Recent publications from the Institute for World Economics, Research Centre for Economic and Regional Studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences – Spring 2016



Tomasz Berg, Zsuzsánna Biedermann, Rudolf Fürst, Ondřej Horký-Hlucháň, Jan Hornát, Dariusz Kałan, Patryk Kugiel, Marian Majer, Jan Němec, Judit Ricz, Balázs Sárvári, Justyna Szczudlik, Ágnes Szunomár, Marek Wąsiński, Damian Wnukowski, Patryk Kugiel (eds.), 
V4 goes global: exploring opportunities and obstacles in the Visegrad Countries’ cooperation with Brazil, India, China and South Africa
Warsaw: PISM (Polski Instytut Spraw Międzynarodowych / The Polish Institute Of International Affairs), 2016. 85 p. (ISBN: 978-83-64895-72-2)

András György Deák (ed.), The end of an era in Eurasia? : Conflict in Eastern Ukraine and economic downturn in the post-Soviet space : In memoriam Zsuzsa LudvigBudapest: Institute of World Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 2015. The beloved colleague and experienced senior researcher of the post-Soviet region died 29th October 2014. (East European Studies; 6.) (ISBN:978-963-301-627-5)


Andrea Éltető, Ágnes Szunomár, “Chinese investment and trade – strengthening ties with Central and Eastern Europe, in International Journal of Business and Management, Vol. IV (1), pp. 24-48

Csaba Weiner, Kálmán Kalota, Andrea Éltető, Magdolna Sass, Rossiiskie investicii v Visegradskih stranah: kladbishse teorii (Российские инвестиции в Вишеградских странах: кладбище теорий), in Sovremennaa Evropa (Современная Европа), Vol. 16. No. 6. pp. 60–76

Jámbor, Attila, Miklós Somai, Sándor Kovács,  “Tíz év az Európai Unióban-az új tagországok agrárteljesítményei” [A decade in the EU: the agricultural performances of the new member-states], in Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review – monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences) 63.3 (2016): 260-284

Andrea Szalavetz, Policy support to commercialisation and Europe’s commercialisation gap, in International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, Vol. 13, Nos. 3/4, 2015

IWE Working Papers:

Csaba Weiner, Central and East European Diversification under New Gas Market Conditions, February 2016

Recent publications from the Prague Institute of International Relations (IIR) – Spring 2016

Prague Institute of Intl Relations


Petr Kratochvíl, EU Global Strategy Expert Opinion, No. 15, 05 February 2016

IIR Towards an EU global strategyWe present to you a special analysis of the EU Global Strategy by the IIR Director Petr Kratochvíl. Petr Kratochvíl was among the very few top EU experts selected to provide an opinion on the new EU Global Strategy. The European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) – in close cooperation with the Strategic Planning Division of the European External Action Service (EEAS) – has carried out a wide-ranging outreach and consultation process. As part of this process, the EUISS asked 50 well-known analysts and commentators – roughly half of them from inside, and half of them from outside the Union – to give their opinion on the priorities that the forthcoming EU Global Strategy should address and how. The resulting contributions are collectively reproduced in one volume and offer a rich selection of independent views intended to nurture the drafting of the strategy, and we are proud that our director, Petr Kratochvíl, is one of the experts contributing to this volume.

IIR V4 goes global

Patryk Kugiel (ed.), Ondřej Horký-Hlucháň, Rudolf Fürst, Jan Hornát et al., V4 Goes Global: Exploring Opportunities and Obstacles in the Visegrad Countries’ Cooperation with Brazil, India, China and South Africa, The Polish Institute of International Affairs (PISM) report supported by the International Visegrad Fund, Warsaw, March 2016

The Visegrad Group countries have become more active in pursuing their foreign policy outside Europe, focusing in particular on strengthening their cooperation with the emerging powers – China, India, Brazil and South Africa. When approaching these countries, however, they all have to struggle with similar barriers that result from different potentials and an absence of historical ties. The Visegrad Group can become a useful mechanism in overcoming these obstacles and enhancing relations with the emerging powers, but the four countries have to learn not only to compete, but also to cooperate on the global stage.

Markéta Wittichová, Bordering the Central Mediterranean Search and Rescue Assemblage,  Discussion Paper of the Institute of International Relations Prague, April 2016

Since the beginning of 2015, pieces of news about migrant boat disasters in the Mediterranean Sea have been filling the headlines of major national and international media. Search and rescue operations have been, in many cases, a line between life and death for people travelling to Europe in unsafe dinghies. Using assemblage thinking and Latour´s actor-network theory, this paper by Markéta Wittichová, an IIR Associate Research Fellow, analyses the (non)involvement of various actors in search and rescue operations. It further explores the boundaries of the Search and Rescue assemblage.

Lukáš Tichý and Nikita Odintsov, Can Iran Reduce EU Dependence on Russian Gas?, Middle East Policy, Spring 2016, Volume XXIII

This article written by the IIR Research Fellow Lukáš Tichý and the IIR Associate Research Fellow Nikita Odintsov tries to address the question of whether Iran can indeed decrease the EU’s dependency on imported Russian gas.

Markéta Wittichová and Jan Daniel, Peacekeeping Contributor Profile: Czech Republic, March 2016

Markéta Wittichová and Jan Daniel are the authors of the profile of the Czech Republic as a Peacekeeping Contributor on the server Providing for Peacekeeping. This project of the International Peace Institute, the Elliott School at George Washington University, and the Asia Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect at the University of Queensland contributes up-to-date country profiles. Each profile examines recent trends related to UN and non-UN peacekeeping operations, the given country’s internal decision-making process on whether to contribute uniformed personnel to the UN, the rationales driving its contributions, the major barriers to contributing, current challenges, key domestic champions and opponents of the contributions, major capabilities and caveats, as well as providing sources for further reading. The profiles are available online and in PDF format.

