Collective Defence in the Age of Hybrid Warfare, Benjamin Tallis and Michal Simecka (IIR, Czech Republic)

This discussion paper by Benjamin Tallis and Michal Šimečka, who are both senior researchers at the Institute of International Relations, provides a critical reflection on hybrid warfare –as both a concept and a practice– in the context of collective security in Europe, and discusses the roles of the institutions and policies of NATO, the EU, and the Member States. Over the past two and a half years, ‘hybrid warfare’ has turned from an academic fad into an article of conventional wisdom. Russia’s March 2014 annexation of Crimea and aggression in the Donbas – and, even more importantly, the lessons collectively inferred from the conflict by US and European policy-makers – have fashioned a new lens through which security in Europe, particularly the Eastern flank of NATO, came to be imagined and pursued. This is so despite the lack of either an agreed-upon definition or a consensus on the manifestations of hybrid warfare.

Find the full discussion paper here.