European Parliament’s Study on the Maritime Dimension of CSDP: Geostrategic Maritime Challenges and their Implications for the European Union

Cover websiteThe global maritime security environment is in the midst of an important transformation, driven by a simultaneous intensification of global maritime flows, the growing interconnectedness of maritime regions, the diffusion of maritime power to emerging powers, and the rise of a number of maritime non-state actors. These changes are having a profound impact on the maritime security environment of the EU and its member states and require an upgrading of the maritime dimension of the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). This study analysis the impact that the changing maritime security context is having on the EU’s maritime neighbourhood and along the EU’s sea lines of communications (SLOCs) and takes stock of the EU’s existing policies and instruments in the maritime security domain. Based on this analysis, the study suggests that the EU requires a comprehensive maritime security strategy that creates synergies between the EU’s Integrated Maritime Policy and the maritime dimension of CSDP and that focuses more comprehensively on the security and management of global maritime flows and sea-based activities in the global maritime commons.

European Parliament’s Study on CSDP Missions and Operations – Lessons Learned Processes, June 2012

The first Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) mission was launched in 2003. Since then the EU has launched 24 civilian missions and military operations. Despite the tendency of military operations to attract more attention, the majority of CSDP (Common Security and Defence Policy) interventions have been civilian missions. Since the beginning the actors involved in CSDP recognised the need to learn from the different aspects of missions and operations. The tools and methodologies to guarantee a successful learning process have evolved over time together with the evolution of CSDP. This study represents a first stock-taking exercise of the lessons learned processes at the EU level. The study is divided in three major components. The first component looks at the available literature on the subject of knowledge management with regard to CSDP missions and operations. The study then draws upon short case-studies from the 21 missions and operations to-date with a specific focus on the lessons identified and (possibly) learned in practice. The study concludes with a number of recommendations targeted at how the lessons learning processes could be improved including specific recommendations on the role of the European Parliament.

TEPSA Brief: Libya: A wakeup call for CSDP?, March 2012

By Nicole Koenig

In the past couple of years, there has been recurrent talk of ‘CSDP fatigue’. In the wake of the Libyan crisis, some even declared the death of the CSDP. Current developments indicate that the CSDP is not dead, although the Libyan crisis highlighted some of its existing flaws. These flaws include the lengthy and cumbersome planning process, the continued reticence of the Member States to use the EU’s rapid reaction instruments, internal coordination problems and military capability gaps. The on-going lessons learnt processes should be seen as an opportunity to tackle some of these weaknesses and to circumvent existing obstacles. This brief proposes measures to:

(1) increase the EU’s capacity for comprehensive, timely, and rapid planning;
(2) encourage a more proactive use of the EU’s rapid reaction instruments;
(3) learn the lessons for internal coordination; and
(4) ‘get real’ about pooling and sharing military capabilities.

If the EU misses this opportunity, there is a real risk that the CSDP will go back to sleep.

Please feel free to contact Nicole Koenig  (nicole•koenig©coleurope•eu)   to discuss and to learn more on the future developments about this issue.

European Parliament workshop report on the Responsibility to Protect, March 2012

Cover website Responsiblity to ProtectBy Marlene Gottwald

Since its endorsement in the UN World Summit Outcome Document in 2005, the ‘Responsibility to Protect’ (R2P) principle remains rather weakly defined in international law. However it has made some political and institutional progress within the United Nations (UN) system. Most recently, it has been applied in practice with regards to the military operation in Libya.

 

Past events at Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) – Spring 2014

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A public stakeholders event within the framework of the project New Pact for Europe was organised on 10 March 2014. Within this project, public panel debates have been organized with a broad range of stakeholders in 15 Member States: representatives from civil society, business community, employers’ and trade unions, think tanks and media, policy makers from national, regional and local level. Members of the Reflection Group have participated in these debates that will feed into the reflection. The event in Italy was organised by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) of Rome in collaboration with Centro Studi sul Federalismo (CSF) of Turin. Please click here to download the conference programme, conference report, first report of the project.

