Newest publications from Elcano Royal Institute

spain logo mainGonzalo Escribano, Mounting pressure on Moroccan economic policy reform, Expert Comment 59/2013 – 8/10/2013. Since the November 2011 legislative elections, the Moroccan government led by the Justice and Development Party (PJD) has struggled to keep the economy on track despite the global economic crisis –which has severely affected its main southern EU partners– and the impact of the Arab revolts.

Carmen González-Enríquez, Are Spaniards emigrating?, ARI 39/2013 (Translated from Spanish) – 8/10/2013. Contrary to what numerous media reports seem to suggest, current Spanish emigration is very slight. Only 2% of Spanish citizens living outside Spain are natives who have left the country due to the crisis, a total of around 40,000 people. This figure in no way supports the alarm stirred up by the media with regard to this phenomenon.

William Chislett, Emerging Spain?, WP 12/2013 – 4/10/2013. Spain is coming out of recession, but the crisis is far from over. The government cannot afford to rest on its laurels and relax the pace of reforms. To do so, would store up problems for the future.

Alejandro del Valle Gálvez, The Gibraltar crisis and the measures, options and strategies open to Spain, ARI 32/2013 (Translated from Spanish) – 30/9/2013. What options and strategies are open to Spain in its historical dispute with the UK over Gibraltar? A crisis again broke out with Gibraltar and the UK in July and August of 2013 over the sinking of an artificial reef in waters traditionally exploited by Spanish fishermen.

Miguel Otero-Iglesias, Merkel’s safe pair of hands now carry a heavy burden, Expert Comment 58/2013 – 24/9/2013. Angela Merkel has emerged as the undisputed winner of the German elections, an achievement not to be underrated. Despite being subjected to intense criticism from abroad, the results show the enormous support for Merkel’s leadership style in managing the Eurozone crisis.

Ignacio Molina, All that remains sound between Spain and the UK, ARI 31/2013 (Translated from Spanish) – 18/9/2013. The sinking of concrete blocks in the sea by the Gibraltarian authorities, making it impossible to fish in waters whose jurisdiction is claimed by Spain, is an objectively serious event due to its unilateral and irreversible nature. But the way in which Madrid and London are approaching this umpteenth crisis leaves one with the unpleasant feeling that the strategic importance of the links between the UK and Spain –which are extraordinarily close-knit and should be considered a key asset to both parties in the economic, social and even political arenas– are not being sufficiently valued.

Thiber, Cyber cells: a tool for national cyber security and cyber defense, ARI 26/2013 (Translated from Spanish) – 17/9/2013. Cyber cells are effective tools that enable countries to operate, defend themselves or go on the offensive in a specific area of cyberspace, and they are destined to complement existing cyber security and cyber defense capabilities.

Bruce Hoffman and Fernando Reinares, Al-Qaeda’s continued core strategy and disquieting leader-led trajectory, ARI 37/2013 – 10/9/2013. Al-Qaeda has withstood arguably the greatest international onslaught directed against a terrorist organisation in history, but it has survived for nearly a quarter of a century and continues to pursue a core strategy. The ongoing unrest in the Middle East could potentially resuscitate al-Qaeda’s waning fortunes and it may assume unpredicted forms. Its final elimination may take years, if not decades, more to achieve.

Félix Arteaga, Tension rises in Gibraltar while the Royal Navy passes by, Expert Comment 50/2013 (Translated from Spanish) – 5/9/2013. The current face-off over Gibraltar between the Spanish and British governments is the result of juridical and diplomatic differences, in such a way that it would be pointless for the dispute to be securitised or militarised.

Javier Noya, Gibraltar and public opinion in the UK and Spain, ARI 36/2013 (Translated from Spanish) – 1/9/2013. In view of the current tension between the UK and Spain as a result of the dispute over Gibraltar, the Elcano Royal Institute has carried out a survey amongst a representative sample of the populations of the two countries. The aim is to gain a better understanding of their reaction to the conflict that has broken out in the summer of 2013 and their opinions on underlying issues such as sovereignty over the Rock and the importance of bilateral relations. This report summarises the study’s main results.

Haizam Amirah-Fernández, Egypt: on the road to disaster, Expert Comment 51/2013 – 29/8/2013. The worst forecasts are unfolding in Egypt. One year of the Muslim Brotherhood’s incompetent and sectarian governance polarised Egyptian society. For the past month and a half, the return to a regime dominated by the military has set Egyptians violently at odds with one another. Uniformed and bearded men now clash on the country’s streets on the basis of hatred, exclusion, cynicism and death.

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Salvador Llaudes, Cyprus: small sized but strategically located, Elcano blog, 1 October 2013.

Miguel Otero-Iglesias, Almighty Merkel: Ready to enter the minefield?, Elcano blog, 26 September 2013.

William Chislett, Has Spain turned the corner?, Elcano blog, 24 September 2013.

Gonzalo Escribano, Is China becoming a ‘normal’ oil player in Africa?, Elcano blog, 23 September 2013.

Fernando Reinares, Al-Qaeda’s continued core strategy 12 years later, Elcano blog, 11 September 2013.