Recent publications from the Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) – Spring 2016



FIIA Helwig1


Niklas Helwig, Europe’s New Political Engine: Germany’s role in the EU’s foreign and security policy, Report

Sören Scholvin, Geopolitics: An Overview of Concepts and Empirical Examples from International Relations, Working Paper

FIIA Sinkkonen1

Elina Sinkkonen, New horizons and internal reforms: The regional implications of China’s military posture, Briefing Paper

FIIA Kapyla1

Juha Käpylä, Harri Mikkola & Toivo Martikainen, Moscow’s Arctic dreams turned sour? Analysing Russia’s policies in the Arctic, Briefing Paper

FIIa Martikainen1

Toivo Martikainen & Antto Vihma, Dividing the EU with energy? Unpacking Russia’s energy geoeconomics, Briefing Paper

FIIA Comments

András Rácz, Viktor Orbán walks a tightrope between Brussels and Moscow: Hungary’s strategic dilemma about Russia has not been resolved

Veera Laine, The spring that never came: One year after Boris Nemtsov’s murder, Russia’s liberal opposition is threatened, repressed and ridiculed

Marco Siddi, Italy at loggerheads with the European Commission and Germany: Has Matteo Renzi taken a euro-critical stance?

Charly Salonius-Pasternak, The Swedish defence policy paradox: Sweden wants to stay militarily non-allied while seeking ever closer defence cooperation with others

Carrie Weintraub, NATO redefined? Nato’s anti-human smuggling mission in the Mediterranean ­highlights the organization’s broader priorities

Jyrki Kallio, China’s National Congress sacrifices the economy for politics: The new Five-Year Plan is dedicated to maintaining the Party’s leadership

Bart Gaens, Aung San Suu Kyi’s shadow presidency: Myanmar’s new civilian government faces numerous challenges

Past events at the Norwegian Institute for International Affairs (NUPI) – Winter 2015/16


Seminar on “NordStream 2 – A challenge to common EU energy policy?”
8 December 2015, The Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI), Oslo

This seminar addressed several key questions debated today in Europe in connection with the planned realization of one of the strategic and partly controversial European energy projects, the construction of the NordStream 2 pipeline under the Baltic Sea. Main speakers at the seminar are Agata Loskot-Strachota, senior fellow at the Centre for Eastern Studies (OSW – Warsaw, Poland), and Jakub M. Godzimirski, Research Professor, NUPI. The seminar was streamed and the recording made available online. It was also part of the EU project EUNOR and of NUPIs seminar series Norway meets Europe. Find more information about the event here.

Recent publications from the Prague Institute of International Relations – Winter 2015/16


Prague Institute of Intl Relations

pub1Uroš Svete, Damijan Guštin, Janja Vuga, Rok Zupančič, Jelena Juvan, The Small State Facing Asymmetric Environment: A Reconsideration of the Identity? – The Slovenian Experience, Institute of International Relations, Prague, ISBN 978-80-87558-24-9.

The book The Small State Facing Asymmetric Environment: A Reconsideration of the Identity? – The Slovenian Experience, which was co-authored by our Associate Research Fellow Rok Zupančič and published by the IIR publishing house, analyses asymmetry in warfare from the perspective of a small nation by combining a historical, a defence-strategic and also a wider security approach, including certain moral-legal and technological dimensions. Its primary objective is to prove that small countries, “often endowed” with rich historical experience, can also significantly contribute to discussions of asymmetric warfare and understandings of conflicts. It thus aims to fill a gap in the field, as similar studies in the field mostly focus on powerful states. The book mainly focuses on Slovenian asymmetric experiences, as Slovenia went through a series of dramatic alterations in the last 60 years. The Slovenes were forced to use an asymmetric approach during the Second World War, but today Slovenia is a part of both NATO and the EU alliance. And thus it is increasingly faced with situations where an asymmetric approach is used against it (especially in Afghanistan). The book also analyses how the still present and strong historical memories of asymmetric warfare cause almost schizophrenic political and social reactions and a huge identity crisis in Slovenia. The authors argue that in Slovenia the division within the nation, which has escalated in World War II and the years that followed, is still present nowadays, and the planned reconciliation of the nation has not happened yet.

pub 2Petr Kratochvíl, Věra Řiháčková, Domestic political context since 1989: Russia as a dividing element in Czech society, Jacek Kucharczyk and Grigorij Mesežnikov (eds.), Commissioned by the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung offices in Prague and Warsaw, Warsaw, 2015, ISBN: 978-80-906270-2-4 (Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung Prague, Opatovická 28, Praha 1, 110 00, Czech Republic).
In “Diverging Voices, Converging Policies: The Visegrad States’ Reactions to the Russia-Ukraine Conflict”

In order to explain the differing reactions of individual Visegrad countries to the Russia-Ukraine Conflict, the offices of the Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung in Prague and Warsaw asked their partner organizations to systematically analyze how these countries have dealt with the Russia-Ukraine conflict. The result is the report “Diverging Voices, Converging Policies: The Visegrad States’ Reactions to the Russia-Ukraine Conflict”. Particular consideration was to be given to the differing historical experiences, public opinions, economic relations, and energy and foreign policies of the Visegrad countries. Our Director Petr Kratochvíl co-authored (together with Věra Říháčková) one of the contributions to this report.

Lukáš Tichý, The EU Integration Discourse in the Energy Relations with Russia, Slovak Journal of Political Sciences. Volume 16, Issue 1, Pages 60–85, ISSN (Online) 1335-9096, DOI: 10.1515/sjps-2016-0004, January 2016.

The energy issue has long been one of the most discussed and controversial topics in relations between the European Union and the Russian Federation. The intention of the present article is to provide an attempt to overcome the largely non-discursive way of looking at the energy interaction of the EU and the RF, a view which is also anchored in the security conditions, and to analyze EU energy relations with Russia in the years 2004 – 2014 through an integration discourse. On the theoretical level, the article is based on a critical constructivism, which in relation to the discourse as the main concept reflects a number of fundamental knowledge. At the methodological level, the article is based on discourse analysis as a basic methodological tool through which the author examines the EU text documents.

pub 3Michal Kořan et al., V4 Trust – the Czech Presidency of the Visegrad Group (2015–2016), The Think Visegrad – V4 Think Tank Platform, International Visegrad Fund, February 2016.

