“Berlin’s choice: how Spain triggered a rethink in German European policy”, Roderick Parkes and Julian Rappold (Elcano, Spain)

German policymakers are worried about the upcoming election in France, that is: Emmanuel Macron is facing a battle for re-election in 2022, and he wants some political victories in Europe. He will expect help from the new German government, even at the cost of German interests and EU cohesion. He has already proved assertive in putting issues on the EU agenda, and the highest French Court is now opening scope for him to block EU initiatives based on an expansive definition of national security. A recent Spanish-Dutch initiative signals member-state discontent, and Spain’s involvement in particular has raised difficult questions. It seems Germany is not yet ready to face the answers.

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