“Mass Migration as a Hybrid Threat to European Security”, Ioannis P. Sotiropoulos (CEIA, Cyprus)

The recent attempt of thousands of migrants to illegally enter the Greek/European territory by crossing the Greek Turkish borders in the area of River Evros, which was organized and assisted by the Turkish Authorities, reminded in the most thunderous manner the colossal phenomenon of illegal inflow of migrants and refugees (with the status of asylum seeker), towards the European Union (EU), from places where conditions of economic hardship and war are prevailing. The core of the problem was initially identified in North Africa (Maghreb) and the Middle East (ME), but there is also illegal inflow from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sudan, Somalia, and other sub-saharanian states, where Sunnism is the predominant version of Islam.

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