This analysis explores Estonia’s Council term through the lens of three crises:
- The 2020 Iranian sanctions “snapback” debate, which saw the Trump administration almost completely isolated in the Council over its call to restore previous sanctions resolutions against Tehran;
- The Council’s muted response to the deterioration of security in Eastern Europe through 2020 and 2021, beginning with the post-electoral protests in Belarus; and
- The UN’s response to the Afghan collapse in the second half of 2021. Estonia played notable but different roles in all three cases.
These three crises symbolized broader shifts in geopolitics with troubling implications for the future of UN diplomacy.
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