Climate change and environmental degradation pose existential threats to Mediterranean Basin states and the region’s vast species and ecosystem diversity. The current ecological footprint of these states is higher than the global average, and its ecological deficit is twice as high, meaning that Mediterranean countries consume approximately 2.5 times more natural resources and ecological services than the region’s ecosystems can naturally provide. EU institutions and member states have meanwhile made significant decisions on the climate emergency and net-zero transitions. The European Green Deal involves pursuing “green diplomacy” to support the EU’s immediate neighbours in their transition to green and more sustainable economies. These measures will shape both EU and non-EU societies for generations to come.
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