On September 11 this year the longest war ever waged by the US will come to an end, in a phase involving both the US and NATO, following the withdrawal announced by Biden, 20 years after the al-Qaeda attack on the Twin Towers and the Pentagon. Lest there be any doubt, it will be a defeat. In fact, the war will continue, but without the US and its allies; it will enter a new phase and the Taliban will need only wait to reap what they have sown. It was an ill-judged war. Osama Bin Laden and al-Qaeda lost their bolt-hole, but managed to escape and regroup in a more diffuse way. Their leader was only killed by US special forces in 2011. But the occupation was also badly thought-out and planned, an entry with no exit strategy. All in the name of the ‘war on terror’, Jihadist terror, based on article 5 of the NATO treaty, invoked for the first time. What can this catalogue of errors be attributed to?
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