Russia’s war on Ukraine and the tensions between the West and China have global implications, including for Africa. Despite its large population, Africa remains a small global player. Its status has been elevated, at times, due to East–West competition, its role in the supply of fossil fuels, during the war on terrorism, or in the context of growing focus on development topics with the crafting of the Millennium and Sustainable Development Goals. More recently, Africa has again become an area of rivalry between the West, China and Russia. This is reflected, amongst others, in the activities of the Wagner group which destabilise the continent and undermines European engagement. Due to geographical proximity developments on the African continent have direct implications for Europe and require political attention from the European Union.
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