CIFE conference on “Migrants in Europe: human rights and international security”, 25 September to 2 October 2016 – Rome


The last course of CIFE’s Summer University programme 2016 will take place in Rome: The “Mediterranean Summer University” will conclude with a regional CIFE Alumni meeting over the weekend. Other destinations of the summer programme were Croatia (Split), Poland (Warsaw), Georgia (Batumi), Bulgaria and Romania (Silistra and Slobozia), and England (Canterbury).

Past Events at the Centre of International Relations of University of Ljubljana – Spring/summer 2016

CIR Ljubljana


Participation at the Workshop and round table “Refugee crisis and Central Europe: Cross-border cooperation or Conflict”
9 June 2016, Centre of International Relations (CIR), Vienna


cir2As part of the project on cross-border cooperation of civil society in Central Europe in tackling the migration and refugee crisis related concerns, this workshop was organized by the Austrian society for European politics on 9 June in Vienna, followed by a public round table event on “Refugee crisis and Central Europe: Cross-border cooperation or Conflict” in the House of Europe. Besides representative from CIR, representatives of partner organisations from Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia took part in the events. Lively discussions showed that the situation in each individual country is much more complex than usually shown by the media, and that a more nuanced understanding of these situations can help fighting nationalism and populism at home. The next steps of the project include the publication of recommendations and of an open-edited article, the mapping of civil society actors in the Central Europe and training of journalists.


photos © Alice Schnür-Wala

More information (in German) can be found on the conference website.

Recent publications from the Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) – Spring/summer 2016





Mika Aaltola & Anna Kronlund (eds.), After Rebalance: Visions for the future of US foreign policy and global role beyond 2016

The publication can be downloaded here.

Katri Pynnöniemi & András Rácz, Fog of Falsehood: Russian strategy of deception and the conflict in Ukraine

The publication can be downloaded here.

Briefing Papers


Michael Haltzel, Sticking to the Rules: The United States view on strengthening the OSCE

The publication can be downloaded here.

David Cadier, Detour or Direction? The Europeanisation of France’s policies towards Russia

The publication can be downloaded here.

Katri Pynnöniemi & Charly Salonius-Pasternak, Security in the Baltic Sea Region: Activation of risk potential

The publication can be downloaded here.

Marco Siddi, Privileged Partners? Italy should use its leverage for constructive policies towards Russia

The publication can be downloaded here.

Toni Alaranta, The problematic EU-Turkey refugee deal: The EU downplays its structural foreign policy in order to secure internal unity

The publication can be downloaded here.

Niklas Helwig, Will Angela Merkel cope with the populist challenge? The German chancellor faces opposition to her migration policies in Europe and at home

The publication can be downloaded here.

Katja Creutz & Marco Siddi, Committing to humanity? The World Humanitarian Summit offered a glimmer of hope among all the crises

The publication can be downloaded here.

Recent publications from the Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael’ – Spring/summer 2016



Adriaan Schout, The EU must reform, with or without the British, Trouw (Dutch daily), 18 June 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout, Jan Rood, Hedwich van der Bij, Michiel Luining, Experts glare into the abyss of the migration crisis, Clingendael Institute, 16 June 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout and Hedwich van der Bij, The Juncker Commission and public support for the EU: Doing good or doing the right thing? In: Adam Hug (Ed.), Europe and the people: Examining the EU’s democratic legitimacy, Foreign Policy Center, 15 June 2016

The publication is available here.

Michiel Luining, A strength for Europe: the value of Euroscepticism in current EU debates, Clingendael Institute – EUforum, 20 April 2016

The publication is available here.

Jan Rood, Brexit: the beginning of the end of the EU?, Montesquieu Instituut, 25 May 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout, British membership is warmly supported but not much liked, Clingendael Institutue, 19 May 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout, Don’t tell the British the consequences of Brexit (now), Dutch Newspaper ‘NRC’, 12 May 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout and Jan Marinus Wiersma, The parliamentarisation of the EU’s economic policy, Clingendael Institute, 29 April 2016

The publication is available here.

Michiel Luining, In search for legitimacy, Clingendael Institute – EUforum, 20 April 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout, Jan Marinus Wiersma and Mariana Gomes Neto, The European Asscher Agenda, Clingendael Institute – EUforum, 18 April 2016

The publication is available here.

Jan Marinus Wiersma and Michiel Luining, The social Europe the Member States do not want, Clingendael Institute – EUforum, 18 April 2016

The publication is available here.


Jan Rood and Michiel Luining, EU Transition towards green and smart mobility, Clingendael Institute, 15 April 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout, ‘European narratives: The Netherlands looking for stability’ in: V. Pertusot (ed.), The European Union In The Fog: Building Bridges between National Perspectives on the European Union, Paris: Ifri, April 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout and Hedwich van der Bij, Roadmap after Dutch ‘no’ vote, Clingendael Institute – EUforum, 13 April 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout, Why a national referendum does not work, but a European one will, Dutch Newspaper ‘Volkskrant’, 8 April 2016

The publication is available here.

Adriaan Schout, The consequences of our ‘No’, Clingendael Institute – EUforum, 7 April 2016

The publication is available here.

Recommendations from members of the TEPSA network to the incoming Slovak Presidency, May 2016

tepsahighThe Trans European Policy Studies Association (TEPSA) has the tradition to formulate recommendations to the incoming Council Presidency. These recommendations have been prepared by the following members of the TEPSA network: Iain Begg (TEPSA Board, LSE, London), Katrin Böttger (TEPSA Board, IEP, Berlin), Ilvija Bruģe (LIIA, Riga), Atilla Eralp (CES-METU, Ankara), Diāna Potjomkina (LIIA, Riga), Mark Rhinard (UI, Stockholm), Funda Tekin (CIFE, Berlin) and Guido Tiemann (IHS, Vienna). They do not necessarily represent the view of TEPSA or its member institutes.

Pre-Presidency 2016 BratislavaFunda Tekin presented the recommendations to the incoming Slovak Presidency at the occasion of the TEPSA-IESIR Pre-Presidency Conference on 2 and 3 June 2016 in Bratislava. The conference was organised by the Institute of European Studies and International Relations (IESIR), Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences, Comenius University in Bratislava in cooperation with the Trans European Policy Studies Association (TEPSA), and with the support of the Slovak Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the PONT project.

Migration Crisis

TEPSA has urged previous EU presidencies to devise truly collective solutions to the migration crisis. This should be done out of principle as well as common sense – even the most self-interested, rationalist analysis shows that strengthened management of the EU’s common border, distribution of resources to assist with an orderly asylum process at overwhelmed entry points, and greater shared responsibility for hosting refugees will help to end the crisis. Yet state-centric solutions are on the rise, as the Visegrad Four’s refusal to accept refugee relocation and Hungary’s highly restrictive asylum criteria serve to illustrate. To make matters worse, the European Commission seems content to accept these individualistic solutions. The Commission’s proposals on migration reform, from both April and May of this year, allow for harsh treatment of asylum seekers at the external border in exchange for reinstating Schengen (reopening internal borders). TEPSA urges the Slovakian Presidency of the EU to resist this ‘deal with the devil’ and encourage member states to see beyond their short-term impulses in exchange for long-term, collective solutions.

EU-Turkey relations

Slovakia takes over the EU Presidency at a time when EU-Turkey relations are strained, but more vital than ever, not least because of the refugee crisis. The EU has re-discovered Turkey as a “key strategic partner” and restarted accession negotiations and the visa liberalization procedure with Turkey as well as strengthened institutional EU-Turkey relations through biannual EU-Turkey Summits and regular meetings at the highest levels. At the same time there has been backsliding in Turkey’s reform process vis-à-vis the Copenhagen criteria, while the authoritarian drift in Turkey’s political system continues unabated, with power increasingly in the hands of President Erdoğan.