TEPSA Pre-Presidency Conference: Priorities and Challenges of the Italian Presidency 2014

Growth, employment and immigration are at the top  of the agenda of Italy’s EU presidency. IAI with TEPSA have prepared a background paper assessing these and other challenges and presented a series of recommendations to the Italian foreign ministry, 24-25 March 2014, Rome.

Conference series of “The future of the European economy” on: “Quadrare il cerchio nell’Eurozona. Riforme, stabilità finanziaria e sostenibilità fiscale”

With Marco Buti, Director-General for Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), 26 March 2014. A meeting to talk about Italy and the European Union, economic balance and banking union. The debate has been inspired from the data and information contained in the report of the European Commission on the EU’s economic imbalances, published on March 5. Please click here to download the report, the photos and the interview.

Workshop on “L’Europa e le politiche di migrazione”

Organized by the Representation of the European Commission in Italy within the framework of the project Politically.EU, 31 March 2014, Naples. The deliberation workshop which took place in Naples among national stakeholders has emphasized the need for the EU to adopt an innovative political and cultural approach about immigration, with a prompt change of perspective and with a net reversal of points of view. The programme and the report are available for download.

Presentation of the study “Space, sovereignty and European security. Building European capabilities in an advanced institutional framework” to the Subcommittee on Security and Defence of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the European Parliament, 1 April 2014, Brussels

A new IAI monograph commissioned by the European Parliament’s Subcommittee on Security and Defence offers an analysis of the role of space-based capabilities in supporting the security and defence policies of the EU and its Member States. Please find the monograph here.
Conference on “Energy and Environmental Policies in Post-Crisis Europe”, within the framework of the project “Towards a More United and Effective Europe: Beyond the 2014 European Parliament Elections”, 9 April 2014, Athens. Please find the programme and information on the project here.

Conference on “Turkey and Europe: a multifaceted relationship migration, citizenship and civil society”

Within the framework of the project “Global Turkey in Europe”, in cooperation with German Marshall Fund of the United States, Istanbul Policy Center and Mercator Foundation, 14 April 2014, Berlin. Please find the programme here.

Round table on “L’Italia guarda a Strasburgo: Il Parlamento europeo e il dibattito politico italiano”

In cooperation with Centro Studi sul Federalismo, in the framework of the project “EP votes that shaped EU and national politics 2009-2014”, 14 April 2014, Turin. Please find the programme, the IAI-CSF report and the project.

Past events at Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) – Winter 2015/16

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Mercator European Dialogue – EU strategic vision workshop
26 February 2016, Rome

Workshop hosted by IAI in the framework of the Mercator European Dialogue project. In an ever more complex and connected world, defining a common strategic vision for the EU as a global actor has become an urgent priority. In this context, the European Council has mandated the High Representative and Vice President of the Commission, Federica Mogherini, to draft an EU Global Strategy on foreign and security policy. Our workshop provided the chance to explore the content of this strategy review as illustrated by Nathalie Tocci, Deputy Director of the IAI and Special Advisor to the HRVP Federica Mogherini, pen-holder of the EU Global Strategy. MPs had the opportunity to discuss priorities and contribute to the debate on the EU’s global role.

