Can geographical proximity, so often an irritant, begin to generate mutual opportunities? This is the possibility that has opened up for Spain and its Maghrebi neighbours with the global discussion on the need to shorten supply chains. It is both an economic and geopolitical undertaking. The bilateral crisis that broke out between Morocco and Spain in May 2021 increased the importance of this issue, as it highlighted both the strategy’s weaknesses and the urgent need to generate positive agendas. But opportunities can also be missed. Whether it succeeds or not will depend on what a range of actors do – or stop doing – in Spain, in the EU and above all in the Maghreb countries.
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