Recent publications from the Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael’ – Spring/summer 2016



Adriaan Schout, The EU must reform, with or without the British, Trouw (Dutch daily), 18 June 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout, Jan Rood, Hedwich van der Bij, Michiel Luining, Experts glare into the abyss of the migration crisis, Clingendael Institute, 16 June 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout and Hedwich van der Bij, The Juncker Commission and public support for the EU: Doing good or doing the right thing? In: Adam Hug (Ed.), Europe and the people: Examining the EU’s democratic legitimacy, Foreign Policy Center, 15 June 2016

The publication is available here.

Michiel Luining, A strength for Europe: the value of Euroscepticism in current EU debates, Clingendael Institute – EUforum, 20 April 2016

The publication is available here.

Jan Rood, Brexit: the beginning of the end of the EU?, Montesquieu Instituut, 25 May 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout, British membership is warmly supported but not much liked, Clingendael Institutue, 19 May 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout, Don’t tell the British the consequences of Brexit (now), Dutch Newspaper ‘NRC’, 12 May 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout and Jan Marinus Wiersma, The parliamentarisation of the EU’s economic policy, Clingendael Institute, 29 April 2016

The publication is available here.

Michiel Luining, In search for legitimacy, Clingendael Institute – EUforum, 20 April 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout, Jan Marinus Wiersma and Mariana Gomes Neto, The European Asscher Agenda, Clingendael Institute – EUforum, 18 April 2016

The publication is available here.

Jan Marinus Wiersma and Michiel Luining, The social Europe the Member States do not want, Clingendael Institute – EUforum, 18 April 2016

The publication is available here.


Jan Rood and Michiel Luining, EU Transition towards green and smart mobility, Clingendael Institute, 15 April 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout, ‘European narratives: The Netherlands looking for stability’ in: V. Pertusot (ed.), The European Union In The Fog: Building Bridges between National Perspectives on the European Union, Paris: Ifri, April 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout and Hedwich van der Bij, Roadmap after Dutch ‘no’ vote, Clingendael Institute – EUforum, 13 April 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout, Why a national referendum does not work, but a European one will, Dutch Newspaper ‘Volkskrant’, 8 April 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout, The consequences of our ‘No’, Clingendael Institute – EUforum, 7 April 2016

The publication is available here.

Past events at the Institute for World Economics, Research Centre for Economic and Regional Studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences – Winter 2015/16


22-23 February 2016, Budapest – Budapest Business School College of International Management and Business: “The current issues of economic and social integration in Hungary and Taiwan

11 February 2016, Budapest – headquarters of IWE CERS HAS
Guest Room with  Sándor Kusai,  former Hungary’s ambassador to China: Cooperation  between China and the CEE countries – strategy or tactics?
Ágnes Szunomár was asked to contribute with her remarks.

11 February 2016, Minsk – capital of Belarus
Ágnes Orosz’s presentation on ’FDI patterns in Hungary’ – within the frames of the conference  ’’Studying  V4  and  Georgia  experience  in  the  field  of  administrative reforms to facilitate economic development in Belarus”

10 February 2016, Budapest – Hotel Béke Radisson
Miklós Somai: EU budget development beyond 2020 (EU-költségvetés 2020 után) experts meeting on EU Cohesion support beyond 2020, an event of the Hungarian Joint Venture Association, SME Committee

4 February 2016, Budapest – Institute of World Economics CERS HAS workshop
Miklós Somai: The Role of the State in Slovenian Economy (Az állam szerepe a szlovén gazdaságbanFebruári műhelybeszélgetés)

2 February 2016, Budapest – Antall József Knowledge Centre
Ágnes Szunomár’s lecture on China’s New Role in the World Economy

26 January 2016, Budapest – Year-opening conference of the daily paper “Világgazdaság”=World Economy.
András Inotai’s closing speech on “Five uncertain factors of the global economy that may threaten all business plans”

19 January 2016, Budapest – Europe Club
András Inotai took part at the monthly Europe Club meeting, presentation of the Annual Report of the Hungarian-EU Business Club (based on the 2015 report on “Stronger Hungary in a stronger Europe”

15 January 2016, Cologne – Technical Business School
András Inotai’s panel discussion on ‘Europe at the Crossroads: The future of the Euro Area and Europe’ conference (with Hans-Helmut Kotz, Center for European Studies, Harvard and former Board Member Bundesbank, Alojzy Nowak, pro-rector of the University of Warsaw and Willem Noe, EU Commission DG NEAR)

14 January 2016, Budapest – IWE CERS HAS
Mihály Simai: The Paris climate agreement and the changing politico-economic world order. New workshop series of IWE – “Guest Room” – on actual topics with guest lecturers.

Past Events at the Institute for World Economics, Research Centre for Economic and Regional Studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences – Winter 2014/15


“Missed opportunity: history and current state of the relations between the European Union and Russia”

24 February 2015, Club Europe, Budapest

The meeting was chaired by Péter Balázs, former European Commissioner and Minister of Foreign Affairs, and the speaker was the well-known expert and professor of the topic, Zoltán Sz. Bíró (in Hungarian).

Conference in New Orleans

20 February 2015, New Orleans

At the conference organised by the International Studies Association (ISA) senior researcher Tamás Novák gives a lecture on the effects of the TTIP on the Eastern European region.