European Union Institute for Security Studies-IAI joint conference on “Europe & Africa: A strategic approach”
17-18 February 2016, Paris

“Energy Union: from birth to maturity”, round table organized in cooperation with the College of Europe, Bruges
22 January 2016, Bruges

Between power and rules: The geopolitics of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership“. Conference organised in cooperation with the Centre for European Reform, London.
18 January 2016, Rome

EU relations with Latin America. From social resilience to global governance“. Conference organised in cooperation with European Union Institute for Security Studies, Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, EU Global Strategy and Compagnia di San Paolo.
15 January 2016, Rome

Civili in missione. L’esperienza italiana nelle missioni dell’Unione Europea“. Conference on the civilian missions, in cooperation with the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.
17-18 December 2015, Rome

Conference on “A new European Neighbourhood Policy in a changing strategic environment in cooperation with the Polish Embassy in Rome.
9 December 2015, Rome

The Energy Union: towards an effective European energy policy: Conference with Maroš Šefčovič, European Commission Vice President for Energy Union.
4 December 2015, Rome

Quale governo per l’Ue? Presentation of the volume What Form of Government for the European Union and the Eurozone?  edited by Federico Fabbrini, Ernst Hirsch Ballin, Han Somsen (Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2015), Meeting within the cycle “The future of the European economy” in collaboration with the Center for Studies on Federalism.
4 December 2015, Rome

Italy and the renegotiation of the UK’s EU membership, Conference with Philipp Hammond, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, followed by a roundtable with a panel of Italian and British experts.
25 November 2015, Rome

The European Union and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership: Managing Globalization?“, Conference with Pascal Lamy, President Emeritus of the Notre Europe-Jacque Delors Institute and former Director-General WTO, in collaboration with LUISS-School of Management e German Marshall Fund of the United States.
25 November 2015, Rome

Challenges to European Security: A Transatlantic perspective, Transatlantic Security Symposium (8th edition).
26 October 2015, Rome

China-Europe relations and the role of Italy”, Conference organised in cooperation with T.wai, Turin, and the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR), Beijing, and with the support of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the China Embassy in Italy.
22-23 October 2015, Rome

“Eurozone: getting back to growth?”; presentation of the book by Alberto Majocchi “Un piano per l’Europa” (Feltrinelli, 2015) in cooperation with Centro Studi sul Federalismo, Turin, and Aiace
20 October 2015, Rome

Conference  with  Mario Monti  (former Italian Prime Minister and chairman of the EU High Level on Own Resources) on Which resources for the European Union and Eurozone budget?. In collaboration with the Center for Studies on Federalism.
19 October 2015, Turin

The Role of Think Tanks and Technical Experts in Foreign and Security Policy

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22 April 2016
LUISS University, Viale Pola 12, Rome

This international conference – in cooperation with Centre de la Méditerranée Moderne e Contemporaine, LSE !deas, LUISS School of Government, Università di Nizza Sophia Antipolis – is part of celebrations for the 50th anniversary of Rome’s Istituto Affari Internazionali. Taking IAI’s role as a starting point, we wish to look more carefully at the think tank model and its role: as promoter of a specific foreign and defense policy culture (the philosophy behind the creation of IAI) aimed at spreading greater awareness and knowledge about international relations and defence; as a participant in international networks which represent a form of “parallel diplomacy” and offer the chance to play a direct role in steering government action; in educating and training elites.

More information can be found here.

The programme and the registration form for this event can be downloaded here.

Recent publications from Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) – Spring/summer 2016

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A New EU Strategic Approach to Global Development, Resilience and Sustainability, by Bernardo Venturi and Damien Helly, (IAI Working paper 16|14) May 2016, 22 p.

The new EU Global Strategy (EUGS) and the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Agenda provide an opportunity for the EU to refresh its global approach to development cooperation. The EUGS could promote resilience through coherence between internal and external policies, in line with the 2030 Agenda. The EUGS could establish a new EU approach to development combining resilience, development and conflict sensitivity. As a multi-diplomacy umbrella document fostering policy coherence, the EUGS will have to acknowledge and encourage a series of adjustments to be made in EU development diplomacy and cooperation to contribute to the universal and transformative SDG agenda.

The publication can be downloaded here.

The New EU Governance: New Intergovernmentalism, New Supranationalism, and New Parliamentarism, by Vivien A. Schmidt  (IAI Working Papers 16|08) May 2016, 16 p.

