Six new reports on the EU institutions and policies from the IAI, August-October 2013

logo IAIN.Tocci and P.Upadhyaya, Peacebuilding in Europe and India: theory and practice. Comparative report on empirical basis for global governance, Europe and India, in the framework of the European project CORE.

This paper explores the theoretical and practical approaches of the EU and India to conflict resolution. It analyses the specific European and Indian interpretations of peacebuilding, including its objectives and policy instruments, and then turns to the application of peacebuilding practices in a number of European – Cyprus, Bosnia and Georgia – and Indian – Bihar, Northeast and Kashmir – cases. Having examined these respective approaches to conflict resolution in theory and practice, the paper concludes by delineating several avenues that the EU and India could consider in order to learn from one another’s experiences in conflict resolution.

C.Bouchard, J.Peterson and N.Tocci (eds.), Multilateralism in the 21st century. Europe’s quest for effectiveness,  Routledge, August 2013.

This volume focuses on multilateralism in the twenty-first century and examines how, and how effectively, the European Union delivers on its commitment to effective multilateralism. Presenting results generated by MERCURY, an EU research programme into multilateralism, this book addresses a central research question: does Europe deliver on its commitment to effective multilateralism? This book explores whether the EU is pursuing effective multilateralism in specific issue areas, including trade, climate change and conflict resolution, and distinct geographical and institutional settings, both internal to the EU and in specified regions, international organisations (IOs) and bilateral partnerships. This book offers evidence-based, actionable policy lessons from Europe’s experience in promoting multilateralism.

N.Mikhelidze et al., EU engagement with civil society organisations in conflict-ridden countries: a governance perspective from Georgia, Cyprus and Bosnia. Scholarly article on the European Governance Agenda, in the framework of the European project CORE.

In this paper, the authors analyse the character and effects of the EU Support to civil society organisations (CSO) in the cases of Georgia, Cyprus and Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). Based on fieldwork, a general account of the CSO support is given before the validity of four competing theoretical perspectives on EU CSO support is evaluated in each case. Along the lines of Max Weber’s notion of ‘ideal types’ we assume that these perspectives describe different aspects of the phenomenon under investigation, appearing in various constellations and gradations rather than being mutually exclusive. By way of conclusion, the findings from the three cases are contrasted and compared in the final section.

T.Weiss, EU adjustment to new and evolving trends of international security, Transworld Working Papers n.27.

This paper analyzes the European Union’s adjustment to the current international security environment. It focuses on the selected issues of terrorism, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, cyber-security, and failed states. Moreover, it addresses the EU’s engagement of emerging powers, as well as the tools and practices used when approaching other states. Structural and political determinants of the EU adjustment as well as the internal constrains of this process are discussed. The paper concludes that the EU has failed to become a leader in global security policy, although it has adjusted profoundly, it commands considerable capabilities, and it has the potential to play a much more important role. The lack of international leadership can be understood as a function of weak internal institutions and the conflicting interests among the member states.

M.Müftüler-Baç, The future of Europe, differentiated integration and Turkey’s role, GTE Commentary n.9.

The future of the European Union in terms of its final frontiers and political structure lies at the epicentre of European public debate. What impact would Turkish EU membership have on the future of Europe? Turkish membership could be a blessing in disguise. The evolution of the EU towards a path of differentiated integration, with a new type of membership for Turkey, could provide the Union with further opportunities to deepen integration in different policy areas. It might adopt the EU acquis on key policies such as energy, transport, the single market or common security and defence, but remain outside of the EU framework for the Social Charter, or the Schengen regime. If Turkey becomes one of the first examples of such a scheme, the future of European integration would drastically change, transforming the EU into a new blend of an organizational core, and a system of functionally differentiated units.

V.Briani, The costs of non-Europe in the defence field.

This report, sponsored by the Centro Studi sul Federalismo (CSF) and the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), aims to provide a clear and concise assessment of the costs incurred by Europe because of the lack of integration in the defence sector, and to show how maintaining purely national defence structures is strategically damaging and economically unsustainable. Our goal is to provide policy makers and the general public with a useful tool for decoding the complex realm of European defence thus contributing, as far as we can, to the process of integration in the sector.