Workshop on convergence and catching up by the Central European region

16 February 2015, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Budapest

Joint workshop on the different aspects of convergence and catching up by the Central European region, with researchers from the three member institutes of the KRTK research centre, namely senior researchers Gábor Oblath, Zoltán Gál, Krisztina Vida, Margit Rácz and director Károly Fazekas

Lecture by Prof. Mihály Simai

12 February 2015, IWE Budapest

Lecture by academician prof. Mihály Simai about the recent World Economic Forum Annual Meeting in Davos and its consequences for Hungary (in Hungarian)

“The EU at the crossroads”

9 February 2015, Universidad Tecnologia de Monterrey, Mexico City

Prof. András Inotai’s speech on “The EU at the crossroads” in Spanish language

Thursday workshops – regular monthly workshop at IWE

5 February 2015, Budapest

At the February event senior researcher András Deák presented the topic of energy relations between Russia and the EU, Russia’s energy potential, its export capacities, physical infrastructure and economic interests – followed by a lively debate (in Hungarian)

“United Arab Emirates (RAKIA) Road Show”

3 February 2015, Radisson Hotel, Budapest

Prof. András Inotai participated at the conference ofthe Hungarian-Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce entitled “United Arab Emirates (RAKIA) Road Show” focusing on the topic “Eastern opportunities – efficient business management and taxation”

Lecture by Research director Margit Rácz

29 January 2015, European Representation, Budapest

Research director Margit Rácz gave a lecture at the “Europe Direct” meeting on growth and employment perspectives in the EU as well as on the current state and challenges of EMU (in Hungarian)

“Diversity of gas supplies as a key precondition for the effective V4 gas market”

29 January 2015, Masaryk University Brno

Senior researcher András Deák made a presentation on “Diversity of gas supplies as a key precondition for the effective V4 gas market” at the IVF Think Tank Platform in Brno

DGAP workshop

28 January 2015, DGAP Berlin

Senior researcher András Deák contributed to the DGAP workshop with a lecture on: “Energie- und Energieaußenpolitik Ungarns vor dem Hintergrund der Spannungen zwischen der EU und Russland”

Round table conference on the role of think-tanks in Hungary

22 January 2015, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest

Round table conference with different research institutes on the role of think-tanks in Hungary – at the occasion of the publication of the report by the University of Pennsylvania on the “Global Go To Think Tank Index” (GGTTI) where IWE is the 39th among the 50 listed economic policy think-tanks in the world. At this conference IWE was represented by vice-director Miklós Szanyi.

“Special relations between the European Union and Switzerland”

20 January 2015, Club Europe, Budapest

Lecture given by Erzsébet Nagy, former Ambassador of Hungary to the Swiss Federation (in Hungarian)

Thursday workshops – regular monthly workshop at IWE

8 January 2015, Budapest

At the January event vice-director of IWE, Miklós Szanyi gave an introductory lecture on the vast topic of the increased role of states in the national economy after the crisis first from a theoretical perspective and then on the example of Hungary – followed by a lively debate (in Hungarian).

Past events at Institut für Europäische Politik (IEP) – Winter 2014/15

First German-Italian Dialogue on the Future of Europe: “Germany and Italy – Partners in Constructing Europe”
22-23 January 2015

On 22 and 23 January 2015, the Institut für Europäische Politik (IEP) and the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) conducted the German-Italian Dialogue at the Residenza di Ripetta in Rome. Under the title “Germany and Italy – Partners in Constructing Europe”, 200 participants from Italy and Germany discussed the role of the European Union, specifically Germany and Italy, in overcoming the current challenges in the areas of economy, energy policy and foreign policy, as well as the planning and organization of Europe’s future. Panelists representing government, science and industry agreed in broad terms that Germany and Italy, as core members of the EU, have the power and the opportunity to guide the EU through necessary reforms, and suggested possible strategies to accomplish these goals. The whole report is published in English online.

Brainstorming Workshop “Central Asia – Exploring EU interests and Options”
19 January 2015

On 19 January 2015, the Institut für Europäische Politik (IEP) organized a brainstorming workshop on the topic “Central Asia – Exploring EU interests and options” in cooperation with the European Union Institute for Security Studies. The workshop took place in the Federal Foreign Office in Berlin. A wide range of experts discussed current and future options and opportunities for the EU relations with Central Asia. The panelists have put their major attention to the continuation and refinery of the EU’s activities in the area, in the course of its current geopolitical ascension and regarding the rising interests of Russia, China, the US and even India. Despite previous successes, such as the EU being the region’s most important trading partner, topic and format should be reviewed and “lessons learned” should be considered. The whole report is published in English online.

IEP Lunch Debate with Thomas Westphal: “The Stabilization of the Eurozone: Current Successes, Unfinished Business”
10 December 2014

On 10 December 2014, the IEP lunch debate on the topic of “The Stabilization of the Eurozone: Current Successes, Unfinished Business” with Thomas Westphal, Director of European Policy in the Federal Ministry of Finance, took place at the Representation of the European Commission in Berlin. Michael Vollprecht, Economic and Financial Counsellor from the Political Division of the European Commission in Berlin, gave the opening remarks. Prof. Dr. Mathias Jopp, director of the Institut für Europäische Politik, moderated the event. Thomas Westphal discussed the economy and monetary situation in the Eurozone countries and various strategies for strengthening the Euro.
The whole report is published in English online.

IEP Lunch Debate with Dr. Hans-Gert Pöttering: “Fortunately United: Retrospective and perspective of the European integration”
4 December 2014

On 4 December 2014, the IEP lunch debate on the topic of „Fortunately United: Retrospective and perspective of the European integration“ with Dr. Hans-Gert Pöttering, former President of the European Parliament and Chairman of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, took place at the Representation of the European Commission in Berlin on the occasion of the publication of his book “Wir sind zum Glück vereint. Mein europäischer Weg”. Prof. Dr. Hartmut Marhold, Deputy Chairman of the Executive Board of the Institut für Europäische Politik and Director of Research and Development of the Centre international de formation européenne (cife), moderated the event. Richard Kühnel, Representative of the European Commission in Germany, and Frank Piplat, Head of the European Parliament Information Office in Germany gave a short biograph of the dedicated European politician and highlighted his skills as an arbiter while Head of the European’s People Party and as 23rd President of the European Parliament. The whole report on the debate is published in English online.

