“Germany’s Zeitenwende in foreign and security policy: Domestic developments and alliance dynamics after one year”, Eskil Jakobsen, Minna Ålander and Øyvind Svendsen (NUPI, Norway)  

Days after Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, German Federal Chancellor Olaf Scholz announced a Zeitenwende, a historical turning point to which Germany would respond by reforming its foreign and security policies. Given that Germany had been considered a laggard in European defence due to its restrictive approach on military capability – partly because of the historical legacy of guilt for World War II and partly a condition of Germany’s reunification after the Cold War – the announcement of a turning point raised expectations in Euro-Atlantic defence circles. This policy brief takes stock of the situation one year after the announcement by Scholz on 27 February 2022. 

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