“A Treaty Change for the European Defence Union”, Nicoletta Pirozzi (IAI, Italy)

The Russian aggression against Ukraine was a turning point for European security and led the European Union and its member states to take important steps in the field of defence. The EU decided to use common funding to equip the Ukrainian government with arms and ammunition through the European Peace Facility for a total of 3.6 billion euro, Germany allocated additional 100 billion euro to its defence budget, Denmark joined the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), Finland entered NATO and Sweden is willing to follow it soon. Time seems to be ripe for bold decisions on European defence, which would also need to consider a reform of existing provisions.

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