The unprecedented €672.5 billion funding of the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF), the main instrument of Next Generation EU, constitutes a once-in-a-generation opportunity for a just green and digital recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. Cities are the arena where the success of these recovery measures will be decided. With 75% of European citizens living in cities and subnational governments currently implementing 70% of EU legislation, addressing the transformations the European institutions propose without considering public policies implemented by city governments and efficient multilevel governance mechanisms is a major challenge. Cities across Europe are bringing innovations to stimulate energy efficiency in buildings and the use of clean technologies and renewables; to promote sustainable transport; and to accelerate digitalisation processes while enhancing access to broadband services. They are the best guarantee of ensuring just transitions and that no one – and no territory – is left behind. This CIDOB Report reviews the role of cities in the Next Generation EU funds in the following member states: Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy and Spain. It also includes a non-EU urban perspective on the recovery from the United Kingdom (UK). By offering a broad view of the diversity of experiences across Europe, the report distils key learnings that enhance the knowledge of and capacity to harness the urban dimension of the recovery process.
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