Recent publications from the Centre d’Etudes Européennes of Sciences Po – Spring 2016

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Dageförde, Mirjam. Concepts of Congruence and Europeans’ evaluation of representation. A micro-level-analysis. Cahiers européens de Sciences Po, n° 03/2016, Paris : Sciences Po, CEE, March 2016

The analysis of the relation between citizens and politics is mostly conducted from two different perspectives and disciplines: On the one hand, legislative scholars analyse legislative behaviour or evaluate representation in terms of responsiveness or congruence. On the other hand, public opinion research focuses mainly on analyses of political trust or satisfaction with democracy for assessing cCEE pub 1itizens’ perspective. To a minor degree, both disciplines are combined: In the last decades, legislative research neglected the perspective of citizens, and public opinion research referred only rarely to theories that concern representation at its core. This article aims at closing this r
esearch gap and addresses citizens’ evaluation of representation. It investigates the effects of congruence – as the main indicator for judging about the quality of representation – from a micro-perspective while referring to the underlying assumption: The higher the congruence, the better the quality of representation. It (1) develops new models for conceptualizing congruence on the micro-level, (2) analyses how citizens assess parliamentary representation in terms of perceived responsiveness and (3) explores how different concepts of congruence impact on it. The analysis is drawn for the EU countries. The results indicate that the distinct conceptualizations of congruence are of varying importance for explaining citizens’ representational judgments.

Rovny, Jan. Is Eastern Europe Uniformly Anti-Immigrant? Not so fast. Understanding immigration policy positions and policy change in Eastern EuropeLIEPP Policy Brief. March 2016, n° 24, p. 1-7

As the European Union struggled to address an unprecedented influx of refugees in 2015, four Eastern European governments rejected a proposal for European Union refugee quotas. Within each country, however, there are different views on the migrant crisis and immigration in general that are overshadowed by this uniform policy response. My research on the political divisions in each country explains that these differences are related to how political camps developed after communism. Through an analysis of the causes of immigration salience and the reasons behind immigration and integration policy positions of various parties in Eastern European countries, this research finds that which party – left or right – adopts more socially liberal policy positions depends on its relationships to communist federalism and the most politically notable ethnic group in the country. My work finds three distinct political patterns in Eastern Europe.

Rovny, Jan. Hungary and Poland’s anti-democratic turn: a new era or more of the same? In MAEurope, March 2016

Reforms affecting the independence of courts and the media in Hungary and Poland have received significant attention in recent months. But to what extent do these developments constitute a genuine shift in the nature of Hungarian and Polish politics? Jan Rovny writes that while both countries have witnessed a rise in support for parties with anti-democratic tendencies, the dynamics of party competition remain consistent with the liberal-conservative political divide that has characterised the politics of these countries since the fall of communism. [First lines]

Rozenberg, Olivier (ed). Should we continue to Study the EU?  Politique européenne, March 2016, vol 2015/4, n° 50

CEE pub 4In French: La gravité et la multidimensionnalité des crises que connaît l’UE imposent un questionnement sérieux. Comment les sciences sociales peuvent-elle analyser le désenchantement vis-à-vis de la construction européenne ? Faut-il voir dans les incertitudes de l’actualité une occasion unique de rendre les études européennes plus scientifiques et objectives ? Pour son 50e numéro, la revue s’efforce de regarder au-delà de la science politique de langue française.

Vitale, Tommaso. Roma: Oltre le baraccopoli: Agenda politica per ripartire dalle periferie dimenticate, Roma : Associazione 21 Luglio, 2016, 18 p.

In Italian : Con il presente documento, presentato in vista delle elezioni comunali che si svolgeranno a Roma nel 2016, l’Associazione 21 luglio vuole proporre alle forze politiche e ai candidati a cariche elettive i principi essenziali per mutare radicalmente le politiche verso gli abitanti delle baraccopoli e dei micro insediamenti presenti nella Capitale. Le azioni previste nel documento hanno come obiettivo, nell’arco temporale di 5 anni: la chiusura graduale e progressiva delle baraccopoli e dei micro insediamenti della Capitale e il superamento dei centri di raccolta dove sono concentrate le famiglie vittime degli sgomberi che nel passato hanno coinvolto abitanti di numerose baraccopoli. “Roma: oltre le baraccopoli” si avvale degli studi condotti dall’Associazione 21 luglio e, nell’ultima parte, del prezioso apporto del prof. Tommaso Vitale, Sciences Po (Université Sorbonne Paris Cité)1. Il testo condivide medesimi principi e metodi riportati all’interno della “Delibera di iniziativa popolare per il superamento dei campi rom”, promossa da nove associazioni2 e sottoscritta da oltre 6.000 cittadini, depositata in Campidoglio l’11 settembre 2015.

