This series from DiCE – Differentiation: Clustering Excellence, “DiCE Webinars” takes the full knowledge of Europe’s leading experts on differentiated integration, and presents it in an easy to digest format. Europe’s leading experts will take you through the ins and outs of one of the chief aspects of European integration.
In this podcast, TEPSA Secretary-General Jim Cloos gives a short history of differentiated integration.
Jim explores five different examples of differentiated integration: the accession of new Member States, the Schengen Area, the Euro, the Social Chapter of the Maastricht Treaty, and European Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). Jim makes three conclusions: that DI is a natural phenomenon, that it is a tool rather than an ideology, and that a permanent periphery is not a solution.