We urge the Slovak Presidency to keep up the close and balanced dialogue and relations with Turkey. At the same time the EU Presidency should not turn a blind eye Turkish breaches of European values. Specifically we believe the Slovak Presidency can play a key role by:

  • Pushing for the EU to take a clear stance on EU-Turkey relations as well as calling on Turkey to accept and act according to the respective conditions and rules. The visa liberalization procedure, for example, should only be finalized if Turkey implements the reforms linked to the procedure including the anti-terror law.
  • Provide external incentives for internal reforms: the next chapters of accession negotiations that should be opened – if any – are Chapters 23 and 24.
  • Ensure full implementation of the EU-Turkey Deal: although contested, the EU-Turkey Deal has caused a decrease in migration to the Greek islands. This deal needs full commitment on both sides. Inside the EU, the Slovak Presidency would provide a strong signal by committing to the resettlement programme as part of the EU-Turkey Deal, because a fair burden-sharing among EU Member States is essential for its success. At the same time “outsourcing” of migration management should not be the EU’s sole strategy: the Slovak presidency needs to ensure that financial and structural support to Greece continues.

In the last decade, increasingly euro-sceptical populism – mainly, but not only, right-wing – has been evident in most member states of the European Union. Populist notions are particularly effective in political domains which are inherently complicated, driven by symbolic politics, and characterised by low levels of public information on many key facets of European integration.

TEPSA calls on the incoming Slovak presidency to recognise, and respond to, three major drivers of populist euro-scepticism:

  • Policy gridlock within and among EU institutions;
  • A lack of popular support and legitimacy;
  • The democratic deficit of the European Union.

We urge the Slovak Presidency to counter the growing negativity by shifting the discourse from one that portrays so many common policies as a zero-sum game played among the member states, to one that emphasises the positive-sum outcomes from well-conceived policies that benefit all member states.

EU-Russia and EU-Ukraine relations

Given its external border with Ukraine, Slovakia has a strong interest in fostering a coherent and effective EU policy towards Russia. Progress towards a resolution of the Ukraine crisis can be advanced by:

  • Continuing the two-track approach of supporting Ukraine and the other Eastern Partnership countries in their transformation processes while at the same time stabilising and diversifying EU-relations with Russia. A key facet of this that the Slovak Presidency should encourage is a more active EU investment policy in Ukraine, in order to decrease the proportion of Russian capital, especially in strategic industries
  • But also acknowledging that the expression “Minsk II is dead” becomes progressively harder to refute in successive meetings of the Normandy format. Since they appear to achieve little or no progress in their negotiations, the Slovakian council presidency should seek alternative ways to overcome this stalemate. If a clearer path is not found by the end of the Slovak presidency, there is substantial danger of the conflict in eastern Ukraine ossifying.

With regards to the reform processes in Russia and the Eastern Partnership countries, the Slovak Presidency should build on the momentum from the ‘Panama Papers’ to work towards EU insistence on greater financial transparency and accountability in these countries. Such an initiative would help to deter repetition of scenarios witnessed in the case of Moldova, where the seemingly pro-European elite was engaged in large-scale corruption, and would be effective as a type of sanctions against Russian officials violating norms of international security and human rights. In particular, increased attention must be paid to suspicious deals involving EU nationals and EaP and Russian partners, especially regarding laundered funds located in the EU. The reform process should aim to achieve the progressive substitution of post-Soviet business norms by Western business ethics. Concerning EU-Russia relations, Slovakia will have the difficult task of negotiating amongst the EU-member states and their differing stances concerning the future development of these relations. In the spirit of not seeking to ‘punish’ societies for the actions of their governments and promoting closer ties between European and Russian societies there should also be attention to positive incentives. These should include new strategies for engaging Russian civil society through such instruments as massively increased students’ and youth exchanges, academic cooperation and track II dialogues with easier Schengen entry procedures for Russian nationals. These exchange opportunities may be not only bilateral (EU-Russia) but also involve Eastern Partnership countries.

The economy

Although the recent improvement in Eurozone growth is encouraging, the recovery from the crisis remains fragile. It is, therefore, a disappointment that the efforts of successive presidencies to revive the Europe 2020 strategy have been ineffectual. An approach going beyond the worthy but limited ambitions of the European Fund for Strategic Investment – the Juncker Plan – is needed to demonstrate to increasingly sceptical publics that the EU can make a difference. The Slovak Presidency should seize the opportunity to give fresh momentum to the Europe 2020 strategy or a successor strategy, focusing relentlessly on jobs and growth. The EU needs a budget fit for the challenges of today rather than the previous century. After the high-level group on own resources, chaired by Mario Monti, presents its report, it will be incumbent on the Slovak Presidency to ensure that its findings are acted upon and not left on the shelf to gather dust. Specifically a clear timetable with binding deadlines should be set for implementing new own resources.

Click here to dowload the PDF version of TEPSA’s recommendations

PONT Working Europe Seminar, 4-8 April 2016, Brussels: “EU Asylum and Migration Policies”


Fondation Universitaire,
Rue d’Egmont 11, Brussels

In the framework of the Professional Training on EU Affairs – PONT project, co-funded by the ERASMUS+/Jean Monnet Programme, TEPSA organized a five-day seminar on EU Asylum and Migration policies in Brussels on 4-8 April 2016. Twenty excellent Master’s students from diverse geographical and disciplinary backgrounds were selected from more than 100 high-calibre applicants. The seminar offered a unique opportunity to the participants to gain first-hand insights, right in the heart of EU policy-making, into the political dynamics shaping EU asylum and migration policies and the EU’s response to the recent migration challenge.

The PONT seminar participants had an opportunity to visit and meet practitioners from the Council of the European Union, the European Parliament, the European Commission, the Permanent Representation of Austria to the EU and Frontex – the EU border management agency. Experts from influential Brussels-based NGOs and think-tanks, namely the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) and the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) discussed with the seminar participants the legal aspects of recent EU asylum policy changes and the EU’s response to the refugee crisis, including the cooperation with third countries and the role of funding.  At the end of each day, participants discussed and evaluated the meetings with the leader of the seminar, Prof Jaap W. de Zwaan, Secretary General of TEPSA and Emeritus Professor of European Union Law at Erasmus University Rotterdam, comparing their new findings with available academic literature and their own preparatory essays.

On the last day of the seminar, students had the opportunity to apply the theoretical and practical insights they gained during the week in a simulation game of European Council negotiations on the hypothetical scenario of large numbers of migrants arriving to Europe from Sub-Saharan Africa. Students had no difficulty in getting into their respective roles as representatives of Member States and European institutions. Based on the excellent diplomatic efforts of the Presidents of the European Council and the European Commission, the European Council adopted meaningful conclusions only after three hours of negotiations!

PONT Working Europe I day 3_Council of the EU 2

TEPSA wishes the PONT seminar participants a good continuation of their studies and research and a good start of their professional careers!

REPORT_TEPSA Working Europe I seminar on EU Asylum and Migration policies_newsletter-page-001

Here you can consult the final agenda of the PONT seminar.

The presentations of some of the speakers can be downloaded below:

Prof. Klemens Fischer – The EU and the current global security challenges

Prof. Jaap de Zwaan – How to solve the migration crisis

Prof. Jaap de Zwaan – Asylum and Immigration in the EU context

Péter Dávid – EU’s response to migrant smuggling

Amanda Taylor – Legal standards in the context of EU asylum policy changes


Recent publications from the Prague Institute of International Relations (IIR) – Spring 2016

Prague Institute of Intl Relations


Petr Kratochvíl, EU Global Strategy Expert Opinion, No. 15, 05 February 2016

IIR Towards an EU global strategyWe present to you a special analysis of the EU Global Strategy by the IIR Director Petr Kratochvíl. Petr Kratochvíl was among the very few top EU experts selected to provide an opinion on the new EU Global Strategy. The European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) – in close cooperation with the Strategic Planning Division of the European External Action Service (EEAS) – has carried out a wide-ranging outreach and consultation process. As part of this process, the EUISS asked 50 well-known analysts and commentators – roughly half of them from inside, and half of them from outside the Union – to give their opinion on the priorities that the forthcoming EU Global Strategy should address and how. The resulting contributions are collectively reproduced in one volume and offer a rich selection of independent views intended to nurture the drafting of the strategy, and we are proud that our director, Petr Kratochvíl, is one of the experts contributing to this volume.

