 2030 compared to its business-as-usual scenario.

Kenya Vision 2030 and the Second Medium Plan 2013-2017 identify energy as one of the infrastructure enablers for transformation into “a newly-industrialising, middle-income country providing a high quality of life to all its citizens in a clean and secure environment.” Access to competitively-priced, reliable, quality, safe and sustainable energy is essential for achievement of the Vision.

Constraints in energy supply
Currently, there are constraints in energy supply, which include low access to modern energy services, high cost of energy, irregular supply and high cost of energy investments. About 87% of the country’s domestic energy demand is met by biomass. Kerosene based lighting continues to be the leading source of illumination at the household level. Access to modern energy services is required to reduce the wood fuel and kerosene dependency. The draft National Energy and Petroleum Policy (NEPP) states that as of June 2014, 32% of Kenyans had access to electricity. A study commissioned by the Ministry of Energy and Petroleum in 2014 established that Kenya has one of the highest connection charges leading to low access to electricity supply. Despite the successful electrification of public facilities in rural areas, most neighbouring households largely remain unconnected. The NEPP goes on to state that “going by the current pace at which connections are being effected, the achievement of 70% universal access to electricity by 2020, will not be possible without a paradigm shift in the electrification strategy.”

Hence, Kenya requires additional generation capacity to meet growing demand, reduce energy costs and diversify generation mix to minimise risks associated with overreliance on one source of energy. In this respect, geothermal  and wind energy appear most promising. New policies, including Kenya’s National Energy Policy 2014 (as part of Vision 2030 framework) and the Least Cost Power Development Plan aim to increase geothermal and boost energy security. With a focus on the diversification of energy sources, they entail a risk of potentially increasing GHG emissions and it is not yet clear if sufficient incentives are offered to further encourage private sector participation. At the same time, Kenya has discovered coal and oil for which exploration has been going on since 2013.

This expert meeting aimed to bring together decision-makers and key stakeholders from Government of Kenya, private sector and civil society in order to explore from multiple perspectives the potential reach and implementation of green growth plans in Kenya. On this basis, the meeting provided a platform to discuss the connections between green growth and energy security concerns, as well as with Kenya’s integration in the global economy, its national development trajectory, and its policies towards poverty reduction and (regional) stability. A critical part of the meeting explored how and whether legitimate energy security arguments, such as these related to improving energy access, form an obstacle to green growth, or whether new opportunities are arising for “winning coalitions” for a new style of development as the new renewable energy boom kicks off across Africa.

The links meeting explored the relationship between green growth and Kenya’s emission reduction commitments as submitted under the UNFCCC Paris Agreement of 2015. A key objective was to gather expert opinions on the viability of Kenya’s current commitments to climate change mitigation, and what might be reasonably expected of Kenya in the future.

More broadly, the meeting was an opportunity for different stakeholders to discuss various strategic, future-oriented questions in their field of work. The ideas and contributions of participants expressed during the meeting will be incorporated into ongoing research by the Clingendael Institute and the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands into the potential for and constraints on green growth in major developing countries. It will also provide input for policy-makers in Europe working on the Paris Agreement.

More information can be found here.

Past events at the Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS) – Spring 2016

DIIS horizontal

Financing Sustainable Development in a Time of Aid Uncertainty
1 March 2016, Danish Institute for International Studies, Copenhagen

In the fall of 2015, world leaders adopted the most ambitious global development agenda in history. Meeting the aspiring targets of the Sustainable Development Goals will require financing far beyond traditional aid. At the same time, aid itself is under major pressure as European governments cut aid budgets or divert them to meet refugee and migration issues.

In this context of massive global ambition and concurrent uncertainty on the future of aid, other actors and sources of development financing seem ever more critical, such as the private sector, private foundations and the BRICS. But what are in fact the interests and modes of operation of such actors in the context of development financing, and to what extent do they align with the aims of the SDGs? And how do national governments of developing countries themselves perceive and approach these new sources of financing?

At this event, a new DIIS report was presented, providing insights from ongoing DIIS research on the policies, mind-sets and interests of some of the many actors that will be playing a fundamental role in the complex and challenging task of financing sustainable development.


Adam Moe FEJERSKOV, PhD Candidate, DIIS
Helle MUNK Ravnborg, Senior Researcher, DIIS
Lars ENGBERG-PEDERSEN, Senior Researcher, DIIS
Mikkel FUNDER, Senior Researcher, DIIS
Neil WEBSTER, Senior Researcher, DIIS
Yang JIANG, Senior Researcher, DIIS

More information can be found here.

Kazakhstan: Opportunities for nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament
21 April 2016, Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS), Copenhagen


In 2013 Kazakhstan announced its bid for a seat as non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for the years 2017/18. Kazakhstan regards itself as a global leader in nuclear responsibility, drawing upon its long experience within the nuclear field, as part of the campaign for the seat.

Kazakhstan’s nuclear experience is unusual. In the Soviet period, 456 nuclear tests were carried out at the Semipalatinsk test site, followed by a 17-year cleanup process completed in 2012. On the eve of the Soviet dissolution, Kazakhstan found itself in possession of Soviet strategic nuclear weapons amounting to, at the time, the fourth largest arsenal in the world. The weapons were returned to Russia in the early 1990s for dismantlement.

Today, Kazakhstan is the world’s largest producer of uranium ore concentrates with 41% of the world production in 2014, and production is increasing gradually. It is a founding member of the world’s first international Uranium Enrichment Centre along with the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Armenia, to provide guaranteed uranium enrichment services for nuclear energy. In addition, in 2015, Kazakhstan signed an agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to set up an IAEA Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) Bank in Kazakhstan.  The Fuel Bank will be a physical reserve of LEU available for eligible IAEA Member States owned and controlled by the IAEA.