Lecture on “The Ways out of the Eurozone Crisis and the Interests of Non-Euro EU Member States”, IIRPS VU, October 22th 2012

Leszek Balcerowicz, the famous Polish economist, former chairman of the National Bank of Poland and Deputy Prime Minister in Tadeusz Mazowiecki’s government gave a lecture on “The Ways out of the Eurozone Crisis and the Interests of Non-Euro EU Member States” at IIRPS on October 22th. During his 50-minute presentation he pointed out both reasons that lead to the current situation and possible ways out of the crises. Balcerowicz especially focused on the so called PIIGS-states, Portugal, Italy, Ireland, Greek and Spain, and emphasized that the crises are problems that cannot be solved by anyone but the countries themselves.

A recording of Balcerowicz’s lecture can be found on the Institute’s youtube channel: click here


TEPSA Newsletter Editorial “Euro zone governance and democratic legitimacy”, October 2012

In its interim report “Towards a genuine Economic and Monetary Union” of the 12nd October 2012, President Van Rompuy devoted few lines in the end to democratic legitimacy. This paragraph gives the impression of paying lip service to the concept, rather than reflections on its applicability in the ‘genuine’ Economic and Monetary Union. The report does nonetheless clearly outline the subject matter. To the extent the core aspects of the Euro zone governance are fulfilled at intergovernmental level, the democratic oversight of the Euro zone naturally lies within the competency of national parliaments. The European Parliament also has a role to play in the democratic oversight of the Euro zone insofar the governance of the Euro zone is governed by the community method . No need to emphasize on this second point, since it clearly emerges from the treaties.

Regarding the role of the national parliaments however, it is interesting to assess to what extent national parliaments actually play a role in the system. After all, the decisions taken at European level have not only an impact on the power of the national parliaments, but also and most of all, on the life of citizens in the member states. The last years have demonstrated that national political debates focused on EU’s economic and monetary activities. The successive austerity plans imposed on some Euro zone members have also compelled these governments to feed these constraints into national debates. Another implication is that national Heads of State and Government individually bear the consequences of the decisions taken by the European Council in Brussels in their national arena.

A study currently elaborated by TEPSA in collaboration with Notre Europe on the role of national parliaments in oversight of the positions taken by Head of State or Government in the European Council shows a remarkable development in this field. The study demonstrates that nowadays in 17 Member States formal rules exist on the participation of national parliaments in the preparation of the European Councils. These rules can be applied mutatis mutandis to Euro zone summits. They vary between the member states and are more developed in those which have already established a system of oversight on the activity of the Council of the EU. There is a tendency that can be observed in favour of a priori control by providing documents and organising debates before European Council meetings. This a priori oversight consists more often of issuing non-binding recommendations than giving a legally or politically binding mandate. Meanwhile, the practice of debates on the outcome of European Councils is maintained. Insofar the Prime Minister personally takes part to the European Council and a Euro zone summit, his participation in debates in the national parliament is particularly important. The future will tell whether this practice will become widespread.

The trend shows it is no longer only about submitting politically binding positions ex post that can be adopted. Instead it is also about orienting the position of the government during the European Council meeting in question. However, this trend has some limitations. First of all, it faces the still largely informal character of European Council meetings. It is difficult to provide national parliaments with comprehensive information on future conclusions which are still under negotiation. It is neither possible nor desirable for national positions to be fully publicly discussed before the meeting or even subject to a national mandate. This would risk to reduce the bargaining power. National parliaments can only shape general recommendations, which will be subjected to the Prime Minister or the President’s interpretation while acknowledging that if it deviates too much from the mandate given by his parliament it could impact on his/her political responsibility. The above mentioned report will suggest in this sense a set of best practices.

However, considering that the Euro zone governance uses both community and intergovernmental methods, it is deemed essential to ensure that the positions of national parliaments and of the European Parliament are not entirely in conflict, otherwise difficulties of implementation would soon arise. For this particular reason national parliamentary debates should initiate an exchange of views between national parliaments and the European Parliament. Article 13 of the Treaty on Stability, Cooperation and Governance provides for cooperation between the European Parliament and specialised committees of national parliaments. It would be advisable that this cooperation is set-up at an early stage and not only focuses on Euro zone summits’, but also on the work undertaken in the framework of the European Semester. A parliamentary network has already been formed in the field of foreign policy, it is essential that a similar network starts to function on Euro zone issues without delay.

One cannot request efforts from the European citizens unless they have the conviction of being listened to and understood. Solidarity is not born spontaneously from a generous feeling, it must be based on the idea that efforts undertaken by everyone will benefit to all. So far we have not found any better way to achieve this outcome than through a debate between representatives of the people. Democratic legitimacy is therefore part of the responses to the crisis.

Theseus Seminar for Young Leaders 2012 “The Future of EU Economic Governance”, 2-6 July 2012, Brussels

Between the 2 and 6 July 2012 TEPSA and the University of Cologne co-organised the THESEUS Seminar for Young Leaders on “The Future of EU Economic Governance” at the Fondation Universitaire. The THESEUS Seminar for Young Leaders aims to promote interdisciplinary and international networks among a new generation of Europeans. This year 18 excellent young professionals and researchers participated at the International Summer School which was followed by a two day European Council Simulation Exercise.

The participants had been accorded their role in the Simulation Exercise already two month before the actual Summer School and had to draft position papers of their delegations. The organisation team paid great attention to the fact that participants did not represent the country of their real origin.

During the Summer School the participants were offered a broad range of information on EU Economic Governance. As in previous years the Seminar featured prominent speakers from international organisations, politics, as well as high-level academics to provide an in depth knowledge on the main topics dealt with in academia as well as on the practitioner’s perspective.

