Ali Onur Özçelik, Europeanisation and Administrative Relations in Turkey in the Post-Helsinki Era, The International Spectator, 54:4, IAI, December 2019.
After the Helsinki Summit of 1999, Turkey faced the impact of Europeanisation in the context of regional policy and structural funds. This impact challenged the long-established statist tradition of the Turkish administrative structure and led to the need for reforms in order to bring its regional policy in line with European Union (EU) standards. The polity effect of Europeanisation in Turkey in the post-Helsinki era has been a change in administrative relations between three different territorial tiers: supranational, national and subnational.
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