“Energy Unity or Breakup? The EU at a Crossroad”, Pier Paolo Raimondi and Margherita Bianchi (IAI, Italy)  

The European Union is once again at crossroads. Russia’s war on Ukraine and the energy crisis that ensured in its wake, the worst since 1973, are shaking the continent to its core. Coming on the heels of other recent disruptions – the 2008 financial and sovereign debt crisis, the so-called European migration crisis of 2015, Brexit and the rise of populist parties across the EU –, today’s crisis will have far reaching implications on the future of the European project.

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