The first panels aimed at giving a general introduction to the broader framework of Economic Governance, especially for participants not familiar with economics. To this end, Iain Begg from the London School of Economics provided an extensive overview of the state of Economic Governance, Jacques Le Cacheux from Université de Pau elaborated on the different issues of the Euro zone and Jean-Victor Louis from the Université Libre de Bruxelles focussed on the legal and institutional aspects of an economic and financial union. Finally, Jacques Pelkmans from the College of Europe completed the introduction into the topic, by discussing different possibilities to enhance growth within the European Union.

Extensive insights from the practitioners’ point of view were given among others by Carsten Pillath, Director General of the DG Economic Affairs and Competitiveness in the Council of the EU who discussed actively with the participants the complexity of the institutional constellations within the framework of Economic Governance. The participants especially appreciated his insights into the way European Council meetings actually work, because they represented a perfect preparation for the later Simulation Game. Moreover, the Summer School aimed at identifying the different national perspectives of euro-insiders and -outsiders. To this end, Brendan Donnelly from The Federal Trust in London focussed on the perception by the United Kingdom; Cinzia Alcidi from the Centre of European Policy Studies in Brussels discussed with Georges Siotis, Member of the Task Force “Greece” of the European Commission, the evolution of the Greek case and Jean-François Jamet from Sciences Po Paris pointed out the Franco-German controversies.

Furthermore, the participants were offered time slots for extensive informal pre-negotiations among their delegations. They were assisted by Iain Begg who accompanied the Summer School as this year’s THESEUS Resident Researcher. Beyond own teaching, he was animating the debate, supervising the working groups and advising the participants on an individual basis, too.

Before and during the European Council meeting, the participants made remarkably use of the full range of means of virtual communication and were especially taking advantages of all breaks to coordinate their work and to find allies for their positions. Even if the negotiations remained friendly and respectful, there could be observed some heated debates on certain issues, especially prior to reaching a final agreement. Last but not least, the European Council Simulation was observed and evaluated by Wolfgang Wessels, chairperson of THESEUS and professor at the University of Cologne. The evaluations submitted by the participants showed that the Summer School with the Simulation Exercise was a very successful and beneficial event.

For further information such as the final report, the conclusions and pictures please see on THESEUS Website.

Institute of International and European Affairs (IIEA): Conference on “Exiting the crisis”, 29 June 2012

On 29 June at 10 a.m in Dublin, the IIEA will host a major conference in Dublin, entitled Exiting the Crisis. The conference, which is supported by the European Commission, will provide insight into the European and national policy responses to the European financial crisis. Keynote speakers at the conference will include Patrick Honohan, Governor of the Central Bank of Ireland and Alain Lamassoure, MEP, Chair of the European Parliament’s Committee on Budgets. Pat Cox, former President of the European Parliament, will act as the conference rapporteur.
Two panel discussions will address economic developments in the Eurozone, from a European and Irish perspective respectively. Panel speakers will include John Bruton, former Taoiseach of Ireland; Karl Whelan, Professor of Economics, UCD; and Donal Donovan, former Deputy Director of the IMF.

Institute of World Economics (RCERS):Hungarian Academy of Sciences Conference on “the EU’s Multiannual Financial Framework for 2014-2020”, 11 June 2011

The conference had ten speakers from both the public administration (different ministries) as well as the academia (research institutes, higher education). The highly interesting contributions discussed the expected major changes on the revenue and expenditure side of the upcoming MFF as well as their impact on Hungary and other new member states.

LISBOAN 2nd Annual Conference on “Governance in and of the crisis – Lessons and options of Lisbon and beyond”, 10-11 May 2012

On 10-11 May, the LISBOAN second annual conference took place at Fondation Universitaire, rue d’Egmont 11, 1000 Brussels. After the first annual conference that was organised last June 2011, the second annual conference also brought together members from all 67 partner institutions. The topic that served as this year’s thread is ‘Governance in and of the Crisis – Lessons and Options’. The first day the LISBOAN General Assembly took place followed by thematic working groups: The EU’s Institutional Framework Post Lisbon, External Action and CFSP, Economic and Financial Policy, The Lisbon Treaty in a courte, moyenne and longue durée perspective and The Quasi-constitutional nature of the Lisbon Treaty. On the second day, a roundtable on ‘Lisbon and Crisis’ took place and closed with the award ceremony by delivering the prize for Excellence in Teaching and Research.

For more information please refer to the LISBOAN website

Colloquium on The Politics and Economics of the Euro crisis on 2 December 2011 in Malta

The European Documentation and Research Centre (University of Malta) organized a colloquium on The Politics and Economics of the Euro crisis. The event took place on Friday 2 December 2011 at the University of Malta at 6.00 – 8.00 pm.

Conference on “A year after the crisis: adjustment in Greece and the Eurozone”, ΕΚΕΜΕ, ECEFIL and TEPSA, Brussels, 31 May 2011

The Greek Centre of European Studies & Research (EKEME), the European Center of Economic and Financial Law (ECEFIL) and the Trans European Policy Studies Association (TEPSA) invited you to the ΕΚΕΜΕ, ECEFIL and TEPSA conference on “A year after the crisis: adjustment in Greece and the Eurozone”.

One year after its eruption and as the crisis deepens, the question of what will be the key strategic consequences and policy implications of the current financial and economic problems warrants an answer. The conference aimed to raise public awareness over the current economic situation both in Greece and the eurozone and to kick off a public debate.

The conference took place on the 31st of May 2011, 15.00-17.30, at the European Parliament, Brussels.

EIPA Summer School on EU Economic Integration and Local & Regional Development


Barcelona, 27 June – 1 July 2016

Over the course of this Summer School the main aspects and challenges of economic integration, the aftermath of the financial crisis, and regional and urban development strategies will be discussed and analysed using real life business cases.