IIR V4 goes global

Patryk Kugiel (ed.), Ondřej Horký-Hlucháň, Rudolf Fürst, Jan Hornát et al., V4 Goes Global: Exploring Opportunities and Obstacles in the Visegrad Countries’ Cooperation with Brazil, India, China and South Africa, The Polish Institute of International Affairs (PISM) report supported by the International Visegrad Fund, Warsaw, March 2016

The Visegrad Group countries have become more active in pursuing their foreign policy outside Europe, focusing in particular on strengthening their cooperation with the emerging powers – China, India, Brazil and South Africa. When approaching these countries, however, they all have to struggle with similar barriers that result from different potentials and an absence of historical ties. The Visegrad Group can become a useful mechanism in overcoming these obstacles and enhancing relations with the emerging powers, but the four countries have to learn not only to compete, but also to cooperate on the global stage.

Markéta Wittichová, Bordering the Central Mediterranean Search and Rescue Assemblage,  Discussion Paper of the Institute of International Relations Prague, April 2016

Since the beginning of 2015, pieces of news about migrant boat disasters in the Mediterranean Sea have been filling the headlines of major national and international media. Search and rescue operations have been, in many cases, a line between life and death for people travelling to Europe in unsafe dinghies. Using assemblage thinking and Latour´s actor-network theory, this paper by Markéta Wittichová, an IIR Associate Research Fellow, analyses the (non)involvement of various actors in search and rescue operations. It further explores the boundaries of the Search and Rescue assemblage.

Lukáš Tichý and Nikita Odintsov, Can Iran Reduce EU Dependence on Russian Gas?, Middle East Policy, Spring 2016, Volume XXIII

This article written by the IIR Research Fellow Lukáš Tichý and the IIR Associate Research Fellow Nikita Odintsov tries to address the question of whether Iran can indeed decrease the EU’s dependency on imported Russian gas.

Markéta Wittichová and Jan Daniel, Peacekeeping Contributor Profile: Czech Republic, March 2016

Markéta Wittichová and Jan Daniel are the authors of the profile of the Czech Republic as a Peacekeeping Contributor on the server Providing for Peacekeeping. This project of the International Peace Institute, the Elliott School at George Washington University, and the Asia Pacific Centre for the Responsibility to Protect at the University of Queensland contributes up-to-date country profiles. Each profile examines recent trends related to UN and non-UN peacekeeping operations, the given country’s internal decision-making process on whether to contribute uniformed personnel to the UN, the rationales driving its contributions, the major barriers to contributing, current challenges, key domestic champions and opponents of the contributions, major capabilities and caveats, as well as providing sources for further reading. The profiles are available online and in PDF format.

Recent publications from the Centre d’Etudes Européennes of Sciences Po – Spring 2016

CEE Sciences po3

Dageförde, Mirjam. Concepts of Congruence and Europeans’ evaluation of representation. A micro-level-analysis. Cahiers européens de Sciences Po, n° 03/2016, Paris : Sciences Po, CEE, March 2016

The analysis of the relation between citizens and politics is mostly conducted from two different perspectives and disciplines: On the one hand, legislative scholars analyse legislative behaviour or evaluate representation in terms of responsiveness or congruence. On the other hand, public opinion research focuses mainly on analyses of political trust or satisfaction with democracy for assessing cCEE pub 1itizens’ perspective. To a minor degree, both disciplines are combined: In the last decades, legislative research neglected the perspective of citizens, and public opinion research referred only rarely to theories that concern representation at its core. This article aims at closing this r
esearch gap and addresses citizens’ evaluation of representation. It investigates the effects of congruence – as the main indicator for judging about the quality of representation – from a micro-perspective while referring to the underlying assumption: The higher the congruence, the better the quality of representation. It (1) develops new models for conceptualizing congruence on the micro-level, (2) analyses how citizens assess parliamentary representation in terms of perceived responsiveness and (3) explores how different concepts of congruence impact on it. The analysis is drawn for the EU countries. The results indicate that the distinct conceptualizations of congruence are of varying importance for explaining citizens’ representational judgments.

Rovny, Jan. Is Eastern Europe Uniformly Anti-Immigrant? Not so fast. Understanding immigration policy positions and policy change in Eastern EuropeLIEPP Policy Brief. March 2016, n° 24, p. 1-7

As the European Union struggled to address an unprecedented influx of refugees in 2015, four Eastern European governments rejected a proposal for European Union refugee quotas. Within each country, however, there are different views on the migrant crisis and immigration in general that are overshadowed by this uniform policy response. My research on the political divisions in each country explains that these differences are related to how political camps developed after communism. Through an analysis of the causes of immigration salience and the reasons behind immigration and integration policy positions of various parties in Eastern European countries, this research finds that which party – left or right – adopts more socially liberal policy positions depends on its relationships to communist federalism and the most politically notable ethnic group in the country. My work finds three distinct political patterns in Eastern Europe.

Rovny, Jan. Hungary and Poland’s anti-democratic turn: a new era or more of the same? In MAEurope, March 2016

Reforms affecting the independence of courts and the media in Hungary and Poland have received significant attention in recent months. But to what extent do these developments constitute a genuine shift in the nature of Hungarian and Polish politics? Jan Rovny writes that while both countries have witnessed a rise in support for parties with anti-democratic tendencies, the dynamics of party competition remain consistent with the liberal-conservative political divide that has characterised the politics of these countries since the fall of communism. [First lines]

Rozenberg, Olivier (ed). Should we continue to Study the EU?  Politique européenne, March 2016, vol 2015/4, n° 50

CEE pub 4In French: La gravité et la multidimensionnalité des crises que connaît l’UE imposent un questionnement sérieux. Comment les sciences sociales peuvent-elle analyser le désenchantement vis-à-vis de la construction européenne ? Faut-il voir dans les incertitudes de l’actualité une occasion unique de rendre les études européennes plus scientifiques et objectives ? Pour son 50e numéro, la revue s’efforce de regarder au-delà de la science politique de langue française.

Vitale, Tommaso. Roma: Oltre le baraccopoli: Agenda politica per ripartire dalle periferie dimenticate, Roma : Associazione 21 Luglio, 2016, 18 p.

In Italian : Con il presente documento, presentato in vista delle elezioni comunali che si svolgeranno a Roma nel 2016, l’Associazione 21 luglio vuole proporre alle forze politiche e ai candidati a cariche elettive i principi essenziali per mutare radicalmente le politiche verso gli abitanti delle baraccopoli e dei micro insediamenti presenti nella Capitale. Le azioni previste nel documento hanno come obiettivo, nell’arco temporale di 5 anni: la chiusura graduale e progressiva delle baraccopoli e dei micro insediamenti della Capitale e il superamento dei centri di raccolta dove sono concentrate le famiglie vittime degli sgomberi che nel passato hanno coinvolto abitanti di numerose baraccopoli. “Roma: oltre le baraccopoli” si avvale degli studi condotti dall’Associazione 21 luglio e, nell’ultima parte, del prezioso apporto del prof. Tommaso Vitale, Sciences Po (Université Sorbonne Paris Cité)1. Il testo condivide medesimi principi e metodi riportati all’interno della “Delibera di iniziativa popolare per il superamento dei campi rom”, promossa da nove associazioni2 e sottoscritta da oltre 6.000 cittadini, depositata in Campidoglio l’11 settembre 2015.

Woll, Cornelia. A Symposium on Financial Power. Accounting, Economics and Law: A Convivium, March  2016, vol 6, n° 1, p. 1-3

1st lines: It is a privilege to be read and discussed by such insightful scholars, several of which have made important contributions to our understanding of industry-government relations and financial regulation in recent history. Their reading of my own analysis has given me a much sharper sense of my argument. Indeed, I agree with many of their comments, including some of the critical ones, and believe our discussion contributes positively to the still on-going political analysis of the recent global crisis. The reviews all thoroughly engage with the political analysis and the empirical discussion of the bank bailout schemes presented in the book. Their main thrust differs, however, and it is helpful to organize my response by grouping them according to the focus of their criticism. This allows me to clarify three subjects in my rejoinder to the following discussion: the nature of power, the use of the chicken-game metaphor and the role of healthy banks in different countries.