The V4 Presidency Mid-Term Review Report assesses the first half of the Czech V4 presidency and suggests key recommendations for the remaining time of the presidency. The assessment is based on the Presidency’s own priorities, but also on the overall context in which the Presidency is taking place. The report is based on individual opinions of its authors and also, partly, on existing analyses provided by Think Visegrad throughout the year 2015.

Past Events at the Institute for World Economics, Research Centre for Economic and Regional Studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences – Winter 2014/15


“Missed opportunity: history and current state of the relations between the European Union and Russia”

24 February 2015, Club Europe, Budapest

The meeting was chaired by Péter Balázs, former European Commissioner and Minister of Foreign Affairs, and the speaker was the well-known expert and professor of the topic, Zoltán Sz. Bíró (in Hungarian).

Conference in New Orleans

20 February 2015, New Orleans

At the conference organised by the International Studies Association (ISA) senior researcher Tamás Novák gives a lecture on the effects of the TTIP on the Eastern European region.

Workshop on convergence and catching up by the Central European region

16 February 2015, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Budapest

Joint workshop on the different aspects of convergence and catching up by the Central European region, with researchers from the three member institutes of the KRTK research centre, namely senior researchers Gábor Oblath, Zoltán Gál, Krisztina Vida, Margit Rácz and director Károly Fazekas

Lecture by Prof. Mihály Simai

12 February 2015, IWE Budapest

Lecture by academician prof. Mihály Simai about the recent World Economic Forum Annual Meeting in Davos and its consequences for Hungary (in Hungarian)

“The EU at the crossroads”

9 February 2015, Universidad Tecnologia de Monterrey, Mexico City

Prof. András Inotai’s speech on “The EU at the crossroads” in Spanish language

Thursday workshops – regular monthly workshop at IWE

5 February 2015, Budapest

At the February event senior researcher András Deák presented the topic of energy relations between Russia and the EU, Russia’s energy potential, its export capacities, physical infrastructure and economic interests – followed by a lively debate (in Hungarian)

“United Arab Emirates (RAKIA) Road Show”

3 February 2015, Radisson Hotel, Budapest

Prof. András Inotai participated at the conference ofthe Hungarian-Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce entitled “United Arab Emirates (RAKIA) Road Show” focusing on the topic “Eastern opportunities – efficient business management and taxation”

Lecture by Research director Margit Rácz

29 January 2015, European Representation, Budapest

Research director Margit Rácz gave a lecture at the “Europe Direct” meeting on growth and employment perspectives in the EU as well as on the current state and challenges of EMU (in Hungarian)

“Diversity of gas supplies as a key precondition for the effective V4 gas market”

29 January 2015, Masaryk University Brno

Senior researcher András Deák made a presentation on “Diversity of gas supplies as a key precondition for the effective V4 gas market” at the IVF Think Tank Platform in Brno

DGAP workshop

28 January 2015, DGAP Berlin

Senior researcher András Deák contributed to the DGAP workshop with a lecture on: “Energie- und Energieaußenpolitik Ungarns vor dem Hintergrund der Spannungen zwischen der EU und Russland”

Round table conference on the role of think-tanks in Hungary

22 January 2015, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest

Round table conference with different research institutes on the role of think-tanks in Hungary – at the occasion of the publication of the report by the University of Pennsylvania on the “Global Go To Think Tank Index” (GGTTI) where IWE is the 39th among the 50 listed economic policy think-tanks in the world. At this conference IWE was represented by vice-director Miklós Szanyi.

“Special relations between the European Union and Switzerland”

20 January 2015, Club Europe, Budapest

Lecture given by Erzsébet Nagy, former Ambassador of Hungary to the Swiss Federation (in Hungarian)

Thursday workshops – regular monthly workshop at IWE

8 January 2015, Budapest

At the January event vice-director of IWE, Miklós Szanyi gave an introductory lecture on the vast topic of the increased role of states in the national economy after the crisis first from a theoretical perspective and then on the example of Hungary – followed by a lively debate (in Hungarian).

TEPSA Brief: EU energy security – the Russia factor and future prospects for the Southern Corridor, May 2011

By Marco Siddi

In the wake of both the uprisings that have destabilized Northern Africa and the nuclear disaster in Japan, future prospects for EU energy security look less and less promising. The rapidly growing public opposition to nuclear power and the current insecurity concerning energy supplies from Northern Africa are only the two latest elements of a series of factors that seriously challenge the European Union’s objectives in the energy field. EU domestic production of all fossil fuels has been decreasing for more than a decade. At the current rate of extraction, oil reserves will be depleted within eight years, which will make the Union more dependent on its Russian, Middle Eastern, Norwegian and North African suppliers. Domestic production of natural gas has been decreasing since 1996, while demand increased greatly in the last 15 years. Dependency on gas imports will increase further to reach an estimated 73-79% of consumption by 2020 and 81-89% by 2030, mostly due to the depletion of indigenous resources. Prospects look bleak also for nuclear power, particularly after the Fukushima accident in Japan has led some of the largest EU countries, notably Germany and Italy, to reconsider their policies in this respect.

Please click here to read the entire brief and feel free to contact Marco Siddi  (marco•siddi©tepsa•eu)   to discuss and to learn more on the future developments about this issue.

Past events from the Real Instituto Elcano de Estudios Internacionales y Estratégicos – Autumn 2015


V International Conference of the Red Iberoamericana de Estudios Internacionales (RIBEI)
1-2 December 2015

Organised by Elcano Royal Institute and Fundación Global Democracia y Desarrollo (FUNGLODE).

More information can be found here.

Meeting, The EU Internal-External Security Nexus
26 November 2015

Organised by Elcano Royal Institute, EUISS and the Strategic Planning Division of the EEAS in the context of the EU-wide expert outreach and consultation process for the preparation of the EU Global Strategy on foreign and security policy.

More information can be found here.

Presentation, Informe Elcano 19 – Spain/Morocco Relations
24 November 2015

With the participation of Charles Powell, director at Elcano Royal Institute, Carlos Westendorp, general secretary of Club de Madrid, Miguel Ángel Bastenier, journalist at El País, Bernabé López García, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid and Haizam Amirah Fernández, Elcano Royal Institute.

More information can be found here.

