“Conclusions on contestation of EU foreign policy: diverse causes, various modes and multiple effects?”, Elodie Thevenin, Lina Liedlbauer and Franziska Petri (IES, Poland)

This conclusion brings together insights from the seven contributions to the Special Issue “Contestation of EU Foreign Policy” focusing on the causes, modes and effects of contestation across the various clusters of EU foreign policy. Several lessons can be drawn from the contributions for future research on contestation dynamics in EU foreign policy: First, that internal and external contestation can arise from diverse actors and that these internal and external dynamics can be interrelated. Second, that despite the various foreign policy areas being influenced by different dynamics, intergovernmental dynamics were particularly dominant in shaping EU foreign policy.

Read more here.