“Finland’s Foreign and Security Policy: From Bridge-Building to the Core of the West”, Douglas Brommesson (UI, Sweden)

This UI Brief analyses central themes in Finnish foreign and security policy, playing out in the Arctic, Nordics, in Europe and across the Atlantic. The different themes are analysed against the background of the most serious security challenge since the end of WWII, following upon Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

When the Finnish president Sauli Niinistö gave his New Year’s speech on 1 January 2022, he addressed the deteriorating security situation in Northern Europe (Niinistö, 2022). Russia had amassed probably more than 100,000 soldiers near the border of Ukraine, and President Putin had issued demands for a new security order that were impossible for EU members to accept. Finland had found itself in a deteriorating security situation that, while seemingly new and undergoing rapid change, was worryingly familiar to the Finnish people. When Russia decided to invade Ukraine on 24 February 2022, the worst fears of the Finnish people were realized.

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