Woll, Cornelia. A Symposium on Financial Power. Accounting, Economics and Law: A Convivium, March  2016, vol 6, n° 1, p. 1-3

1st lines: It is a privilege to be read and discussed by such insightful scholars, several of which have made important contributions to our understanding of industry-government relations and financial regulation in recent history. Their reading of my own analysis has given me a much sharper sense of my argument. Indeed, I agree with many of their comments, including some of the critical ones, and believe our discussion contributes positively to the still on-going political analysis of the recent global crisis. The reviews all thoroughly engage with the political analysis and the empirical discussion of the bank bailout schemes presented in the book. Their main thrust differs, however, and it is helpful to organize my response by grouping them according to the focus of their criticism. This allows me to clarify three subjects in my rejoinder to the following discussion: the nature of power, the use of the chicken-game metaphor and the role of healthy banks in different countries.

Woll, Cornelia. A Rejoinder by the Author. Accounting, Economics and Law: A Convivium, March 2016, vol 61, p. 85-92

In order to respond to the insightful and detailed discussion, I find it helpful to group the authors according to the most relevant issues they have identified. First, I will return to the notion of power in business-government relations, which Wilmarth and Barnes discuss at length and which Reinke finds problematic. Second, I will clarify the use of the game-theoretical framing, which has certain heuristic limitations. It does, however, address the governments’ strategy, contrary to the criticism of Reinke and Jensen. Third, I dive into the empirical study to address other factors that help to explain bailout arrangements. I show why I disagree firmly with Jensen, who believes that healthy banks alone are sufficient to analyze the six cases, suggesting that my argument is over-determined. I do concede, however, that additional elements help to provide a richer analysis, in particular the institutional and legal settings highlighted by Moutot and Thiemann.

Past events at the Sciences Po, Centre d’études européennes, January-June 2013

22.01.2013
12.30 h – 14.30 h
L’ethnographie du politique et des politiques, une perspective pragmatique
19.02.2013
12.30 h – 14.30 h
War Deaths: Are Incumbents Punished for Costly Policies?
19.03.2013
12.30 h – 14.30 h
A political history of the future
16.04.2013
12.30 h – 14.30 h
Les régions, les inégalités et les politiques publiques. Contribution à une sociologie comparée de l
14.05.2013
12.30 h – 14.30 h
Analyse des politiques de santé publique
18.06.2013
12.30 h – 14.30 h
SGCEE

Launch of the “European Parliament -Sciences Po Dialogue” At the European Parliament

In partnership with the European Parliament, the Sciences Po’s Centre d’études européennes (CEE) is launching a series of debates between researchers and politicians that will examine the critical challenges Europe faces at the federal and national levels.

At a time when the European Union is experiencing a backlash such debates – and the contribution that research conducted at Sciences Po can make to public policy – are much needed.

What are the fundamental changes facing European societies? How can European public policy be made more effective? How can European institutions evolve to become more democratic? How can policymakers tackle the challenges of globalization while maintaining a high level of social protection? These are the types of questions the discussions will address.

The first debate, held on 9 January 2013 at the European Parliament, focused on Union. The speakers included: Renaud Dehousse, Professor at Sciences Po and Director of the CEE; Bruno Palier, CNRS Research Professor at the CEE; Jerzy Buzek, Member of the European Parliament and former President of the European Parliament; Luigi Berlinguer, Member of the European Parliament and former Italian Minister of Education; Udo Bullmann, Member of the European Parliament and Deputy Chairman of the SPD delegation. More information available here.

AFSP’s project : PopAct – Opinion Publique et Action Publique

Organization : Céline Belot (Institut d’Etudes Politiques de Grenoble, PACTE), Laurie Boussaguet (Sciences Po, CEE / Université de Rouen) and Charlotte Halpern (Sciences Po, CEE).

Spring 2013 events at Sciences Po, CEE, Paris

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Symposium “Attitudinal change towards Jews and Muslims in France in a comparative perspective”, 18-20 April 2013, Sciences Po, CEE, Paris; Organization: Nonna Mayer, Sciences Po, CEE, CNRS, Vincent Tiberj and Tommaso Vitale, Sciences Po, CEE

This international conference was about the evolution and reconfiguration of prejudice towards minorities, more particularly Jews, Arabs and Muslims in contemporary France. It aimed at bringing together scholars from different disciplines, with different perspectives, and bridging a gap between studies on Muslims and Islamophobia on the one side, and those on Jews and anti-Semitism on the other. Click here to learn more.