Conference, Governing Energy: The Atlantic Basin and Global Institutions
19 November 2015

Organised by the Spanish Committee of the World Energy Council and Spanish Energy Club, in collaboration with Elcano Royal Institute.

More information can be found here.

3rd Elcano Forum on Global Terrorism: the current jihadist mobilization in Western Europe
16 November 2015

Organised by Elcano Royal Institute, in collaboration with the Embassy of the United States and the Swedish Defense University. Directed by Fernando Reinares and co-ordinated by Carola García-Calvo, respectively Senior Analyst and Analyst of the Program on Global Terrorism at Elcano Royal Institute.

More information can be found here.

Seminar, `Spanish Cooperation 2030: The role of Spain in the New Development Agenda´
03 November 2015

Organised by Spain´s Biblioteca Nacional and Elcano Royal Institute, with the participation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, ISGlobal and Oxfam Intermón. Participants agreed on 17 Sustainable Development Goals and an international agenda for achieving them before 2030.

More information can be found here.

Conference, `NATO and the New Arc of Crisis´
28-29 October 2015

Organised by the NATO´s Public Diplomacy Division and Elcano Royal Institute, with the participation of Istituto Affari Internazionali and Instituto Português de Relações Internacionais (IPRI). Speech by Ambassador Alexander Vershbow, Deputy Secretary General of NATO and Emilio Lamo de Espinosa, President of Elcano Royal Institute.

More information can be found here.

Seminar, `African Women Who Build Peace´
27 October 2015

Organised by Elcano Royal Institute and Fundación Mujeres por África, the event gathered together women activists for women’s rights and experts in peace and security. Among the speakers were María Teresa Fernández de la Vega, President of Fundación Mujeres por África, Oumou Sall Seck, Hibaaq Osman, Nicole Ndongala and Caddy Adzuba.

More information can be found here.

Debate, `How to deepen the eurozone integration?
22 October 2015

Organised by Elcano Royal Institute and Fundación Rafael del Pino. Thomas Westphal, General Director of European Affairs at the German Ministry of Finance, Philippe Martin, Advisor to the French Minister of Economy, Manuel Conthe, Editorial Director at Expansión newspaper.

More information can be found here.

Conference `Alcance de las reformas en México y su impacto en las relaciones con España´
21 September 2015

Organised by the Spanish Chamber of Commerce in Mexico DF, the Barcelona Centre for International Affairs and Elcano Royal Institute, with the sponsorship of Santander Group and the collaboration of Foreign Affairs Latinoamérica.

More information can be found here.

Conference `Transatlantic Conversation: Confronting Common Security Challenges´.
16 September 2015

Organised by the Wilson Center (Washington D.C.)
Experts´ conference on security and transatlantic relations at the Wilson Center. Participants in the conference included: The King of Spain; Jane Harman, director, president and CEO at The Wilson Center; Emilio Lamo de Espinosa, president at Elcano Royal Institute; Bruce Hoffman Director at Center of Security Studies and director of the Programme of Studies on Security, Georgetown University; Charles Powell, Director at Elcano Royal Institute; Fernando Reinares, expert on international terrorism at Real Instituto Elcano; Bruce Riedel, Brookings Institution and former senior adviser for the past four presidents of the US; Catherine Herridge chief intelligence correspondent, Fox News.

More information can be found here.

Recent publications from Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) – Spring 2016


The EU and the Global Development Framework. A Strategic Approach to the 2030 Agenda, by Bernardo Venturi and Miryam Magro (Documenti IAI 16|05) March 2016, 10 p.

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda adopted by world leaders in September 2015 are calling on the EU to redefine its approach to development cooperation in the framework of the new EU Global Strategy. This phase is an opportunity to include development cooperation in a strategy of external action and to integrate internal resilience with all the aspects of external action. This conference brought together policy-makers and experts from both academia and civil society to discuss these challenges and opportunities. The three sessions were focused on: the 2030 Agenda and the new global governance for development; the European Union’s global action and local engagement; food security, stability and crisis prevention in the 2030 Agenda. Summary report of the conference “The EU and the Global Development Framework. A Strategic Approach to the 2030 Agenda” held in Rome on 7 March 2016. The conference was organised in the framework of the review of the EU Global Strategy by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) in cooperation with the European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS), the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation and the Compagnia di San Paolo, with the contribution of Centre for Development Policy Management (ECDPM).

Italy and the Reform of the European Economic Governance (original: L’Italia e la riforma della governance europea), by Fabrizio Saccomanni (Documenti IAI 16|04) March 2016, 6 p.

A Shared European Policy Strategy for Growth, Jobs, and Stability, the document prepared by the Italian Minister of Economy and Finances, Pier Carlo Padoan, in late February, makes an important contribution to the debate on the reform of European governance from political, analytical and procedural points of view. In this paper, the author examines some of the main issues raised by Padoan’s document from these three angles. The author broadly agrees with the document’s approach and thesis, but notes that it could have been more precise in formulating specific proposals for correcting the course of Europe’s “policy mix.”

The Spitzenkandidaten procedure: Reflecting on the Future of an Electoral Experiment, by Johannes Müller  Gómez and Wolfgang Wessels  (IAI Working Papers 16|08) March 2016, 25 p.

The 2014 European Parliament (EP) elections introduced a novel procedure to elect the President of the European Commission: the so-called Spitzenkandidaten, i.e. pan-European lead candidates nominated by the European political parties. The two main purposes behind this innovation were to mobilise the electorate and to strengthen the EP. The first use of the Spitzenkandidaten model established a new modus operandi of the EP at the expense of the European Council, which now has to appoint the lead candidate whose party won most seats in the European elections. However, it also contributed to polarising citizens’ attitudes towards the EU and did not overcome the tendency to compete in European elections on purely national issues. Future adjustments of the Spitzenkandidaten procedure should aim to improve the EU’s responsiveness and make the elections more European. Introducing primaries for the nominations of the Spitzenkandidaten could be a first step, eventually leading to the direct election of the Commission President.

Brexit or No Brexit? Political and Institutional Implications of an EU without UK, by Funda Tekin, (IAI Working paper 16|07) March 2016, 23 p.

