Recent publications from Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) – Spring/summer 2016

IAI50

 

A New EU Strategic Approach to Global Development, Resilience and Sustainability, by Bernardo Venturi and Damien Helly, (IAI Working paper 16|14) May 2016, 22 p.

The new EU Global Strategy (EUGS) and the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Agenda provide an opportunity for the EU to refresh its global approach to development cooperation. The EUGS could promote resilience through coherence between internal and external policies, in line with the 2030 Agenda. The EUGS could establish a new EU approach to development combining resilience, development and conflict sensitivity. As a multi-diplomacy umbrella document fostering policy coherence, the EUGS will have to acknowledge and encourage a series of adjustments to be made in EU development diplomacy and cooperation to contribute to the universal and transformative SDG agenda.

The publication can be downloaded here.

The New EU Governance: New Intergovernmentalism, New Supranationalism, and New Parliamentarism, by Vivien A. Schmidt  (IAI Working Papers 16|08) May 2016, 16 p.

Contemporary analysts differ over which EU actors are the main drivers of European integration and how they pursue it. “New intergovernmentalists” focused on political leaders’ deliberations in the Council clash with “new supranationalists” centred on technical actors’ policy design and enforcement in the Commission and other EU bodies, while both ignore “new parliamentarists” concerned with the European Parliament. This essay argues that only by considering the actions and interactions of all three main actors together can we fully understand the “new” EU governance and its problems. It uses in illustration the EU’s crises of money, borders and security. The essay also suggests that it is best to think about the future of EU governance not in terms of any hard core but rather as a “soft core” of member-states clustered in overlapping policy communities. It additionally proposes ways of reinforcing EU-level capacity for policy coordination with national-level decentralisation to address problems of democracy and legitimacy.

The publication can be downloaded here.

Europe and Israel: A Complex Relationship, by Giorgio Gomel (IAI Working Papers 16|12) May 2016, 7 p.

There is some degree of ambivalence, mistrust, and even hostility between Europe and Israel. Europeans see Israel on a path of permanent occupation of Palestinian territories. Israel sees the European posture as unbalanced and biased against Israel. Economic and institutional linkages are strong. A further strengthening of relations is however difficult unless a peaceful settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is reached. For the EU resolving the conflict is a matter of both interests and values. The engagement of the EU can take different forms, in the realm of sticks one may point to legislation concerning the labelling of products from Israeli settlements in the occupied territories and carrots such as the EU offer of a special privileged partnership with Israel. For the Israeli public a clearer perception of the costs of non-peace and the benefits from a resolution of the conflict could help unblock the stalemate and remove the deceptive illusion that the status quo is sustainable.

The publication can be downloaded here.

Civili in missione: l’esperienza italiana nelle missioni dell’Unione europea, by Alessandro Azzoni and Nicoletta Pirozzi (eds), Roma Nuova Cultura, March 2016, 80 p.

Civilian approaches and instruments are taking on increasing importance in conflict prevention and crisis management. The civilian missions of the European Union have become one of the most significant tools, contributing to the containment or the solution of crises in different areas. This volume offers a useful overview of EU civilian missions and Italy’s contribution to them. The historical background and analysis of institutional and legal aspects provide for a solid understanding of the ongoing dynamics between Brussels and Rome of mission management, the effectiveness and efficiency of the fieldwork, the recruitment and training of personnel, and the future prospect of these types of interventions. The pros and cons of European civilian crisis management are examined and presented in a clear and open manner, together with a list of policy recommendations. The last section of the book addresses young professionals interested in taking part in EU missions, describing the application procedures and the real job prospects for those who aspire to becoming an expert in this field. This book contains the highlights of the debate and summarizes the recommendations of the seminar “Civili in missione. L’esperienza italiana nelle missioni dell’Unione europea”, held in Rome on 17-18 December 2015 in the framework of the “Farnesina Open Doors” programme. The seminar was organised by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, in collaboration with the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI).

The publication can be downloaded here.

 

Explaining the Crisis of the European Migration and Asylum Regime, By Ferruccio Pastore and Giulia Henry, in The International Spectator, Vol. 51, No. 1, April 2016, p. 44-57

Since 2013, the European migration and asylum regime has entered a phase of crisis, which reveals the deep interdependencies between its different components (including intra-EU mobility) and the unbalanced nature of its normative foundations. This original structural fragility had not fundamentally compromised the overall functioning of the regime until two major exogenous factors (the economic crisis, with its asymmetrical impact on the eurozone, and the wave of political instability and conflicts on the southern shore of the Mediterranean) brought its intrinsic limits to the point of rupture. The ongoing, highly contentious process of reform of the European migration and asylum regime is an unprecedented and crucially important test of the capacity of one the European Union’s key sectors to evolve under pressure and to adapt to a rapidly and deeply changing geopolitical, economic and demographic environment.

The publication can be downloaded here.

Past events at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) – Spring 2016

Norwegian Institure for Intl Affairs
The Horn of Africa: Its strategic importance for Europe, the Gulf States and beyond
19 April 2016, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs

In this seminar, Alexander Rondos addressed the challenges facing the region and the Horn’s strategic importance Europe, the Gulf states and other actors. A key question is: how these challenges can be converted into a joint effort that will allow for the integration of the Horn of Africa into a platform of security and economic cooperation?

The diversity of geography, history, population, politics, and culture has made the Horn of Africa prone to conflict within its societies and between its countries. And it is those differences that have allowed outsiders to play proxy politics with the region.

The core of this region, comprising the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, South Sudan, and Somalia—with Kenya and Uganda very closely associated—has attracted once again in its history the attention of greater powers.

Several issues are affecting the Horn of Africa today: Terrorism, realignment of loyalties because of confrontation with the Muslim world, the security of trade through the Red Sea and the global migration crisis, to mention some. In geopolitical terms, the Horn is the fragile neighborhood of Europe’s very fractured southern neighborhood.

Programme:
Welcome by Jon Harald Sande Lie, Senior Research Fellow, NUPI
Introduction of Alexander Rondos by Jens-Petter Kjemperud, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Presentation by Alexander Rondos
Comments, NUPI
Q & A
Chair: Jon Harald Sande Lie, Senior Research Fellow, NUPI

More information can be found here.

Morocco, challenges in the region and its cooperation with the EU
21 April 2016, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs

In this seminar, Mohammed Tawfik Mouline, gave a presentation on Morocco’s major achievements at the political, economic and social levels.

This seminar is part of NUPI’s seminar series “Norway meets Europe”

More information can be found here.

Nordic Security under Pressure
10 May 2016, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs

 

The third and last seminar in the seminar series on NATO focused on Nordic security.

How is Sweden and Finland’s relationship to NATO evolving, in terms of partnership and cooperation as well as public opinion regarding future membership? What would the implications be for security in the North, in particular consequences for Norway, if Sweden and/or Finland were to join the Alliance?

The seminar series was organised in cooperation with the Norwegian Ministry of Defence and NATO Public Diplomacy Division.

More information can be found here.