“A new formula for collaboration: Turkey, the EU & North Africa”, Nienke van Heukelingen et al. (Clingendael Institute, The Netherlands)

Over recent years, relations between Turkey and the European Union (EU) have been difficult and driven more by crisis management rather than equal partnership. Yet, despite this downward spiral, both blocs remain key partners on domains such as trade, migration and counterterrorism and repeatedly express their interest in developing a more cooperative and constructive relationship.

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