An effective antidote: The four components that make Finland more resilient to hybrid campaigns, Charly Salonius-Pasternak (FIIA, Finland)

Russia’s actions in Ukraine reminded many that states use a mixture of tools to achieve their political objectives. Analytically troublesome but politically useful terms such as hybrid war emerged. Russia’s neighbours were thought to be particularly vulnerable. Yet Finland is structurally relatively resistant to hybrid campaigns due to a foundation created over decades.

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