Seminar Migrations et Multiculturalism « Un marché du contrôle de l’immigration ? Xénophobie business et migration industry », 24 April 2013, Sciences Po, CEE, Paris; Organization: Virginie Guiraudon, Sciences Po, CEE, CNRS and Patrick Simon, INED. Click here to learn more (in French).

Seminar Les sciences sociales en question : grandes controverses épistémologiques et méthodologiques; Organization : Nonna Mayer, Sciences Po, CEE and Samy Cohen, Sciences Po, CERI.

This seminar focused on methodological questions, a fundamental issue in social sciences. They define and base the validity of our research and findings, yet we rarely get to discuss them. The objective of this joint seminar CEE and CERI was to provide a place to meet and exchange ideas between the researchers; PhD students are also strongly invited. The aim was to compare our research fields, our methods, our research questions and how to address them, in the light of major epistemological and methodological controversies of today. CEE and the CERI are meeting the challenge to create a collective dynamic at Sciences Po and to strengthen the already existing connections between the two centres. Click here to learn more.

 « Enquêter auprès des enfants de la rue : le cas des ‘’Shégués’’ », 23 April 2013, Sciences Po, CEE, Paris. Click here to learn more.

See more Seminars of the Centre d’études européennes.

Spring 2013 podcasts and publications from Sciences Po, CEE, Paris

Podcasts

Podcast of the European Social Observary Conference -OSE- The Social Investment Package: Just Hype or the Next Big Thing?, 11 March 2013, with Lieve Fransen, Director Social Policies and Europe 2020, European Commission and Bruno Palier, Research Director CNRS at Sciences Po, CEE. Please find more information here.

Podcast of the « Conférence de dissensus sur la récidive ; Exercices critiques sur une production de vérite », 14 February 2013, « Les élites peuvent-elles être coupables, la preuve par la récidive, une démonstration de Edwin Sutherland » with Pierre Lascoumes, Research Director CNRS at Sciences Po, CEE. Please find more information here.

Publications

Chopin, Olivier, Hoeffler, Catherine, Irondelle, Bastien, Joana, Jean, Olsson, Christian, Rozenberg, Olivier, Etudes de l’IRSEM, Evolution du contrôle parlementaire des forces armées en Europe, Paris, IRSEM, 2012-22, March 2013. Please find more information here.

Rozenberg, Olivier, Wessels, Wolfgang, (dir.), Kreilinger, Valentin, Hefftler, Claudia et al. Democratic Control in the Member States of the European Council and the Euro zone summits, Brussels, European Parliament, January 2013. Please find more information here.

Boullier, Dominique et Crepel, Maxime avec la collaboration de Lohard, Audrey et Jardin, Antoin, Etude Pratiques de lecture et d’achat de livres numériques, Etude réalisée pour le MOTif, February 2013, Please find more information here.

Tiberj, Vincent, Values and the Votes from Mitterrand to Hollande, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 66, n° 1, p. 69-86, January 2013. Please find more information here.

Medias

All press review are available here.

Feedback from the conference “Governing the metropolis: Powers and Territories. New Directions for Research”, 28-30 November 2012, Paris

Governing the metropolis Powers and Territories. New Directions for Research

Feedback on the International Conference Governing the metropolis: Powers and Territories. New Directions for Research, 28-30 November 2012, City of Paris. Watch the video.

Read the article in Métropolitiques, 19 February 2013 “Quels pouvoirs pour les territoires métropolitains ?“, Frédéric Gilli, Christian Lefèvre, Nathalie Roseau, Tommaso Vitale.

More information about the conference can be found here.

 

Forthcoming 2013 seminars at Sciences Po, Centre d’études européennes

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Migrations and Multiculturalism, 9 January 2013. Opening session: “Immigration and multiculturalism: a historical perspective of the France-US crossroads” with Nancy Foner (City University of New York), Paul-André Rosental (Sciences Po, CEE). Catherine Goussef (EHESS, CERCEC, CNRS) and Nancy Green (EHESS, CRH).