Woll, Cornelia. A Rejoinder by the Author. Accounting, Economics and Law: A Convivium, March 2016, vol 61, p. 85-92

In order to respond to the insightful and detailed discussion, I find it helpful to group the authors according to the most relevant issues they have identified. First, I will return to the notion of power in business-government relations, which Wilmarth and Barnes discuss at length and which Reinke finds problematic. Second, I will clarify the use of the game-theoretical framing, which has certain heuristic limitations. It does, however, address the governments’ strategy, contrary to the criticism of Reinke and Jensen. Third, I dive into the empirical study to address other factors that help to explain bailout arrangements. I show why I disagree firmly with Jensen, who believes that healthy banks alone are sufficient to analyze the six cases, suggesting that my argument is over-determined. I do concede, however, that additional elements help to provide a richer analysis, in particular the institutional and legal settings highlighted by Moutot and Thiemann.

Past events at IEE-ULB – Spring 2016


Roundtable on Hungary/EU relations: managing the migration crisis
10 March 2016, Institut d’Etudes Européennes (Geremek room), 39 avenue Franklin Roosevelt, Brussels

In a context of political tension facing a migration flux without precedent, Hungary undertook a series of initiatives to regulate the transit of some 400 000 migrants on its territory in 2015. Among the most emblematic measures is the building of fences at the country borders with Serbia, Slovenia, Romania and Croatia. Besides the fact that it made the securing of its borders a priority, the Hungarian government also thinks in line with the EU external policy that the actual crisis can only be solved in its roots, meaning solving the situation in the origin countries and reinforce development aid. Tensions have arisen between the EU and the Magyar state about the migration crisis. They are mostly about the question of an imposed distribution of asylum seekers in the country where they were firstly registered – distribution seen as inefficient and interventionist.

This roundtable was the occasion to give a voice to Hungarian authorities on their highly publicised management of the unprecedented migration phenomenon that they face and on their cooperation with other EU member states in this field. The debate will be animated by two academics, specialists of the topic discussed : Marianne Dony, Ordinary Professor at ULB and Jean Monnet Chair in EU law and Jean-Michel De Waele, Ordinary Professor at ULB and Vice-Rector for student affairs, social policy and institutional relations.

More information can be found here.

Past events at the College of Europe (Bruges) – Spring 2016


Round table “‘Refugee Crisis’ – ‘EU Crisis’? Causes, Consequences, Call for Action”
2 March 2016
College of Europe, Bruges

On 2 March 2016, the Department of EU International Relations and Diplomacy Studies at the College of Europe, Bruges campus, organised an interdisciplinary round table discussion on “‘Refugee Crisis’ – ‘EU Crisis’? Causes, Consequences, Call for Action”. The round table aimed to explore the topic from various perspectives such as foreign affairs and security, migration and home affairs, humanitarian aid, fundamental rights, economic issues, or societal integration as the main challenge consists in integrating these different policy areas in the search for appropriate responses.

More information can be found here.

TEPSA Newsletter Editorial February 2016: “Schengen has imploded: how to save Schengen?”

The EU and its member states have been completely overtaken by the refugee crisis, more particularly in view of the numbers of migrants and the intensity of the process. We were not sufficiently prepared. Whether we could have foreseen the crisis, is another question.

In theory suitable instruments were available to counter the crisis. In view of the ‘single human space’ (the de facto borderless Schengen area) created after setting up the single market, the accomplishment of some important tasks should have been ensured at the EU external borders: the registration of the claims for asylum or other forms of protection, the identification of the applicants and the examination of the individual applications. Also the return of irregular migrants to their country of origin should have been prepared at our external borders. In this whole process fast procedures should have been applied.

In practice, however, our external borders appeared to be permeable. The weak role of Frontex is certainly an element in this discussion. However, at the time this agency was founded, member states did not want to have a strong European organisation responsible to exercise, as it were autonomously, controls at the external EU borders. On the contrary, member states preferred an organisation with a mandate to merely ‘assist’ them, upon their request. As it turned out, during the crisis individual member states started to develop their own approaches, varying from respectively allowing immediate passage, showing hospitality and openness, to the closing of borders and the construction of fences. Consequently, disorder arose and migrants evidently chose to travel (only) to those member states with an open attitude towards them. In short, a result completely contrary to the principles of solidarity and burden sharing. An approach also far from the common solutions which were so desperately needed.

Who is to blame for the situation that has occurred? Certainly not the European Union or, more particularly, the Commission. Indeed, the Commission has always monitored the situation carefully and tabled suitable proposals to counter the situation. Therefore, the member states are rather to blame. Either they did not implement obligations they had accepted in an earlier stage, or they were not willing to be engaged in a process of solidarity leading to common solutions. Is Europe lacking visionary politicians these days?

What should happen now? As much as possible, we have to try to transform the present chaotic situation into the one which should have been envisaged right from the start of the crisis. That means fast procedures for the registration, identification and examination of the applications for asylum. In view of the huge number of migrants a fair system of relocation across the member states cannot be avoided, also an effective system to return irregular migrants to their country of origin is needed. A supplementary measure could be to implement the ‘humanitarian admission scheme’ with Turkey. According to that scheme, a reduction of irregular inflows into Europe will be coupled with a (voluntary) admission in Europe of (primarily Syrian) migrants who were received in Turkey but are in need of protection. Another idea could be to ‘internationalise’ the problem, and to invite other ‘safe’ third countries to take their responsibility in the crisis and to accept a number of migrants in their respective countries. It is by the way surprising that this question has not been put more explicitly on the international agenda.

At the end of 2015, the Commission presented its proposal regarding the establishment of a European Border and Coast Guard: a good proposal aiming to secure control over the EU’s external borders in the Mediterranean. Indeed, everybody understands that a common, European, organisation is needed to fulfil such a complicated task in difficult and, even, dangerous times. In the given circumstances, the full responsibility to control these borders cannot be left any longer to those member states geographically located in the territory where these borders are drawn. The European Council of 18 February has called for an acceleration of the work with a view to reaching political agreement under the Dutch Presidency. Let’s hope that the competent ministers will do everything possible to restore an effective – and common – Schengen system well before the Dutch Presidency ends.

Prof. Jaap de Zwaan, TEPSA Secretary-General

Past events at the Institute of International Affairs (IIA) at University of Iceland – Winter 2015/16

IIA Iceland

Open seminars hosted by the Institute of International Affairs at the University of Iceland 

The Institute of International Affairs (IIA) at the University of Iceland has organized a number of open seminars on various topics in the beginning of the year. The seminars include:

19 February 2016. The Role of Non-Arctic States in Emerging Polar Security.
Marc Lanteigne, Senior Research Fellow at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) in Oslo and an Affiliated Researcher at the Centre for Arctic Policy Studies at the University of Iceland, Reykjavík.

18 February 2016. The 2015 Human Development Report.
Dr. Selim Jahan, Editor-in-Chief of the 2015 Human Development Report: Work for Human Development and Director of the UNDP Human Development Report Office.

8 February 2016. The EEA Agreement and Iceland’s obligations.
Páll Þórhallsson, Chair of the Committee for the Report on the Implementation of the EEA Agreement.
Claude Maerten, Head of Division, European External Action Service.

22 January 2016. Europe’s Refugee Crisis.
Hugo Brady, Adviser to Donald Tusk, President of the European Council.

12 January 2016. The Rise of ISIS: What does it mean?
Dr. Magnús Þorkell Bernharðsson, Professor of Middle Eastern History at Williams College.

Open call for applications 5-day Brussels seminar on EU Asylum and Migration Policies for Master students

In the framework of the PONT project TEPSA (Trans European Policy Studies Association) is organising a ‘Working Europe’ Seminar on EU Asylum and Migration policies, which will take place in Brussels on 4-8 April 2016.

Amid EuPONT_LOGOrope’s worst refugee crisis since the Second World War, 20 students will take part in a seminar where EU practitioners, researchers and other relevant stakeholders will discuss recent developments in EU asylum and migration law and policy. The seminar will offer participants insights into the political dynamics shaping EU asylum and migration policies, and into the main challenges that have to be addressed. The division of competencies and responsibilities between the EU and its Member States will also be discussed.