The United Kingdom will vote on its fate within the European Union on 23 June 2016. Currently, there is still time to influence the outcome of this referendum – both from the UK and the EU side. The effects of a Brexit need to be closely assessed and communicated. This paper sets out to analyse the implications of different scenarios for Britain’s European future both in institutional and political terms. The main argument is that one way or the other the UK will be inclined to give up on its full membership, and then the EU will have to find the best possible ways to accommodate. Against this backdrop, this paper discusses the implications of differentiated integration, the UK’s role within the EU, British demands for renegotiating its EU membership, and the costs of keeping the UK within the EU or letting it go. The paper recommends agreeing on as much compromise as possible within the existing treaty framework. A Brexit cannot and will not solve current pressing problems of European integration.

Energy Union Watch (December 2015-February 2016), by Nicoló Sartori and Lorenzo Colantoni, No. 3, February 2016

The third issue of IAI’s quarterly bulletin, Energy Union Watch, is now available with a focus on security and best practices in the realm of gas procurement.

Past events at Real Instituto Elcano – Winter 2014/15


The presentation of the Working Paper “Los latinos y las industrias culturales en español en Estados Unidos”
29 January 2015

The presentation of the Working Paper “Los latinos y las industrias culturales en español en Eelcanostados Unidos” written by Jéssica Retis and Ángel Badillo took place on 29 January 2015. It was organised by the Elcano Royal Institute with the collaboration of SEGIB. It was attended by José Ignacio Wert (Minister of Education, Culture and Sports), Emilio Lamo de Espinosa (President of the Elcano Royal Institute) and Víctor García de la Concha (Director of the Instituto Cervantes) among others.

More information can be found here.

“Greece and the Euro’s future”
21 January 2015

A debate on “Greece and the Euro’s future” took place on 21 January 2015. elcano 2It was organised by the Elcano Royal Institute and was attended by José Carlos Diez (economist and lecturer at the Universidad de Alcalá), Irene Martin (lecturer on Political Science at the UAM), Evangelos Liaras (postdoctoral researcher at the CEPC), Ignacio Molina and Federico Steinberg (both analysts at the Elcano Royal Institute).

More information can be found here.

“Spain and Poland: strategic partners in a Union in flux”
11 December 2014

A debate on “Spain and Poland: strategic partners in a Union in flux” was held on 11 December 2014. It was organised by the Elcano Royal Institute and the Polish Institute of International Affairs (PISM). Íñigo Méndez de Vigo, Secretary of State for European Affairs (Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Spain), and Rafal Trzaskowski, Secretary of State for European Affairs (Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Poland) partcipated, among others.

More information can be found here.

“Global Energy: Strategies and Values”
20 November 2014

A conference on “Global Energy: Strategies and Values” took place on 20 November 2014. It was organised by the Spanish Committee of the World Energy Council (Comité Español del Consejo Mundial de la Energía, CECME) and the Spanish Energy Club (ENERCLUB), with the collaboration of the Elcano Royal Institute and with the sponsorship of Repsol. With the participation, among others, of Jaime García-Legaz Ponce (Secretary of State for Trade), Antonio Brufau Niubó (Chairman of Repsol), Pedro Miró Roig (Chairman of ENERCLUB), Emilio Lamo de Espinosa (President of the Elcano Royal Institute) and Arturo Gonzalo Aizpiri (Chair of the CECME).

More information can be found here.

Second Elcano Forum on Global Terrorism: “Transformations of Global Terrorism”
17-18 November 2014

The second Elcano Forum on Global Terrorism: “Transformations of Global Terrorism” was held on 17-18 November 2014. It was organised  by the Elcano Royal Institute with the collaboration of the Uelcano 3S Embassy in Spain and Casa Árabe. In its 2nd edition, the Elcano Forum reviewed the recent transformations undergone by global terrorism, especially the latest developments in international Jihadism, dominated by the emergence of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).

More information can be found here.

Past events at Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) – Winter 2015/16


Mercator European Dialogue – EU strategic vision workshop
26 February 2016, Rome

Workshop hosted by IAI in the framework of the Mercator European Dialogue project. In an ever more complex and connected world, defining a common strategic vision for the EU as a global actor has become an urgent priority. In this context, the European Council has mandated the High Representative and Vice President of the Commission, Federica Mogherini, to draft an EU Global Strategy on foreign and security policy. Our workshop provided the chance to explore the content of this strategy review as illustrated by Nathalie Tocci, Deputy Director of the IAI and Special Advisor to the HRVP Federica Mogherini, pen-holder of the EU Global Strategy. MPs had the opportunity to discuss priorities and contribute to the debate on the EU’s global role.

European Union Institute for Security Studies-IAI joint conference on “Europe & Africa: A strategic approach”
17-18 February 2016, Paris

“Energy Union: from birth to maturity”, round table organized in cooperation with the College of Europe, Bruges
22 January 2016, Bruges

Between power and rules: The geopolitics of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership“. Conference organised in cooperation with the Centre for European Reform, London.
18 January 2016, Rome

EU relations with Latin America. From social resilience to global governance“. Conference organised in cooperation with European Union Institute for Security Studies, Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, EU Global Strategy and Compagnia di San Paolo.
15 January 2016, Rome

Civili in missione. L’esperienza italiana nelle missioni dell’Unione Europea“. Conference on the civilian missions, in cooperation with the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.
17-18 December 2015, Rome

Conference on “A new European Neighbourhood Policy in a changing strategic environment in cooperation with the Polish Embassy in Rome.
9 December 2015, Rome

The Energy Union: towards an effective European energy policy: Conference with Maroš Šefčovič, European Commission Vice President for Energy Union.
4 December 2015, Rome

Quale governo per l’Ue? Presentation of the volume What Form of Government for the European Union and the Eurozone?  edited by Federico Fabbrini, Ernst Hirsch Ballin, Han Somsen (Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2015), Meeting within the cycle “The future of the European economy” in collaboration with the Center for Studies on Federalism.
4 December 2015, Rome

Italy and the renegotiation of the UK’s EU membership, Conference with Philipp Hammond, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, followed by a roundtable with a panel of Italian and British experts.
25 November 2015, Rome

