“Beyond Sanctions: A Proactive Strategy for Nord Stream 2”, Alan Riley (CIDOB, Barcelona)

The European Union and the United States should co-operate to develop a credible proactive energy security strategy to permanently disarm Gazprom’s commercial and political influence across Central and Eastern Europe. The prospect of the completion of Nord Stream 2 provides a moment for the EU and the US to reassess their approach to Russian pipeline strategies, and to consider instead developing their own proactive plan.

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