Participants in the seminar will also visit policy departments of several EU institutions and agencies, Brussels-based thinks tanks and NGOs dealing with refugee issues. At the end of the seminar, a simulation game on EU Council negotiations will be organised in order to enable participants to apply the knowledge acquired during the seminar.

The seminar is coordinated by the Prof Dr Jaap W. de Zwaan, Emeritus Professor of European Union Law at Erasmus University Rotterdam and Lector European Integration at the Hague University of Applied Sciences.

Participants will receive a certificate of attendance after a successful completion of the Working Europe Seminar.

Seminar venue: Fondation Universitaire, Rue d’Egmont 11, Brussels and working visits in Brussels.

Participation fee: EUR 100.

Travel reimbursement: TEPSA reimburses travel costs up to EUR 250. All other expenses, like accommodation, are to be covered by other sources or by the participants themselves.

The application phase is now closed. We are currently contacting all the candidates in order to inform them about the status of their applications.

More information can be found here: PONT Working Europe Seminar Call for Applications

Please find here the Final Agenda of the PONT seminar.


Past events at IEE-ULB – Summer 2014

Summer School “European Union Law and Policy on Immigration and Asylum”, 30 June – 11 July 2014, ULB, Brussels


The aim of the Summer School was to provide its participants with an comprehensive understanding of the immigration and asylum policy of the European Union from a legal point of view. The programme was organised by the “Academic Network for Legal Studies on Immigration and Asylum in Europe”, founded with the financial support of the Odysseus Programme of the European Commission and co-ordinated by the Institute for European Studies of the Université Libre de Bruxelles. The course provided both the opportunity to live in a unique European environment, as Brussels hosts numerous European and international organisations and their research facilities, and to take part in an intellectually stimulating experience in a group of several tens of participants specialised in the area of asylum and immigration from all over Europe. The classes were conducted by academics from the universities co-operating in the Network which is represented in twenty-seven Member States of the European Union, Switzerland and Norway and more, and by high ranking officials from international organisations, particularly the European Commission. Each class was given both in French and in English. Participation in the Summer School was rewarded with a certificate of attendance.

You can find more information on the programme here.

Forthcoming 2013 seminars at Sciences Po, Centre d’études européennes


Migrations and Multiculturalism, 9 January 2013. Opening session: “Immigration and multiculturalism: a historical perspective of the France-US crossroads” with Nancy Foner (City University of New York), Paul-André Rosental (Sciences Po, CEE). Catherine Goussef (EHESS, CERCEC, CNRS) and Nancy Green (EHESS, CRH).

The mass migration since 1950 has profoundly transformed demographic, social, political and economic structures in numerous societies in the world, and specifically European societies. The arrival of long-stay immigrants, the increase of the prominent “second generations”, the importance of multiculturalism and supposed differing values and the emergence of ethnic or racial minorities as they redefine processes, all look to models of integration. These evolutions question the past sense of inheritance with the dislocation of multinational empires, of colonisation-decolonisation or the slave trade. These manifestations of internal diversity come into play as the nation-states entre into a new sequence of rebuilding as well as the fear of dilution. They question the very transformation dynamics of the state.

The political management of such diversity follows various past regimens according to historical configurations of societies and their respective policies. But if these national idiosyncrasies remain strong, the circulation of models, the role of homogenisation at the supra-national level, the transpositions of one society’s experiences to another drive the whole towards a form of unification (of course with limits) of an action repertoire or reference, mirroring the increasingly comparative research. The “European” dimension cannot be neglected. Adjustments will not be without intense debate on the future of multicultural societies, as well as future political arenas, such as social sciences. And the connection between politics and policy merits an examination, as a scholarly debate by politicians. These political processes have had an effect on the basic revision of theory and concepts dedicated to the studies of migration, integration, and discrimination. More information about the seminar here.

Modèles nationaux de croissance et protection sociale, 31 January and 1st February 2013, Sciences po, CEE and LIEPP, CEPREMAP.

While many studies have shown increased contribution of social protection to the post-war boom, the question of its contribution to the economy has been relatively neglected in recent times. When emphasis is not put on its worst attributes for the role it plays in social protection it is then seen for its better role as a “shock absorber.” The objective of this project is to examine the role of social protection in national growth strategies developed during the last decade in developed or emerging countries, especially in Germany and France. We must consider (or reconsider) the relationship between the functionality of the economy, whose structures are in turmoil, and current or renewed social protection mechanisms. Relationships and complementarities of social protection with other areas of the economy depend on the type of economic organization. Five basic dimensions are likely to be considered. 1. The role of finance, the financing of the global economy and the financing of social protection; 2. The relationship between the labour market and social protection; 3. The system of skills training; 4. Distribution inequality; 5. The area of social protection itself as a sector of economic activity and a potential source of growth and employment. For more information click here.

L’ethnographie du politique et des politiques, une perspective pragmatique, 22 January 2013, Sciences Po, CEE, Paris with Daniel Céfai, (EHESS, CEMS). Discussion: Thomas Aguilera (Sciences Po, CEE) and Pierre Lascoumes (Sciences Po, CEE, CNRS). For more information click here.

War Deaths: Are Incumbents Punished for Costly Policies?, 19 February 2013, Sciences Po, CEE, Paris with Daniel Rubenson (Ryerson University, Researcher visiting Sciences Po, CEE). Discussion: Bastien Irondelle (Sciences Po, CERI), Lucas Leemann (Sciences Po, CEE and Columbia University in the city of New York). For more information click here.

A political history of the future, 19 March 2013, Sciences Po, CEE, with Jenny Andersson (Sciences Po, CEE, CNRS). Discussion: Charlotte Halpern (Sciences Po, CEE), Antoine Mandret (Sciences Po, CEE). For more information click here.

Les régions, les inégalités et les politiques publiques. Contribution à une sociologie comparée de l’Etat, 16 April 2013, Sciences Po, CEE, with Claire Dupuy (Université catholique de Louvain-La-Neuve, ISPOLE and Associate to Sciences Po, CEE). Discussion: Patrick Le Lidec (Sciences Po, CEE, CNRS), Francesca Artioli (Sciences Po, CEE). For more information click here.

Analyse des politiques de santé publique, 4 May 2013, Sciences Po, CEE, with Patrick Castel and Henri Bergeron (Sciences Po, CSO). Discussion: Louise Lartigot-Hervier (Sciences Po, CERI) and Cornelia Woll (Sciences Po, CERI, MaxPo and LIEPP). For more information click here.

Alumni meeting “Rome Regional Alumni Meeting”, 30 September 2016, Centre International De Formation Européenne (CIFE)


A summer university programme will take place in Rome at the end of September on the topic: “Migrants in Europe: Borders, Human Rights and International Security”. At the end of this programme, an alumni meeting will be organised especially for the students of the different programmes of CIFE. This Alumni meeting will begin in the evening of Friday 30 September (closing session of the Mediterranean summer university) and end in the afternoon of Sunday 2 October.

More information can be found here.

Past events at IEE-ULB – Summer 2015


Certificate in “European Law on Immigration and Asylum”, 5 September 2014 – 12 July 2015, Universite Libre de Bruxelles


The aim of this programme was to provide itsparticipants with an in-depth understanding of the legal rules on immigration and asylum adopted by the European Union. The courses also had a comparative dimension and cover the internal laws of the Member States, in particular the way they transpose EU directives. This programme was of interest to all persons who wish to acquire a special knowledge in immigration and asylum law, for instance civil servants, advocates or persons working for
NGOs, and in particular researchers, PhD students and other students, who frequently confront the complex legal dimension of immigration and asylum in their work or studies. This programme was organised by the “Academic Network for Legal Studies on Immigration and Asylum in Europe” founded in 1999 with the support of the Odysseus Programme of the European Commission and co-ordinated by the Institute for European Studies of Brussels University (ULB). The course provided the opportunity to live in a unique European environment, with instructors coming from academic institutions in many different Member States as well as from the EU institutions, and to take part in an intellectually stimulating experience as part of a group of 20-40 participants specialising in the area of immigration and asylum with different backgrounds from all over Europe. Professional networking within and outside this group was encouraged by the organisers.

