“Finnish-US negotiations for a Defense Cooperation Agreement: First steps as a NATO ally”, Joel Linnainmäki (FIIA, Finland)

A Defense Cooperation Agreement will enable rapid and effective collective action between Finland and NATO allies, but the negotiations will also bring up new and complicated questions over US rights, obligations, and territorial access. In recent years, the United States has undertaken to update its global network of Defense Cooperation Agreements (DCAs) to ensure the smooth and effective transfer of personnel and materiel between countries. These agreements provide the general conditions and rules under which the US forces can enter and operate in a host country during joint exercises and training, for example. Most recently, Norway concluded an updated agreement in 2022. Finland, Sweden, and Denmark are currently also engaged in negotiations to update their respective agreements with the US.

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