The recent dynamics that are currently shaping the logistic-maritime economy, from reshoring/nearshoring to the growing role of technologies partly owing to the pandemic, are increasing the development of ports in the Mediterranean area and the role of Suez as a strategic hub for the transit of goods and energy flows. These aspects improve the maritime attractiveness of container ports in the Med. Maritime competitiveness is a result of considerable investment due to shipping being a capital-intensive sector, and foreign investment gauges the importance of these interventions alongside the attractiveness of the Mediterranean. In particular, Chinese investment (especially through the Belt and Road Initiative) is very relevant in the Euro-Mediterranean area. Finally, free zones, linked to top Mediterranean ports, are experiencing significant growth while encouraging investment, including in the green sector.
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