More information on the certificate is available here.

PONT seminar on EU Asylum and Migration policies

TEPSA is happy to share with you the report of the PONT Working Europe I seminar on EU Asylum and Migration policies which took place in Brussels on 4-8 April. Many thanks to the seminar participants who volunteered to prepare the reports from various sessions!

The report can be downloaded here.

Course “Towards EU Migration Management”, 26–28 September 2016, College of Europe, Bruges


This course will offer an up-to-date overview of the Migration and Asylum regulatory framework in place at the moment. It will analyze the instruments put in place by the European Union to face this crisis and support the Member States on the management of migration flows, borders and relocation. The first part of the course will focus on the legal aspects, whereas the second part will look into best practices, including a case study from a Member State.

More information can be found here.

Past events at Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) – Spring 2014


A public stakeholders event within the framework of the project New Pact for Europe was organised on 10 March 2014. Within this project, public panel debates have been organized with a broad range of stakeholders in 15 Member States: representatives from civil society, business community, employers’ and trade unions, think tanks and media, policy makers from national, regional and local level. Members of the Reflection Group have participated in these debates that will feed into the reflection. The event in Italy was organised by the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) of Rome in collaboration with Centro Studi sul Federalismo (CSF) of Turin. Please click here to download the conference programme, conference report, first report of the project.

TEPSA Pre-Presidency Conference: Priorities and Challenges of the Italian Presidency 2014

Growth, employment and immigration are at the top  of the agenda of Italy’s EU presidency. IAI with TEPSA have prepared a background paper assessing these and other challenges and presented a series of recommendations to the Italian foreign ministry, 24-25 March 2014, Rome.

Conference series of “The future of the European economy” on: “Quadrare il cerchio nell’Eurozona. Riforme, stabilità finanziaria e sostenibilità fiscale”

With Marco Buti, Director-General for Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), 26 March 2014. A meeting to talk about Italy and the European Union, economic balance and banking union. The debate has been inspired from the data and information contained in the report of the European Commission on the EU’s economic imbalances, published on March 5. Please click here to download the report, the photos and the interview.

Workshop on “L’Europa e le politiche di migrazione”

Organized by the Representation of the European Commission in Italy within the framework of the project Politically.EU, 31 March 2014, Naples. The deliberation workshop which took place in Naples among national stakeholders has emphasized the need for the EU to adopt an innovative political and cultural approach about immigration, with a prompt change of perspective and with a net reversal of points of view. The programme and the report are available for download.

Presentation of the study “Space, sovereignty and European security. Building European capabilities in an advanced institutional framework” to the Subcommittee on Security and Defence of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the European Parliament, 1 April 2014, Brussels

A new IAI monograph commissioned by the European Parliament’s Subcommittee on Security and Defence offers an analysis of the role of space-based capabilities in supporting the security and defence policies of the EU and its Member States. Please find the monograph here.
Conference on “Energy and Environmental Policies in Post-Crisis Europe”, within the framework of the project “Towards a More United and Effective Europe: Beyond the 2014 European Parliament Elections”, 9 April 2014, Athens. Please find the programme and information on the project here.

Conference on “Turkey and Europe: a multifaceted relationship migration, citizenship and civil society”

Within the framework of the project “Global Turkey in Europe”, in cooperation with German Marshall Fund of the United States, Istanbul Policy Center and Mercator Foundation, 14 April 2014, Berlin. Please find the programme here.

Round table on “L’Italia guarda a Strasburgo: Il Parlamento europeo e il dibattito politico italiano”

In cooperation with Centro Studi sul Federalismo, in the framework of the project “EP votes that shaped EU and national politics 2009-2014”, 14 April 2014, Turin. Please find the programme, the IAI-CSF report and the project.

Past events at Real Instituto Elcano – Spring 2016



Presentation of the report “Spain in the World 2016: perspectives and challenges” and debate on the Spanish external action in this new political cycle’

18 February 2016

elcano 1Organised by Elcano Royal Institute. The analysts at the Elcano Royal Institute have written a collective report titled “España en el mundo durante 2016: perspectivas y desafíos”, which makes a prospective analysis on the Spanish external action towards the global, European and regional challenges to be addressed this year. Analysts from the main think-tanks on foreign affairs based in Spain debated on the foreign policy to be adopted in this new, complex political cycle. With the participation of Eduard Soler, Research Coordinator at CIDOB Barcelona Centre for International Affairs; Vicente Palacio, Deputy Director of OPEX, Fundación Alternativas; Francisco de Borja Lasheras, Deputy Director of ECFR Madrid office, and Ignacio Molina, Senior Analyst at Elcano Royal Institute. Moderated by Charles Powell, Director of the Elcano Royal Institute.

More information can be found here.

Debate: “Schengen in danger: the European response to the migration and refugee crisis”

8 March 2016

Organised by Elcano Royal Institute with the collaboration of Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. With the participation of Gil Arias Fernández, ex-Frontex Deputy Executive Director; Javier Carbajosa Sánchez, Spanish Embassador for the Special Mission of Migration Affairs; Alfred Pfaller, independent consultant and political economy analyst and RIE Senior Analysts Carmen González Enríquez and Félix Arteaga. Moderated by Emilio Lamo Espinosa, President of the Royal Institute Elcano.

More information can be found here.

Roundtable Discussion “The new political and economic cycle in Latin America”

30 March 2016

Organised by Elcano Royal Institute. The Roundtable Discussion analysed the change in dynamics in Latin America with a special focus on the most relevant political and economic factors. With the participation of José Gasset, Head of International Relations at Iberdrola; José Antonio Ocampo, Professor at the University of Columbia and RIE Senior Analysts Federico Steinberg  and Carlos Malamud. Moderated by Rafael Estrella, Vice-president of the Elcano Royal Institute.

More information can be found here.

International Colloquium: Spain-Israel: 30th Anniversary of Diplomatic Relations, Future Perspectives And Challenges

4 April 2016

elcano2Organised by The Latin American Unit at the Truman Institute, The Department of Romance and Latin American Studies and The European Forum at the Hebrew University, in collaboration with the Elcano Royal Institute. Charles Powell, director of the Elcano Royal Institute, and Gonzalo Escribano, director of the Energy and Climate Change Programme at the Elcano Royal Institute, participated in this colloquium.

More information can be found here.

Elcano Debate “Europe’s Terrorism Threat: Challenges and Response”

14 April 2016

Organised by Elcano Royal Institute and Fundación Botín. The first cycle of “Elcano Debates”- after the recent terrorist attacks in Brussels and Paris we asked what is the nature of the current jihadists’ terrorist expressions in Europe, what are the internal and external dimensions of such threat and whether or not we are doing what needs to be done in terms of counter-terrorism policies and radicalization prevention. With the participation of Fernando Reinares, Director of Elcano’s Global Terrorism program; Jesús Núñez, Co-Director of the Institute of Studies on Conflicts and Humanitarian Action and Carola García-Calvo, Analyst of Elcano’s Global Terrorism program. Moderated by Emilio Lamo Espinosa, President of the Elcano Royal Institute.

More information can be found here.

Roundtable “The ASEAN Economic Community: Potentials and Opportunities for All”

20 april 2016


More information on this event can be found here.


Seminar “The geopolitics of TTIP”

21 April 2016


With a keynote speech by Jaime García Legaz, Deputy Minister for International Trade, Spain

The talks on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) are surrounded by controversy. European concerns about investment arbitration, transparency, and environmental and health standards have fuelled public opposition to a transatlantic trade deal. But absent in the debate about TTIP is a fair consideration of its foreign policy and strategic impact: What does a successful TTIP mean from a foreign policy perspective? And what could its strategic merit be? How will TTIP affect third countries? And what happens if a deal does not materialise?

More information can be found here.

Conference: Which “Crisis”? Understanding and Addressing Migration, Istituto Affari Internazionali

IAI50The IAI Institue will organise a conference on the current migration crisis on the 16th of December 2016 in Athens. The conference is organised in cooperation with the Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (Eliamep) in the framework of the research project New-Med. For more information and the full programme of the conference visit the IAI website.