At this seminar organized jointly by DIIS and the Kazakhstan Embassy, Kazakhstan’s Ambassador to Denmark and Sweden Dr. Dastan Yeleukenov, Tariq Rauf, Director of the Disarmament, Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Programme at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute and Senior Researcher Cindy Vestergaard (DIIS) discussed current opportunities and Kazakhstan’s role for strengthening nuclear non-proliferation and promoting nuclear disarmament.


Dr. Dastan Yeleukenov, Ambassador to Denmark and Sweden

Tariq Rauf, Director of SIPRI Disarmament, Arms Control and Non-proliferation Programme

Cindy Vestergaard, Senior Researcher, DIIS

Gry Thomasen, postdoc, DIIS


15:30-15:35 Welcome and Introduction, Gry Thomasen
Kazakhstan’s contribution to disarmament and arms control. IAEA Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) Bank in Kazakhstan, Tariq Rauf
16:20-16:30 Comments, Dr. Dastan Yeleukenov
16:30-16:45 Coffee break
16:45-17:05 Trends in Global Disarmament and Nonproliferation, Cindy Vestergaard
17:05-17:30 Q&A



Natural resources and infrastructure investments in Africa
27 April 2016, Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS),Copenhagen


Despite falling commodity prices, investments into the extraction of natural resources in Africa continue, albeit at a slower pace.

Not only are new mining and oil/gas projects potential sources of revenues for governments. Across the continent they are also linked to large-scale infrastructure projects, often providing the funding for these projects, with important implications for landscapes and livelihoods.

By activating and connecting political actors in new ways, from the local to the global, these infrastructural investments reshape existing political orderings.

Through presentations of analytical perspectives and empirical case studies this seminar aimed to shed light on an emerging research field.


Jana Hoenke, Assistant Professor, University of Groningen (currently, at the University of Edinburgh)

Joshua Kirshner, Lecturer in Human Geography, University of York

Lars Buur, Associate professor, Roskilde University

Morten Blomqvist, Senior Governance Adviser, Oxfam Ibis

Rasmus Hundsbæk Pedersen, Postdoc, DIIS

14:00-14:05 Introduction
Chair: Lars Buur
14:05-14:25 Mining, infrastructure and extractive urbanism in Tete, Mozambique
Joshua Kirshner
14:25:14:45 Petroleum investments and land acquisition standards in Tanzania
Rasmus Hundsbæk Pedersen
14:45-15:05 New political geographies? Controversies around the ports of Dar es Salaam and Bagamoyo, Tanzania
Jana Hoenke
15:05-15:20 Coffee break
15:20-15:30 Open discussion
Discussant: Morten Blomqvist
15:30-16:15 Q&A
Lars Buur

Past events at the Centre d’études européennes of Sciences Po – Autumn 2014

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Seminar « Mesurer l’influence: un casse-tête pour le chercheur »
8 December 2014

Seminar Social sciences in question: The leading epistemological and methodological controversies of our time « Mesurer l’influence: un casse-tête pour le chercheur », organized by Sciences Po, CEE & CERI, 8 December 2014, Sciences Po, Paris. With Samy Cohen (Sciences Po, CERI). Read more here.

Seminar: “The Power of Inaction: Bank Bailouts in Comparison”

Seminar of the Centre d’études européennes (SGCEE) “The Power of Inaction: Bank Bailouts in Comparison”, organized by Sciences Po, CEE & MaxPo, 25 November 2014, Sciences Po, Paris. With Cornelia Woll (Sciences Po, CEE & MaxPo). Read more here.

Seminar Reforming Europe« Le contrôle parlementaire de l’Europe macroéconomique (UEM, BCE, union bancaire, coordination budgétaire) »
24 novembre 2014

Organized by Sciences Po, CEE & OFCE & École de droit, 24 November 2014, Sciences Po, Paris. With Francesco Martucci, University Panthéon-Assas, Paris II & Xavier Timbeau, Sciences Po, OFCE. Read more here.

Presentation of the book: “Faire Parler le Parlement, Méthodes et enjeux de l’analyse des débats parlementaires pour les sciences sociales”

Presentation by Claire Galembert (CNRS research fellow, ISP Cachan) and Olivier Rozenberg (professor at Sciences Po, CEE) of the book: Faire Parler le Parlement, Méthodes et enjeux de l’analyse des débats parlementaires pour les sciences sociales (co-directed with Cecilia Vigour), coll. Law and Society, LGDJ, 2013). The meeting will also focus on prospects and dynamics Research parliamentary assemblies. More information can be found here.

Seminar Escapades Parlementaires « Faire parler les études parlementaires »
19 November 2014

Organized by Science Po, CEE & Université Panthéon Sorbonne Paris I, CESSP & ENS Cachan – Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, ISP, 19 November 2014, Sciences Po, Paris.

Presentation of the collective book: Governing Cities in Africa
12 November 2014, Sciences Po, Paris

Governing Cities in Africa, Politics and Policies (Simon Bekker & Laurent Fourchard, eds, HSRC Press, 2013) By Sophie Didier & Laurent Fourchard

Studies of government and politics in Africa are dominated by a focus on the national and are typically set apart by anglophone, francophone and lusophone historical influences, with South Africa as an exception. This volume departs from a different set of questions and employs a novel approach in discussing them: cities in sub-Saharan Africa provide the pivot around which issues of policy and practice, planning and service delivery turn, at different scales and both from the top down as well as from the bottom up. Party politics, for example, is discussed at city level and urban security both within a state and a non-state context. The novelty of the approach is found in thematic rather than single-city chapters written by multiple authors each of whom displays depth knowledge of one of three or more cities treated in each case. This volume will interest scholars of African and of urban studies as well as urban policy-makers and practitioners. Read more here.