Recent publications from the Centre d’Études Européennes of Sciences Po – Winter 2015/16

CEE Sciences Po

scpo2The crisis of European Union Studies seen from the US: EU Studies are ‘Widening’ and ‘Deepening’ even as EU Theories of Widening and Deepening are in crisis by SCHMIDT, Vivien A.

European Union studies has been in crisis in the US, as scholarly attention has shifted to other regions and US scholars have lost interest in ‘regional s
tudies.’ The way out of the crisis, already in progress, is through the ‘normalization’ of EU studies, by the deepening of theoretical and empirical
investigations of the EU in comparison with a widening range of regions and nation-states across issue areas, whether as a ‘state-like’ actor, as a regulatory, judicial, or policy actor, as a political or a political economic actor. The article illustrates by briefly highlighting recent books that cross the Atlantic divide.

Cahiers européens de Sciences Po, n° 02/2016

scpo1European Economic Governance and Parliamentary Involvement: Some Shortcomings of the Article 13 Conference and a Solution by FROMAGE, Diane

This paper is devoted to the analysis of the Interparliamentary Conference on Stability, Economic Coordination and Governance created in 2013. It first studies the conditions for its emergence and shows how some of the arrangements in place at that point, in particular in terms of a closer cooperation among a more reduced number of national parliaments, did not last over time. Further to this it demonstrates that several factors exist that question the long-term efficiency of this Conference, at least in terms of its contribution to more democratic accountability within the European Union. Therefore, this paper calls for the creation of a new, more institutionalised and strongly empowered arena for interparliamentary cooperation in the field of economic governance without however taking the form of a second European parliamentary chamber.

Cahiers européens de Sciences Po, n° 01/2016

scpo3Business as unusual: Credit rating agencies’ lobbying success during the EU financial crisis by GROSS, Vlad

This study aims to explain the variation in lobbying success among the participants in the consultation on credit rating agencies’ regulation in the European Commission. The independence and quality of credit ratings has long been brought into question, not only because of the possible conflicts of interest between what is largely a “private business”, but also because of the failure of the rating industry to signal the default of important financial enterprises. Prompted by the economic crisis that started in 2008, the regulatory framework on credit ratings was a new initiative in the financial sector. The empirical analysis shows that public interest groups were the winners of this process. Factors related to the policy context and the attitudes of key policy-makers had an important effect on determining the winners and the losers in this case.

Cahiers européens de Sciences Po, n° 04/2015

scpo4La compétition entre l’Europe et ses États en matière de libre circulation : le cas des Bulgares et des Roumains par CASELLA COLOMBEAU, Sara, VITALE, Tommaso

En Europe, le monopole de l’État sur le contrôle de la mobilité des personnes a été remis en question par le « centre politique » européen. Depuis le milieu des années 1990 et la mise en oeuvre de la Convention Schengen, la libre circulation des personnes a été définie comme l’un des succès de la construction européenne. Suite au Traité d’Amsterdam, la Convention de Schengen a été intégrée dans les Traités et tous les nouveaux États membres sont automatiquement inclus dans l’espace Schengen. Depuis 2002 les citoyens bulgares et roumains peuvent circuler dans l’espace Schengen sans besoin de visa. Cependant, en 2007 lorsque la Bulgarie et la Roumanie ont intégré l’UE, certains États membres, au nombre desquels la France et l’Italie ont adopté une série de mesures temporaires limitant l’accès de ces citoyens à leur marché du travail. Cet article porte sur les mesures adoptées par les gouvernements français et italiens pour conserver le contrôle sur la mobilité des citoyens bulgares et roumains.

Cahiers européens de Sciences Po, n° 03/2015