Contemporary analysts differ over which EU actors are the main drivers of European integration and how they pursue it. “New intergovernmentalists” focused on political leaders’ deliberations in the Council clash with “new supranationalists” centred on technical actors’ policy design and enforcement in the Commission and other EU bodies, while both ignore “new parliamentarists” concerned with the European Parliament. This essay argues that only by considering the actions and interactions of all three main actors together can we fully understand the “new” EU governance and its problems. It uses in illustration the EU’s crises of money, borders and security. The essay also suggests that it is best to think about the future of EU governance not in terms of any hard core but rather as a “soft core” of member-states clustered in overlapping policy communities. It additionally proposes ways of reinforcing EU-level capacity for policy coordination with national-level decentralisation to address problems of democracy and legitimacy.

The publication can be downloaded here.

Europe and Israel: A Complex Relationship, by Giorgio Gomel (IAI Working Papers 16|12) May 2016, 7 p.

There is some degree of ambivalence, mistrust, and even hostility between Europe and Israel. Europeans see Israel on a path of permanent occupation of Palestinian territories. Israel sees the European posture as unbalanced and biased against Israel. Economic and institutional linkages are strong. A further strengthening of relations is however difficult unless a peaceful settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is reached. For the EU resolving the conflict is a matter of both interests and values. The engagement of the EU can take different forms, in the realm of sticks one may point to legislation concerning the labelling of products from Israeli settlements in the occupied territories and carrots such as the EU offer of a special privileged partnership with Israel. For the Israeli public a clearer perception of the costs of non-peace and the benefits from a resolution of the conflict could help unblock the stalemate and remove the deceptive illusion that the status quo is sustainable.

The publication can be downloaded here.

Civili in missione: l’esperienza italiana nelle missioni dell’Unione europea, by Alessandro Azzoni and Nicoletta Pirozzi (eds), Roma Nuova Cultura, March 2016, 80 p.

Civilian approaches and instruments are taking on increasing importance in conflict prevention and crisis management. The civilian missions of the European Union have become one of the most significant tools, contributing to the containment or the solution of crises in different areas. This volume offers a useful overview of EU civilian missions and Italy’s contribution to them. The historical background and analysis of institutional and legal aspects provide for a solid understanding of the ongoing dynamics between Brussels and Rome of mission management, the effectiveness and efficiency of the fieldwork, the recruitment and training of personnel, and the future prospect of these types of interventions. The pros and cons of European civilian crisis management are examined and presented in a clear and open manner, together with a list of policy recommendations. The last section of the book addresses young professionals interested in taking part in EU missions, describing the application procedures and the real job prospects for those who aspire to becoming an expert in this field. This book contains the highlights of the debate and summarizes the recommendations of the seminar “Civili in missione. L’esperienza italiana nelle missioni dell’Unione europea”, held in Rome on 17-18 December 2015 in the framework of the “Farnesina Open Doors” programme. The seminar was organised by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, in collaboration with the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI).

The publication can be downloaded here.

 

Explaining the Crisis of the European Migration and Asylum Regime, By Ferruccio Pastore and Giulia Henry, in The International Spectator, Vol. 51, No. 1, April 2016, p. 44-57

Since 2013, the European migration and asylum regime has entered a phase of crisis, which reveals the deep interdependencies between its different components (including intra-EU mobility) and the unbalanced nature of its normative foundations. This original structural fragility had not fundamentally compromised the overall functioning of the regime until two major exogenous factors (the economic crisis, with its asymmetrical impact on the eurozone, and the wave of political instability and conflicts on the southern shore of the Mediterranean) brought its intrinsic limits to the point of rupture. The ongoing, highly contentious process of reform of the European migration and asylum regime is an unprecedented and crucially important test of the capacity of one the European Union’s key sectors to evolve under pressure and to adapt to a rapidly and deeply changing geopolitical, economic and demographic environment.

The publication can be downloaded here.