In voicing their ambition for a ‘stronger Europe in the world’ the European Commission has indicated to strive for ‘Open Strategic Autonomy’. One of the obstacles in trying to achieve this capability to assert itself as a global actor, is that individual Member States can often block EU actions. This undermines the EU’s ability to act as one, hindering the realisation of strategic autonomy.
This paper focuses on one specific illustration of this, namely the fact that EU action may be blocked by any single of the 36 legislatures in the EU Member States through their de facto veto right on ‘mixed’ agreements. These are international agreements that covering areas of EU competence as well as of the competence of Member States.
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