The European Union and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership: Managing Globalization?“, Conference with Pascal Lamy, President Emeritus of the Notre Europe-Jacque Delors Institute and former Director-General WTO, in collaboration with LUISS-School of Management e German Marshall Fund of the United States.
25 November 2015, Rome

Challenges to European Security: A Transatlantic perspective, Transatlantic Security Symposium (8th edition).
26 October 2015, Rome

China-Europe relations and the role of Italy”, Conference organised in cooperation with T.wai, Turin, and the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR), Beijing, and with the support of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the China Embassy in Italy.
22-23 October 2015, Rome

“Eurozone: getting back to growth?”; presentation of the book by Alberto Majocchi “Un piano per l’Europa” (Feltrinelli, 2015) in cooperation with Centro Studi sul Federalismo, Turin, and Aiace
20 October 2015, Rome

Conference  with  Mario Monti  (former Italian Prime Minister and chairman of the EU High Level on Own Resources) on Which resources for the European Union and Eurozone budget?. In collaboration with the Center for Studies on Federalism.
19 October 2015, Turin

News from Centre International de Formation Européenne (CIFE)



Call for applications: Master in Advanced European and International Studies
One programme – three branches

The Master in Advanced European and International Studies (MAEIS) is targeted at students who have completed their undergraduate studies. Its objective is to give students an overarching, encompassing vision of the political, social, economic, and cultural problems of today’s modern world and to prepare students for professional life.

Faithful to its slogan “Learning and living Europe”, the programme follows an itinerant concept: students study in three different cities over the academic year.

The MAEIS is divided into three different branches:

  • The trilingual branch: study in Nice-Canterbury-Berlin plus internship in a European institution (min 3 months). Working languages: French, English, German
  • The Mediterranean branch: study in Nice-Tunis-Istanbul. Working languages: French, English
  • The Anglophone branch: Study in Istanbul-Berlin-Nice. Working language: English

For more information and application, please visit or send an email to ie-ei©cife•eu.

Call for applications: Master in Global Energy Transition and Governance

The Master in Global Energy Transition and Governance conveys a deep understanding of the complexity of the current energy transformations in Europe and worldwide. The programme is targeted at students who have completed their undergraduate studies and takes place in Berlin and Nice. It offers a unique, multidisciplinary approach which distinguishes it from other Master’s courses in the field of energy studies: It analyses the links between the different levels of energy governance, from an international to a local level, offering problem-focused learning at the crossroads of theory and practice. The one-year Master’s programme stretches over four terms and takes place in two study locations: Berlin and Nice.

For more information and application, please visit or send an email to ie-ei©cife•eu.

Past events at the Latvian Institute of International Affairs (LIIA) – Autumn 2014


Latvian EU Pre-Presidency Conference on “Moving the Union Forward: Involvement, Growth, Sustainability”
4-5 December 2014, Latvian Institute of International Affairs (LIIA), Riga

On 4-5 December 2014, LIIA organized the conference “Moving the Union Forward: Involvement, Growth, Sustainability” in cooperation with the Trans European Policy Studies Association (TEPSA) and the THESEUS Project, with generous support of the Fritz Thyssen Stiftung and the European Commission Representation in Latvia. This has been recognized as an official event of the Latvian EU Presidency and is also supported by the Presidency. Please find the provisional programme here.

Semi-formal debate on “From the Baltic Revolution to the Cultural Capital of Europe: An American Reflects on Returning to Riga”
24 November 2014, the Latvian Institute of International Affairs (LIIA), Riga

On November 24 at 17.00, the Latvian Institute of International Affairs hosted a debate “From the Baltic Revolution to the Cultural Capital of Europe: An American Reflects on Returning to Riga”, featuring Douglas Wake. Douglas Wake is a former American diplomat, international civil servant and educator with extensive experience in Latvia and neighboring countries including Russia and much of Europe and Eurasia. He has been visiting Riga periodically since 1988 and served at the American Embassy on Raina Bulvaris from 1994 to 1997. Doug is now spending three months as a Visiting Fellow at the Latvian Institute of International Affairs here in Riga. He shared his personal impressions of some regional security, political and economic developments in Latvia and the broader region over the past quarter century; he looked forward to an exchange of views about current challenges and prospects for Latvia’s future in a dynamic international environment.  

International discussion on “Energy (In)Security: Ways Forward for the Europe and the Baltic States”
13 November 2014, the Latvian Institute of International Affairs (LIIA), Riga

On November 13 at 15:00, the Latvian Institute of International Affairs in cooperation with the Centre for Geopolitical Studies (Lithuania) organized a public discussion “Ways Forward for the Baltic / European Energy Security”. The escalating Ukrainian crisis has moved European energy security higher up on the agenda, and for Latvia, its upcoming EU presidency adds extra importance to this traditionally topical issue. This event aimed at providing the latest information and analysis about energy security in Latvia, Baltic Sea Region and the European Union, as well as discussing different alternatives for further action, including the brand new Connecting Europe Facility, cooperation with the US et cetera. Particular attention was paid to the gas policies. The debate featured Krišjānis Kariņš (Member of the European Parliament, Latvia), Alan Riley (Professor of Law at City Law School, specializing in energy law, United Kingdom), Ruben Vermeeren (Policy Officer, European Commission, DG ENERGY), Mikhail Krutikhin (Partner, RusEnergy, Russia) and Juozas Augutis (Energy Security Research Centre, Lithuania). Web stream available here.

Read more.

Debate on “Debriefing the Wales NATO Summit: Way Forward for NATO’s Eurasian Partnerships”, 8 September 2014, the Latvian Institute of International Affairs (LIIA), Riga

On 8 September, LIIA hosted the debate “Debriefing the Wales NATO Summit: Way Forward for NATO’s Eurasian Partnerships”, with the support of NATO. It was dedicated to the results of the Wales NATO summit, with a particular focus on the Alliance’s Eurasian partnerships (Ukraine, Moldova, Russia, Baltic Sea Region, etc.). Andris Spruds (Director, LIIA), Edgars Rinkevics (Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia) and Janis Sarts (State Secretary, Ministry of Defence of Latvia) delivered introductory remarks. Panel speakers included Guna Snore (Program Officer, NATO Public Diplomacy Division), Eka Tkeshelashvili (President, Georgian Institute for Strategic Studies), Leonid Polyakov (Senior Fellow, Institute for Strategic Studies “New Ukraine”; former Deputy Minister of Defence, Ukraine), Sergey Oznobishchev (Director, Institute for Strategic Assessments, Russia), Robert Nurick (Senior Fellow, Atlantic Council of the United States, the US; Visiting Senior Fellow, Finnish Institute of International Affairs) and Doug Wake (Visiting Fellow, LIIA, the USA).
Check the conference video and photos.