Past events at the Prague Institute of International Relations (IIR) – Spring 2016

Prague Institute of Intl Relations

Expert public discussion on “Migration: An Opportunity, Not a Threat?”
25 April 2016, the Institute of International Relations Prague


IIR Embassy of Canada logo
IIR Centre for European security logoIIR Centre for International Law




The Centre for European Security and the Centre for International Law of the Institute of  InternIIR FrancoisCrepeauational Relations Prague, in cooperation with the Canadian Embassy, are the organizers of an
expert public discussion with François Crépeau, Professor and Hans and Tamar Oppenheimer Chair in Public International Law, McGill University and United Nations Special Rapporteur on the
Human Rights ofMigrants. The questions framing the discussion are, for example: Why should Europeans organize rather than prevent migration to Europe? Why is there so much opposition to and fear of inward migration? Is this justified? What benefits and opportunities do migrants bring? Migration also brings challenges – (how) can we deal with them? What lessons should we learn from dealing with migration in the past?

Public lecture on “The Use of Force Against ISIS: Is International Law Changing?”
31 March 2016, the Institute of International Relations Prague


The Institute of International Relations Prague was proud to host a public lecture by the well-known international law expert Prof. Dr. Anne Peters, LL.M., Director of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law in Heidelberg, followed by the launch of the new Centre for International Law of the Institute of International Relations Prague. The events took place on 31 March at the Institute of International Relations Prague. Videos from the lecture and the launch are available at the event’s website.

Seminar on “China’s One Belt One Road Initiative and Central Europe”
23 March 2016, the Institute of International International Relations Prague


The Institute of International Relations Prague, together with the Institute of European Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), Beijing, organized a seminar on “China’s One Belt One Road Initiative and Central Europe”.

Out of the range of interesting contributors and contributions to the seminar, let us mention Prof. Kong Tianping, Senior Researcher of the Institute of European Studies, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and his contribution “The Belt and Road Initiative and Its Implication for Cooperation between China and the Visegrad States”; Prof. Liu Zuokui, Director of the Department of Central and Eastern European Studies, the Institute of European Studies, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, with his presentation “How Chinese Perceive the V4 and China–V4 Relations”; and also Prof. Chen Xin, Director of the Department of European Economic Studies, the Institute of European Studies, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and his lecture “The Czech Republic in the 16+1 Cooperation.”

Roundtable on “Brexit and EU Foreign Policy: The View from Other Member States”
9 March 2016, London School of Economics and Political Science


On 9 March 2016 Petr Kratochvíl, Director of the Institute of International Relations Prague, spoke, together with Ben Tonra, Stephen Keukeleire, Annegret Bendiek and Christian Lequesne, at a roundtable focusing on the topic of “Brexit and EU Foreign Policy: The View from Other Member States” at the prestigious London School of Economics and Political Science. You can find a report from the event at the event’s website.

Public lecture on “The Helplessness of German and European Refugee Policy”
24 February 2016, the Institute of International Relations Prague


The Institute of International Relations Prague organized a public lecture with a subsequent discussion with Prof. em. Dr. Egbert Kurt Jahn dealing with issues connected to refugees, the German stance toward them and why Germany’s attitude in this respect is so different to that of other EU Member States.

Recent publications from Real Instituto Elcano – Spring/summer 2016



Guy Edwards and Lara Lázaro, Spanish investors can capitalize on the low-carbon transition in Latin America, 25 April 2016

The implementation of the Paris Agreement and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) offer significant opportunities for Spanish investors while supporting Latin American countries in the achievement of low-carbon and resilient development. Institutional, knowledge and infrastructure challenges require attention to maximise these opportunities.

The publication can be accessed here.

William Chislett, Inside Spain nº127 28th March- 25nd April, 24 April 2016

Table of contents: Spain heading to new elections. Panama Papers claim the head of Industry Minister. Spain ranked above UK and US in press-freedom index. Spain to be given more time to meet EU’s budget deficit threshold.

The paper can be downloaded here.

Iliana Olivié and Manuel Gracia, Elcano Global Presence Index Report, 04 May 2016

The 2016 edition of the Elcano Global Presence Index ranks 90 countries according to the extent to which they are currently ‘out there’, participating in and shaping the process of globalization. In addition to the incorporation of 10 new countries (Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Kenya, Myanmar, Tanzania, Turkmenistan, Uruguay and Uzbekistan) and adjusting the weighting given to each variable (according to the international experts’ criteria resulting from a survey conducted in 2015), this year’s edition highlights the following results: China jumps to second position while Europe stagnates, the collapse of commodities prices affects the emerging economies. The added value of global presence of all 90 countries for which this index is calculated barely grows in 2015, which could indicate the stagnation of the globalization process. After years of increasingly disperse global presence, we are now seeing a re-concentration of external projection. The results of a survey conducted in 2015 shows the extent to which foreign policy specialists have changed their worldview. The world now looks ‘harder’ than it did in 2012.

More information about the publication can be found here.

William Chislett, Inside Spain nº128 25th April- 23nd May, 24 May 2016

Table of contents: Acting Foreign Minister lays foundations for new relation with Cuba. Spain holds firm in Elcano Global Presence Index. New left-wing alliance ‘set to overtake’ Socialists in June’s election. Madrid wins reprieve after breaking EU budget rules. PSA Group and Renault announce €1.3 billion of investments.

The paper can be downloaded here.

Iliana Olivié and Aitor Pérez, Fourteen dilemmas for Spanish development aid in the new incoming parliament, 08 June 2016

The future of Spanish policy on international development cooperation requires a series of dilemmas to be politically addressed; these concern, for example, the geographical distribution of aid, the connection between development policy and other strands of foreign policy and the appropriate combination of instruments (bilateral, multilateral) and actors (public administrations, NGOs, companies…).

The publication can be accessed here.

Carmen González Enríquez, Highs and lows of immigrant integration in Spain, 13 June 2016

Spain can boast of having integrated a wave of migrants of singular size and intensity into its society. It is still, however, a long way from the countries where first-generation immigrants and their offspring have secured prominent roles in public life.

The publication can be accessed here.


Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator – And Western protectionism came to pass…in a world of digital flows, 19 April 2016

Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator – Obama, the nuclear weaponising deweaponiser, 26 April 2016

Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator – The plot against Europe, 3 May 2016

Miguel Otero-Iglesias, The euro: an orphan who no longer needs his parents?, 9 May 2016

Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator – Woman with leadership skills needed for complex global organisation, 10 May 2016

William Chislett, Spain holds firm in the Elcano Global Presence Index, despite economic crisis, 11 May 2016

Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator – Why people join ISIS, 17 May 2016

Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator – Is Hugo Chávez still there?, 24 May 2016

Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator – Careful about making Russia the enemy, 31 May 2016

Gonzalo Escribano, The Future of Natural Gas in South America, 3 June 2016

Miguel Otero-Iglesias, Brexit talk is pushing the City of London closer to Frankfurt, 6 June 2016

Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator – Is China a market economy?, 7 June 2016

Andrés Ortega, Global Spectator – Everyone’s off to a Warsaw under scrutiny, 14 June 2016

Past events at IEE-ULB – Spring 2014



50th Anniversary Conference European Studies Institute, ULB – “L’Europe dans la tempête: leçons et défis” by M. Herman Van Rompuy, European Council President, 29 April 2014

This coULBnference was organised for the occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the European Studies Institute, ULB. It took place on 29th April at the European Studies Institute, Free University Brussels.






European Congress on Asylum
8-9 April 2014, Brussels, Odysseus Academic Network

The 7th European Congress of Jurists specialised in Immigration and Asylum took place in Brussels on 8 and 9 April 2014. This edition was devoted to the 2nd generation of asylum instruments adopted on 26 June 2013 and proposed to the audience:
– a “vertical” approach of each instrument by a general report presenting the novelties and measuring the progress accomplished towards more harmonisation;
– a “horizontal” approach of key questions analysed throughout all the instruments to evaluate their coherence by a panel of experts after each report.
The final session assessed the progress towards a CEAS (Common European Asylum System) as we argued that it is not finalised in view of the strategic guidelines adopted in June by the European Council to follow up the Stockholm programme.