Additionally, the way in which territories can steer their own economic destiny and boost growth through dedicated policies and drivers, while at the same time enhancing territorial cohesion and making smart use of the available EU supportive resources will be illustrated. This will be achieved again by using examples – in particular, results-orientated good practices that make use of different EU funds.

This practical and interactive programme will conclude with an examination of seven steps to achieve public management excellence as a basis for territories’ competitiveness and success.

This annual Summer School is a unique opportunity for participants to exchange with and learn from leading-edge experiences and to receive practical instruments and advice.

For more information, please have a look at the programme and registration form.

Recent publications from Real Instituto Elcano – Spring 2016



William Chislett, Inside Spain nº125 20th January- 22nd February. 22.02.2016. Spain to contribute €153 million to migration fund for Turkey. Countdown to the investiture of a Socialist Prime Minister. Spain records its worst score in corruption index, Popular Party hit by more scandals. New government, whenever there is one, faces big budget hole. CAF wins £490 million rolling-stock contract in UK.

Miguel Otero-Iglesias, How to strengthen the G20: Spain’s multilateral perspective. 25.02.2016. In the context of slow growth, destabilizing capital flows and currency wars, the G20 must develop joint solutions to overcome common problems. The threats faced are protracted rather than punctual and not easy to explain, which has dampened the sensation of urgency. The resulting inactivity has fed two intertwined dangers: the return of protectionist and nationalist policies and the formation of rivaling blocs

Miguel Otero-Iglesias, Sebastián Royo and Federico Steinberg, The Spanish financial crisis: Lessons for the European Banking Union. 01.03.2016. This report examines the Spanish banking crisis and uses it to extract valuable lessons for the construction of the European Banking Union (EBU), which is a complex process that resembles in some respects the variety of actors and preferences encountered in the Spanish case.

Jessica Almqvist, ‘Even war has rules’: a call for global action to protect civilians. 02.03.2016. There is an urgent need to address in a comprehensive manner the problem of systematic and flagrant violations of international humanitarian and human-rights law in ongoing conflicts, including its sources and implications. More specifically, possible lines of action to counter the growing importance of non-state armed actors and the use of explosives in populated areas must be discussed. A Global Action Plan on how to prevent, repress and redress serious violations of international law in armed conflict, taking into account the present and future role of UN peace missions, is a must.

Salvador Llaudes and Ignacio Molina, Spain’s stance on Cameron’s negotiations. 02.03.2016. Spain is finalising its stance on the negotiations being conducted by the European institutions to restrict the chances of a so-called ‘Brexit’. Some parts of the offer put forward by the President of the European Council are of concern from an integrationist perspective, but the proposal provides a good basis for arriving at a position that is agreeable to the 28. It is in the strategic interest of the EU in general, and of Spain in particular, to avoid ‘Brexit’. Therefore, so long as none of the red lines set in the various sections of the negotiations are breached, Spain will not raise objections when it comes to forming a consensus. The special circumstances surrounding these negotiations, particularly on the domestic Spanish stage, raise a series of procedural issues that shall also be briefly addressed here.

Youssef Amrani, Morocco: a singular path in a troubled region. 03.03.2016. Since 2011 the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has been grappling with many hotbeds of instability, internal strife and an existential struggle against extremist terrorism. Yet the Moroccan global approach is different, unique, in that it capitalises on four elements: stability, vision, effective transformation and internationally-gained trust. These make Morocco’s democratic path unique and successful.

William Chislett, Spain moves towards fresh elections to break deadlock. 07.03.2016. Spain took a step toward fresh elections when Pedro Sánchez, the Socialist Party (PSOE) leader, twice failed to secure sufficient backing in Parliament to become Prime Minister. If no political leader obtains the required support by 2 May King Felipe will dissolve Parliament and call a new ballot, probably to be held on 26 June, which could produce another stalemate.

Carmen González Enríquez, Schengen: a collective asset no one stands up for. 09.03.2016. Schengen is the main collective asset that the EU has produced, along with the euro and the common market, but it is currently in grave jeopardy of disappearing as the closing of borders continues to spread.  


İlke Toygür and Melih Özsöz, Stormy months on the Aegean: the refugee deal and its impact on Turkey-EU relations. 15.03.2016. The refugee deal of 2015, followed by the opening up of a negotiation chapter, has revitalised the relations between Turkey and the EU; however, there are crucial points to bear in mind for future relations to be sustained, such as the lack of transparency and of a long-term plan.

Alfredo Arahuetes and Federico Steinberg, The interdependence of the British economy: a contribution to the Brexit debate. 17.03.2016. This paper analyses the interdependence of the British economy, both in terms of trade and direct investment, in order to assess the economic justification of a hypothetical Brexit. It concludes that it is difficult to justify the UK’s leaving the EU on the basis of economic arguments. The British economy has extremely close economic ties with the other countries in the EU, which would be jeopardised if Brexit were to go ahead.

Salvador Llaudes, Limited but non negligible consequences of Cameron’s agreement for Spain. With the exception of the section of the agreement regarding competitiveness, which is more ambiguous and imprecise, the rest (economic governance, sovereignty and social benefits) will bring about some changes regarding the relationship between the EU and UK, and will have certain effects on Spain. Though undesirable for a country so firmly pro-European, these effects do not have to be particularly dramatic, especially if they do not entail a cascade of petitions to obtain a singular status from other countries.

Miguel Otero-Iglesias and Erik Jones, What Europe needs is not an end to the euro, but better leadership. 22.03.2016. If there is a consensus, it is that the eurozone should integrate further. But politicians have failed to translate this into action. The time has come for European policymakers to advocate an economic policy prescription that promotes growth and employment while also restarting the flow of capital from the core to the periphery.