Past events Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) – Summer 2014


A Conference on “The Impact of US monetary policy on the Euro Area“, with Richard W. Fisher, President, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas was organised on 25 September, Rome.

A Closed-door seminar on “EU-Turkey Energy Cooperation in the Neighbourhood” was organised on 16 September, Rome.

A Seminar on “Serbia’s road to the EU“, with Tanja Miščević, Head of Negotiating Team for Accession of the Republic of Serbia to the EU was organised on 22 July, Rome

A Conference on “Tecnologia e innovazione per la difesa europea: riduzione delle spese militari e nuove sfide globali“, in cooperation with Avio Aero was organised on 11 July, Rome.
A video interview is available here.

A Seminar on “Verso una revisione della Strategia EU 2020: scenari ed opportunità future” was organised on 7 July, Rome. The Powerpoint presentation by A. Renda is available here.

A Seminar “The Unfulfilled promise: Completing the EU enlargement to the Balkans“, in cooperation with European Fund for the Balkans (EFB) was organised on 1 July, Rome.

A Seminar on: “Priorities of the Latvian Presidency of the EU“, with Edgars Rinkēvičs, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Latvia was organised on 30 June, Rome.

A Conference with L. Tsoukalis su “The Unhappy State of the Union: A new grand bargain for Europe“, in the framework of the series “The future of the European economy” was organised on 30 June, Rome. Click here for the conference video.

A Final conference of the project “Towards a more united and effective Europe” was organised on 27 June, Rome
Click kere for the conference videos, photos and report.
More information about the project can be found here.

Past events at the Institute for World Economics, Research Centre for Economic and Regional Studies of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences – Autumn 2014

Club Europe, 14 October 2014, Budapest

The regular club meeting will host Mr. Daniel Schraad-Tischler and Christian Kroll experts of the Bertelsmann Foundation who will present two recent reports (namely “Sustainable Governance Indicators” and “EU Social Justice”).

Thursday workshops – regular monthly workshop at IWE
Club Europe, 13 October 2014, Budapest

The guest of this special event will be Dr. László Andor, outgoing Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion. Mr. Andor will dedicate his speech to the big topic of „Europe after the Crisis”.

Club Europe, 16 September 2014, Budapest

Lecture by Professor Ludger Kühnhardt, Director of the Research Centre for European Integration at the University of Bonn, entitled “The European Union after the elections and ahead of new challenges”. The professor’s thought-provoking presentation was followed by a lively debate about Europe’s future, including special issues for Germany and Hungary.

Conference on “Engagement or Containment: EU-Russia Relations in Turbulent Times and the Role of Central Europe”

25 September 2014, CEU Centre for EU Enlargement Studies, Budapest
Presentation by senior researcher of IWE, András Deák at Panel III. – Pipelines, plants and European energy networks: dealing with dependency.

Conference on “The Czech Republic’s Strategy for Competitiveness 2015”
Panel “Trade, FDIs and Value Added of V4 Countries”

18 September 2014, Prague
In the above indicated panel senior researchers of IWE, Andrea Éltető and Ágnes Szunomár gave a presentation on “Trade and investment between the Visegrad and Northeast Asian countries with a special emphasis on China and Hungary”

Conference entitled “Development and Use of Natural Gas in the Danube Region: Prospects and Opportunities”
16 September 2014, Natural Gas Europe, Budapest

Contribution by senior researcher of IWE, András Deák, expert in energy matters with special regard to Russia.

IISES event entitled “13th International Academic Conference”
15-18 September 2014, Antibes, France

At this conference senior researcher of IWE, Katalin Völgyi delivered a presentation on “Economic regionalism and FDI inflows in the ASEAN region”

11 September 2014, Budapest

At the latest event senior researcher of IWE, István Kőrösi gave an introductory lecture on “The renewability of social market economy in the midst of the challenges of the 21st century” followed by an unusually long debate (in Hungarian).

“The NATO Summit in Wales – First Assessments”, Research Centre of Strategic Defence Studies
8 September 2014, Budapest

Senior researcher of IWE, András Deák made a presentation at this international expert seminar.

Biannual Conference of EACES (European Association of Comparative Economic Studies)
4-6 September 2014, Budapest

To this big international event, hosted by the Corvinus University Budapest, five researchers of IWE contributed with a presentation, namely Andrea Éltető, Ágnes Orosz, Miklós Szanyi, Ágnes Szunomár and Csaba Weiner.

2nd High-Level Symposium of Think Tanks of China and Central and Eastern European Countries
2-3 September 2014, Bled, Slovenia

Senior researcher of IWE, Ágnes Szunomár contributed to this event with a presentation.

Club Europe, 26 August 2014, Budapest

Lecture by Dr. Szabolcs Fazakas, Hungarian member of the European Court of Auditors in Luxembourg. Mr. Fazakas gave a very interesting, first-hand insight into the recent publication entitled “Special Report on the establishment of the European External Action Service” prepared by the European Court of Auditors.

TEPSA Brief: Energy Agency

The second issue is dedicated to the proposal for the establishment of an Agency for Cooperation on Energy Regulators.

TEPSA Brief: Energy Agency

Past events at the Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael’ – Spring 2016

Brexit debate: to stay or to go, is that the question?

15 April 15 2016, Huis van Europa, The Hague

The Netherlands Society for International Affairs (NGIZ) and the European Movement in the Netherlands (EBN) recently organised the high-level paneldiscussion on the UK EU Referendum.

In the wake of the recent migration crisis, the economic and financial turbulance and the violence increasing in and around Europe, the pressures on European cohesion are rapidly mounting. In a hyperconnected world, many people feel uncertainty about Europe’s future. The UK EU referendum – scheduled for June 23 this year – echoes all these concerns and more.

