Recent publications by the Elcano Royal Institute (Spain)

Analyses of Elcano Royal Institute (ARI)

‘There is no life without jihad and no jihad without hijrah’: the jihadist mobilisation of women in Spain, 2014-16

Carola García-Calvo – 17.04.2017

This analysis looks at the women who are recruited to join Islamic State in Spain: who they are, how they were radicalised and what their motivations and functions are within the groups, cells and networks in which they ultimately become involved.


Japan’s strategic awakening: opportunities for Spain

Luis Simón – 05.04.2017

The strategic awakening of Japan, a power with maritime inclinations and a geostrategic position relative to Asia similar to Spain’s relative to Europe, provides Spain with a series of opportunities.


Why Spain would like a ‘soft’ Brexit for the UK

William Chislett – 29.03.2017

Spain has good reasons for wanting the best possible relationship between Britain and the EU as a result of Brexit, but it cannot allow the UK to be better off outside the EU than inside it.


The euro as a social bond: why do Eurozone citizens still back the single currency?

Miguel Otero-Iglesias – 27.03.2017

This paper tries to understand why despite the pain in the South of the Eurozone and the anger in the North the majority of the people still support the euro.


One year on: an assessment of the EU-Turkey statement on refugees

İlke Toygür and Bianca Benvenuti – 21.03.2017

An honest assessment of the refugee deal is very much needed since the EU is considering new ones with other transit countries. Both Turkey and key EU countries are facing electoral challenges as well: internal politics and foreign policy decisions are highly interwoven.


Reasons for rejecting globalisation: beyond inequality and xenophobia

Miguel Otero-Iglesias and Federico Steinberg – 14.03.2017

The authors analyse reasons accounting for the growing discontent with globalisation and the liberal establishment in advanced democracies.


The 2016 parliamentary elections in Morocco: context and interpretations

Bernabé López García and Miguel Hernando de Larramendi – 09.03.2017 On 7 October 2016 the Justice and Development Party revalidated its victory in the Moroccan parliamentary elections.


Running out of steam? Brexit and the future of EU energy policy

Aurélie Faure-Schuyer- 07.03.2017

The UK, a traditional energy importer, will have to realign its domestic energy and climate policy goals. It also remains to be seen whether the EU can hinge upon an ambitious international climate policy to compensate for Brexit.

Expert Comments

From Istanbul to Madrid: five things to know before the Turkish constitutional referendum

Ilke Toygur – 12.04.2017

Polls show a neck-to-neck race between the two sides. Today, the main question is not the constitutional reform itself, but approval of the governing party, and even more so of the figure of President Erdoğan.


Germany and Trump-America: back on track?

Ulrich Speck – 11.04.2017

The widely anticipated clash between Germany and the Trump Administration has not happened. Instead, Berlin and Washington DC seem to be on the way to pragmatic cooperation, even when there is still significant disagreement.


Jihadist mobilisation, undemocratic Salafism and terrorist threat in the EU

Fernando Reinares – 10.03.2017

Each time a terrorist attack is perpetrated, jihadism is to be thought of not just as a national security problem but also as a challenge to the very fabric of open societies.

Turkey’s critical constitutional referendum: an introduction

Ilke Toygur – 06.03.2017

As a new challenge to its democratic existence, Turkey is going to a constitutional referendum on April 16th, with a heavily polarised society. It is widely questioned if the referendum will be ‘free’ and ‘fair’ under the current state of emergency.

The EU, facing one of its most challenging years

Salvador Llaudes – 28.02.2017

Adding to concerns about terrorism, the handling of the refugee crisis and existing economic risks, there is the delicate management of the UK’s departure, the unpredictability of president Trump and, above all, an electoral calendar that offers no let-up.


Working papers

Assessing the design elements in the Spanish renewable electricity auction: an international comparison Pablo del Río – 17.04.2017

The RES-E (electricity from renewable energy sources) auction in Spain is quite different from other international experiences regarding key design elements, namely investment-based support, uniform pricing, lax prequalification and penalties.



Avoiding a Clash between the Middle Classes of the Developed and Emerging Economies

Andrés Ortega, Miguel Otero-Iglesias and Federico Steinberg – 2017.

Recommendations and visions to the G20 by Andrés Ortega, Miguel Otero-Iglesias and Federico Steinberg –Senior Analysts at the Elcano Royal Institute– within the framework of the T20 process. The Think20 (T20) is a network of research institutes and think tanks of the G20 member countries. See also: the Elcano Royal Institute at the T20


Different speeds? Not so fast!

Andrés Ortega – 11.04.2017

Global Spectator

The EU cannot allow itself to proceed at the speed of the slowest or the most reluctant member, but various speeds could turn into variable geometry.


Mental borders and the clash of ignorance

Haizam Amirah-Fernández – 05.04.2017

Following the decision to remove 86% of hard currency from circulation on 8 November, India is hauling itself out of this quagmire of demonetisation.


India´s brutal demonetization was not so bad after all

Andrés Ortega- 4.04.2017

Global Spectator

While all eyes were trained on the presidential elections in the US, the Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, made a surprise television announcement on 8 November: all 500 and 1,000 rupee notes (worth some €7 and €14, respectively), accounting for 86% of all the cash in circulation, were to be withdrawn, despite the fact that India is more dependent on physical money than any other country in the world.

March 28, 2019: no end in sight for Brexit

Andrés Ortega- 28.03.2017

Global Spectator

The date is 28 March 2019. There is one day left before the two years stipulated by the treaty for the UK’s departure from the EU expire; two years will have elapsed since 29 March 2017 when the British Prime Minister, Theresa May, triggered the famous Article 50 by submitting her written notification of withdrawal from the EU.

Foreign policy means and ends: results of the Global Diplomacy Index and the Elcano Global Presence Index

Iliana Olivié – 27.03.2017

Lowy’s Global Diplomacy Index deals with the means for foreign policy while, in a way, Elcano Global Presence Index assesses the results of this policy.


A new deal for Europe

Ulrich Speck – 21.03.2017

Finding a new internal balance is especially important at a time when Europe needs to be both able and willing to play a bigger role on the world stage.

(Dis)information warfare

Andrés Ortega – 21.03.2017

Global Spectator

The information warfare is somewhat distinct from the cyberdefence and cyberattacks. It is nothing new the use of fake news stories used for political ends.


Understanding the Dutch elections following the dispute with Turkey

Ilke Toygur – 16.03.2017

There were many winners and losers in the Dutch elections. In the case of Dutch politics and its many political parties, status-quo beat populism.


European defence: not so much spending more, but spending better

Andrés Ortega – 14.03.2017

Global Spectator

The EU needs to spend a little more on European defence, but above all to spend better, something that has not always proved to be easy.


Sixty years on, the EU drifts aimlessly and soullessly

Andrés Ortega – 07.03.2017

Global Spectator

In the absence of a European identity, we have to reconstruct the EU project from the basis of the citizens and the states: a European Republic.