Fernando Reinares, Brussels attacks: Challenge to Security and Coexistence. 28.03.2016. The attacks in Brussels, as in Paris, are an attempt to instil fear in the hearts of European citizens, forcing them to change their behaviour and to shape the decisions of their governments. We have to avoid the spread of Islamophobia without losing sight of the challenge that both the Jihadists with their terrorist outrages and the Salafists with their anti-democratic preaching pose to open societies.

William Chislett, Inside Spain nº126 22nd February- 28th March. 28.03.2016. Spain to join International Syria Support Group. Socialist Sánchez fails in PM bid, Popular Party and Podemos still refusing support. Close to half of Spaniards say corruption is the country’s second largest problem. European Commission urges Spain to reduce budget deficit. Ferrovial wins £300 million contract to maintain 370kms of highways in UK.

Charles Powell, EU Global Strategy 45: Expert Opinion. 31.03.2016. Royal Institute Elcano’s contribution to the European Union Global Strategy project.

Patricia Lisa, The EU-Turkey Agreement: a turning point in the EU’s policy approach to the refugee crisis but with the devil lurking in the detail. 08.04.2016. Is the agreement the right way to manage the refugee crisis? Or are we misinterpreting the signs once more and not understanding that structural, non-transitory challenges cannot be overcome with exceptional, transitory actions, however difficult they may be to implement?

Leonard Seabrooke and Duncan Wigan, Panama Leaks and the Tide of Tax Reform. 13.04.2016. The leak of the ‘Panama Papers’ has created an enormous scandal and, more importantly, a great deal of political momentum for the international tax reform agenda.


Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator- European prose for David Cameron: not much changes. 23.02.2016

Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator- Middle classes cut down to size. 01.03.2016

Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator- Globalisation: factors of unity or division, depending on the circumstances. 08.03.2016

Lara Lázaro Touza, Climate change and Big Data. 09.03.2016.

Fernando Reinares, The terrorist threat in the EU: expect the unexpected.14.03.2016.

Antonio Rubio Plo, Kennan’s ‘long telegram’: reflections from the past and the present. 14.03.2016

Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator- Europe: too many crises for so little leadership. 15.03.2016

Gonzalo Escribano, Libya: finding a way out of the labyrinth must be by way of the oil terminals. 15.03.2016

Antonio Rubio Plo, Contrasts between the realism of Kennan and Obama. 17.03.2016

Iliana Olivié, Is India the new China? 21.03.2016.

Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator- China viewed from Japan: weakness with stability. 22.03.2016

Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator- Brexit: possible political disasters. 29.03.2016

Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator- An odd Dutch referendum on the Ukraine: another European crisis on the horizon? 05.04.2016

William Chislett, Spain’s failure yet again to meet budget deficit target strains relations with Brussels. 06.04.2016

Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator- Tax evasion and avoidance: a global problem. 12.04.2016

Clara Pérez Bocanegra, Ukraine, Russia and the sanctions: ‘the good, the bad and the ugly’. 15.04.2016

Past events at Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) – Spring 2016



Beyond the Deadlock: What Future for EU-Russia Relations?”
18 April, Rome.
Conference organised in cooperation with Valdai Discussion Club.

Italian-German Town Hall Meeting”
05 April, Rome
Conference organised within the framework of the “Dialogue on Europe” project. The third European Town Hall Meeting took place with representatives from Italian civil society and the German Minister of State for Europe, Michael Roth. More than 100 participants followed the invitation of the Berlin-based think tank Das Progressive Zentrum, the Italian Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) and the German Foreign Office, to discuss European challenges and the Italian-German relationship.

Italy and the European Economic Governance”
17 March, Rome
Conference with Pier Carlo Padoan, Italian Minister of Economy and Finance, on an European strategy for growth and stability.

Brexit and the future of the EU: Italy’s Position and Interests”
11 March, Rome
A meeting on Italy’s position and interests concerning Brexit and the future of Europe, with Marco Piantini (Adviser to Italy’s Prime Minister Matteo Renzi for European Affairs) and Paolo Ponzano (Senior Fellow, Robert Schuman Centre, European University Institute, Florence).

“The EU, the OSCE and the European Security Order”

8 March, Rome
International conference in cooperation with the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). Dissemination event of the Final Report of the Panel of Eminent Persons on European Security as a Common Project.

“The EU and the global development framework. A strategic approach to the 2030 Agenda”
7 March, Rome
In cooperation with EU Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) and Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, with the contribution of European Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM) and the strategic partnership of Compagnia di San Paolo. Among the speakers: Christos Stylianides, European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, and Mario Giro, Deputy Minister, Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.

TEPSA Newsletter Editorial on “The Architects in the Kingdom, governance of the euro zone”, February 2012

by Jean Paul Jacqué

The Lisbon Treaty has attempted to establish mechanisms for the euro area governance, but the resistance of member states not sharing the common currency had greatly limited the progress in this field. It left a trace in the Protocol No. 14 that foresees informal meetings of euro zone ministers (Euro Group) chaired by an elected president. Luxembourg Prime Minister Jean-Claude Junker has taken up this responsibility. The difficulties of managing the crisis demonstrated this structure to be insufficient. Tensions notably rose between the President of the Euro Group and the Heads of State and Government concerning the competent authority in charge of the economic management. Indeed, the direct intervention by the Heads of State or Government of the euro zone, meeting in special bodies, has been hardly approved by some finance ministers. Some have suggested creating a finance minister of the Union, yet this wouldn’t solve the problem. It was deemed necessary to restructure the system.

Please read the February Newsletter 2012.

Recent publications from Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) – Spring 2016


The EU and the Global Development Framework. A Strategic Approach to the 2030 Agenda, by Bernardo Venturi and Miryam Magro (Documenti IAI 16|05) March 2016, 10 p.