One thing is certain: the choice of UK citizens will affect us all.

We have therefore asked three international expert observers to enlighten us on facts and fiction in the current UK referendum debates, and the price we would pay if the UK were to leave the EU.

  • Prof. Iain Begg (London School of Economics) on the financial and economic consequences of any Brexit;
  • John McLellan (Director Scottish Newspaper Society, former editor of The Scotsman and member of the presscircle) on the current media coverage of the UK referendum and
  • Isabella Schwarz (European Cultural Foundation) on the wider cultural implications of the UK leaving the EU.

More information can be found here.

Winning coalitions for energy security and green growth in Kenya

19 April 2016, Nairobi, Kenya

This expert meeting aimed to bring together decision-makers and key stakeholders from Government of Kenya, private sector and civil society in order to explore from multiple perspectives the potential reach and implementation of green growth plans in Kenya.

Green growth is increasingly gaining traction as a way to reconcile lasting and broad-based economic growth with climate change mitigation and the goal of sustainable development. As a crucial means to achieve green growth, the energy sector is a central concern. Kenya is a party to the UNFCCC process and is committed to tackling climate change as viewed from its various policies and programmes. Kenya also submitted its INDC to the UNFCCC in July 2015 and sets out an emission reduction target of 30% by 2030 compared to its business-as-usual scenario.

Kenya Vision 2030 and the Second Medium Plan 2013-2017 identify energy as one of the infrastructure enablers for transformation into “a newly-industrialising, middle-income country providing a high quality of life to all its citizens in a clean and secure environment.” Access to competitively-priced, reliable, quality, safe and sustainable energy is essential for achievement of the Vision.

Constraints in energy supply
Currently, there are constraints in energy supply, which include low access to modern energy services, high cost of energy, irregular supply and high cost of energy investments. About 87% of the country’s domestic energy demand is met by biomass. Kerosene based lighting continues to be the leading source of illumination at the household level. Access to modern energy services is required to reduce the wood fuel and kerosene dependency. The draft National Energy and Petroleum Policy (NEPP) states that as of June 2014, 32% of Kenyans had access to electricity. A study commissioned by the Ministry of Energy and Petroleum in 2014 established that Kenya has one of the highest connection charges leading to low access to electricity supply. Despite the successful electrification of public facilities in rural areas, most neighbouring households largely remain unconnected. The NEPP goes on to state that “going by the current pace at which connections are being effected, the achievement of 70% universal access to electricity by 2020, will not be possible without a paradigm shift in the electrification strategy.”

Hence, Kenya requires additional generation capacity to meet growing demand, reduce energy costs and diversify generation mix to minimise risks associated with overreliance on one source of energy. In this respect, geothermal  and wind energy appear most promising. New policies, including Kenya’s National Energy Policy 2014 (as part of Vision 2030 framework) and the Least Cost Power Development Plan aim to increase geothermal and boost energy security. With a focus on the diversification of energy sources, they entail a risk of potentially increasing GHG emissions and it is not yet clear if sufficient incentives are offered to further encourage private sector participation. At the same time, Kenya has discovered coal and oil for which exploration has been going on since 2013.

This expert meeting aimed to bring together decision-makers and key stakeholders from Government of Kenya, private sector and civil society in order to explore from multiple perspectives the potential reach and implementation of green growth plans in Kenya. On this basis, the meeting provided a platform to discuss the connections between green growth and energy security concerns, as well as with Kenya’s integration in the global economy, its national development trajectory, and its policies towards poverty reduction and (regional) stability. A critical part of the meeting explored how and whether legitimate energy security arguments, such as these related to improving energy access, form an obstacle to green growth, or whether new opportunities are arising for “winning coalitions” for a new style of development as the new renewable energy boom kicks off across Africa.

The links meeting explored the relationship between green growth and Kenya’s emission reduction commitments as submitted under the UNFCCC Paris Agreement of 2015. A key objective was to gather expert opinions on the viability of Kenya’s current commitments to climate change mitigation, and what might be reasonably expected of Kenya in the future.

More broadly, the meeting was an opportunity for different stakeholders to discuss various strategic, future-oriented questions in their field of work. The ideas and contributions of participants expressed during the meeting will be incorporated into ongoing research by the Clingendael Institute and the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands into the potential for and constraints on green growth in major developing countries. It will also provide input for policy-makers in Europe working on the Paris Agreement.

More information can be found here.

ENURC project seminar: “From a ‘Strategic Partnership’ to a Strategic Problem? Whither EU-Russian Relations”, 4 December 2015


FIIA1The re-assessment of the overall EU-Russia relationship was the subject of the debate in the final conference of the ENURC project, held in Helsinki on 4 December 2015. The conference started with an opening statement of Prof. Wolfgang Wessels, the Chairperson of TEPSA, who also presented the findings of the pan-European study on citizens’ perceptions on Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia. Dr. Teija Tiilikanen, director of FIIA, opened the conference, underlining the importance of exchanging views within the EU on its relations with its Eastern partners.

The three panels of the conference covered EU-Russia security relations; economic relations and energy relations. In his conclusion on the results of the event, Dr Arkady Moshes stated that, the EU-Russian strategic partnership does not exist anymore, even though this may not be officially acknowledged. The EU-Russian conflict has become the new normal.

In addition to the seminar, the final conference included a dinner debate on 3 December for the speakers hosted by the Director of FIIA. This pre-conference event also aimed to provide an opportunity for the speakers to exchange ideas related to their conference presentation, and it proved to be extremely fruitful for the planning and coordination of the public interventions in the conference.

FIIA2The event attracted 114 participants. Around half of the participants came from Finland (65), but also nationals from 30 other countries: Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Sweden, United Kingdom, Russia, Morocco, Serbia, Ukraine, South Africa, Egypt, New-Zealand, Indonesia, Palestine, Malaysia, United States, China, Mexico and Belarus. Counting only EU member states, 17 countries were participating to the event.

The full conference programme can be downloaded here.

You can find the report and the podcasts of the conference on the FIIA website.