The mass migration since 1950 has profoundly transformed demographic, social, political and economic structures in numerous societies in the world, and specifically European societies. The arrival of long-stay immigrants, the increase of the prominent “second generations”, the importance of multiculturalism and supposed differing values and the emergence of ethnic or racial minorities as they redefine processes, all look to models of integration. These evolutions question the past sense of inheritance with the dislocation of multinational empires, of colonisation-decolonisation or the slave trade. These manifestations of internal diversity come into play as the nation-states entre into a new sequence of rebuilding as well as the fear of dilution. They question the very transformation dynamics of the state.

The political management of such diversity follows various past regimens according to historical configurations of societies and their respective policies. But if these national idiosyncrasies remain strong, the circulation of models, the role of homogenisation at the supra-national level, the transpositions of one society’s experiences to another drive the whole towards a form of unification (of course with limits) of an action repertoire or reference, mirroring the increasingly comparative research. The “European” dimension cannot be neglected. Adjustments will not be without intense debate on the future of multicultural societies, as well as future political arenas, such as social sciences. And the connection between politics and policy merits an examination, as a scholarly debate by politicians. These political processes have had an effect on the basic revision of theory and concepts dedicated to the studies of migration, integration, and discrimination. More information about the seminar here.

Modèles nationaux de croissance et protection sociale, 31 January and 1st February 2013, Sciences po, CEE and LIEPP, CEPREMAP.

While many studies have shown increased contribution of social protection to the post-war boom, the question of its contribution to the economy has been relatively neglected in recent times. When emphasis is not put on its worst attributes for the role it plays in social protection it is then seen for its better role as a “shock absorber.” The objective of this project is to examine the role of social protection in national growth strategies developed during the last decade in developed or emerging countries, especially in Germany and France. We must consider (or reconsider) the relationship between the functionality of the economy, whose structures are in turmoil, and current or renewed social protection mechanisms. Relationships and complementarities of social protection with other areas of the economy depend on the type of economic organization. Five basic dimensions are likely to be considered. 1. The role of finance, the financing of the global economy and the financing of social protection; 2. The relationship between the labour market and social protection; 3. The system of skills training; 4. Distribution inequality; 5. The area of social protection itself as a sector of economic activity and a potential source of growth and employment. For more information click here.

L’ethnographie du politique et des politiques, une perspective pragmatique, 22 January 2013, Sciences Po, CEE, Paris with Daniel Céfai, (EHESS, CEMS). Discussion: Thomas Aguilera (Sciences Po, CEE) and Pierre Lascoumes (Sciences Po, CEE, CNRS). For more information click here.

War Deaths: Are Incumbents Punished for Costly Policies?, 19 February 2013, Sciences Po, CEE, Paris with Daniel Rubenson (Ryerson University, Researcher visiting Sciences Po, CEE). Discussion: Bastien Irondelle (Sciences Po, CERI), Lucas Leemann (Sciences Po, CEE and Columbia University in the city of New York). For more information click here.

A political history of the future, 19 March 2013, Sciences Po, CEE, with Jenny Andersson (Sciences Po, CEE, CNRS). Discussion: Charlotte Halpern (Sciences Po, CEE), Antoine Mandret (Sciences Po, CEE). For more information click here.

Les régions, les inégalités et les politiques publiques. Contribution à une sociologie comparée de l’Etat, 16 April 2013, Sciences Po, CEE, with Claire Dupuy (Université catholique de Louvain-La-Neuve, ISPOLE and Associate to Sciences Po, CEE). Discussion: Patrick Le Lidec (Sciences Po, CEE, CNRS), Francesca Artioli (Sciences Po, CEE). For more information click here.

Analyse des politiques de santé publique, 4 May 2013, Sciences Po, CEE, with Patrick Castel and Henri Bergeron (Sciences Po, CSO). Discussion: Louise Lartigot-Hervier (Sciences Po, CERI) and Cornelia Woll (Sciences Po, CERI, MaxPo and LIEPP). For more information click here.

Sciences Po Paris CEE Publications and press reviews, February 2013

All the new publications of the CEE team are available here

BOOK Citizens' Reactions to European Integration Compared. Overlooking Europe Duchesne, Sophie, Frazer, Elizabeth, Haegel, Florence, Van Ingelgom, Virginie (dir.), Citizens’ Reactions to European Integration Compared. Overlooking Europe, Palgrave Macmillan, January 2013,