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda adopted by world leaders in September 2015 are calling on the EU to redefine its approach to development cooperation in the framework of the new EU Global Strategy. This phase is an opportunity to include development cooperation in a strategy of external action and to integrate internal resilience with all the aspects of external action. This conference brought together policy-makers and experts from both academia and civil society to discuss these challenges and opportunities. The three sessions were focused on: the 2030 Agenda and the new global governance for development; the European Union’s global action and local engagement; food security, stability and crisis prevention in the 2030 Agenda. Summary report of the conference “The EU and the Global Development Framework. A Strategic Approach to the 2030 Agenda” held in Rome on 7 March 2016. The conference was organised in the framework of the review of the EU Global Strategy by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) in cooperation with the European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS), the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation and the Compagnia di San Paolo, with the contribution of Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM).

Italy and the Reform of the European Economic Governance (original: L’Italia e la riforma della governance europea), by Fabrizio Saccomanni (Documenti IAI 16|04) March 2016, 6 p.

A Shared European Policy Strategy for Growth, Jobs, and Stability, the document prepared by the Italian Minister of Economy and Finances, Pier Carlo Padoan, in late February, makes an important contribution to the debate on the reform of European governance from political, analytical and procedural points of view. In this paper, the author examines some of the main issues raised by Padoan’s document from these three angles. The author broadly agrees with the document’s approach and thesis, but notes that it could have been more precise in formulating specific proposals for correcting the course of Europe’s “policy mix.”

The Spitzenkandidaten procedure: Reflecting on the Future of an Electoral Experiment, by Johannes Müller  Gómez and Wolfgang Wessels  (IAI Working Papers 16|08) March 2016, 25 p.

The 2014 European Parliament (EP) elections introduced a novel procedure to elect the President of the European Commission: the so-called Spitzenkandidaten, i.e. pan-European lead candidates nominated by the European political parties. The two main purposes behind this innovation were to mobilise the electorate and to strengthen the EP. The first use of the Spitzenkandidaten model established a new modus operandi of the EP at the expense of the European Council, which now has to appoint the lead candidate whose party won most seats in the European elections. However, it also contributed to polarising citizens’ attitudes towards the EU and did not overcome the tendency to compete in European elections on purely national issues. Future adjustments of the Spitzenkandidaten procedure should aim to improve the EU’s responsiveness and make the elections more European. Introducing primaries for the nominations of the Spitzenkandidaten could be a first step, eventually leading to the direct election of the Commission President.

Brexit or No Brexit? Political and Institutional Implications of an EU without UK, by Funda Tekin, (IAI Working paper 16|07) March 2016, 23 p.

The United Kingdom will vote on its fate within the European Union on 23 June 2016. Currently, there is still time to influence the outcome of this referendum – both from the UK and the EU side. The effects of a Brexit need to be closely assessed and communicated. This paper sets out to analyse the implications of different scenarios for Britain’s European future both in institutional and political terms. The main argument is that one way or the other the UK will be inclined to give up on its full membership, and then the EU will have to find the best possible ways to accommodate. Against this backdrop, this paper discusses the implications of differentiated integration, the UK’s role within the EU, British demands for renegotiating its EU membership, and the costs of keeping the UK within the EU or letting it go. The paper recommends agreeing on as much compromise as possible within the existing treaty framework. A Brexit cannot and will not solve current pressing problems of European integration.

Energy Union Watch (December 2015-February 2016), by Nicoló Sartori and Lorenzo Colantoni, No. 3, February 2016

The third issue of IAI’s quarterly bulletin, Energy Union Watch, is now available with a focus on security and best practices in the realm of gas procurement.

House of Lords report on Completing Economic and Monetary Union


The UK House of Lords report on Completing Economic and Monetary Union, for which TEPSA Board Member Iain Begg served as specialist adviser, has now been published.

The report is available here.

Past events at Institut für Europäische Politik (IEP) – Summer 2014

Conference „Aktuelle Herausforderungen für die deutsche Europapolitik: Vertiefung, Erweiterung, Nachbarschaft“ („Current Challenges for Germany’s European Policy: Deepening, Widening, Neighbourhood“)
25-26 September 2014, Berlin, Institut für Europäische Politik and Arbeitskreis Europäische Integration

On September 25-26 the Institut für Europäische Politik organised its annual academic conference in cooperation with the Arbeitskreis Europäische Integration. More than 50 academics and practitioners gathered in Berlin in order to discuss the “Current Challenges for Germany’s European Policy: Deepening, Widening, Neighbourhood“.During the first panel potential further strategies for reforming the EU’s political system were discussed. All panelists representing members from the Spinelli Group, the Glienicker Gruppe and the Groupe Eiffel agreed that the Lisbon Treaty provided an appropriate legal framework for current challenges and demanded full exploitation of its text. Ideas were exchanged on the question of how to deal with increasing heterogeneity among the EU Member States and necessary reforms of EU institutions in order to increase their democratic legitimacy. The second panel dealt with the reforms of the Economic and Monetary Union. Given that the crisis management within the Eurozone was perceived successful so far, the panelists focused on questions of how to increase the EU’s competitiveness and of how to guarantee liability of future national economic reforms. The future role of the EU’s enlargement policy as a foreign policy tool was discussed during the conference’s third panel. Enlargement policy was defined to represent an integration rather than a foreign policy tool of the EU. This means that it needed to be complemented by foreign policy initiatives. In light of these considerations the preconditions for a successful enlargement policy were debated. The conference concluded with discussions on the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). This debate was guided by the question of whether the general principles of the ENP needed redefinition. In light of the latest developments the panelists agreed that the ENP needed a differentiated approach and other global actors and their interests needed to be included in the considerations of how to stabilize the neighbourhood that currently represented rather a ring of fire than a ring of friends.