Odysseus has mobilised all its members in the 28 Member States together with the best experts of asylum law in Europe and high-level practitioners from the EU institutions and the EASO, Member States’ administrations and representatives of UNHCR and NGOs. Many of them have been personally involved in the negotiations of the new asylum legislations. This congress will therefore be a unique opportunity to better understand the legal and political developments of asylum in the EU and to network with the numerous people who will attend.

Past events at the Centre of International Relations of University of Ljubljana – Spring 2016

CIR Ljubljana


Workshop on “Cross-border Cooperation in the Refugee crisis”
11 April 2016, Centre for International Relations, Ljubljana

On 11 April 2016, a workshop on handling the refugee crisis was organised in Ljubljana by Centre for International Relations (CIR), University of Ljubljana. At the event, a set of questions concerning the crisis were being discussed with political representatives, members of humanitarian and civil society organisations, media and academia. Based on the debate, a national report was drafted by Maja Bučar and Marko Lovec from CIR.
The workshop is a part of the collaborative project Cross-border Cooperation in the Refugee Crisis”, coordinated by Austrian Society for European Politics (ÖGfE). Other partners in the project include organisations from Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia. The presentation of inter-mediate results of the project will take place on 9 June 2016 in Vienna.
The project is expected to deliver a joint policy study and recommendations on how to improve cross-border cooperation in dealing with the current and future crises.

Maja Bučar and Marko Lovec from Centre for International Relations (CIR) also took part in the kick-off meeting for collaborative study on Mapping Migration Challenges in the EU Transit and Destination Countries, 15 April 2016, EuroMeSco, Brussels. At the kick-off meeting research plan was proposed and discussed among partners and other participants.

Past events at Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) – Spring/summer 2016



Is the European Council fit to Govern?”
20 April, Rome


Seminar with Wolfgang Wessels, Director, Centre for Turkey and European Union Studies, University of Cologne, author of the book “The European Council”.

More information about the event is available here.

“The Brexit Vote: Domestic Debate and Global Implications”
11 May 2016, Rome

Seminar with Michael Cox, Director of LSE IDEAS and Emeritus Professor of International Relations at London School of Economics.

The list of speakers is available here.

Migration and Foreign Policies. The Search for a Better European Governance”
12 May 2016, Rome

 Conference within the framework of the New-Med research network.

The programme of the event is available here.

“New Pact for Europe. Rebuilding Trust Through Dialogue”
9 June 2016, Rome

Conference within the framework of New Pact for Europe research project. With the participation of Sandro Gozi, Under-Secretary for European Affairs in the office of Prime Minister.

The programme of the event is available here.

“About Brexit. In or out? And Us?”
13 June 2016, Rome

Conference on the perspectives and consequences of the British referendum of 23 June 2016.

The programme of the event is available here.

“Governing Europe: How to Make the EU More Efficient and Democratic”
16 June 2016, Brussels

Conference within the framework of the Governing Europe project in cooperation with Centro Studi sul Federalismo and Open Society European Policy Institute.

The programme of the event is available here.

More information about the project can be found here.


“Italy’s Foreign Policy. Fifty years of the Istituto Affari Internazionali”
23 June 2016, Rome

Debate on the occasion of the launch of the book edited by Cesare Merlini and published by Il Mulino (Working language: Italian, with no translation).

The programme of the event (in Italian) is available here.

Recent publications from Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) – Spring/summer 2016



A New EU Strategic Approach to Global Development, Resilience and Sustainability, by Bernardo Venturi and Damien Helly, (IAI Working paper 16|14) May 2016, 22 p.

The new EU Global Strategy (EUGS) and the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Agenda provide an opportunity for the EU to refresh its global approach to development cooperation. The EUGS could promote resilience through coherence between internal and external policies, in line with the 2030 Agenda. The EUGS could establish a new EU approach to development combining resilience, development and conflict sensitivity. As a multi-diplomacy umbrella document fostering policy coherence, the EUGS will have to acknowledge and encourage a series of adjustments to be made in EU development diplomacy and cooperation to contribute to the universal and transformative SDG agenda.

The publication can be downloaded here.

The New EU Governance: New Intergovernmentalism, New Supranationalism, and New Parliamentarism, by Vivien A. Schmidt  (IAI Working Papers 16|08) May 2016, 16 p.

Contemporary analysts differ over which EU actors are the main drivers of European integration and how they pursue it. “New intergovernmentalists” focused on political leaders’ deliberations in the Council clash with “new supranationalists” centred on technical actors’ policy design and enforcement in the Commission and other EU bodies, while both ignore “new parliamentarists” concerned with the European Parliament. This essay argues that only by considering the actions and interactions of all three main actors together can we fully understand the “new” EU governance and its problems. It uses in illustration the EU’s crises of money, borders and security. The essay also suggests that it is best to think about the future of EU governance not in terms of any hard core but rather as a “soft core” of member-states clustered in overlapping policy communities. It additionally proposes ways of reinforcing EU-level capacity for policy coordination with national-level decentralisation to address problems of democracy and legitimacy.

The publication can be downloaded here.

Europe and Israel: A Complex Relationship, by Giorgio Gomel (IAI Working Papers 16|12) May 2016, 7 p.

There is some degree of ambivalence, mistrust, and even hostility between Europe and Israel. Europeans see Israel on a path of permanent occupation of Palestinian territories. Israel sees the European posture as unbalanced and biased against Israel. Economic and institutional linkages are strong. A further strengthening of relations is however difficult unless a peaceful settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is reached. For the EU resolving the conflict is a matter of both interests and values. The engagement of the EU can take different forms, in the realm of sticks one may point to legislation concerning the labelling of products from Israeli settlements in the occupied territories and carrots such as the EU offer of a special privileged partnership with Israel. For the Israeli public a clearer perception of the costs of non-peace and the benefits from a resolution of the conflict could help unblock the stalemate and remove the deceptive illusion that the status quo is sustainable.

The publication can be downloaded here.

Civili in missione: l’esperienza italiana nelle missioni dell’Unione europea, by Alessandro Azzoni and Nicoletta Pirozzi (eds), Roma Nuova Cultura, March 2016, 80 p.

Civilian approaches and instruments are taking on increasing importance in conflict prevention and crisis management. The civilian missions of the European Union have become one of the most significant tools, contributing to the containment or the solution of crises in different areas. This volume offers a useful overview of EU civilian missions and Italy’s contribution to them. The historical background and analysis of institutional and legal aspects provide for a solid understanding of the ongoing dynamics between Brussels and Rome of mission management, the effectiveness and efficiency of the fieldwork, the recruitment and training of personnel, and the future prospect of these types of interventions. The pros and cons of European civilian crisis management are examined and presented in a clear and open manner, together with a list of policy recommendations. The last section of the book addresses young professionals interested in taking part in EU missions, describing the application procedures and the real job prospects for those who aspire to becoming an expert in this field. This book contains the highlights of the debate and summarizes the recommendations of the seminar “Civili in missione. L’esperienza italiana nelle missioni dell’Unione europea”, held in Rome on 17-18 December 2015 in the framework of the “Farnesina Open Doors” programme. The seminar was organised by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, in collaboration with the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI).

The publication can be downloaded here.


Explaining the Crisis of the European Migration and Asylum Regime, By Ferruccio Pastore and Giulia Henry, in The International Spectator, Vol. 51, No. 1, April 2016, p. 44-57

Since 2013, the European migration and asylum regime has entered a phase of crisis, which reveals the deep interdependencies between its different components (including intra-EU mobility) and the unbalanced nature of its normative foundations. This original structural fragility had not fundamentally compromised the overall functioning of the regime until two major exogenous factors (the economic crisis, with its asymmetrical impact on the eurozone, and the wave of political instability and conflicts on the southern shore of the Mediterranean) brought its intrinsic limits to the point of rupture. The ongoing, highly contentious process of reform of the European migration and asylum regime is an unprecedented and crucially important test of the capacity of one the European Union’s key sectors to evolve under pressure and to adapt to a rapidly and deeply changing geopolitical, economic and demographic environment.

The publication can be downloaded here.