What do citizens say about Europe? Before the crisis of 2008 citizens in Britain, France and Francophone Belgium were ‘overlooking’ Europe by ignoring it in favour of globalisation, economic flows, and crises of political corruption. Innovative focus group methods allow analysis of the nature of their reactions and positions, and demonstrate how euroscepticism is a red herring. Instead they articulate indifference to and ambivalence about Europe contrasting with activists who engage in conflict about European issues. The analysis shows national and social differences. French projection contrasts with British exteriorisation and Belgian incorporation. The social gap is not a matter of deficits: workers have real arguments about issues close to home while managers show more concern about European politics.This book is part of the qualitative turn in European studies and both complements and challenges established knowledge on European attitudes.BOOK Les belles-mères et la politique

Reguer-Petit, Manon, Les belles-mères et la politique, L’Harmattan, December 2012

Auel, Katrin, Rozenberg, Olivier, Thomas, Anja, Lost in Transaction? Parliamentary. Reserves in EU bargains, OPAL Online Paper Series, October 2012

Parliamentary scrutiny reserves have become a popular parliamentary instrument for the scrutiny of EU documents over the last two decades. While the exact provisions for them vary between the member states and according to their parliaments’ overall scrutiny system, parliamentary reserves generally mean that government representatives do not, or cannot, officially agree to a proposal in the Council (or COREPER or the working groups) while the parliamentary scrutiny process is ongoing. Yet despite the proliferation of reserve provisions, we actually know very little about them. The paper will therefore provide an overview over the specific features of scrutiny reserves in different member states. In addition, it investigates whether scrutiny reserves actually are an effective instrument to safeguard parliamentary influence in EU affairs by looking at how they are being dealt with at different levels of the Council negotiations. 

Medias

Press/Medias: All press review available here.

Past events at the Centre d’études européennes of Sciences Po – Autumn 2014

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Seminar « Mesurer l’influence: un casse-tête pour le chercheur »
8 December 2014

Seminar Social sciences in question: The leading epistemological and methodological controversies of our time « Mesurer l’influence: un casse-tête pour le chercheur », organized by Sciences Po, CEE & CERI, 8 December 2014, Sciences Po, Paris. With Samy Cohen (Sciences Po, CERI). Read more here.

Seminar: “The Power of Inaction: Bank Bailouts in Comparison”

Seminar of the Centre d’études européennes (SGCEE) “The Power of Inaction: Bank Bailouts in Comparison”, organized by Sciences Po, CEE & MaxPo, 25 November 2014, Sciences Po, Paris. With Cornelia Woll (Sciences Po, CEE & MaxPo). Read more here.

Seminar Reforming Europe« Le contrôle parlementaire de l’Europe macroéconomique (UEM, BCE, union bancaire, coordination budgétaire) »
24 novembre 2014

Organized by Sciences Po, CEE & OFCE & École de droit, 24 November 2014, Sciences Po, Paris. With Francesco Martucci, University Panthéon-Assas, Paris II & Xavier Timbeau, Sciences Po, OFCE. Read more here.

Presentation of the book: “Faire Parler le Parlement, Méthodes et enjeux de l’analyse des débats parlementaires pour les sciences sociales”

Presentation by Claire Galembert (CNRS research fellow, ISP Cachan) and Olivier Rozenberg (professor at Sciences Po, CEE) of the book: Faire Parler le Parlement, Méthodes et enjeux de l’analyse des débats parlementaires pour les sciences sociales (co-directed with Cecilia Vigour), coll. Law and Society, LGDJ, 2013). The meeting will also focus on prospects and dynamics Research parliamentary assemblies. More information can be found here.

Seminar Escapades Parlementaires « Faire parler les études parlementaires »
19 November 2014

Organized by Science Po, CEE & Université Panthéon Sorbonne Paris I, CESSP & ENS Cachan – Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, ISP, 19 November 2014, Sciences Po, Paris.

Presentation of the collective book: Governing Cities in Africa
12 November 2014, Sciences Po, Paris

Governing Cities in Africa, Politics and Policies (Simon Bekker & Laurent Fourchard, eds, HSRC Press, 2013) By Sophie Didier & Laurent Fourchard

Studies of government and politics in Africa are dominated by a focus on the national and are typically set apart by anglophone, francophone and lusophone historical influences, with South Africa as an exception. This volume departs from a different set of questions and employs a novel approach in discussing them: cities in sub-Saharan Africa provide the pivot around which issues of policy and practice, planning and service delivery turn, at different scales and both from the top down as well as from the bottom up. Party politics, for example, is discussed at city level and urban security both within a state and a non-state context. The novelty of the approach is found in thematic rather than single-city chapters written by multiple authors each of whom displays depth knowledge of one of three or more cities treated in each case. This volume will interest scholars of African and of urban studies as well as urban policy-makers and practitioners. Read more here.