The conference was completed by a dinner speech by Peter Altmaier, Head of the Federal Chancellery and Federal Minister for Special Tasks, and a concluding speech by Werner Hoyer, President of the European Investment Bank.

Read more here.

IEP Lunch Debate with Dr. Peter Ptassek: “Perspectives of the Economic and Monetary Union”
16 September 2014

The IEP Lunch Debate on the topic “Perspectives of the Economic and Monetary Union” with Dr. Peter Ptassek, Deputy Director of the European Department of the Federal Foreign Office, took place on the 16th of September 2014 at the Representation of the European Commission in Berlin, Germany. The event was moderated by Prof. Dr. Mathias Jopp, director of the Institute for European DSC_0085-243x364Politics (IEP).

Dr. Ptassek began his introductory speech by illuminating several questions facing Europe, including not only still existing concerns about the Monetary Union, but also Europe’s relations with Russia in light of the Ukraine Crisis, and the impending referendum in the UK. Ptassek pointed out that he believed the height of the economic crisis to be behind us, and the monetary union “dishevelled”, but still alive. Ptassek further specified that the Monetary Union includes a clear external dimension, specifically the connection between economic strength and the weight of foreign policy. The whole report on the lunch debate is published in English here.

Training Course “EU Economic Governance”, 17-21 October 2016, College of Europe, Bruges


17-21 October 2016
College of Europe, Bruges campus, Dijver 11, 8000 Bruges

About of the course

This one-week interactive course is delivered by high-level experienced professionals  and designed for participants to learn about EU Economic Governance, to share experiences, discuss current challenges and to improve their negotiation skills. After giving a general introduction to the EU’s economic policy and integration, practical sessions and exercises will explain to the participants how the European economic governance has evolved and will further cope with the challenges of the 21st century.

Learning methodology

The programme combines training sessions on both substance and skills:
Interactive training sessions examining theoretical and practical aspects of EU Economic Governance; A workshop and a case study designed to present and develop essential skills and discuss current issues; A feedback session to consolidate knowledge and encourage debate;
Debates to promote networking and exchange experiences with lecturers and peers.

Why participate?

  • Update and improve your knowledge and understanding of the EU’s economic governance and the recent reforms following the economic and financial crisis;
  • Acquire relevant skills such as negotiation and legal drafting;
  • Participate in a Study Visit and discuss challenges of economic governance with EU officials;
  • Explore the role of the EU’s economic policy and economic governance more generally;
  • Enjoy a unique opportunity to learn in a multicultural environment and extend your personal and professional networks.


Register here.

Practical information can be found here.

The programme is available here.

Past events at the Centre d’études européennes of Sciences Po – Autumn 2014

Logo CEE

Seminar « Mesurer l’influence: un casse-tête pour le chercheur »
8 December 2014

Seminar Social sciences in question: The leading epistemological and methodological controversies of our time « Mesurer l’influence: un casse-tête pour le chercheur », organized by Sciences Po, CEE & CERI, 8 December 2014, Sciences Po, Paris. With Samy Cohen (Sciences Po, CERI). Read more here.

Seminar: “The Power of Inaction: Bank Bailouts in Comparison”

Seminar of the Centre d’études européennes (SGCEE) “The Power of Inaction: Bank Bailouts in Comparison”, organized by Sciences Po, CEE & MaxPo, 25 November 2014, Sciences Po, Paris. With Cornelia Woll (Sciences Po, CEE & MaxPo). Read more here.

Seminar Reforming Europe« Le contrôle parlementaire de l’Europe macroéconomique (UEM, BCE, union bancaire, coordination budgétaire) »
24 novembre 2014

Organized by Sciences Po, CEE & OFCE & École de droit, 24 November 2014, Sciences Po, Paris. With Francesco Martucci, University Panthéon-Assas, Paris II & Xavier Timbeau, Sciences Po, OFCE. Read more here.

Presentation of the book: “Faire Parler le Parlement, Méthodes et enjeux de l’analyse des débats parlementaires pour les sciences sociales”

Presentation by Claire Galembert (CNRS research fellow, ISP Cachan) and Olivier Rozenberg (professor at Sciences Po, CEE) of the book: Faire Parler le Parlement, Méthodes et enjeux de l’analyse des débats parlementaires pour les sciences sociales (co-directed with Cecilia Vigour), coll. Law and Society, LGDJ, 2013). The meeting will also focus on prospects and dynamics Research parliamentary assemblies. More information can be found here.

Seminar Escapades Parlementaires « Faire parler les études parlementaires »
19 November 2014

Organized by Science Po, CEE & Université Panthéon Sorbonne Paris I, CESSP & ENS Cachan – Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense, ISP, 19 November 2014, Sciences Po, Paris.

Presentation of the collective book: Governing Cities in Africa
12 November 2014, Sciences Po, Paris

Governing Cities in Africa, Politics and Policies (Simon Bekker & Laurent Fourchard, eds, HSRC Press, 2013) By Sophie Didier & Laurent Fourchard

Studies of government and politics in Africa are dominated by a focus on the national and are typically set apart by anglophone, francophone and lusophone historical influences, with South Africa as an exception. This volume departs from a different set of questions and employs a novel approach in discussing them: cities in sub-Saharan Africa provide the pivot around which issues of policy and practice, planning and service delivery turn, at different scales and both from the top down as well as from the bottom up. Party politics, for example, is discussed at city level and urban security both within a state and a non-state context. The novelty of the approach is found in thematic rather than single-city chapters written by multiple authors each of whom displays depth knowledge of one of three or more cities treated in each case. This volume will interest scholars of African and of urban studies as well as urban policy-makers and practitioners. Read more here.