There is a growing need to ensure that fundamental rights are not compromised by the development and use of artificial intelligence (AI) applications. A global race to set the standards that should govern and regulate AI is underway between global powers, forums and organisations, as well businesses and public and private institutions. The fragmentation of the global regulatory environment has led cities to position themselves as influential normative actors. Cities take on regulatory roles both individually, by developing local governance standards and initiatives, and collectively, within the frameworks of city alliances like CC4DR and Eurocities.
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