“Hacking back Unpacked: An Eye for an Eye?”, Stefano Soesanto (Elcano, Spain)

This analysis will try to build a new baseline by explaining the fragmented history of hacking back and outlining varying degrees of operational intensity to refine a more nuanced understanding of hacking back. Having said that, given the small number of publicly known cases, writing about hacking back is similar to putting together a 1000- piece puzzle with a mere 20 pieces while having only a rough idea as to what the complete picture actually looks like.

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